| Borough constituency |
for the House of Commons
|Electorate||73,499 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Weymouth and Swanage|
|Member of Parliament||Richard Drax (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
South Dorset is a constituencyrepresented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Richard Drax, a Conservative. The constituency was created as a consequence of the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, although the area covered has changed since then.
The constituency was created as a consequence of the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885. The Act reduced the number of MPs.in Dorset from 10 to 4 (see Redistribution of Seats Act 1885#Redistributed seats: England). It was initially proposed to name the new constituencies after existing boroughs (Shaftesbury, Dorchester, Poole and Bridport) but, following an amendment in the Commons on 14 April 1885, the names were changed to the points of the compass (North Dorset, South Dorset, East Dorset, West Dorset).
The South Dorset constituency was divided into 7 polling districts. Dorchester was chosen as the place where the nomination of candidates would take place and the result would be declared.The area covered was:
In the 1997 election the seat was won by Ian Bruce by a margin of only 77 votes, one of the smallest margins in the UK. The 2001 election saw the second Labour win in South Dorset's history with Labour's smallest majority in England, at 153. In the 2005 election this constituency was one of the few in which Labour significantly increased their majority. Conservative candidate Ed Matts was found to have doctored an image which was part of his campaign material. Matts changed a photo of a protest against the deportation of a South Dorset resident, so that it appeared to be a protest against "uncontrolled immigration". In both elections, the left-wing singer-songwriter Billy Bragg led an anti-Conservative tactical voting campaign in Dorset constituencies. [ citation needed ]
The 2010 election saw Conservative Richard Drax, a former soldier and journalist from a long line of Dorset representatives, defeating the incumbent Jim Knight, who ended his final year in parliament as the Minister (of State) for Employment and Welfare Reform. Richard Drax retained the seat in 2015 election with an increased majority.
1885–1918: The Municipal Boroughs of Dorchester, and Weymouth and Melcombe Regis, and parts of the Sessional Divisions of Dorchester and Wareham.
1918–1950: The Municipal Boroughs of Wareham, and Weymouth and Melcombe Regis, the Urban Districts of Portland and Swanage, the Rural District of Wareham and Purbeck, and the part of the Rural District of Weymouth that was not included in the Dorset West constituency (i.e. Bincombe, Broadwey, Chickerell, Fleet, Osmington, Owermoigne, Poxwell, Preston, Radipole, Upwey and Wyke Regis).
1950–1983: The Municipal Boroughs of Wareham, and Weymouth and Melcombe Regis, the Urban Districts of Portland and Swanage, the Rural District of Wareham and Purbeck, and in the Rural District of Dorchester the civil parishes of Bincombe, Chickerell, Fleet, Osmington, Owermoigne, and Poxwell.
1983–1997: The Borough of Weymouth and Portland, the District of Purbeck wards of Bere Regis, Castle, Langton, St Martin, Swanage North, Swanage South, Wareham, West Purbeck, Winfrith, and Wool, and the District of West Dorset ward of Owermoigne.
1997–2010: The Borough of Weymouth and Portland, the District of Purbeck wards of Castle, Langton, Swanage North, Swanage South, West Purbeck, Winfrith, and Wool, and the District of West Dorset ward of Owermoigne.
2010–present: The Borough of Weymouth and Portland, the District of Purbeck wards of Castle, Creech Barrow, Langton, Swanage North, Swanage South, West Purbeck, Winfrith, and Wool, and the District of West Dorset ward of Owermoigne.
The seat includes the coastal areas to the south of the county of Dorset, plus some rural Purbeck territory further inland. The port of Weymouth is one of the few large towns in Dorset and its suburbs extend onto the Wyke Regis peninsula and the isle of Portland, connected to the mainland by road (and, in the past, rail).
The constituency includes Bovington army camp, and further east, Corfe Castle, connected by the preserved Swanage Railway steam railway to the holiday resort of Swanage. This part of the seat is closer to Poole and Bournemouth than to Weymouth.
Workless claimants were in November 2012 significantly lower than the national average of 3.8%, at 2.8% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian .
|1885||Henry Parkman Sturgis||Liberal|
|1886||Charles J. T. Hambro||Conservative|
|1891 by-election||William Brymer||Conservative|
|1941 by-election||Victor Montagu||Conservative|
|1962 by-election||Guy Barnett||Labour|
|Liberal Democrats||Nick Ireland||5,432||10.6||+4.7|
|Liberal Democrats||Howard Legg||3,053||5.9||−0.1|
|Liberal Democrats||Howard Legg||2,901||6.0||-13.0|
|Movement for Active Democracy||Andy Kirkwood||164||0.3||-0.2|
|Liberal Democrats||Ros Kayes||9,557||19.0||+3.2|
|Movement for Active Democracy||Andy Kirkwood||233||0.5||New|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+9.3|
|Liberal Democrats||Graham Oakes||7,647||15.7||+1.3|
|Legalise Cannabis||Vic Hamilton||282||0.6||New|
|Personality and Rational Thinking? Yes! Party||Andy Kirkwood||107||0.2||New|
|Wessex Regionalist||Colin Bex||83||0.2||New|
|Socialist Labour||David Marchesi||25||0.1||New|
|Liberal Democrats||Andy Canning||6,531||14.4||-5.8|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
|Liberal Democrats||Michael Plummer||9,936||20.20||-6.9|
|Referendum||Patrick C. McAndrew||2,791||5.68||New|
|Natural Law||Gerald T.H. Napper||161||0.33||+0.03|
|Liberal Democrats||Brian E.J. Ellis||15,811||27.1||−0.4|
|Natural Law||MRF Griffiths||191||0.3||New|
|Liberal||P St. J Howe||8,649||14.87|
|Labour||Frederick W Morgan||21,120||42.26|
|Liberal||Geoffrey Maxwell Goode||5,862||11.72|
|Liberal||Lawrence I Norbury-Williams||8,910||21.66||+6.11|
|Anti Common Market||Piers Debenham||5,057||12.29||New|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
|Labour||Conrad F Ascher||15,357||34.67|
|Liberal||Lawrence I Norbury-Williams||6,887||15.55|
|Labour||Frederick Newman Stacey||16,702||38.29|
|Liberal||Geoffrey Maxwell Goode||4,798||11.00|
|Labour||Frederick Newman Stacey||18,244||40.61|
|Liberal||Wilfred Ewart Ward||5,005||11.14|
|Labour||Frederick Newman Stacey||17,471||39.73|
|Liberal||Wyatt Trevelyan Rawson Rawson||6,489||14.76|
|Labour||Philip Sidney Eastman||12,460||36.40|
|Liberal||Wilfred Ewart Ward||7,149||20.88|
General Election 1939–40:
Another general election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;
|Labour||Arthur William Wiltshire||8,580||28.16|
|Liberal||Frederick William King||4,255||13.96||New|
|Labour||Arthur William Wiltshire||8,809||29.27|
|Labour||Arthur William Wiltshire||6,950||23.4||−6.1|
|Labour||David Wyndham Thomas||3,602||17.5||−3.3|
|Cindicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+10.3|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+5.8|
|Conservative||Charles J. T. Hambro||3,477||58.3||+8.6|
|Liberal||Henry Parkman Sturgis||2,486||41.7||−8.6|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+8.6|
|Liberal||Henry Parkman Sturgis||3,128||50.3|
|Conservative||Charles J. T. Hambro||3,095||49.7|
|Liberal win (new seat)|
Dorset is a county in South West England on the English Channel coast. The ceremonial county comprises the unitary authority areas of Bournemouth, Christchurch and Poole and Dorset. Covering an area of 2,653 square kilometres (1,024 sq mi), Dorset borders Devon to the west, Somerset to the north-west, Wiltshire to the north-east, and Hampshire to the east. The county town is Dorchester, in the south. After the reorganisation of local government in 1974, the county border was extended eastward to incorporate the Hampshire towns of Bournemouth and Christchurch. Around half of the population lives in the South East Dorset conurbation, while the rest of the county is largely rural with a low population density.
Weymouth and Portland was a local government district and borough in Dorset, England. It consisted of the resort of Weymouth and the Isle of Portland, and includes the areas of Wyke Regis, Preston, Melcombe Regis, Upwey, Broadwey, Southill, Nottington, Westham, Radipole, Chiswell, Castletown, Fortuneswell, Weston, Southwell and Easton; the latter six being on the Isle of Portland.
West Dorset was a local government district in Dorset, England. Its council was based in Dorchester. The district was formed on 1 April 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, and was a merger of the boroughs of Bridport, Dorchester and Lyme Regis, along with Sherborne urban district, and the rural districts of Beaminster, Bridport, Dorchester and Sherborne.
Purbeck was a local government district in Dorset, England. The district was named after the Isle of Purbeck, a peninsula that forms a large proportion of the district's area. However, it extended significantly further north and west than the traditional boundary of the Isle of Purbeck which is the River Frome. The district council was based in the town of Wareham, which is itself north of the Frome.
Melcombe Regis is an area of Weymouth in Dorset, England.
Mid Dorset and North Poole is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2015 by Michael Tomlinson, a Conservative.
West Dorset is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2019 by Chris Loder, a Conservative.
North Dorset is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2015 by Simon Hoare, a Conservative.
Weymouth and Melcombe Regis was a parliamentary borough in Dorset represented in the English House of Commons, later in that of Great Britain, and finally in the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It was formed by an Act of Parliament of 1570 which amalgamated the existing boroughs of Weymouth and Melcombe Regis. Until 1832, the combined borough continued to elect the four Members of Parliament (MPs) to which its constituent parts had previously been entitled; the Great Reform Act reduced its representation to two Members, and the constituency was abolished altogether in 1885, becoming part of the new South Dorset constituency.
Weymouth is a seaside town in Dorset, on the English Channel coast of England. Situated on a sheltered bay at the mouth of the River Wey, 11 kilometres (7 mi) south of the county town of Dorchester, Weymouth had a population of 53,068 as of 2018. It is the third largest settlement in Dorset after Bournemouth and Poole.
John Bond LL.D. (1612–1676) was an English jurist, Puritan clergyman, member of the Westminster Assembly, and Master of Trinity Hall, Cambridge.
Dorset is a county located in the middle of the south coast of England. It lies between the latitudes 50.512°N and 51.081°N and the longitudes 1.682°W and 2.958°W, and occupies an area of 2,653 km2. It spans 90 kilometres (56 mi) from east to west and 63 kilometres (39 mi) from north to south.