Thuli River

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Thuli River
Thuli River.jpg
The Thuli River flowing out of Thuli Gorge, south of Gwanda, Zimbabwe
Location
Country Zimbabwe
Physical characteristics
Source 
  locationMatopo Mission, Matobo District, Zimbabwe
Mouth  
  location
Shashe River
Basin size7,910 km2 (3,050 sq mi)
Discharge 
  average36.0 mm/a (1.42 in/year) unit flow [1]

The Thuli River, former name Tuli River, is a major tributary of the Shashe River in Zimbabwe. It rises near Matopo Mission, Matobo District, and flows into the Shashe River near Tuli village.

Contents

Hydrology

The Thuli is an ephemeral river, with declining annual unit runoff. [2]

Major tributaries of the Thuli River include the Mtshabezi, Mtshelele, Sengezane river and Mwewe Rivers.

The Thuli River below Thuli-Makwe Dam is a sand filled channel, with alluvial aquifers in the river channel. [3]

Towns along the river

The Thuli River passes through no major settlements, only the following business centres:

Bridges and crossings

Bridge on the Thuli River at Freda Mine. Freda access.jpg
Bridge on the Thuli River at Freda Mine.

There are five main bridges over the Mzingwane River:

There are also a number of fords and crossing points, including:

Development

Thuli-Makwe Dam. Thuli-Makwe Dam.jpg
Thuli-Makwe Dam.

In addition to a number of small weirs, there is one major dam on the Thuli River:

The Mtshabezi River (the principal left-bank tributary) is dammed at Mtshabezi, Sheet and Blanket. Mtshabezi Dam will augment the water supply for the City of Bulawayo, once a connecting pipeline has been completed. Sheet and Blanket Dams supply water to the City of Gwanda and Blanket and Vubachikwe Mines.

Two additional dam sites have been selected further downstream:

Related Research Articles

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Colleen Bawn Place in Zimbabwe

Colleen Bawn is a town in Zimbabwe.

Tuli, Zimbabwe human settlement

Tuli is a village in the province of Matabeleland South, Zimbabwe. It is located about 90 km west of Beitbridge on the eastern bank of the Shashe River. The village grew around Fort Tuli, which was the first settlement built by the Pioneer Column in July 1890 at the place known as Selous Camp and used by Frederick Selous as a base for his hunting expeditions. The village is mainly a police post and associated housing.

Mzingwane River river in Zimbabwe

The Mzingwane River, formerly known Umzingwane River as or Umzingwani River is a major left-bank tributary of the Limpopo River in Zimbabwe. It rises near Fort Usher, Matobo District, south of Bulawayo and flows into the Limpopo River near Beitbridge, downstream of the mouth of the Shashe River and upstream of the mouth of the Bubye River.

Thuli Parks and Wildlife Land river in Zimbabwe

Thuli Parks and Wildlife Land is a protected area in south-western Zimbabwe. It comprises four areas within the Zimbabwe Parks and Wildlife Estate and covers the entire west bank of the Shashe River within the Thuli Circle.

Shashe River river

The Shashe River is a major left-bank tributary of the Limpopo River in Zimbabwe. It rises northwest of Francistown, Botswana and flows into the Limpopo River where Botswana, Zimbabwe and South Africa meet. The confluence is at the site of the Greater Mapungubwe Transfrontier Conservation Area.

Mwenezi River river

Mwenezi River is a major tributary of the Limpopo River. The Mwenezi River starts up in south central Zimbabwe and flows south-east along what is known as the Mwenezi River Valley that bisects the district into two sectors. The river is found in both Zimbabwe and Mozambique. In Zimbabwe it has been known as the Nuanetsi or Nuanetzi River in the past, a name it retains in Mozambique.

Insiza River river in Zimbabwe

The Insiza River is the principal tributary of the Mzingwane River in Zimbabwe.

Mtshabezi River river in Zimbabwe

The Mtshabezi River is a tributary of the Thuli River in southern Zimbabwe.

Thuli–Makwe Dam dam in Zimbabwe

Thuli–Makwe Dam is a reservoir on the Thuli River, west of Gwanda, Zimbabwe with a capacity of 8.3 million cubic metres.

Thuli–Moswa Dam is the name for a proposed reservoir on the Thuli River, south of Gwanda, Zimbabwe with a capacity of 419 million cubic metres.

Thuli–Manyange Dam

Thuli–Manyange (Elliot) Dam is proposed a reservoir on the Thuli River, south of Gwanda, Zimbabwe with a capacity of 33 million cubic metres. It is designed to be co-operated with Thuli–Moswa Dam

Glassblock Dam

Glassblock Dam is a proposed reservoir on the Mzingwane River, north of Gwanda, Zimbabwe with a capacity of 14 million cubic meters.

Umchabezi River river in Zimbabwe

The Umchabezi River is a tributary of the Mzingwane River in Beitbridge District and Gwanda District, Zimbabwe. The main dam on the river is Makado Dam, which supplies water for commercial irrigation.

Bubye River river in Zimbabwe

The Bubye River, also known as Bubi River, is a tributary of the Limpopo River in Beitbridge District and Gwanda District, Zimbabwe. It rises about 40 kilometres (25 mi) to the northeast of West Nicholson in Matabeleland South, from where it flows southeast before joining the Limpopo about 25 kilometres (16 mi) west of the border with Mozambique. Its course forms part of the border between Mberengwa and Mwenezi districts.

Manama (village) human settlement in Zimbabwe

Manama is a village in Manama ward the province of Matabeleland South, Zimbabwe. It is located south of Gwanda on the road to Kafusi.

South Africa–Zimbabwe border international border

The border between South Africa and Zimbabwe is 225 kilometres (140 mi) long, and follows the median line of the Limpopo River.

Umzingwane District administrative district in Matabeleland South, Zimbabwe

Umzingwane is a district in the northern part of Matabeleland South province in Zimbabwe. It was formerly known as Esigodini District and before 1982 as Essexvale District.

References

  1. 1 2 Chibi, T., Kandori, C. and Makone, B.F. 2005. Mzingwane Catchment Outline Plan. Zimbabwe National Water Authority, Bulawayo.
  2. Love, D., Uhlenbrook, S., Madamombe, E., Twomlow, S. and van der Zaag, P. 2006. An evaluation of climate and run-off variability and associated livelihood risks in the Mzingwane Catchment, Limpopo Basin, Zimbabwe. Water Institute of Southern Africa Biennial Conference and Exhibition, Durban, South Africa, May 2006.
  3. Görgens, A.H.M. and Boroto, R.A. 1997. Limpopo River: flow balance anomalies, surprises and implications for integrated water resources management. In: Proceedings of the 8th South African National Hydrology Symposium, Pretoria, South Africa.

Coordinates: 21°48′01″S29°03′42″E / 21.8003°S 29.0617°E / -21.8003; 29.0617