Thunbergia laurifolia

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Thunbergia laurifolia
Thunbergia laurifolia 8723.jpg
Flowers of Thunbergia laurifolia
Scientific classification OOjs UI icon edit-ltr.svg
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Acanthaceae
Genus: Thunbergia
Species:
T. laurifolia
Binomial name
Thunbergia laurifolia

Thunbergia laurifolia, the laurel clockvine [1] or blue trumpet vine, is native to India and Thailand [2] and the Indomalayan realm, the species occurs from Indochina to Malaysia. [3]

Contents

Description

Thunbergia laurifolialeaves are opposite, heart-shaped with serrated leaf margin and taper to a pointed tip. This species is very similar in appearance to T. grandiflora , but has longer, thinner leaves and its young stems and leaves are hairless.

The flowers are not scented and borne on pendulous inflorescences. The hermaphrodite flower is trumpet-shaped with a short broad tube, white outside and yellowish inside. The corolla is pale blue in colour with 5–7 petals, one larger than the others. Plants flower almost continuously throughout the year with flowers opening early in the morning and aborting in the evening of the same day. Carpenter bees are frequent visitors, creeping into the flowers for pollen and nectar while black ants are present probably as nectar scavengers. The plant develops a very tuberous root system. [4]

Uses

Cultivation

Thunbergia laurifolia is a popular ornamental plant in tropical gardens. It is a long-blooming vine in cultivation. Propagation is from stem cuttings or shoots from the tuberous roots. It is a fast-growing perennial herbaceous climber. It has become an exotic weed in many tropical countries.

Teas and medicinal

ACANTHACEAE Thunbergia laurifolia Lindl, INMA (MBML004198).pdf

In Malaysia, juice from crushed leaves of T. laurifolia are taken for menorrhagia, placed into the ear for deafness, and applied for poulticing cuts and boils. [5] In Thailand, leaves are used as an antipyretic, as well as for detoxifying poisons. [6] It is locally known as akar tuau in Malaysia and rang jeud (รางจืด) in Thailand. Several Thai herbal companies have started producing and exporting rang jeud tea. [7]

T. laurifolia is used in Thailand for patients in drug addiction treatment, and two studies on lab rats show T. laurifolia may stimulate dopamine production. [8] [9]

Chemistry

Iridoid glucosides have been isolated from T. laurifolia. [6] Microwave-dried leaves displayed stronger antioxidant properties than fresh leaves. [7] The antioxidant properties of the infusion from microwave-dried leaves is higher than the commercial rang jeud tea from Thailand.[ citation needed ]

Invasive species

Thunbergia laurifolia can become an invasive species where escaping from ornamental garden uses into native habitats in supportive climates. Because it is a fast-growing perennial plant it has become an escaped exotic and noxious weed in many tropical countries The plant has become a weed found in the Cerrado vegetation of Brazil and in tropical areas of Australia.

See also

Related Research Articles

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<i>Thunbergia battiscombei</i> Species of flowering plant

Thunbergia battiscombei, also known as the blue glory vine, is a species of flowering plant within the family Acanthaceae. It is sometimes used as an ornamental garden plant for its beautiful large blooms and leafy foliage. Thunbergia battiscombei is also cultivated as a herb within its native range. Some people superstitiously believe the herb is able to help remedy mental imbalance, curses and black magic.

References

  1. USDA, NRCS (n.d.). "Thunbergia laurifolia". The PLANTS Database (plants.usda.gov). Greensboro, North Carolina: National Plant Data Team. Retrieved 10 December 2015.
  2. Starr, F. et al. (2003). "Thunbergia laurifolia". http://www.hear.org/starr/hiplants/reports/pdf/thunbergia_laurifolia.pdf
  3. Schonenberger, J. (1999). "Floral structure, development and diversity in Thunbergia (Acanthaceae)". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 130: 1–36. doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8339.1999.tb00779.x .
  4. "Thunbergia: Blue trumpet vine". Natural Resources and Mines, Queensland. 2003.
  5. Burkill, I.H. (1966). "A Dictionary of the Economic Products of the Malay Peninsula. Volume II (I–Z)". Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, Kuala Lumpur
  6. 1 2 Kanchanapoom, Tripetch; Kasai, Ryoji; Yamasaki, Kazuo (2002). "Iridoid glucosides from Thunbergia laurifolia". Phytochemistry. 60 (8): 769–71. doi:10.1016/S0031-9422(02)00139-5. PMID   12150796.
  7. 1 2 Chan, E.W.C.; Lim, Y.Y. (2006). "Antioxidant activity of Thunbergia laurifolia tea" (PDF). Journal of Tropical Forest Science. 18 (2): 130–136. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 April 2012.
  8. Thongsaard W, Marsden C. Effect of Thunbergia laurifolia extract on extracellular dopamine level in rat nucleus accumbens. J Med Assoc Thai. 2013 Jan;96 Suppl 1:S85-9. PMID: 23724461.
  9. Thongsaard W, Marsden CA. A herbal medicine used in the treatment of addiction mimics the action of amphetamine on in vitro rat striatal dopamine release. Neurosci Lett. 2002 Aug 30;329(2):129-32. doi: 10.1016/s0304-3940(02)00658-4. PMID: 12165394.