Thunbergia laurifolia

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Thunbergia laurifolia
Thunbergia laurifolia 8723.jpg
Flowers of Thunbergia laurifolia
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Acanthaceae
Genus: Thunbergia
Species:
T. laurifolia
Binomial name
Thunbergia laurifolia

Thunbergia laurifolia, the laurel clockvine [1] or blue trumpet vine, is native to India and Thailand [2] and the Indomalayan realm, the species occurs from Indochina to Malaysia. [3]

Contents

Description

Thunbergia laurifolialeaves are opposite, heart-shaped with serrated leaf margin and taper to a pointed tip. This species is very similar in appearance to T. grandiflora , but has longer, thinner leaves and its young stems and leaves are hairless.

The flowers are not scented and borne on pendulous inflorescences. The hermaphrodite flower is trumpet-shaped with a short broad tube, white outside and yellowish inside. The corolla is pale blue in colour with 5–7 petals, one larger than the others. Plants flower almost continuously throughout the year with flowers opening early in the morning and aborting in the evening of the same day. Carpenter bees are frequent visitors, creeping into the flowers for pollen and nectar while black ants are present probably as nectar scavengers. The plant develops a very tuberous root system. [4]

Uses

Cultivation

Thunbergia laurifolia is a popular ornamental plant in tropical gardens. It is a long-blooming vine in cultivation. Propagation is from stem cuttings or shoots from the tuberous roots. It is a fast-growing perennial herbaceous climber. It has become an exotic weed in many tropical countries.

Teas and medicinal

In Malaysia, juice from crushed leaves of T. laurifolia are taken for menorrhagia, placed into the ear for deafness, and applied for poulticing cuts and boils. [5] In Thailand, leaves are used as an antipyretic, as well as for detoxifying poisons. [6] It is locally known as akar tuau in Malaysia and rang jeud (รางจืด) in Thailand. Several Thai herbal companies have started producing and exporting rang jeud tea. [7]

T. laurifolia is used in Thailand for patients in drug addiction treatment, and two studies on lab rats show T. laurifolia may stimulate dopamine production. [8] [9]

Chemistry

Iridoid glucosides have been isolated from T. laurifolia. [6] Microwave-dried leaves displayed stronger antioxidant properties than fresh leaves. [7] The antioxidant properties of the infusion from microwave-dried leaves is higher than the commercial rang jeud tea from Thailand.[ citation needed ]

Invasive species

Thunbergia laurifolia can become an invasive species where escaping from ornamental garden uses into native habitats in supportive climates. Because it is a fast-growing perennial plant it has become an escaped exotic and noxious weed in many tropical countries The plant has become a weed found in the Cerrado vegetation of Brazil and in tropical areas of Australia.

See also

Related Research Articles

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<i>Lamium album</i> Species of flowering plant

Lamium album, commonly called white nettle or white dead-nettle, is a flowering plant in the family Lamiaceae. It is native throughout Europe and Asia, growing in a variety of habitats from open grassland to woodland, generally on moist, fertile soils.

<i>Lagerstroemia speciosa</i> Species of plant

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<i>Thunbergia mysorensis</i> Species of flowering plant

Thunbergia mysorensis, the Mysore trumpetvine or lady's slipper vine, is a species of flowering plant in the family Acanthaceae. A woody-stemmed evergreen, this vine is native to southern tropical India. The specific epithet mysorensis is derived from the city of Mysore.

<i>Thunbergia alata</i> Species of plant

Thunbergia alata, commonly called black-eyed Susan vine, is a herbaceous perennial climbing plant species in the family Acanthaceae. It is native to Eastern Africa, and has been naturalized in other parts of the world. It is found in Cerrado vegetation of Brazil and Hawaii, along with eastern Australia and the southern USA in the states of Texas and Florida, Colombia, and in Puerto Rico.

<i>Tecoma stans</i> Species of tree

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<i>Acanthus ebracteatus</i> Species of flowering plant

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<i>Blumea balsamifera</i> Species of flowering plant

Blumea balsamifera is a flowering plant belonging to the genus Blumea of the family Asteraceae. It is also known as Ngai camphor and sambong.

<i>Momordica foetida</i> Species of flowering plant

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<i>Smilax laurifolia</i> Species of flowering plant

Smilax laurifolia is a species of flowering plant in the greenbrier family known by the common names laurel greenbrier, laurelleaf greenbrier, bamboo vine, and blaspheme vine. It is native to the southeastern United States, where it occurs along the Gulf and Atlantic coastal plains from Texas to New Jersey, the range extending inland to Arkansas, Oklahoma, and Tennessee. It also occurs in Cuba and the Bahamas.

<i>Thunbergia grandiflora</i> Species of flowering plant

Thunbergia grandiflora is an evergreen vine in the family Acanthaceae. It is native to China, India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Indochina and Myanmar and widely naturalised elsewhere. Common names include Bengal clockvine, Bengal trumpet, blue skyflower, blue thunbergia, blue trumpetvine, clockvine, skyflower and skyvine.

<i>Thunbergia gregorii</i> Species of flowering plant

Thunbergia gregorii, commonly known as orange clockvine or orange trumpet vine, is a herbaceous perennial climbing plant species in the family Acanthaceae, native to East Africa and sometimes cultivated as an ornamental vine. The bright, pure all-orange flowers distinguish it from the related black-eyed Susan vine.

References

  1. "Thunbergia laurifolia". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA . Retrieved 10 December 2015.
  2. Starr, F. et al. (2003). "Thunbergia laurifolia". http://www.hear.org/starr/hiplants/reports/pdf/thunbergia_laurifolia.pdf
  3. Schonenberger, J. (1999). "Floral structure, development and diversity in Thunbergia (Acanthaceae)". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 130: 1–36. doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8339.1999.tb00779.x .
  4. "Thunbergia: Blue trumpet vine". Natural Resources and Mines, Queensland. 2003.
  5. Burkill, I.H. (1966). "A Dictionary of the Economic Products of the Malay Peninsula. Volume II (I–Z)". Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, Kuala Lumpur
  6. 1 2 Kanchanapoom, Tripetch; Kasai, Ryoji; Yamasaki, Kazuo (2002). "Iridoid glucosides from Thunbergia laurifolia". Phytochemistry. 60 (8): 769–71. doi:10.1016/S0031-9422(02)00139-5. PMID   12150796.
  7. 1 2 Chan, E.W.C.; Lim, Y.Y. (2006). "Antioxidant activity of Thunbergia laurifolia tea" (PDF). Journal of Tropical Forest Science. 18 (2): 130–136. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 April 2012.
  8. Thongsaard W, Marsden C. Effect of Thunbergia laurifolia extract on extracellular dopamine level in rat nucleus accumbens. J Med Assoc Thai. 2013 Jan;96 Suppl 1:S85-9. PMID: 23724461.
  9. Thongsaard W, Marsden CA. A herbal medicine used in the treatment of addiction mimics the action of amphetamine on in vitro rat striatal dopamine release. Neurosci Lett. 2002 Aug 30;329(2):129-32. doi: 10.1016/s0304-3940(02)00658-4. PMID: 12165394.