Tibetan serin

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Tibetan serin
Tibetan Siskin Barsey Rhododendron Sanctuary 11.03.2013.jpg
Female Tibetan serin from Varsey Rhododendron Sanctuary, Sikkim, India
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Fringillidae
Subfamily: Carduelinae
Genus: Spinus
Species:
S. thibetanus
Binomial name
Spinus thibetanus
(Hume, 1872)

The Tibetan serin (Spinus thibetanus) or Tibetan siskin is a true finch species (family Fringillidae).

Contents

Taxonomy and systematics

The Tibetan serin was formerly placed in the genus Serinus but was assigned to the genus Spinus based on a phylogenetic analysis of mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences. [2] [3]

Female () from Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve, West Sikkim, India Tibetan Siskin Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve West Sikkim India 21.02.2016.jpg
Female (♀) from Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve, West Sikkim, India

The first description of the species was by the British ornithologist Allan Octavian Hume in 1872 under the binomial name Chrysomitris thibetanus. [4] In the 19th century, it was also referred to as the Sikkim siskin. [5] At that time, the Lepcha of Sikkim referred to it as tŭk nyil nyón ('fierce wormwood'). [6]

Description

Length (including the tail) of this species is around 12 cm (4.7 in). The Tibetan siskin lacks yellow panels on its wings in all plumages. Adult males have olive-greenish upper parts, yellow underparts, yellowish-green rumps, yellow supercilium and border behind ear-coverts. Wing and tail feathers of this bird species are broadly differentiated by a yellowish-green color. Adult females of this species have black streaking on darker greyish-green upper parts, more clearly defined wing-bars than their male counterparts, paler yellowish throats and black-flanked breasts with streaking. Juveniles are duller green, tinged brownish-buff on upper parts, with duller rumps, buff fringes to greater coverts and paler or heavily streaked underparts.

Distribution

This species is found in Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, and Nepal. Its natural habitat is temperate forests. It spends the winter in the central and eastern Himalayas. A group of birders from West Bengal discovered its presence in Hee Village near Varsey Rhododendron Sanctuary, Sikkim, India in the month of March 2013.

From Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary, Arunachal Pradesh, India Tibetan Serin from Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary in Arunachal Pradesh.jpg
From Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary, Arunachal Pradesh, India

Habitat

Tibetan serins generally breed in mixed forest and spend their winter in alder.

Voice

Their soft chattering sound is much like twangtwang.

Related Research Articles

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Black-chinned siskin Species of bird

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Yellow-rumped siskin Species of bird

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References

  1. BirdLife International (2012). "Serinus thibetanus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species . 2012. Retrieved 8 October 2016.
  2. Gill, Frank; Donsker, David (eds.). "Finches, euphonias". World Bird List Version 5.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 5 June 2015.
  3. Zuccon, Dario; Prŷs-Jones, Robert; Rasmussen, Pamela C.; Ericson, Per G.P. (2012). "The phylogenetic relationships and generic limits of finches (Fringillidae)" (PDF). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 62 (2): 581–596. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2011.10.002. PMID   22023825.
  4. Hume, Allan Octavian (1872). "Description of six new species of Indian birds". Ibis. 3rd series. 14 (2): 107–111. doi:10.1111/j.1474-919x.1872.tb06136.x.
  5. Blanford, W.T (1890). The Fauna Of British India. 2. p.  244.
  6. Mainwaring, G.B. (1898). Dictionary of the Lepcha-Language. pp.  129–130.