Timeline of Recife

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The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Recife, Pernambuco state, Brazil.


Prior to 20th century

20th century

21st century

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Recife Municipality in Northeast, Brazil

Recife is the fourth-largest urban area in Brazil with 4,054,866 inhabitants, the largest urban area of the North/Northeast Regions, and the capital and largest city of the state of Pernambuco in the northeast corner of South America. The population of the city proper was 1,653,461 in 2020. Recife was founded in 1537, during the early Portuguese colonization of Brazil, as the main harbor of the Captaincy of Pernambuco, known for its large scale production of sugar cane. It was the former capital Mauritsstad of the 17th century colony of New Holland of Dutch Brazil, established by the Dutch West India Company. The city is located at the confluence of the Beberibe and Capibaribe rivers before they flow into the South Atlantic Ocean. It is a major port on the Atlantic. Its name is an allusion to the stone reefs that are present by the city's shores. The many rivers, small islands and over 50 bridges found in Recife city centre characterise its geography and led to the city being called the "Brazilian Venice". As of 2010, it is the capital city with the highest HDI in Northeast Brazil and second highest HDI in the entire North and Northeast Brazil.

Caruaru Municipality in Northeast, Brazil

Caruaru is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Pernambuco. The most populous city in the interior of the state, Caruaru is located in the microzone of Agreste and because of its cultural importance, it is nicknamed Capital do Agreste, Princesinha do Agreste, and Capital do Forró.

Vila do Porto Municipality in Azores, Portugal

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Ribeira Grande, Azores Municipality in Azores, Portugal

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São Cristóvão Bairro in Northeast Region, Brazil

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Goiana Municipality in Northeast, Brazil

Goiana is a city in Brazil in the northeast of the state of Pernambuco, about 65 km north of the city of Recife.

Recife/Guararapes–Gilberto Freyre International Airport Brazilian airport

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Igarassu, Pernambuco Municipality in Northeast, Brazil

Igarassu is a city in the Brazilian state of Pernambuco. It is the second oldest city of the country and is situated on the north coast of the metropolitan region of Recife, approximately 32 kilometres (20 mi). It stands as one of the earliest European settlements in Brazil and is the site of the oldest church in the country, the Church of Saints Cosme and Damião, built in 1535. Igarassu is home to numerous colonial-period historic structures. The historic center of the city was designated a national monument by the National Institute of Historic and Artistic Heritage (IPHAN) in 1972.

Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Olinda e Recife Catholic ecclesiastical territory

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Olinda and Recife is a Latin metropolitan archdiocese in northeast Brazil's Pernambuco state.

Recife metropolitan area Metro Area in Northeast, Brazil

Recife Metropolitan Area, officially the Metropolitan Region of Recife is a major metropolitan area in Northeast Brazil with a population of 4.02 million as of 2020, centered on the state capital of Recife, Pernambuco. In 2017, it was ranked as the 8th largest Metropolitan Region nationally.

Albufeira Municipality in Algarve, Portugal

Albufeira is a city and seat of its own municipality in the district of Faro, in the southernmost Portuguese region of Algarve. The municipality population in 2021 was 44,158, in an area of 140.66 square kilometres. The city proper had a population of 28,645 in 2021. It is 250 kilometres (160 mi) from Lisbon, and is within close proximity of Paderne Castle. Lagos is located 30 kilometres (19 mi) to the west, and Faro 45 kilometres (28 mi) to the south-east. A tourist destination, Albufeira expands to approximately 300,000 residents during the summer and during the Christmas and New Year celebrations, owing to the number of hotels and lodgings in its municipality, that includes marina facilities, golf courses, restaurants and bars for the annual flood of visitors.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of São Paulo, Brazil.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Curitiba, Paraná (state), Brazil.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Brasília, Federal District, Brazil.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Salvador, Bahia state, Brazil.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Manaus, in Amazonas state, Brazil.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Porto Alegre, in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Belém, in the state of Pará, Brazil.


  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Britannica 1910.
  2. Joseph Smith (2013). "Chronology of Main Events". A History of Brazil. Routledge. ISBN   978-1-317-89021-8.
  3. "Ancient Synagogue To Reopen in Recife", New York Times, 2 June 2002
  4. E. Bradford Burns (1993). "Chronology of Significant Dates in Brazilian History". A History of Brazil . Columbia University Press. ISBN   978-0-231-07954-9.
  5. "Brazil: Directory". Europa World Year Book 2003. Europa Publications. 2003. ISBN   978-1-85743-227-5.
  6. 1 2 "Tabela 1.6 - População nos Censos Demográficos, segundo os municípios das capitais - 1872/2010", Sinopse do Censo Demografico 2010 (in Portuguese), Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística , retrieved 5 September 2018
  7. Europa Publications (2003). "Brazil". Political Chronology of the Americas. Routledge. p. 32+. ISBN   978-1-135-35653-8.
  8. "Population of capital city and cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 1955. New York: Statistical Office of the United Nations.
  9. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Statistical Office (1976). "Population of capital city and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 1975. New York. pp. 253–279.
  10. United Nations Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis, Statistics Division (1997). "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". 1995 Demographic Yearbook. New York. pp. 262–321.{{cite book}}: |author= has generic name (help)
This article incorporates information from the Portuguese Wikipedia and Dutch Wikipedia.


in English

in Portuguese

  • J.C.R. Milliet de Saint-Adolphe (1863), "Recife", Diccionario geographico, historico e descriptivo, do imperio do Brazil (in Portuguese), Paris: J. P. Aillaud, hdl:2027/wu.89006303077 via Hathi Trust
  • Gilberto Freyre (1934). Guia Prático, Histórico e Sentimental da Cidade do Recife (in Portuguese).

Coordinates: 8°03′S34°54′W / 8.05°S 34.9°W / -8.05; -34.9