Tipularia discolor

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Tipularia discolor
Tipularia discolor.jpg
Status TNC G4.svg
Apparently Secure  (NatureServe)
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Genus: Tipularia
T. discolor
Binomial name
Tipularia discolor
(Pursh) Nuttall [1]
Synonyms [2]
  • Orchis discolorPursh
  • Plectrurus discolor(Pursh) Raf.
  • Tipularia unifoliaBritton, Sterns & Poggenb.
  • Limodorum unifoliumMuhl.

Tipularia discolor, the crippled cranefly [3] or crane-fly orchid, is a perennial terrestrial woodland orchid, a member of the family Orchidaceae. [1] It is the only species of the genus Tipularia found in North America. It occurs in the southeastern United States from Texas to Florida, the range extending north into the Ohio Valley and along the Appalachians as far north as the Catskills. There are also isolated populations in Massachusetts and in the Great Lakes region. [4] [5]

Tipularia discolor grows a single leaf in September that disappears in the spring. The leaf top is green, often with dark purple spots. The leaf underside is a striking purple color. The flower blooms in mid-July to late August. The roots are a connected series of edible corms. They are starchy and almost potato-like.

The plant is pollinated by noctuid moths, by means of flowers which incline slightly to the right or left, so the pollinaria can attach to one of the moth's compound eyes. [6] The details of the inflorescence can be seen in a video recorded in State Botanical Gardens in Athens, GA . [7]

Crane-fly orchids are endangered, threatened, or rare in several states. [3]

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<i>Hesperis matronalis</i> Species of plant

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<i>Tipularia</i> Genus of orchids

Tipularia is a genus of temperate terrestrial orchids. At present, it has 7 recognized species, native to Asia and North America.

  1. Tipularia cunninghamii(King & Prain) S.C.Chen, S.W.Gale & P.J.Cribb - Uttarakhand, Sikkim, Taiwan
  2. Tipularia discolor(Pursh) Nutt. - from Texas and Florida north to Michigan and Massachusetts
  3. Tipularia harae(Maek.) S.C.Chen - Kyushu
  4. Tipularia japonicaMatsum. - Japan, Korea
  5. Tipularia josephiRchb.f. ex Lindl. - Tibet, Nepal, Bhutan, Assam, Myanmar
  6. Tipularia odorataFukuy. - Taiwan
  7. Tipularia szechuanicaSchltr. - Gansu, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan
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<i>Myrica pensylvanica</i> Species of flowering plant

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<i>Iris cristata</i> Species of flowering plant

Iris cristata is a species in the genus Iris, it is also in the subgenus of Limniris. It is a rhizomatous perennial plant, endemic to the eastern United States. It has pale lavender flowers with a white patch and orange or yellow crest. It is a close relative to Iris lacustris, the only other crested iris native to North America. It is cultivated as an ornamental plant in temperate regions.

<i>Eutrochium purpureum</i> Species of flowering plant

Eutrochium purpureum, commonly known as purple Joe-Pye weed, kidney-root, sweetscented joe pye weed, sweet Joe-Pye weed, is an herbaceous perennial plant in the sunflower family. It is native to eastern and central North America, from Ontario east to New Hampshire and south as far as Florida, Louisiana, and Oklahoma. It is sometimes called gravel root, trumpet weed or feverweed.

<i>Cirsium discolor</i> Species of thistle

Cirsium discolor, the field thistle, is a North American species of plants in the thistle tribe, within the sunflower family. It is native to thirty-three states in the United States as well four Canadian provinces. It occurs across much of eastern and central Canada as well as eastern and central United States. It has been found from New Brunswick west to Saskatchewan and south as far as Texas and Georgia.

<i>Peltandra virginica</i> Species of aquatic plant

Peltandra virginica is a plant of the arum family known as green arrow arum and tuckahoe. It is widely distributed in wetlands in the eastern United States, as well as in Quebec, Ontario, and Cuba. It is common in central Florida including the Everglades and along the Gulf Coast. Its rhizomes are tolerant to low oxygen levels found in wetland soils. It can be found elsewhere in North America as an introduced species and often an invasive plant.

<i>Lilium iridollae</i> Species of lily

Lilium iridollae is a species of Lilium or lily. It is a perennial forb. This species is considered one of five known Lilium species native to specific sites in the United States' southeast region. In 1940, this species was discovered by Mary Henry in its habitat. She named the lily in reference to a "pot of gold at the end of the rainbow".

<i>Ipomoea lacunosa</i> Species of flowering plant

Ipomoea lacunosa, the whitestar, white morning-glory or pitted morningglory, is a species that belongs to the genus Ipomoea. In this genus most members are commonly referred to as "morning glories". The name for the genus, Ipomoea, has root in the Greek words ips and homoios, which translates to worm-like. This is a reference to the plant's vine-like growth. Lacunosa comes from a Latin word meaning air spaces, correlating with the venation of the leaves. Ipomoea lacunosa is native to the United States and grows annually. The flowers of this species are usually white and smaller than most other morning glories.

<i>Clitoria mariana</i> Species of plant

Clitoria mariana, is a perennial forb.

<i>Isotria verticillata</i> Species of orchid

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<i>Styrax grandifolius</i> Species of flowering plant

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<i>Iris hexagona</i> Species of flowering plant

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North American azaleas

North American azaleas are flowering shrubs in the genus Rhododendron, section Pentanthera, subsection Pentanthera, so named because they all have five stamens. Most are in the United States, with one species found in Canada and one being found in Mexico. North American azaleas are commonly confused with azaleas of Asian origin, the evergreen azaleas. North American azaleas are deciduous and produce two types of buds. One is a larger and produces about 20 flowers while the other bud produces a leafy shoot. The flower color, fragrance, and number of stamens vary among species.


  1. 1 2 Justice, William S.; Bell, C. Ritchie; Lindsey, Anne H. (2005). Wild Flowers of North Carolina (2. printing. ed.). Chapel Hill, NC: Univ. of North Carolina Press. p. 156. ISBN   0807855979.
  2. Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. 1 2 "Tipularia discolor". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA . Retrieved 9 December 2015.
  4. "Tipularia discolor in Flora of North America @ efloras.org". www.efloras.org. Retrieved 2016-03-25.
  5. Biota of North America Program, county distribution map
  6. "Tipularia discolor". Flora of North America.
  7. Sezen, Uzay (23 March 2015). "Crippled Cranefly Orchid (Tipularia discolor) (2014)" . Retrieved 6 June 2017.