Tor (fish)

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Tor tambroid 160811-61602 ffi.JPG
Tor tambroides
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Cypriniformes
Family: Cyprinidae
Genus: Tor
J. E. Gray, 1833
Type species
Tor hamiltonii
Gray, 1834
Golden mahseer (Tor putitora) Babai River, Nepal Golden mahseer (Tor putitora) Babai River.jpg
Golden mahseer (Tor putitora) Babai River, Nepal

Tor is a genus of cyprinid fish commonly known as mahseers.


The currently recognized species in this genus are:

Related Research Articles

Cyprinidae family of fishes

The Cyprinidae are the family of freshwater fish, collectively called cyprinids, that includes the carps, the true minnows, and their relatives. Also commonly called the "carp family", or "minnow family", Cyprinidae is the largest and most diverse fish family and the largest vertebrate animal family in general, with about 3,000 species of which only 1,270 remain extant, divided into about 370 genera. They range from about 12 mm to the 3-m Catlocarpio siamensis. The family belongs to the ostariophysian order Cypriniformes, of whose genera and species the cyprinids make up more than two-thirds. The family name is derived from the Ancient Greek kyprînos.


Mahseer is the common name used for the genera Tor, Neolissochilus, Naziritor and Parator in the family Cyprinidae (carps). The name is, however, more often restricted to members of the genus Tor. The range of these fish is from Vietnam in the east and China in the north, through Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, and across southern Asia including the Indian Peninsula, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Afghanistan. They are commercially important game fish, as well as highly esteemed food fish. Mahseer fetch high market price, and are potential candidate species for aquaculture. Several of the larger species have suffered severe declines, and are now considered threatened due to pollution, habitat loss, overfishing and increasing concern about the impacts of unregulated release of artificially bred stock of a very limited number of species.

<i>Puntius</i> genus of fishes

Puntius is a genus of small freshwater fish in the family Cyprinidae native to South Asia and Mainland Southeast Asia, as well as Taiwan.

<i>Epinephelus</i> genus of fishes

Epinephelus is a genus of fishes in the family Serranidae found in Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans.

<i>Labeo</i> genus of carps in the family Cyprinidae

Labeo is a genus of carps in the family Cyprinidae. They are found in freshwater habitats in the tropics and subtropics of Africa and Asia.

<i>Glyptothorax</i> genus of fishes

Glyptothorax is a genus of catfishes order Siluriformes of the family Sisoridae. It is the most species-rich and widely distributed genus in the family with new species being discovered on a regular basis. These species are distributed in the Black Sea basin, northern Turkey, south and east to the Yangtze River drainage in China and south throughout Indo-China to Java, Indonesia. They are found in Asia Minor and southwards to Southeast Asia. The genus is very diverse in the Indian subcontinent. Southeast Asian species tend to have restricted distributions.

<i>Tor khudree</i> Species of fish

Tor khudree, the Deccan mahseer, Khudree mahseer, or black mahseer, is a large freshwater fish of the carp family found in major rivers and reservoirs of India and Sri Lanka. The local name is mahseer or maha seer and this was considered one of the greatest of game fish in India. Found throughout India, following large-scale introductions of artificially-bred fish across the country, but found of the largest size and in the greatest abundance in mountain or rocky streams.
The fish as originally described by Sykes in his November 1838 paper 'On the Fishes of the Dukhun' as Barbus khudree, is a silvery-bluish coloured fish, with blood red fins or fins tipped with a bluish tinge. The type locality is the Mula-Mutha River close to the Indian city of Pune, a part of the Krishna River basin.
Although there have been efforts to artificially breed this mahseer since the early1970's, there is no way to determine if these fish are Tor khudree, as the populations within the type locality have been wiped out. All recent work on establishing the genetic identity of Tor khudree has been through sampling artificially-bred stock, from which it is not possible to be certain of the heritage of the original stock, although they are reported to have been sourced in the Mula-Mutha River.

<i>Garra</i> genus of fishes

Garra is a genus of fish in the family Cyprinidae. These fish are one example of the "log suckers", sucker-mouthed barbs and other cyprinids commonly kept in aquaria to keep down algae. The doctor fish of Anatolia and the Middle East belongs in this genus. The majority of the more than 140 species of garras are native to Asia, but about one-fifth of the species are from Africa.

<i>Neolissochilus</i> genus of fishes

Neolissochilus is a genus of fish in the family Cyprinidae native to freshwater habitats in Asia that are often grouped with the mahseers. The largest reach up to 1.2 m (3.9 ft) in length, but most species are much smaller.

<i>Onychostoma</i> genus of fishes

Onychostoma is a genus of cyprinid fish found in eastern Asia.

<i>Arius</i> (fish) genus of fishes

Arius is a genus of catfishes of the family Ariidae. The genus Arius is distributed in brackish and fresh waters of Eastern Africa and south to Southeast Asia.

<i>Tor putitora</i> species of fish

Tor putitora, the Putitor mahseer, Himalayan mahseer, or golden mahseer, is an endangered species of cyprinid fish that is found in rapid streams, riverine pools, and lakes in the Himalayan region. Its native range is within the basins of the Indus, Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers. It is a popular gamefish, once believed to be the largest species of mahseer, and can reach up to 2.75 m (9.0 ft) in length and 54 kg (119 lb) in weight, though most caught today are far smaller. It is threatened by habitat loss, habitat degradation and overfishing, and it already has declined by more than an estimated 50%. This omnivorous species is generally found near the surface in water that ranges from 13 to 30 °C (55–86 °F).

<i>Systomus</i> genus of fishes

Systomus is a genus of fish in the family Cyprinidae native to tropical Asia.

<i>Tor tor</i> species of fish

Tor tor, commonly known as the tor mahseer or tor barb, is a species of cyprinid fish found in fast-flowing rivers and streams with rocky bottoms in India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, and Pakistan. It is a commercially important food and game fish.

Tor sinensis, the Chinese or Red mahseer is a species of mahseer native to the Mekong River. It is known with certainty only from Yunnan, China; reports from Cambodia, Laos, and Thailand require confirmation.
It is one of four currently valid species described from China, the others being Tor laterivittatus, Tor polylepis, and Tor yingjiangensis.

<i>Planiliza</i> genus of fishes

Planiliza is a genus of mullets found in coastal marine waters, estuaries and rivers in the Indo-Pacific.

<i>Tor remadevii</i> species of fish

Tor remadevii, the orange-finned mahseer, also known as the hump-backed mahseer, is a critically endangered species of freshwater fish endemic to the Western Ghats of India. It is restricted to the Kaveri river basin.

Tor barakae is a species of mahseer native to Manipur, India.

Tor malabaricus, the Malabar mahseer, is a fish, a species of mahseer native to southwestern India.


  1. 1 2 3 Hoàng Huy Đức, Phạm Hùng Mạnh, Durand, J.-D., Trần Ngân Trọng & Phan Phúc Đình (2015): Mahseers genera Tor and Neolissochilus (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) from southern Vietnam. Zootaxa, 4006 (3): 551-568.
  2. Dan Harries, Thomas Arbenz, Neelesh Dahanukar, Rajeev Raghavan, Mark Tringham, Duwaki Rangad and Graham Proudlove. 2019. The World’s Largest Known Subterranean Fish: A Discovery in Meghalaya (NE India) of A Cave-adapted Fish related to the Golden Mahseer, Tor putitora (Hamilton 1822). Cave & Karst Science.46(3); 121–126.
  3. Kurup, B.M. & Radhakrishnan, K.V. (2011): Tor remadevii, a new species of Tor (Gray) from Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary, Pambar River, Kerala, Southern India. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 107 (3): 227-230.