| Jackson's three-horned chameleon |
(Trioceros jacksonii )
|Genus:|| Trioceros |
| Chamaeleo oweni |
Trioceros is a genus of lizards in the family Chamaeleonidae. Trioceros was considered a subgenus of the genus Chamaeleo until 2009, when it was elevated to full genus level.
The following species and subspecies are recognized as being valid.
| Trioceros affinis |
|beardless Ethiopian montane chameleon, Rüppell's desert chameleon||Ethiopia.|
| Trioceros balebicornutus |
|Bale two-horned chameleon||Ethiopia.|
| Trioceros bitaeniatus |
|side-striped chameleon, two-lined chameleon||Ethiopia, southern Sudan, Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, and the northeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo.|
| Trioceros camerunensis |
(L. Müller, 1909)
|Cameroon dwarf chameleon||Cameroon.|
| Trioceros chapini |
(de Witte, 1964)
|Chapin's chameleon, grey chameleon||Gabon and Democratic Republic of the Congo.|
| Trioceros conirostratus |
|South Sudanese unicorn chameleon||South Sudan and Uganda.|
| Trioceros cristatus |
|crested chameleon, fringed chameleon||Bioko, Equatorial Guinea, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Gabon, Nigeria, Ghana, and Togo.|
| Trioceros deremensis |
|Usambara giant three-horned chameleon, wavy chameleon||East Usambara, Uluguru, Nguu and Nguru Mountains, and Udzungwa Mountains.|
| Trioceros ellioti |
|Elliot's chameleon, montane side-striped chameleon, Elliot's groove-throated chameleon||Burundi, Kenya, South Sudan, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, and Democratic Republic of the Congo.|
| Trioceros feae |
|Bioko hornless chameleon, Bioko montane chameleon, Fea's chameleon||Bioko.|
| Trioceros fuelleborni |
|(named after Friedrich Fülleborn), flapjack chameleon, Ngosi Volcano chameleon, Poroto three-horned chameleon, mountain three-horned chameleon||Tanzania|
| Trioceros goetzei |
|Goetze's chameleon, Ilolo chameleon, Goetze's whistling chameleon||Tanzania and Malawi.|
| Trioceros hanangensis |
Krause & Böhme , 2010
|Mount Hanang montane dwarf chameleon, Mount Hanang chameleon||Tanzania|
| Trioceros harennae |
|Harenna hornless chameleon||Ethiopia|
| Trioceros hoehnelii |
|helmeted chameleon, high-casqued chameleon, von Höhnel's chameleon||Kenya and Uganda|
| Trioceros incornutus |
|Ukinga hornless chameleon||Tanzania|
| Trioceros ituriensis |
(K.P. Schmidt, 1919)
|Ituri forest chameleon||Democratic Republic of the Congo and Kenya.|
| Trioceros jacksonii |
|Jackson's chameleon||south-central Kenya and northern Tanzania.|
| Trioceros johnstoni |
|Johnston's chameleon, Johnston's three-horned chameleon, Ruwenzori three-horned chameleon||Democratic Republic of the Congo, Burundi, Rwanda, and Uganda|
| Trioceros kinangopensis |
Stipala et al., 2012
|Aberdare Mountains dwarf chameleon||Kenya.|
| Trioceros kinetensis |
(K.P. Schmidt, 1943)
|Mount Kineti montane dwarf chameleon, Mount Kineti chameleon||South Sudan.|
| Trioceros laterispinis |
|spiny-flanked chameleon||United Republic of Tanzania, East Africa.|
| Trioceros marsabitensis |
|Marsabit one-horned chameleon, Mt. Marsabit chameleon, Tilbury's chameleon||Kenya.|
| Trioceros melleri |
|giant one-horned chameleon, Meller's chameleon, Meller's giant one-horned chameleon||Malawi, northern Mozambique, and Tanzania|
| Trioceros montium |
|Cameroon sailfin chameleon||Cameroon.|
| Trioceros narraioca |
(Nečas, Modrý & Šlapeta, 2003)
|Mount Kulal chameleon or Mount Kulal stump-nosed chameleon||Kenya|
| Trioceros ntunte |
(Nečas, Modry & Slapeta, 2005)
|Mount Nyiru chameleon, Nyiru montane dwarf chameleon||Kenya|
| Trioceros nyirit |
Stipala et al., 2011
|Mount Mtelo stump-nosed chameleon, Pokot chameleon||Kenya|
| Trioceros oweni |
|Owen's chameleon||Nigeria in the north, to Angola in the south, and Burundi in the east|
| Trioceros perreti |
(Klaver & Böhme, 1992)
|Perret's chameleon, Perret's montane chameleon||Cameroon.|
| Trioceros pfefferi |
|Pfeffer's two-horned chameleon, Pfeffer's chameleon, Bakossi two-horned chameleon||Cameroon.|
| Trioceros quadricornis |
|four-horned chameleon||western Cameroon and southeastern Nigeria.|
| Trioceros rudis |
|coarse chameleon, rough chameleon, Ruwenzori side-striped chameleon, Rwenzori bearded montane dwarf chameleon||western Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, and eastern DR Congo|
| Trioceros schoutedeni |
|Schouteden's montane dwarf chameleon||Rwanda and Democratic Republic of the Congo.|
| Trioceros schubotzi |
|Mount Kenya montane dwarf chameleon, Mount Kenya side-striped chameleon, Schubotz's chameleon||Kenya|
| Trioceros serratus |
| Trioceros sternfeldi |
|(named after Richard Sternfeld), Crater Highlands side-striped chameleon, Tanzanian montane dwarf chameleon||Tanzania|
| Trioceros tempeli |
|Tanzania mountain chameleon, Tempel's chameleon, Udzungwa double-bearded chameleon||Tanzania|
| Trioceros werneri |
|Werner's chameleon, Wemer's chameleon, Wemer's three-horned chameleon||Tanzania|
| Trioceros wiedersheimi |
|Mount Lefo chameleon, Wiedersheim's chameleon||Cameroon and Nigeria|
| Trioceros wolfgangboehmei |
Koppetsch, Nečas & Wipfler, 2021
Nota bene : In the above list, a binomial authority or trinomial authority in parentheses indicates that the species or subspecies was originally described in a genus other than Trioceros.
Chamaeleo is a genus of chameleons in the family Chamaeleonidae. Most species of the genus Chamaeleo are found in sub-Saharan Africa, but a few species are also present in northern Africa, southern Europe, and southern Asia east to India and Sri Lanka.
Jackson's chameleon, Jackson's horned chameleon, three-horned chameleon, or Kikuyu three-horned chameleon is a species of chameleon native to East Africa, but also introduced to Hawaii, Florida, and California.
Kinyongia is a chameleon genus recently established for several plesiomorphic species found in forest and woodland in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, and far eastern DR Congo. All except K. adolfifriderici and K. tavetana are restricted to highlands, and many have very small geographic ranges. In most, at least the males have horns or knobs on their noses. They had been placed into the genus Bradypodion for some time. It has recently been pointed out that the ending to the specific epithet in several of the below listed species should be modified to match the feminine genus name.
Rieppeleon is a genus of small, typically brown chameleons found in forests and savannas in central East Africa. They are found at low levels in bushes, or on the ground among grass or leaf litter.
Trioceros johnstoni, known commonly as Johnston's chameleon, Johnston's three-horned chameleon, or the Ruwenzori three-horned chameleon, is an endemic chameleon of the Albertine Rift in Central Africa.
Trioceros melleri, with the common names Meller's chameleon and giant one-horned chameleon, is the largest species of chameleon from the African mainland.
The coarse chameleon, Trioceros rudis, also known as the rudis chameleon, Ruwenzori side-striped chameleon or the Rwenzori bearded chameleon is a chameleon from western Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, and eastern DR Congo. Contrary to common belief, this species does not inhabit Mount Meru, Tanzania. Tanzania chameleons called T. rudis are in fact T. sternfeldi.
Kinyongia vanheygeni, the Poroto single-horned chameleon or Van Heygen's chameleon, is a species of chameleon, a lizard in the family Chamaeleonidae.
The flap-necked chameleon is a species of arboreal chameleon, a lizard in the family Chamaeleonidae. The species is native to sub-Saharan Africa. There are eight recognized subspecies, including the nominotypical subspecies.
Kinyongia carpenteri, commonly called Carpenter's chameleon or the helmeted chameleon, is a species of chameleon, a lizard in the family Chamaeleonidae. The species is native to central Africa.
Chamaeleoninae is the nominotypical subfamily of chameleons. The Family Chamaeleonidae was divided into two subfamilies, Brookesiinae and Chamaeleoninae, by Klaver and Böhme in 1986. Since its erection in 1986, however, the validity of this subfamily designation has been the subject of much debate, although most phylogenetic studies support the notion that the pygmy chameleons of the subfamily Brookesiinae are not a monophyletic group. While some authorities have previously preferred to use the subfamilial classification on the basis of the absence of evidence principal, these authorities later abandoned this subfamilial division, no longer recognizing any subfamilies with the family Chamaeleonidae. In 2015, however, Glaw reworked the subfamilial division by placing only the genera Brookesia and Palleon within the Brookesiinae subfamily, with all other genera being placed in Chamaeleoninae.
The spiny-flanked chameleon, Trioceros laterispinis, is a species of chameleon endemic to the United Republic of Tanzania, East Africa. It was first described in 1932 by Arthur Loveridge.
The crested chameleon, Trioceros cristatus, is a species of chameleon endemic to Africa. The species was first described by Samuel Stutchbury in 1837.
Trachylepis bayonii, also known commonly as Bayão's skink, Bayon's mabuya, and Bayon's skink, is a species of lizard in the family Scincidae. The species is endemic to Africa. There are two subspecies.
Owen's chameleon, also commonly known as Owen's three-horned chameleon, is a species of chameleon in the family Chamaeleonidae. The species is native to sub-Saharan Africa. Named after William Fitzwilliam Owen, who was a British naval officer and explorer, it was first described in 1831 by the naturalist John Edward Gray, and is the type species of the genus Trioceros.
Rieppeleon kerstenii is species of chameleon, a lizard in the family Chamaeleonidae. The species is endemic to East Africa.
Kinyongia boehmei is species of chameleon, a lizard in the family Chamaeleonidae. The IUCN Red List gives two alternative English common names for this species: Taita blade-horned chameleon and Böhme's two-horned chameleon. The species is endemic to Kenya.
Kinyongia uthmoelleri, known commonly as the Hanang hornless chameleon, Müller's leaf chameleon, and Uthmöller's chameleon, is species of lizard in the family Chamaeleonidae. The species is endemic to Tanzania.
Calumma boettgeri is a species of chameleon, a lizard in the family Chamaeleonidae. The species is endemic to Madagascar.
Trioceros chapini, also known commonly as Chapin's chameleon, the gray chameleon, and the grey chameleon, is a species of lizard in the family Chamaeleonidae. The species is native to Central Africa.
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