Trolleybuses in Parma

Last updated
Parma trolleybus system
Parma Menarini trolleybus 39 southbound at Piazzale Barbieri in 2003.jpg
Menarini trolleybus 039 at Piazzale Barbieri
Operation
Locale Parma, Emilia-Romagna, Italy
Open1953 (1953)
Routes4
Operator(s) TEP (Parma)
Infrastructure
Electrification 600 V DC parallel overhead lines
Statistics
Route length 18.6 km (11.6 mi)
Overview
Parma mappa rete filoviaria.svg
Website TEP (in Italian)
Menarini trolleybus 026 at Piazza Garibaldi, on route 3, in 1997 09700-Filobus CMB 201FLU 026.jpg
Menarini trolleybus 026 at Piazza Garibaldi, on route 3, in 1997

The Parma trolleybus system (Italian : Rete filoviaria di Parma) forms part of the public transport network of the city and comune of Parma, in the region of Emilia-Romagna, northern Italy. In operation since 1953, the system presently comprises four urban routes.

Contents

History

When the Parma trolleybus system commenced operations on 25 October 1953, it consisted of three routes: [1]

One month later, on 25 November 1953, the trolleybus system's predecessor, the Parma tramway network, was closed. [1]

In 1968, trolleybus route 1 was extended to the cemetery at Orzi di Baganza. In 1972, route 2 was extended, but was also simultaneously converted into a diesel bus route. [2] This has been the only closure of a trolleybus route in Parma.

In the 1980s and 1990s, the trolleybus system was expanded. On 21 November 1987, route 1 was extended from Orzi di Baganza to Strada Farnese. [2] On 14 December 1989, bus route 4 was converted into a trolleybus route. [2] [3] And on 5 December 1998, bus route 5 was similarly converted. [2]

Services

The routes comprising the present Parma trolleybus system are:

Fleet

Autodromo-built trolleybus 045 on route 5 Parma Autodromo trolleybus 045 in 2003.jpg
Autodromo-built trolleybus 045 on route 5
Van Hool ExquiCity 18 trolleybus 5108 on route 5 in 2017 Parma - TEP - Van Hool Exquicity 18 T.jpg
Van Hool ExquiCity 18 trolleybus 5108 on route 5 in 2017

Past fleet

The following trolleybuses previously used in Parma have since been withdrawn from service:

Current fleet

Parma's current trolleybus fleet is as follows:

Heritage fleet

Parma trolleybuses nos. 014 and 017 are preserved as heritage vehicles, at the TEP "I° maggio" depot.


See also

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References

Notes

  1. 1 2 "I filobus" [Trolleybuses] (in Italian). TEP. Retrieved 8 March 2011.
  2. 1 2 3 4 Gregoris, Paolo; Rizzoli, Francesco; Serra, Claudio (2003). Giro d'Italia in filobus[Tour of Italy by Trolleybus] (in Italian). Cortona: Calosci Editore. p. 171. ISBN   88-7785-193-7.
  3. Trolleybus Magazine No. 171 (May–June 1990), p. 71. National Trolleybus Association (UK). ISSN   0266-7452.
  4. 1 2 3 Trolleybus Magazine No. 313 (November–December 2013), p. 22. National Trolleybus Association (UK). ISSN   0266-7452.
  5. Trolleybus Magazine No. 304 (July–August 2012), p. 95. National Trolleybus Association (UK).
  6. Trolleybus Magazine No. 316 (July–August 2014), p. 106. National Trolleybus Association (UK).
  7. Trolleybus Magazine No. 317 (September–October 2014), p. 131.
  8. Trolleybus Magazine No. 318 (November–December 2014), p. 159.

Further reading

Commons-logo.svg Media related to Trolleybuses in Parma at Wikimedia Commons

This article is based upon a translation of the Italian language version as at March 2011.