True plantains

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Plantain subgroup
Plantains.jpg
Plantains for sale
Genus Musa
Species Musa × paradisiaca
Hybrid parentage M. acuminata × M. balbisiana
Cultivar group AAB Group, Plantain subgroup
OriginSoutheast Asia, South Asia, West Africa

[1] "True" plantains are a group of cultivars of the genus Musa (bananas and plantains) placed in the Plantain subgroup of the AAB genome group. The term "plantain" can refer to all the banana cultivars which are normally eaten after cooking, rather than raw (see cooking banana), or it can refer to members of other subgroups of Musa cultivars, such as the Pacific plantains, [2] although in Africa there is little to no distinction made between the two, as both are commonly cooked. [3] True plantains are divided into four groups based on their bunch type: French, French Horn, False Horn, and Horn plantains. [4]

Each bunch type has a variety of cultivars associated with it: [4]

In the 1990s, the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture published two guides to help scientists and farmers identify plantains in West Africa and support their cultivation.

See also

References [7]

  1. Langhe, Edmond De; Vrydaghs, Luc; Maret, Pierre de; Perrier, Xavier; Denham, Tim (2009-07-30). "Why Bananas Matter: An introduction to the history of banana domestication". Ethnobotany Research and Applications. 7: 165–177. doi: 10.17348/era.7.0.165-177 . ISSN   1547-3465.
  2. Ploetz, R.C.; Kepler, A.K.; Daniells, J. & Nelson, S.C. (2007), "Banana and Plantain: An Overview with Emphasis on Pacific Island Cultivars", in Elevitch, C.R. (ed.), Species Profiles for Pacific Island Agroforestry (PDF), Hōlualoa, Hawai'i: Permanent Agriculture Resources (PAR), retrieved 2013-01-10[ permanent dead link ]
  3. Carney, Judith (2011-02-01). In the Shadow of Slavery. University of California Press. doi:10.1525/9780520949539. ISBN   978-0-520-94953-9.
  4. 1 2 "Plantain subgroup". ProMusa. Retrieved 2017-03-01.
  5. 1 2 Swennen, Rony (1990-01-01). Plantain Cultivation Under West Africa Conditions: A Reference Manual (PDF). IITA. ISBN   9789781310614.
  6. Swennen, Rony; Ortiz, Rodomiro (1997-01-01). Morphology and growth of plantain and banana. IITA. ISBN   9789781311277.
  7. Li, Lin-Feng; Wang, Hua-Ying; Zhang, Cui; Wang, Xin-Feng; Shi, Feng-Xue; Chen, Wen-Na; Ge, Xue-Jun (2013-11-18). "Origins and Domestication of Cultivated Banana Inferred from Chloroplast and Nuclear Genes". PLOS ONE. 8 (11): e80502. Bibcode:2013PLoSO...880502L. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0080502 . ISSN   1932-6203. PMC   3832372 . PMID   24260405.


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A banana is an elongated, edible fruit – botanically a berry – produced by several kinds of large herbaceous flowering plants in the genus Musa. In some countries, bananas used for cooking may be called "plantains", distinguishing them from dessert bananas. The fruit is variable in size, color, and firmness, but is usually elongated and curved, with soft flesh rich in starch covered with a rind, which may be green, yellow, red, purple, or brown when ripe. The fruits grow upward in clusters near the top of the plant. Almost all modern edible seedless (parthenocarp) bananas come from two wild species – Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana. The scientific names of most cultivated bananas are Musa acuminata, Musa balbisiana, and Musa × paradisiaca for the hybrid Musa acuminata × M. balbisiana, depending on their genomic constitution. The old scientific name for this hybrid, Musa sapientum, is no longer used.

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<i>Musa acuminata</i> Species of banana native to Southeast Asia

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Musa maclayi is a species of seeded banana native to Papua New Guinea and possibly the Solomon Islands. It is placed in section Callimusa. It is regarded as one of the progenitors of the Fe'i banana cultivars.

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<i>Musa <span style="font-style:normal;">×</span> paradisiaca</i> Species of flowering plant

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