Ubuntu GNOME

Last updated
Ubuntu GNOME
Ubuntu GNOME logo.svg
Ubuntu Gnome 17.04.png
Ubuntu GNOME 17.04
OS family Linux (Unix-like)
Working stateDiscontinued in favor of the standard Ubuntu distribution
Source model Open source
Initial release18 October 2012;8 years ago (2012-10-18)
Latest release Ubuntu GNOME 17.04 (Zesty Zapus) / April 13, 2017 (2017-04-13)
Available in Multilingual
Package manager dpkg
Kernel type Monolithic (Linux)
Userland GNU
Default user interface GNOME Shell
License Free software licenses
(mainly GPL)
Official website ubuntugnome.org

Ubuntu GNOME (formerly Ubuntu GNOME Remix) is a discontinued Linux distribution, distributed as free and open-source software. It used a pure GNOME 3 desktop environment with GNOME Shell, rather than the Unity graphical shell. Starting with version 13.04 it became an official "flavour" of the Ubuntu operating system. [1] [2]

Contents

In April 2017, it was announced that 17.04 would be the last release. The distribution was to be discontinued in favor of the standard Ubuntu distribution, which switched from using Unity to GNOME Shell as its desktop environment, starting with its 17.10 release.

History

The project began as an unofficial "remix" because some users preferred the GNOME 3 desktop over Unity. [3] Ubuntu GNOME 12.10 Quantal Quetzal was the first stable version released on 18 October 2012. [4]

Writing in October 2013, Jim Lynch stated:

Ubuntu GNOME 13.10 will be welcomed by GNOME fans. GNOME 3.8 adds some significant new features that enhance the desktop experience, and all of it has been combined well with Ubuntu 13.10 itself. So the end result will probably be quite appealing for those who want Ubuntu, but with GNOME 3.8 instead of Unity. If you are not a fan of GNOME 3 then Lubuntu, Kubuntu or Xubuntu are much better desktop environments if you need to stay within the Ubuntu family. If none of those appeal to you then you might want to just sit tight and wait for Linux Mint 16 to arrive. [5]

Jim Lynch reviewed Ubuntu GNOME 14.04 LTS again in April 2014 and concluded,

I have seen some reviews of regular Ubuntu 14.04 that have proclaimed it to be “the best version of Ubuntu yet” and that sort of thing. Well, I think it’s fair to say that Ubuntu GNOME 14.04 may also be the finest version of Ubuntu GNOME as well, and that’s something that the Ubuntu GNOME developers and users can take pride in. [6]

On 5 April 2017 Canonical Executive Chairman and Ubuntu founder Mark Shuttleworth announced that the mainline version of Ubuntu will move from Unity to the GNOME 3 desktop starting by version 18.04 LTS, which would make it virtually identical to Ubuntu GNOME. [7] [8] It was later revealed that Ubuntu 17.10 would in fact be the first version to use GNOME. [9]

Shuttleworth wrote on 8 April 2017, "We will invest in Ubuntu GNOME with the intent of delivering a fantastic all-GNOME desktop. We're helping the Ubuntu GNOME team, not creating something different or competitive with that effort. While I am passionate about the design ideas in Unity, and hope GNOME may be more open to them now, I think we should respect the GNOME design leadership by delivering GNOME the way GNOME wants it delivered. Our role in that, as usual, will be to make sure that upgrades, integration, security, performance and the full experience are fantastic." [10]

In light of Ubuntu's announcement that they would switch desktop environments from Unity to GNOME, the Ubuntu GNOME developers announced on 13 April 2017 that the distribution would merge into the mainline Ubuntu, starting with the 17.10 release. [11]

Releases

Release no longer supported
VersionCode NameRelease dateSupported UntilKernelGnome VersionRemarks
12.10Quantal Quetzal2012-10-18May 20143.5.03.4
  • First release
13.04Raring Ringtail2013-04-26January 20143.8.03.6
  • Firefox replaced GNOME Web (Epiphany) as the default browser.
  • Ubuntu Software Center and Update Manager replaced GNOME Software (gnome-packagekit).
  • LibreOffice 4.0 became available by default instead of Abiword and Gnumeric.
13.10Saucy Salamander2013-10-17July 20143.113.8
  • GNOME 3.8
14.04 LTSTrusty Tahr2014-04-17April 20173.133.10
  • release with long-term support (LTS) for three years [12]
  • includes a "GNOME Classic" session available by default in the session menu [13]
14.10Utopic Unicorn2014-10-23July 20153.163.12
  • Most of GNOME 3.12 was included
  • gnome-maps and gnome-weather were installed by default [14]
  • GNOME Classic session was included and selectable at log-in [14]
15.04Vivid Vervet2015-04-23 [15] February 20163.193.14
15.10Wily Werewolf2015-10-22 [17] July 20164.23.16
  • GNOME 3.16 [18]
  • GNOME Photos replaced Shotwell as the default photo manager
  • GNOME Music replaced Rhythmbox as default music player [19] [ dubious ]
16.04 LTSXenial Xerus2016-04-21 [20] April 2019 [21] 4.43.18
16.10Yakkety Yak2016-10-13 [23] July 20174.83.20
17.04Zesty Zapus2017-04-13 [24] January 20184.103.24 [25]
  • Final release

See also

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