Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security Affairs

Last updated

United States
Under Secretary of State
for Arms Control and
International Security
US Department of State official seal.svg
Seal of the United States Department of State
Bonnie-Jenkins.jpg
Incumbent
Bonnie Jenkins
Nominator President of the United States
Inaugural holder Curtis W. Tarr
Formation1972
Website Official Website

The Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security Affairs (T) is a position within the U.S. Department of State that serves as Senior Adviser to the President and the Secretary of State for Arms Control, Nonproliferation, and Disarmament.

Contents

In this capacity, the Under Secretary (U/S) attends and participates, at the direction of the President, in National Security Council (NSC) and subordinate meetings pertaining to arms control, nonproliferation, and disarmament and has the right to communicate, through the Secretary of State, with the President and members of the NSC on arms control, nonproliferation, and disarmament concerns.

The U/S also leads the interagency policy process on nonproliferation and manages global U.S. security policy, principally in the areas of nonproliferation, arms control, regional security and defense relations, and arms transfers and security assistance. The U/S provides policy direction in the following areas: nonproliferation, including the missile and nuclear areas, as well as chemical, biological, and conventional weapons proliferation; arms control, including negotiation, ratification, verification and compliance, and implementation of agreements on strategic, non-conventional, and conventional forces; regional security and defense relations, involving policy regarding U.S. security commitments worldwide as well as on the use of U.S. military forces in unilateral or international peacekeeping roles; and arms transfers and security assistance programs and arms transfer policies.

By delegation from the Secretary, the U/S performs a range of functions under the Foreign Assistance Act, Arms Export Control Act, and related legislation. The bureaus of International Security and Nonproliferation, Political-Military Affairs, and Arms Control, Verification, and Compliance are under the policy oversight of the Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security. By statute, the Assistant Secretary for Arms Control, Verification, and Compliance reports to the Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security.

According to the Office of the Historian of the U.S. Department of State, the Under Secretary first received the permanent title "Senior Adviser to the President and the Secretary of State for Arms Control, Nonproliferation and Disarmament" when the Clinton administration decided to merge the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency and the United States Information Agency into the State Department, as well as realigning the United States Agency for International Development with it.

List of Under Secretaries of State for International Security Affairs, 1972–1993

NameAssumed officeLeft office President served under
Curtis W. Tarr May 2, 1972November 25, 1973 Richard Nixon
William H. Donaldson November 26, 1973May 10, 1974 Richard Nixon
Carlyle E. Maw July 10, 1974September 17, 1976 Gerald Ford
Lucy W. Benson [1] March 28, 1977January 5, 1980 Jimmy Carter
Matthew Nimetz February 21, 1980December 5, 1980 Jimmy Carter
James L. Buckley February 28, 1981August 20, 1982 Ronald Reagan
William Schneider, Jr. September 9, 1982October 31, 1986 Ronald Reagan
Ed Derwinski March 24, 1987January 21, 1989 Ronald Reagan
Reginald Bartholomew April 20, 1989July 7, 1992 George H. W. Bush
Frank G. Wisner July 20, 1992January 19, 1993 George H. W. Bush

List of Under Secretaries of State for Arms Control and International Security, 1993–present

NameAssumed officeLeft office President served under
Lynn Etheridge Davis April 1, 1993August 8, 1997 Bill Clinton
John D. Holum [2] December 1, 1997 [3] August 7, 2000 Bill Clinton
John R. Bolton May 11, 2001July 31, 2005 George W. Bush
Robert Joseph June 1, 2005March 2, 2007 George W. Bush
John Rood (acting) [4] September 26, 2007January 20, 2009 George W. Bush
Ellen Tauscher June 26, 2009February 7, 2012 Barack Obama
Rose Gottemoeller [5] February 7, 2012
Acting: February 7–March 7, 2012
October 12, 2016 Barack Obama
Thomas M. Countryman (acting) [4] October 12, 2016January 27, 2017 Barack Obama/Donald Trump
C.S. Eliot Kang (acting) [4] February 6, 2017January 9, 2018 Donald Trump
Christopher Ashley Ford (acting) [4] January 9, 2018April 30, 2018 Donald Trump
Andrea L. Thompson April 30, 2018October 20, 2019 Donald Trump
Christopher Ashley Ford (acting) [4] October 21, 2019January 8, 2021 [6] Donald Trump
Marshall Billingslea (acting) [4] January 11, 2021January 20, 2021 Donald Trump
C.S. Eliot Kang (as Senior Official) [7] January 20, 2021July 21, 2021 Joe Biden
Bonnie Jenkins July 21, 2021 Joe Biden

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References

  1. By administrative action, Benson's titled was renamed "Under Secretary for Security Assistance," and then, on August 22, 1977, as "Under Secretary for Security Assistance, Science, and Technology." The position reverted to its former name during the Reagan Administration.
  2. Served as Acting Under Secretary beginning December 15, 1997. He was commissioned as Under Secretary on August 7, 2000, during a recess of the Senate, but his appointment was rejected by the Senate on September 28, 2000.
  3. This date is given on the State Department's website: state.gov, however, it appears to be incorrect because John Bolton took over this position on May 11, 2001.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Senior Official designated as Acting Under Secretary. Not officially appointed as Under Secretary.
  5. US Department of State. Rose Gottemoeller Designated as Acting Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security. http://geneva.usmission.gov/2012/02/08/rose-gottemoeller-designated-as-acting-under-secretary-for-arms-control-and-international-security/
  6. "In unusual move, top Trump official rescinds cheery exit letter and resubmits a protest resignation" https://www.washingtonpost.com/national-security/in-unusual-move-top-trump-official-rescinds-cheery-exit-letter-and-resubmits-a-protest-resignation/2021/01/08/c4ef97a4-520c-11eb-b2e8-3339e73d9da2_story.html
  7. Appointed an Officer of the United States and designated Senior Official exercising the authorities of Under Secretary.