Waterval Onder

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Waterval Onder
Krugerhof Museum.JPG
Krugerhof house, now a museum
South Africa Mpumalanga location map.svg
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Waterval Onder
South Africa adm location map.svg
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Waterval Onder
Coordinates: 25°38′49″S30°22′55″E / 25.647°S 30.382°E / -25.647; 30.382 Coordinates: 25°38′49″S30°22′55″E / 25.647°S 30.382°E / -25.647; 30.382
Country South Africa
Province Mpumalanga
District Nkangala
Municipality Emakhazeni
Time zone UTC+2 (SAST)

Waterval Onder is a small village situated at the base of the escarpment on the banks of the Elands River in Emakhazeni Local Municipality, Mpumalanga, South Africa.

Elands River (Mpumalanga) river in Mpumalanga, South Africa

Elands River is a river of the Komati River basin in Mpumalanga province, South Africa.

Emakhazeni Local Municipality Local municipality in Mpumalanga, South Africa

Emakhazeni Local Municipality is located in the Nkangala District Municipality of Mpumalanga province, South Africa. The seat of Emakhazeni Local Municipality is Belfast.

Mpumalanga Province of South Africa

Mpumalanga is a province of South Africa. The name means "east", or literally "the place where the sun rises" in the Swazi, Xhosa, Ndebele and Zulu languages. Mpumalanga lies in eastern South Africa, bordering Swaziland and Mozambique. It constitutes 6.5% of South Africa's land area. It shares borders with the South African provinces of Limpopo to the north, Gauteng to the west, the Free State to the southwest, and KwaZulu-Natal to the south. The capital is Mbombela (Nelspruit).

History

The name means below the waterfall, due to its position below a 75 m waterfall (Elands River Falls). The village did not develop into a town like its sister town of Waterval Boven, which is above the waterfall. [1] Both settlements were established in 1895 because of the building of the Pretoria - Delagoa Bay railway line built by the Netherlands-South African Railway Company (NZASM). [2]

Waterval Boven Place in Mpumalanga, South Africa

Waterval Boven is a small town situated on the edge of the Escarpment on the banks of the Elands River above the 75m Elands Falls on the railway line from Pretoria to Maputo in Mpumalanga, South Africa. Hence the name, which is Dutch for "above the waterfall".

Pretoria National administrative capital of South Africa, located in Gauteng province

Pretoria is a city in the northern part of Gauteng province in South Africa. It straddles the Apies River and has spread eastwards into the foothills of the Magaliesberg mountains. It is one of the country's three capital cities, serving as the seat of the administrative branch of government, and of foreign embassies to South Africa. Pretoria has a reputation for being an academic city with three universities, the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) and the Human Sciences Research Council. The city also hosts the National Research Foundation and the South African Bureau of Standards making the city a hub for research. Pretoria is the central part of the Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality which was formed by the amalgamation of several former local authorities including Centurion and Soshanguve. There have been proposals to change the name of Pretoria itself to Tshwane, and the proposed name change has caused some public controversy.

President Paul Kruger lived in Waterval Onder before he left South Africa via Mozambique during the Anglo-Boer war. His Krugerhof house was proclaimed a national monument. [2]

Paul Kruger Former President of the South African Republic

Stephanus Johannes Paulus "Paul" Kruger was one of the dominant political and military figures in 19th-century South Africa, and President of the South African Republic from 1883 to 1900. Nicknamed Oom Paul, he came to international prominence as the face of the Boer cause—that of the Transvaal and its neighbour the Orange Free State—against Britain during the Second Boer War of 1899–1902. He has been called a personification of Afrikanerdom, and remains a controversial and divisive figure; admirers venerate him as a tragic folk hero, and critics view him as the obstinate guardian of an unjust cause.

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References

  1. "Waterval Onder". SA Venues. Retrieved 21 January 2014.
  2. 1 2 "Waterval Onder Information". Where to Stay. Retrieved 21 January 2014.