Werner Abelshauser (born 24 November 1944 in Wiesloch near Heidelberg) is a German economic historian.
Abelshauser studied economics at the University of Mannheim and graduated in 1970. He received his PhD at Ruhr University Bochum in 1973 with his dissertation on West German economy 1945–1948. In 1980 he was appointed as Professor for economic and social history in Bochum. From 1983 to 1988,he was acting director of the institute for the research on the European workers movement (IGA,now institute for social movements,ISB). He was visiting professor at Bielefeld,Göttingen,Cologne,(Germany),Oxford (United Kingdom),Florence (Italy),St. Louis,Missouri (United States) and Sydney (Australia). From 1988 to 1991,he held the chair in European History of the 20th century at the European University Institute (EUI) in Florence. Since 1991 he is heading the chair in Economic history at Bielefeld University. He is member of the Institute for Research on Science and Technology and founding member of the Bielefeld Institute for Global Society Studies. He was among the editors of the journal Geschichte und Gesellschaft ("History and Society"),the leading journal of history as social science,and the Journal of Comparative Government and European Policy (ZSE).
Abelshauser’s dissertation (published 1975) was the first theory-based thesis on the causes of the German “Wirtschaftswunder”(the so-called economic miracle of the early federal republic) that included the relevant sources for that topic. Its findings put into perspective the impact of the Marshall Plan,the monetary reform of 1948 and Ludwig Erhard’s model of social market economy as the crucial forces behind the comeback of the West German economy in the 1950s. Instead the study points out the importance of the specific circumstances of reconstruction of the West German economy,which could not be reproduced after the ‘long’1950s. Most of Abelshauser’s arguments were first fiercely criticized by historians as well as in prominent public newspapers like the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. Today his thesis is broadly accepted in the field. The news weekly “Die Zeit”concluded in 1996 that Abelshauser rewrote the economic history of the Federal Republic. His book “Deutsche Wirtschaftsgeschichte seit 1945”(German economic history since 1945,newly published 2004) is among the benchmarks of German economic history.
Abelshauser’s second field of research is business history. His work on the history of the chemical company BASF (2004,German original edition 2002,2003,2007) and on the history of the steel giant Krupp during the Third Reich (2002) is core literature for the “new business history”(Hans-Ulrich Wehler) and was crucial for the emergence of this new discipline. Here,Abelshauser focuses on specific and historically established cultures of the companies and their economic importance for current business decisions.
A third field is the reaction of the German social system of production to the second economic revolution (see Douglass C. North). According to Abelshauser,Globalization and scientification at the end of the 19th century created “new industries”that focused on immaterial production. During that time a set of economic institutions were established which still shape the German economy. His Volume “The Dynamics of German Industry”(2005,German original edition 2002,Jap. edition 2009) interprets historic and recent pressures on these institutions as part of a struggle between two different systems of capitalisms (American vs. “Rhenish”i.e. European Capitalism). His thesis,which - up to the financial crisis of 2008 - was standing against the scientific and public mainstream,gives him the reputation of a prominent supporter of the German/European model of capitalism in the era of Globalization.
Recently,Abelshausers focus turned towards scientific biography. As shown in his work on Hans Matthoefer (2009),he aims to find out,under which conditions people change their way of thinking and acting and,by doing so,help to create new economic,political or social institutions. With his biographical approach Abelshauser added a new method to the corpus of the school of New Institutional Economics.
Ludwig Wilhelm Erhard was a German politician affiliated with the Christian Democratic Union (CDU), and chancellor of West Germany from 1963 until 1966. He is known for leading the West German postwar economic reforms and economic recovery in his role as Minister of Economic Affairs under Chancellor Konrad Adenauer from 1949 to 1963. During that period he promoted the concept of the social market economy, on which Germany's economic policy in the 21st century continues to be based. In his tenure as Chancellor, however, Erhard lacked support from Adenauer, who remained chairman of the party until 1966, and failed to win the public's confidence in his handling of a budget deficit and his direction of foreign policy. His popularity waned, and he resigned his chancellorship on 30 November 1966.
Alexander Rüstow was a German sociologist and economist. In 1938 he originated the term neoliberalism at the Colloque Walter Lippmann. He was one of the fathers of the "Social Market Economy" that shaped the economy of West Germany after World War II. He is the grandnephew of Wilhelm Rüstow, the grandson of Cäsar Rüstow and the father of Dankwart Rustow.
The social market economy, also called Rhine capitalism,Rhine-Alpine capitalism, the Rhenish model, and social capitalism, is a socioeconomic model combining a free-market capitalist economic system alongside social policies and enough regulation to establish both fair competition within the market and generally a welfare state. It is sometimes classified as a coordinated market economy. The social market economy was originally promoted and implemented in West Germany by the Christian Democratic Union under Chancellor Konrad Adenauer in 1949 and today it is used by Christian Democrats and Social Democrats alike. Its origins can be traced to the interwar Freiburg school of economic thought.
Ordoliberalism is the German variant of economic liberalism that emphasizes the need for the state to ensure that the free market produces results close to its theoretical potential.
This is a chronological list of works by Max Weber. Original titles with dates of publication and translated titles are given when possible, then a list of works translated into English, with earliest-found date of translation. The list of translations is most likely incomplete.
Hans Hermann Matthöfer was a German politician of the Social Democratic Party (SPD).
Neue Marx-Lektüre or NML is a revival and interpretation of Karl Marx's critique of political economy, which originated during the mid-1960s in Western and Eastern Europe and opposed both Marxist–Leninist and social democratic interpretations of Marx. Neue Marx-Lektüre covers a loose group of authors mainly from the German-speaking countries who reject certain historizing and empiricist interpretations of Marx's analysis of economic forms, many of which are argued to spring from Friedrich Engels and his role in the early Marxist workers' movement.
Gerhard Stapelfeldt is a German sociologist. He was a university teacher at University of Hamburg until December 2010.
Dietmar Otto Ernst Rothermund was a German historian and professor of the history of South Asia at the Ruprecht-Karls University in Heidelberg. On an international level, he was considered an important representative of German historical scholarship. Although he began his academic career as an Americanist, he succeeded in establishing a special status for himself in the German historiography of South Asia. Thus, his concern was always to lay the foundation for South Asian Studies in Germany and Europe. The bond Rothermund had with India was not only of a professional nature, but also of a private one. His wife Chitra née Apte, with whom he had three children, was from Pune, Maharashtra, India.
Thomas Maissen is a professor of modern history at Heidelberg University and co-director of the Cluster of Excellence "Asia and Europe in a Global Context". As of September 2013 he is detached as director of the German Historical Institute in Paris.
Erich Maschke was a Nazi and a German historian and history professor. He taught most recently at the Ruprecht-Karls-University in Heidelberg. During the Nazi era he promoted racist and nationalist ideology. After the war he led the so-called Maschke Committee which claimed German prisoners-of-war during World War II were mistreated by Allies.
Peter Weingart is a German professor emeritus in sociology and former director of the Center for Interdisciplinary Research, Bielefeld.
Volkmar Gessner was a German university professor and a socio-legal scholar.
Hans Mottek was one of the most important economic historians of the DDR.
Sabine von Heusinger is professor of medieval history at the University of Cologne.
Friedrich Lütge was a German economist, social historian and economic historian.
Norbert Frei is a German historian. He holds the Chair of Modern and Contemporary History at the University of Jena, Germany, and leads the Jena Center of 20th Century History. Frei's research work investigates how German society came to terms with Nazism and the Third Reich in the aftermath of World War II.
Jan-Otmar Hesse is a German historian of economics.
Rudolf Kötzschke was a German historian who founded the Seminar for Regional History and Settlement Studies in Leipzig, the first regional history institution at a German university.
Paul Osthold was a German political scientist. In addition to his work as managing director of the German Institute for Technical Work Training (DINTA), Osthold also worked as editor-in-chief and publisher of the magazines "Der deutsche Volkswirt" and "Der Arbeitgeber", which he shaped into one of the leading socio-political magazines in the Federal Republic of Germany in the 1950s. As a representative of the employers' associations, Osthold was also in close contact with well-known personalities from politics and business. In 1964, Osthold was awarded the Great Cross of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany for his services in the field of economics and for his commitment to the interests of German employers' associations.