1877 French legislative election

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1877 French legislative election
Flag of France (1794-1958).svg
  1876 14–28 October 1877 1881  

All 533 seats to the Chamber of Deputies
267 seats needed for a majority
Turnout8,087,323 (81.3%)
 First partySecond partyThird party
  Jules Armand Dufaure.jpg Georges-Eugene Haussmann - BNF Gallica.jpg Broglie Albert.JPG
Leader Jules Dufaure Georges-Eugène Haussmann Albert de Broglie
Party Republicans
Bonapartists Monarchists
Leader's seatNot presented
(Senator unremovable)
Corse Not presented
(Senator for Eure)
Seats won31310455
Seat changeDecrease2.svg 80Increase2.svg 28Decrease2.svg 9
Popular vote4,860,4811,617,464857,256
SwingDecrease2.svg 13.6%Increase2.svg 5.7%Decrease2.svg 1.4%

France electorale - deputes elus de 1877.jpg
Results of the 1877 elections by district. Republicans are in red and Monarchists are in blue.

Prime Minister before election

Gaëtan de Rochebouët

Elected Prime Minister

Jules Dufaure
Republican Left

The 1877 general election to the Chamber of Deputies of the Third Republic was held on 14 and 28 October 1877, during the Seize Mai crisis.


President Patrice de MacMahon dissolved the Chamber of Deputies elected in 1876, in the hope of a conservative and royalist victory. Although royalists lost seats, Bonapartists increased their seat total over 1876; the Republicans lost 80 seats, but retained a majority.

This election proved a serious setback for those hoping for a restoration of the monarchy, such as MacMahon. In the Senate elections of January 1879, the monarchists also lost control of the Senate. MacMahon resigned, and the Republican Jules Grévy was elected president by the National Assembly. [1]

Along with the 1997 election, it is a rare case of an election in which the sitting President's party lost a general election which he had called.


Summary of the 14–28 October election results
French Chamber of Deputies 1877.svg
Parties and coalitionsVotes %Seats
Republican Left 147
Republican Union 73
Centre-left 66
Far Left 27
Government coalition4,860,48160.0313
Bonapartists 1,617,46420.0111
Legitimists 687,4228.556
Orléanists 169,8342.138
Constitutional monarchists 3
Conservative opposition208

Source: Roi et President

Seat Count
Republican Left
Republican Union
Constitutional Monarchists

See also

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  1. Gildea, R., Children of the Revolution, London, 2008, p. 253-254