|Opening film||Linie 1|
|Location||West Berlin, Germany|
|Awards||Golden Bear ( Red Sorghum )|
|No. of films||447 films |
|Festival date||12 – 23 February 1988|
The 38th annual Berlin International Film Festival was held from 12 to 23 February 1988.  The festival opened with musical film Linie 1 by Reinhard Hauff.  The Golden Bear was awarded to the Chinese film Red Sorghum directed by Zhang Yimou. 
The retrospective was dedicated to colour films and it was titled The History of Colour Film.  Originally West German actor Gert Fröbe was selected as Jury President but later he had to decline due to illness, after which Moritz de Hadeln appointed the Italian film critic Guglielmo Biraghi as the Jury President. 
The following people were announced as being on the jury for the festival: 
The following films were in competition for the Golden Bear: 
|English title||Original title||Director(s)||Country|
|Hunting Time||Av Zamanı||Erden Kıral||Turkey|
|Broadcast News||Broadcast News||James L. Brooks||USA|
|Verónico Cruz||La deuda interna||Miguel Pereira||Argentina, United Kingdom|
|Bear Ye One Another's Burden||Einer trage des anderen Last||Lothar Warneke||East Germany|
|Ground Zero||Ground Zero||Bruce Myles, Michael Pattinson||Australia|
|The Felons||Hudodelci||Franci Slak||Yugoslavia|
|Commissar||Komissar||Aleksandr Askoldov||Soviet Union|
|Kung-Fu Master||Agnès Varda||France|
|Life Classes||Life Classes||William D. MacGillivray||Canada|
|The Mother of Kings||Matka Królów||Janusz Zaorski||Poland|
|The Possessed||Les possédés||Andrzej Wajda||France|
|Red Sorghum||Zhang Yimou||China|
|Walker||Walker||Alex Cox||USA, Mexico, Spain|
|Wohin?||Herbert Achternbusch||West Germany|
|Yasemin||Yasemin||Hark Bohm||West Germany, Turkey|
|†||Winner of the main award for best film in its section|
|The opening and closing films are screened during the opening and closing ceremonies respectively.|
The following films were shown in the retrospective titled "The History of Colour Film": 
|English title||Original title||Director(s)||Country|
|A Colour Box||Len Lye||United Kingdom|
|Late Autumn||秋日和 Akibiyori||Yasujirō Ozu||Japan|
|A Matter of Life and Death||Emeric Pressburger and Michael Powell||United Kingdom|
|Anticipation of the Night||Stan Brakhage||USA|
|A Star Is Born||William A. Wellman||USA|
|Barry Lyndon||Stanley Kubrick||United Kingdom, USA|
|Black Narcissus||Emeric Pressburger and Michael Powell||United Kingdom|
|Blood and Sand||Rouben Mamoulian||USA|
|The Wrestler and the Clown||Борец и клоун Borets i kloun||Boris Barnet and Konstantin Yudin||Soviet Union|
|The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari||Das Cabinett des Dr.Caligari||Robert Wiene||Germany|
|The Story of Little Mook: Tales from Europe||Die Geschichte vom kleinen Muck||Wolfgang Staudte||East Germany|
|Doctor X||Michael Curtiz||USA|
|Duel In The Sun||King Vidor||USA|
|Fantasia||James Algar, Samuel Armstrong, Ford Beebe Jr., Norman Ferguson, David Hand, Jim Handley, T. Hee, Wilfred Jackson, Hamilton Luske, Bill Roberts, Paul Satterfield and Ben Sharpsteen||USA|
|For Whom the Bell Tolls||Sam Wood||USA|
|Gold Diggers of Broadway||Roy Del Ruth||USA|
|Gone To Earth||Emeric Pressburger and Michael Powell||United Kingdom|
|Great Freedom No. 7||Große Freiheit Nr. 7||Helmut Käutner||Germany|
|Gypsy Sweetheart||Ralph Staub||USA|
|The Nightingale||Соловей-Соловушко Solovey-Solovushko||Nikolai Ekk||Soviet Union|
|House of Usher||Roger Corman||USA|
|Gate of Hell||地獄門 Jigokumon||Teinosuke Kinugasa||Japan|
|Johnny Guitar||Nicholas Ray||USA|
|Four Around a Woman||Vier um die Frau||Fritz Lang||Germany|
|Carmen Comes Home||カルメン故郷に帰る Karumen kokyō ni kaeru||Keisuke Kinoshita||Japan|
|King of Jazz||John Murray Anderson||USA|
|Composition in Blue||Komposition in Blau||Oskar Fischinger||Germany|
|The Phantom Carriage||Körkarlen||Victor Sjöström||Sweden|
|The Pretty Miller Girl||La Belle Meunière||Marcel Pagnol||France|
|La Cucaracha||Lloyd Corrigan||USA|
|The Tree of Wooden Clogs||L'albero d'egli zoccoli||Ermanno Olmi||Italy|
|The Red Balloon||Le ballon rouge||Albert Lamorisse||France|
|The Inhuman Woman||L'Inhumaine||Marcel L'Herbier||France|
|Lola||Rainer Werner Fassbinder||West Germany|
|Made in U.S.A.||Jean-Luc Godard||France|
|Märkische Fahrt||Kurt Rupli||Germany|
|Memphis Belle: A Story of a Flying Fortress||William Wyler||USA|
|Moby Dick||John Huston||USA|
|Mode in Paris und Berlin vor dem 1. Weltkrieg||(unknown)||Germany|
|Muratti Marches On||Muratti greift ein||Oskar Fischinger||Germany|
|Moulin Rouge||John Huston||United Kingdom|
|The Adventures of Baron Munchausen||Münchhausen||Josef von Báky||Germany|
|One From The Heart||Francis Ford Coppola||USA|
|On Parade||George Pal||United Kingdom|
|The Great Sacrifice||Opfergang||Veit Harlan||Germany|
|The Passenger||Professione: reporter||Michelangelo Antonioni||Italy, Spain, France|
|Serene Velocity||Ernie Gehr||USA|
|She Wore A Yellow Ribbon||John Ford||USA|
|Sons of Liberty||Michael Curtiz||USA|
|The Adventures of Robin Hood||Michael Curtiz||USA|
|The Adventures of Tom Sawyer||Norman Taurog||USA|
|The Band Concert||Wilfred Jackson||USA|
|The Belle of New York||Charles Walters||USA|
|The Birth of The Robot||Len Lye||United Kingdom|
|English Harvest||Humphrey Jennings||United Kingdom|
|The Garden of Allah||Richard Boleslawski||USA|
|Mystery of the Wax Museum||Michael Curtiz||USA|
|The Quiet Man||John Ford||USA|
|The Red Shoes||Emeric Pressburger and Michael Powell||United Kingdom|
|The River||Le Fleuve||Jean Renoir||France, India, USA|
|The Sword of Monte Cristo||Maurice Geraghty||USA|
|The Toll of the Sea||Chester M. Franklin||USA|
|The Trail Of The Lonesome Pine||Henry Hathaway||USA|
|The Trouble with Harry||Alfred Hitchcock||USA|
|The Viking||Roy William Neill||USA|
|Three Little Pigs||Burt Gillett||USA|
|Way Down East||David Wark Griffith||USA|
|Will Success Spoil Rock Hunter?||Frank Tashlin||USA|
The following prizes were awarded by the Jury: 
Reinhard Hauff is a German film director. His works, which were mostly carried out in the late 1960s to early 1990s, are known for their social and political commentary. Stammheim, which is based on the activities of the Red Army Faction won the Golden Bear award at the 36th Berlin International Film Festival in 1986. In 1987, he was a member of the jury at the 37th Berlin International Film Festival. His 1970 film Mathias Kneissl was entered into the 7th Moscow International Film Festival.
Aleksandr Yakovlevich Askoldov was a Soviet Russian actor and film director. He graduated from the Gorky Literary Institute. After finishing the advanced directing course he directed his first film, Commissar (1967). The film was banned for more than 20 years and put an end to his career as a director in the USSR.
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Guglielmo Biraghi was an Italian critic and film festival director. He was the director of the Taormina Film Fest in the 1970s and became the 14th director of the Venice Film Festival in 1987. In 1970, he was a member of the jury at the 1970 Cannes Film Festival and in 1988, he was the Head of the Jury at the 38th Berlin International Film Festival.
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