Aniva

Last updated

Aniva

Анива
Aniva 03.jpg
A typical view of Aniva
Flag of Aniva (Sakhalin oblast).png
Flag
Coat of Arms of Anivsky rayon (Sakhalinskaya oblast).gif
Coat of arms
Location of Aniva
Aniva
Russia edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Aniva
Location of Aniva
Outline Map of Sakhalin Oblast.svg
Red pog.svg
Aniva
Aniva (Sakhalin Oblast)
Coordinates: 46°43′N142°31′E / 46.717°N 142.517°E / 46.717; 142.517 Coordinates: 46°43′N142°31′E / 46.717°N 142.517°E / 46.717; 142.517
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakhalin Oblast [1]
Administrative district Anivsky District [1]
Founded1886 [2]
Town status since1946
Government
  HeadNikolay Petrov
Elevation
3 m (10 ft)
Population
  Total9,115
  Estimate 
(2018) [4]
9,445 (+3.6%)
   Capital ofAnivsky District [1]
  Urban okrugAnivsky Urban Okrug [5]
   Capital ofAnivsky Urban Okrug [5]
Time zone UTC+11 (MSK+8   OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg [6] )
Postal code(s) [7]
694030
Dialing code(s) +7 42441 [8]
OKTMO ID64708000001
Website web.archive.org/web/20091017154429/http://www.aniva.marketcenter.ru/

Aniva (Russian : Ани́ва) is a coastal town and the administrative center of Anivsky District of Sakhalin Oblast, Russia, located on the coast of Aniva Bay in southern Sakhalin Island on the Lyutoga River, 37 kilometers (23 mi) south of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk. Population: 9,115(2010 Census); [3] 8,084(2002 Census); [9] 8,905(1989 Census). [10]

Contents

History

It was founded in 1886 [2] as the village of Lyutoga (Лютога). In 1905, it was ceded to Japan with the rest of the southern part of Sakhalin by the Treaty of Portsmouth and renamed Rutaka (留多加町, Rutaka-chō) by the Japanese. The village was recaptured by the Soviet Union in 1945; it was granted town status and renamed Aniva in 1946.[ citation needed ]

The origin of the name of the bay is most likely associated with the Ainu words “en” and “willow”. The first is usually translated as “existing, located”, and the second as “mountain range, rock, peak”; thus, “Aniva” can be translated as “having ridges” or “located among the ridges (mountains)”

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Aniva serves as the administrative center of Anivsky District and is subordinated to it. [1] As a municipal division, the town of Aniva and fifteen rural localities of Anivsky District are incorporated as Anivsky Urban Okrug. [5]

Economy

The town's economy relies mainly on fishing, particularly salmon.

Related Research Articles

Yuzhno-Kurilsky District District in Sakhalin Oblast, Russia

Yuzhno-Kurilsky District is an administrative district (raion) of Sakhalin Oblast, Russia; one of the seventeen in the oblast. Municipally, it is incorporated as Yuzhno-Kurilsky Urban Okrug. It is located on the southern Kuril Islands southeast of the Island of Sakhalin, comprising the islands of Kunashir, Shikotan, and the Habomai. The area of the district is 1,856.1 square kilometers (716.6 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Yuzhno-Kurilsk, located on the Kunashir Island. Population: 9,501 (2010 Census); 9,727 (2002 Census); 13,597 (1989 Census). The population of Yuzhno-Kurilsk accounts for 61.4% of the district's total population.

Shakhtyorsk Town in Sakhalin Oblast, Russia

Shakhtyorsk is a town in Uglegorsky District of Sakhalin Oblast, Russia, located on the western coast of the Sakhalin Island, 376 kilometers (234 mi) northwest of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 8,382 (2010 Census); 10,643 (2002 Census); 12,945 (1989 Census).

Poronaysk Town in Sakhalin Oblast, Russia

Poronaysk is a town and the administrative center of Poronaysky District of Sakhalin Oblast, Russia, located on the Poronay River 288 kilometers (179 mi) north of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk. Population: 16,120 (2010 Census); 17,954 (2002 Census); 25,971 (1989 Census).

Uglegorsk, Sakhalin Oblast Town in Sakhalin Oblast, Russia

Uglegorsk is a coastal port town and the administrative center of Uglegorsky District in Sakhalin Oblast, Russia, located on the west coast of Sakhalin Island, 277 kilometers (172 mi) northwest of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 10,381 (2010 Census); 13,396 (2002 Census); 18,402 (1989 Census).

Makarov, Russia Town in Sakhalin Oblast, Russia

Makarov is a coastal town and the administrative center of Makarovsky District of Sakhalin Oblast, Russia, located on the eastern coast of the Sakhalin Island, 235 kilometers (146 mi) north of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk. Population: 6,705 (2010 Census); 7,271 (2002 Census); 11,351 (1989 Census).

Smirnykh Urban-type settlement in Sakhalin Oblast, Russia

Smirnykh is an urban locality and the administrative center of Smirnykhovsky District of Sakhalin Oblast, Russia, located in the central part of the Sakhalin Island. Population: 7,399 (2010 Census); 7,561 (2002 Census); 9,693 (1989 Census).

Tomari, Russia Town in Sakhalin Oblast, Russia

Tomari is a coastal town and the administrative center of Tomarinsky District in Sakhalin Oblast, Russia, located on the western coast of the Sakhalin Island, 167 kilometers (104 mi) northwest of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, the administrative center of the oblast. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 4,541.

Anivsky District District in Sakhalin Oblast, Russia

Anivsky District is an administrative district (raion) of Sakhalin Oblast, Russia; one of the seventeen in the oblast. Municipally, it is incorporated as Anivsky Urban Okrug. It is located in the south of the oblast. The area of the district is 2,684.8 square kilometers (1,036.6 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Aniva. Population: 17,533 (2010 Census); 15,272 (2002 Census); 36,740 (1989 Census). The population of Aniva accounts for 52.0% of the district's total population.

Dolinsky District District in Sakhalin Oblast, Russia

Dolinsky District is an administrative district (raion) of Sakhalin Oblast, Russia; one of the seventeen in the oblast. Municipally, it is incorporated as Dolinsky Urban Okrug. It is located in the southeast of the oblast. The area of the district is 2,441.6 square kilometers (942.7 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Dolinsk. Population : 13,699 (2010 Census); 15,649 (2002 Census); 22,484 (1989 Census).

Kholmsky District, Sakhalin Oblast District in Sakhalin Oblast, Russia

Kholmsky District is an administrative district (raion) of Sakhalin Oblast, Russia; one of the seventeen in the oblast. Municipally, it is incorporated as Kholmsky Urban Okrug. It is located in the southwest of the oblast. The area of the district is 2,279 square kilometers (880 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Kholmsk. Population : 10,988 (2010 Census); 14,672 (2002 Census); 20,498 (1989 Census).

Korsakovsky District, Sakhalin Oblast District in Sakhalin Oblast, Russia

Korsakovsky District is an administrative district (raion) of Sakhalin Oblast, Russia; one of the seventeen in the oblast. Municipally, it is incorporated as Korsakovsky Urban Okrug. It is located in the southeast of the oblast. The area of the district is 2,623.6 square kilometers (1,013.0 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Korsakov. Population : 7,885 (2010 Census); 8,684 (2002 Census); 10,501 (1989 Census).

Kurilsky District District in Sakhalin Oblast, Russia

Kurilsky District is an administrative district (raion) of Sakhalin Oblast, Russia; one of the seventeen in the oblast. Municipally, it is incorporated as Kurilsky Urban Okrug. It is located on the central Kuril Islands southeast of the Island of Sakhalin. The area of the district is 5,145.9 square kilometers (1,986.8 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Kurilsk. Population: 7,359 (2010 Census); 7,108 (2002 Census); 10,498 (1989 Census). The population of Kurilsk accounts for 28.1% of the district's total population. The name is sometimes spelled Kurliskiy or Kurliskiye in English.

Nevelsky District, Sakhalin Oblast District in Sakhalin Oblast, Russia

Nevelsky District is an administrative district (raion) of Sakhalin Oblast, Russia; one of the seventeen in the oblast. Municipally, it is incorporated as Nevelsky Urban Okrug. It is located in the southwest of the oblast and includes Moneron Island to the west, located in the south of the Tartary Strait. The area of the district is 1,445.4 square kilometers (558.1 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Nevelsk. Population : 5,876 (2010 Census); 8,225 (2002 Census); 13,972 (1989 Census).

Nogliksky District District in Sakhalin Oblast, Russia

Nogliksky District is an administrative district (raion) of Sakhalin Oblast, Russia; one of the seventeen in the oblast. Municipally, it is incorporated as Nogliksky Urban Okrug. It is located in the northeast of the Island of Sakhalin. The area of the district is 11,294.8 square kilometers (4,360.9 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Nogliki. Population: 12,124 (2010 Census); 13,576 (2002 Census); 16,786 (1989 Census). The population of Nogliki accounts for 84.4% of the district's total population.

Okhinsky District District in Sakhalin Oblast, Russia

Okhinsky District is an administrative district (raion) of Sakhalin Oblast, Russia; one of the seventeen in the oblast. Municipally, it is incorporated as Okhinsky Urban Okrug. It is located in the north of the Island of Sakhalin. The area of the district is 14,815.87 square kilometers (5,720.44 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Okha. Population : 22,847 (2010 Census); 25,526 (2002 Census); 18,612 (1989 Census).

Poronaysky District District in Sakhalin Oblast, Russia

Poronaysky District is an administrative district (raion) of Sakhalin Oblast, Russia; one of the seventeen in the oblast. As a municipal division, it is incorporated as Poronaysky Urban Okrug. It is located in the eastern central part of the Island of Sakhalin. The area of the district is 7,280.2 square kilometers (2,810.9 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Poronaysk. Population : 21,686 (2010 Census); 10,857 (2002 Census); 17,977 (1989 Census).

Severo-Kurilsky District District in Sakhalin Oblast, Russia

Severo-Kurilsky District is an administrative district (raion) of Sakhalin Oblast, Russia; one of the seventeen in the oblast. Municipally, it is incorporated as Severo-Kurilsky Urban Okrug. It is located on the northern Kuril Islands to the east of the Island of Sakhalin and immediately southwest of the Kamchatka Peninsula. The area of the district is 3,501.2 square kilometers (1,351.8 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Severo-Kurilsk on Paramushir island. Population: 2,536 (2010 Census); 2,592 (2002 Census); 5,420 (1989 Census). The population of Severo-Kurilsk accounts for almost 100% of the district's total population, though there is often a seasonal population on the island of Shumshu.

Smirnykhovsky District is an administrative district (raion) of Sakhalin Oblast, Russia; one of the seventeen in the oblast. Municipally, it is incorporated as Smirnykhovsky Urban Okrug. It is located in the central part of the Island of Sakhalin. The area of the district is 10,457.43 square kilometers (4,037.64 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Smirnykh. As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 13,142, with the population of Smirnykh accounting for 56.3% of that number.

Tomarinsky District District in Sakhalin Oblast, Russia

Tomarinsky District is an administrative district (raion) of Sakhalin Oblast, Russia; one of the seventeen in the oblast. Municipally, it is incorporated as Tomarinsky Urban Okrug. It is located in the southwest of the Island of Sakhalin. The area of the district is 3,169.3 square kilometers (1,223.7 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Tomari. Population: 9,457 (2010 Census); 11,678 (2002 Census); 17,823 (1989 Census). The population of Tomari accounts for 48.0% of the district's total population.

Uglegorsky District District in Sakhalin Oblast, Russia

Uglegorsky District is an administrative district (raion) of Sakhalin Oblast, Russia; one of the seventeen in the oblast. Municipally, it is incorporated as Uglegorsky Municipal District. It is located in the western central part of the Island of Sakhalin. The area of the district is 3,965.6 square kilometers (1,531.1 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Uglegorsk. Population: 12,156 (2010 Census); 16,804 (2002 Census); 28,022 (1989 Census).

References

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Law #25-ZO
  2. 1 2 Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 22. ISBN   5-7107-7399-9.
  3. 1 2 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  5. 1 2 3 Law #524
  6. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  7. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  8. Телефонные коды Сахалина - Dialing codes of Sakhalin Archived December 17, 2017, at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  9. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000](XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  10. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 via Demoscope Weekly.

Sources