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The Communes of Angola (Portuguese : comunas) are administrative units in Angola after municipalities. The 163 municipalities of Angola are divided into communes. There are a total of 618 communes of Angola:
Ambriz, Kakalo-Kahango, Ícolo e Bengo, Cassoneca, Bela Vista, Tabi, Zala, Kikabo, Barra do Dande, Muxiluando, Kixico, Kanacassala, Gombe, Kicunzo, Kage, Mabubas, Caxito, Ucua, Piri, Kibaxe, São José das Matas, Kiaje, Paredes, Bula-Atumba, Pango-luquem, Kabiri, Bom Jesus, Catete, Calomboloca, Kazua, Muxima, Dembo Chio, Mumbondo, Kixinje
Alda Lara, Asfalto, Babaera, Balombo, Benfica, Benguela, Biópio, Bocoio, Candumbo, Catumbela, Chigongo, Chikuma, Chila, Chindumbo, Chongorói, Compão, Cote, Cubal, Cubal do Lumbo, Dombe Grande, Lobito Canata, Catumbela, Egito, Monte Belo, Passe, Caimbambo, Catengue, Baia Farta, Cupupa, Imbala, Quendo, Chiongoroi, Capupa, Bolongueira, Ganda, Babaera, Kasseque, Chicurnu, Ebanga
Munhango, Caivera, Sachinemuna, Andulo, Belo Horizonte, Cambândua, Chicala, Chinguar, Chipeta, Chitembo, Chiuca, Chivaúlo, Dando, Gamba, Kachingues, Kaiei, Kalucinga, Kamakupa, Kangote, Kassumbe, Katabola, Kuemba, Kuito, Kunhinga, Kunje, Kutato, Kwanza, Luando, Lúbia, Malengue, Mumbué, Mutumbo, Nharea, Ringoma, Sande, Soma Kwanza, Santo António da Muinha, Trumba, Umpulo
Miconje, Luali, Cabinda, Malembo, Tanto-Zinze, Landana, Massabi, Inhuca, Necuto, Belize
Baixo Longa, Bondo, Chinguanja, Cuangar, Dirico, Kaiundo, Kalai, Kuchi, Kueio, Kuito Kuanavale, Kutato, Kutuile, Longa, Luengue, Luiana, Maue
Aldeia Nova, Banga, Danje - ia - Menha, Dondo, Golungo Alto, Kaenda [ citation needed ], Kakulo, Kamabatela [ citation needed ], Kambondo, Kanhoca, Kiangombe, Kiculungo, Kilombo dos Dembos, Kissola [ citation needed ], Luinga, Lucala, Massangano, Maúa, Ndalatando, Quiage, Quibaxe, São Pedro da Kilemba, Samba Cajú, Samba Lukala, Tango, Zenza do Itombe, Bindo, Bolongongo, Cariamba, Terreiro, Quiquemba, Cacongo, Cerca, Camome, Cavunga, Kiluanje
Assango, Botera, Dumbi, Ebo, Gabela, Gangula, Kabuta, Kalulo, Kapolo, Kariango, Kassanje, Kassongue, Kibala, Kienha, Kikombo, Kilenda, Kissanga Kungo, Kissongo, Konda, Kungo e Sanga [ citation needed ], Kunjo, Munenga, Mussende, Ndala Kachibo, Pambangala, Quissanga, Sanga, São Lucas, Ucu–Seles, Waco Cungo, Sumbe, Porto Amboim, Quipaze [ citation needed ], Atome, Quirimbo, Ambovia
Bangula, Cacite [ citation needed ], Castilhos [ citation needed ], Chitado, Evale, Humbe, Kafima [ citation needed ], Kahama, Angola, Kalonga, Kuvati, Kuvelai, Môngua, Mukope, Mupa, Namakunde, Naulila, Ombala yo Mungu, Ondjiva, Oximolo [ citation needed ], Shiede, Xangongo, Nehone Cafima, Evale, Simporo [ citation needed ], yonde, Xagongo [ citation needed ], Oncócua, Otthinjau
Alto–Uama, Bailundo, Bimbe, Chiaca, Chinhama, Chinjenje, Chipipa, Chiumbo, Huambo, Kaála, Kachiungo, Kakoma, Kalenga, Kalima, Kambuengo, Katabola, Katata, Kuima, Lépi, Londuimbali, Longonjo, Lunge, Mbave, Mungo, Sambo, Tchipeio, Thicala Yhilohanga, Ukuma, Ussoke, Hengue-Caculo, Ecuma, Tchiahana, Chilata, Tchiumbo, Hungulo, Mundundo
Cacula, Cacula-Sede, Capunda-Cavilongo, Chiange-Sede, Chibemba, Chibia-sede, Chicomba, Chipindo, Dongo, Galangue, Gungue, Humpata-Sede, Jamba, Jau, Kakonda, Kalépi, Kalukembe, Kassinga, Kilengue Kusse, Kutenda, Kuvango, Lubango, Matala, Ngola, Quihita, Quipungo-Sede, Tchipungo, Uaba, Santo Arina, Huila, Quilengues, Dinde, Imulo, Degola [ citation needed ], Cusse, Bambi, Vincungo, Tchibembe, Capelango, Mulondo
Bairro Operário [ citation needed ], Barra do Cuanza, Benfica e Mussulo, Cacuaco, Camama, Cassequel [ citation needed ], Cazenga, Corimba [ citation needed ], Da Ilha [ citation needed ], Futungo de Belas, Golfe (Luanda) [ citation needed ], Havemos de Voltar [ citation needed ], Hoji Ya Henda, Kinanga, Margal [ citation needed ], Neves Bendinha [ citation needed ], Ngola Kiluange [ citation needed ], Prenda [ citation needed ], Ramiro (Luanda), Rangel (Luanda) [ citation needed ], Rocha Pinto [ citation needed ], Sambizanga, Tala Hady, Terra Nova (Luanda) [ citation needed ], Vila Estoril, Cuca (Luanda) [ citation needed ], Ilha do Cabo [ citation needed ], Patrice Lumuba [ citation needed ], Maculusso [ citation needed ], Kilamba Kiaxi, Palanca (Luanda) [ citation needed ], Malanga (Luanda), Samba, Angola, Funda, Quicolo [ citation needed ], Viana, Angola, Calumbo
Iongo, Kachimo, Kamaxilo, Kambulo, Kamissombo, Kanzar, Kapenda Kamulemba, Kaungula, Kuango, Lóvua, Luachimo, Luia, Luremo, Xa–Cassau, Xá-Muteba, Xinge, Lucapa, Sombo, Capaia, Thitato, Cuilo, Caluango, Iubalo, Muvulege, Luangue, Cassengue, Quitapa.
Alto-Chikapa, Chiluage, Dala, Angola, Kakolo, Kassai-Sul, Kukumbi, Mona-Kimbundo, Mukonda, Murieje, Saurimo, Sombo, Xassengue, Cazeje, Luma Cassai
Cacuso, Cinguengue [ citation needed ], Kacuso, Pungo-Andongo, Cuale, Quinge, Cambundy, Catembo, Dumba (Malanje), Cabango, Tala Mungongo, Bembo (Malanje), Caombo, Micanda, Luquembo, Capunda, Dombo, Marimba, Angola, Quimbango, Quihuhu, Muquize [ citation needed ], Catala, Quirima, Saltar, Cazongo, Cainda, Calunda, Lumbala N'guimbo, Candundo, Macondo, Lumbala-Ngimbo, Chiume, Lumai, Lutembo, Mussuma, Ninda, Sessa, Kalamagia [ citation needed ], Kalandula, Kambaxe, Kambo, Kambondo [ citation needed ], Kangandala, Kangando, Karibo, Kateco-Kangola, Kaxinga [ citation needed ], Kela, Kimambamba [ citation needed ], Kissele [ citation needed ], Kiuaba-Nzoji, Kizenga, Kota [ citation needed ], Kunda-iá-Baze, Lombe, Malanje, Massango, Mikixi [ citation needed ], Milando, Moma, Mufuma, Mukari [ citation needed ], Ngola-Luije, Sokeko [ citation needed ], Tembo-Aluma, Xandele
Alto Zambeze, Chiume, Kaianda, Kalunda, Kamanongue, Kangamba, Kangumbe, Kavungo, Lago-Dilolo, Léua, Liangongo, Lovua, Luakano, Lukusse [ citation needed ], Lumbala-Kakengue, Lumbala N'guimbo, Lumeje Kameia, Lutembo, Lutuai ou Muangai, Macondo, Mussuma, Ninda, Tempué, Sessa, Cassamba, Muié
Bentiaba, Bibala-Sede, Cainde, Caitou, Camacuio-Sede, Chingo (Namibe), Kapagombe, Lola (Namibe), Mamué, Mucaba, Muinho, Savo-Mar, Saint Martin of the Tigers, Tômbua, Torre do Tambo [ citation needed ], Virei-Sede, Yona (Namibe), Namibe, Lucira
Aldeia Viçosa, Alto Zaza, Bembe, Beu, Buengas, Bungo, Cambembe, Cuilo Pombo, Dimuca, Kinvuenga, Lucanga, Mabaia, Macuba [ citation needed ], Mbanza Nnosso [ citation needed ], Quinzala, Sacandica, Uamba, Vista Alegre (Uíge), Uíge, Negage, Dimuca, Quisseque, Puri, Angola, Cangola, Mengo [ citation needed ], Caiongo, Sanza Pompo, Milunga, Macocola, Massau, Macolo, Quimbele, Cuango, Icoca, Nova Esperança (Uíge), Qitexe [ citation needed ], Cuilo-Camboso, Cambamba, Songo, Nova Caipenba [ citation needed ], Quipedro, Camatambo, Lembua [ citation needed ], Petecussso [ citation needed ], Maquela do Zombo, Quibocolo, Cuilo-Futa,
Kanda [ citation needed ], Kelo, Kiende, Kindeji, Kinzau, Kiximba [ citation needed ], Kuimba, Loje-Kibala [ citation needed ], Luvu, Mangue Grande, Mbanza Kongo, Mbuela, Mussera, Nkalambata, Nóqui, Nzeto, Pedra de Feitiço, Soyo, Sumba, Caluca, Nadinba [ citation needed ], Buela, Luvaca, Lufico, Mpala Lulendo, Loge, Tomboco, Quingombe, Caluca, Nadimba [ citation needed ], Buela,
Since the adoption of a new constitution in 2010, the politics of Angola takes place in a framework of a presidential republic, whereby the President of Angola is both head of state and head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in the President, the government and parliament.
Luanda, is the capital and largest city in Angola. It is Angola's primary port, and its major industrial, cultural and urban centre. Located on Angola's northern Atlantic coast, Luanda is Angola's administrative centre, its chief seaport, and also the capital of the Luanda Province. Luanda and its metropolitan area is the most populous Portuguese-speaking capital city in the world, with over 8.3 million inhabitants in 2020.
Angola is a country in southwestern Africa. The country's name derives from the Kimbundu word for king. It was first settled by San hunter-gatherer societies before the northern domains came under the rule of Bantu states such as Kongo and Ndongo. From the 15th century, Portuguese colonists began trading, and a settlement was established at Luanda during the 16th century. Portugal annexed territories in the region which were ruled as a colony from 1655, and Angola was incorporated as an overseas province of Portugal in 1951. After the Angolan War of Independence, which ended in 1974 with an army mutiny and leftist coup in Lisbon, Angola achieved independence in 1975 through the Alvor Agreement. A few months before independence, Angola entered a period of civil war that lasted until 2002.
Zaire is one of the 18 provinces of Angola. It occupies 40,130 square kilometres (15,490 sq mi) in the north west of the country and had a population of 594,428 inhabitants in 2014. It is bordered on the west by the Atlantic Ocean, on the north by the Democratic Republic of Congo, on the east by the Uíge Province, and on the south by the Bengo Province.
The culture of Angola is influenced by the Portuguese. Portugal occupied the coastal enclave Luanda, and later also Benguela, since the 16th/17th centuries, and expanded into the territory of what is now Angola in the 19th/20th centuries, ruling it until 1975. Both countries share cultural aspects: language (Portuguese) and main religion. However, the Angolan culture is mostly native Bantu, which was mixed with Portuguese culture. The diverse ethnic communities with their own cultural traits, traditions and native languages or dialects include the Ovimbundu, Ambundu, Bakongo, Chokwe, Avambo and other peoples.
Bengo is a province of Angola. Its capital is Caxito. It has an area of 31,371 square kilometres, and its population at the 2014 Census was 356,641. The province had been created in 1980 by dividing the original province Luanda into Bengo and the then smaller province Luanda.
The Cuanza Norte Province is province of Angola. N'dalatando is the capital and the province has an area of 24,110 km² and a population of 443,386. Manuel Pedro Pacavira was born here and is a former provincial governor. The 1,400 meter long Capanda Dam is located in this province. Cuanza Norte lies on the northern bank of the Cuanza River. It had been a territory of Ngola Kingdom. In 1914, Norton de Matos created District of Cuanza which was divided into Cuanza Norte and Cuanza Sul Provinces in 1917.
Moxico or Moshiko is the largest province of Angola. It has an area of 223,023 square kilometres (86,110 sq mi), and covers 18% of the landmass of Angola. The province has a population of 758,568 and a population density of approximately 3.4 residents per km², making it one of the most sparsely populated areas of Angola. The population of the province is in flux; displaced residents have slowly returned to Moxico since the end of the Angolan Civil War in 2002. The war left Moxico as one of the most landmine-contaminated places in the world. The governor of the province is Gonçalves Manuel Muandumba.
Uíge, one of the eighteen Provinces of Angola, is located in the northwestern part of the country. Its capital city is of the same name.
The Kingdom of Ndongo, formerly known as Angola or Dongo, was an early-modern African state located in what is now Angola.
The Municipality of Bundas lies at the south-eastern corner of Moxico Province of Angola near the border with Zambia. Its principal town is Lumbala. Due to the destruction of the Angolan Civil War, it is one of the most remote municipalities in Angola and access remains a large problem despite significant progress, as many roads are still not cleared of land mines and many bridges remain destroyed, but easily accessed by a tar road from Luena and a gravel road from the Zambian border to N'inda and a tar road to Lumbala N'guimbo.
The Ambundu or Mbundu are a Bantu people living in Angola's North-West, North of the river Kwanza. The Ambundu speak Kimbundu, and mostly also the official language of the country, Portuguese. They are the second biggest ethnic group in the country and make up 25% of the total population of Angola.
Rail transport in Angola consists of three separate Cape gauge lines that do not connect: the northern Luanda Railway, the central Benguela Railway, and the southern Moçâmedes Railway (southern). The lines each connect the Atlantic coast to the interior of the country. A fourth system once linked Gunza and Gabala but is no longer operational.
The precolonial history of Angola lasted until Portugal annexed the territory as a colony in 1655.
The 2000s in Angola saw the end of a 27-year-long civil war (1975–2002) and economic growth as foreign nation's began to invest in Angola's untapped petroleum reserves. The government continues to resettle internally displaced persons as its economy recovers and expands.
The People's Armed Forces of Liberation of Angola or FAPLA was originally the armed wing of the People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) but later (1975–1991) became Angola's official armed forces when the MPLA took control of the government.
Angola is located on the western Atlantic Coast of Central Africa between Namibia and the Republic of the Congo. It also is bordered by the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Zambia to the east. The country consists of a sparsely watered and somewhat sterile coastal plain extending inland for a distance varying from 50 to 160 km. Slightly inland and parallel to the coast is a belt of hills and mountains and behind those a large plateau. The total land size is 1,246,700 km2 (481,400 sq mi). It has an Exclusive Economic Zone of 518,433 km2 (200,168 sq mi).
The architecture of Angola spans three distinct historical periods: precolonial, colonial and independent. The impact of Portuguese colonial control over Angola has left a large architectural legacy in the country. However, present-day Angola is increasingly influenced by broader global trends in architecture, especially as a result of the country's oil-boom in the early 21st Century.