Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society

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Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society
Type Historical society
Registration no.227786
Legal statusCharity
PurposeHistorical study and research
HeadquartersUnited Kingdom
Research and publications, lectures and events
Library, archives
Rt Rev. James Newcome, Bishop of Carlisle, Claire Hensman, Lord Lieutenant of Cumbria
Dr Rob David

The Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society, founded in 1866, is a local historical, antiquarian, archaeological and text publication society and registered charity covering the modern county of Cumbria.



The society exists to "promote, encourage, foster" the combined studies of genealogy, history, custom and archaeology, within the boundaries of the non-metropolitan county of Cumbria (which, as well as the two titular historic counties of Cumberland and Westmorland, includes elements of historic Yorkshire and Lancashire). [1]


The society was established in Penrith, Cumbria on 11 September 1866, with "five business and professional men from both counties" as founder-members. [2] The then Earl of Lonsdale was appointed honorary president. One of the society's first official acts was to campaign for the protection of the Dunmail Raise cairn, and to organise an archaeological dig on the Low Borrow Bridge Roman fort, near Tebay. Membership rose to 115 by 1866 (with around a quarter being clergymen), and "includ[ed] three ladies". [2] The society returned to the Low Borrow Bridge site, by then a scheduled monument, in 2011 and discovered further evidence as to the size of the camp, [3] while in 2015 it was a joint funder of work into a dendrochronological dating on Kendal's fourteenth-century Castle dairy. [4]


A publishing arm was created in 1877, [2] and by 2015 was responsible for publishing its peer-reviewed journal The Transactions of the society, a triannual newsletter, and various dedicated book series for specific areas of interest (for example, the Extra Series, and those for Records, Research, and Tracts). [5]

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  1. "Revised Rules, 2008 and 2012" (PDF). Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society. Retrieved 21 May 2016.
  2. 1 2 3 Thomas, Andrew (7 February 2016). "Nostalgia: Society aimed to preserve the antiquities of two counties". The Westmorland Gazette .
  3. "Archaeologists excavate Roman fort near Tebay". BBC News. 9 August 2011.
  4. Fallowfield, Carl (29 April 2015). "Fascinating finds shed light on history of ancient dairy". Cumbria Crack. Archived from the original on 4 June 2016. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
  5. "Publications Committee". Cumbria Past. Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society. Archived from the original on 30 June 2016. Retrieved 21 May 2016.
  6. "Publications available". Cumbria Past. Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society. Archived from the original on 30 June 2016. Retrieved 21 May 2016.

Further reading