Diffa Region

Last updated
Diffa
Diffa in Niger.svg
Location within Niger
Coordinates: 14°N13°E / 14°N 13°E / 14; 13 Coordinates: 14°N13°E / 14°N 13°E / 14; 13
CountryFlag of Niger.svg  Niger
Capital Diffa
Area
  Total156,906 km2 (60,582 sq mi)
Population
 (2012 [1] )
  Total593,821
  Density3.8/km2 (9.8/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (West Africa Time)
HDI (2017)0.336 [2]
low

Diffa is one of the seven Regions of Niger, located in the southeast of the country. The capital of the region is Diffa.

Contents

Geography

Diffa Region is situated in the extreme southeast of Niger between 10° 30’ and 15° 35’ longitude East and 13° 04’ and 18° 00’ latitude North. It covers 156 906 km², and it borders Agadez Region to the north, Chad to the east, Nigeria to the south, and Zinder Region to the west. The landscape is primarily Sahelian in the south, merging into the Sahara desert in the north of the region. In the far southeast can be found Niger's portion of Lake Chad; formerly extending as far west as N'guigmi, the lake has shrunk drastically in recent decades. [3] In the southeast the Komadougou Yobe river forms part of the border with Nigeria. [3]

Settlements

Diffa is the regional capital; other major settlements include Bosso, Chetimari, Dungass, Gueskerou, Goudoumaria, Kablewa, Mainé-Soroa, N'Gourti, N'Guelbély, N'guigmi and Toumour. [4]

Administrative subdivisions

Departments of Diffa Diffa Arrondissements.png
Departments of Diffa

Diffa Region is divided into three Departments:

The Region also includes three Urban Communes, a number of Rural Communes, four Cantons, and over twenty Groupments (administrative councils of nomadic communities). The Urban Communes are Diffa, Maïné-Soroa, N'guigmi; while the Rural Communes include Bosso, Chétimari, Goudoumaria, N'gourti, Kabléwa, Nguel beyli, and Gueskérou.

Demographics

The population was estimated in 2000 at 216,245 and 346,595 inhabitants in the 2001 census; as of 2011 the population stood at 489,531. [1] The population is 85% sedentary and 15% nomadic, practising seasonal migration with their livestock. The age range is 37% aged less than 20, 57% between 20 – 60, and 6% older than 60 years old.[ citation needed ] The total annual growth rate is around 1.2% and it is one of the least populated areas of Niger ( 2.2 people/km²).[ citation needed ] The main ethnolinguistic groups in the region are the Diffa Arabs, Fula, Hausa, Kanuri, Dazaga and Tedaga Toubou and Tuaregs. [5] [6]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1977167,382    
1985189,091+13.0%
2001346,595+83.3%
2012593,821+71.3%
source: [7]

Refugees

Refugees from Nigeria fleeing violence from Boko Haram are living with local populations in the Diffa Region. As of 11 June 11, 2014, the International Rescue Committee (IRC) estimated that as many as 1,000 refugees a week were crossing the border into Diffa region; four out of five are women and girls. [8] By October 2015 the number of Nigerian refugees in the region had risen to at least 150,000. [9] After a lull in the fighting in 2017-18, violence increased in 2019, further worsening an already fragile security situation. [10]

Economy

Landscape of rural Diffa Region, Niger, traveling on the main highway from Diffa to Niamey. (2006) Landscape Diffa region Niger.jpg
Landscape of rural Diffa Region, Niger, traveling on the main highway from Diffa to Niamey. (2006)

The economy of Diffa Region is primarily agricultural, based upon pastoralism and farming. The major crop, grown both for subsistence and sale, is millet, especially drought-tolerant varieties. One third of arable land is devoted to farming: almost 105,000 hectares farmed of the 299,500 hectares of arable land. Areas of the east and south also grow rice and maize. Irrigation in the valleys around Maïné-Soroa make this possible, as does the edge of Lake Chad (3,000 km² in the far east) and the seasonal Komadougou Yobe river valley in the south, which forms around 150 km of the border with Nigeria. Despite this the Diffa Region is among the most unproductive agricultural areas in Niger, and all of West Africa, making it especially vulnerable to drought and famine.

See also

Related Research Articles

Transport in Niger

Niger's transport system was little developed during the colonial period (1899–1960), relying upon animal transport, human transport, and limited river transport in the far south west and south east. No railways were constructed in the colonial period, and roads outside the capital remained unpaved. The Niger River is unsuitable for large-scale river transport, as it lacks depth for most of the year and is broken by rapids at many spots. Camel caravan transport was historically important in the Sahara desert and Sahel regions which cover most of the north.

Diffa Urban Commune in Diffa Region, Niger

Diffa is a city and Urban Commune in the extreme southeast of Niger, near the border with Nigeria. It is the administrative seat of both Diffa Region, and the smaller Diffa Department. As of 2011, the commune had a total population of 48,005 people.

Departments of Niger

The regions of Niger are subdivided into 63 departments. Before the devolution program on 1999–2005, these departments were styled arrondissements. Confusingly, the next level up (regions) had, before 2002-2005 been styled departments. Prior to a revision in 2011, there had been 36 departments. A draft law in August 2011 would expand that number to 63. Until 2010, arrondissements remained a proposed subdivision of departments, though none were used. The decentralisation process, begun in the 1995-1999 period replaced appointed Prefects at Departmental/Arrondisement level with elected councils, first elected in 1999. These were the first local elections held in the history of Niger. Officials elected at commune level are then selected as representatives at Departmental, regional, and National level councils and administration. The Ministry of Decentralisation was created to oversee this task, and to create a national consultative council of local officials.

Nguigmi Place in Diffa Region, Niger

N'guigmi is a city and Commune of fifteen thousand in the easternmost part of Niger, very near to Lake Chad – lying on its shore until the lake retreated. It is a crossroads for the traditional camel caravans of the Toureg and for traders plying North and South across the Sahara.

Maradi, Niger Place in Maradi Region, Niger

Maradi is the second largest city in Niger and the administrative centre of Maradi Region. It is also the seat of the Maradi Department and an Urban Commune.

Dosso Region Region of Niger

Dosso is one of the eight Regions of Niger. The region has an area of 31,002 square kilometres (11,970 sq mi), with a population of 2,078,339 as of 2011.

Zinder Region Region of Niger

Zinder Region is one of the seven regions of Niger; the capital of the region is Zinder. The region covers 145,430 km². It is most populous province of Niger.

Yobe State State of Nigeria

Yobe is a state located in northeastern Nigeria. A mainly agricultural state, it was created on August 27, 1991. Yobe State was carved out of Borno State. The capital of Yobe State is Damaturu; its largest city is Potiskum.

Maradi Region Region of Niger

The Region of Maradi is one of seven Region of Niger. It is located in south-central Niger, east of the Region of Tahoua, west of Zinder, and north of the Nigerian city of Kano. The administrative centre is at Maradi. The population of the Region is predominantly Hausa.

Yobe River

The Yobe River, also known as the Komadougou Yobe or the Komadougou-Yobe, is a river in West Africa that flows into Lake Chad through Nigeria and Niger. Its tributaries include the Hadejia River, the Jama'are River, and the Komadugu Gana River. The river forms a small part of the international border between Niger and Nigeria. :)

Goure Place in Zinder, Niger

Goure is a town in southeastern Niger, Zinder Region, Goure Department, of which it is the seat.

Goudoumaria Place in Diffa, Niger

Goudoumaria, Niger is a town in the southeast of the country, in Diffa Region, northwest of Diffa. Goudoumaria is an administrative post in the Maine-Soroa Department, and is approx. 50 km north of the Nigerian border and approximately 50 km east of the small city Soubdou.

Termit Massif

The Termit Massif is a mountainous region in southeastern Niger. Just to the south of the dunes of Tenere desert and the Erg of Bilma, the northern areas of the Termit, called the Gossololom consists of black volcanic peaks which jut from surrounding sand seas. The southern Termit is a roughly east–west range of heavily eroded black sandstone. Its foothills on the south west are the Koutous hills.

Boko Haram Jihadist terrorist organization

The group commonly known as Boko Haram, officially known as Jamā'at Ahl as-Sunnah lid-Da'wah wa'l-Jihād, and also as Wilāyat Garb Ifrīqīyā, meaning "West African Province", is a jihadist terrorist organization based in northeastern Nigeria, also active in Chad, Niger and northern Cameroon.

Timeline of the Boko Haram insurgency is the chronology of the Boko Haram insurgency, an ongoing armed conflict between Nigerian Islamist group Boko Haram and the Nigerian government. Boko Haram have carried out many attacks against the military, police and civilians since 2009 – mostly in Nigeria, but also in Cameroon, Chad and Niger.

Nigerian refugees are persons originating from the country of Nigeria, but seeking refuge outside the borders of their native country.

2015 Niger raid

The 2015 Niger raid was an unsuccessful assault on the Nigerien towns Bosso and Diffa, perpetrated by Boko Haram. The incident occurred on 6 February 2015, marking the first major Boko Haram incursion into Niger.

Chad Basin campaign (2018–2020)

The Chad Basin campaign of 2018–2020 was a series of battles and offensives in the southern Chad Basin, particularly northeastern Nigeria, which took place amid the ongoing Boko Haram insurgency. The Chad Basin witnessed an upsurge of insurgent activity from early November 2018, as rebels belonging to the Islamic State's West Africa Province (ISWAP) and Boko Haram launched offensives and several raids to regain military strength and seize territory in a renewed attempt to establish an Islamic state in the region. These attacks, especially those by ISWAP, met with considerable success and resulted in the displacement of hundreds of thousands of civilians. The member states of the Multinational Joint Task Force (MJTF), namely Nigeria, Niger, Chad, and Cameroon responded to the increased insurgent activity with counter-offensives. These operations repulsed the rebels in many areas, but failed to fully contain the insurgency.

Chad–Niger border

The Chad–Niger border is 1,196 km in length and runs from the tripoint with Libya in the north, to the tripoint with Nigeria in the south.

Niger–Nigeria border

The Niger–Nigeria border is 1,608 kilometres in length and runs from the tripoint with Benin in the west to the tripoint with Chad in the east.

References

  1. 1 2 Annuaire statistique du Niger
  2. "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  3. 1 2 Geels, Jolijn, (2006) Bradt Travel Guide - Niger, pgs. 227-38
  4. "Carte de référence: Niger - Région de Diffa (30 janvier 2019)" (PDF). REACH Initiative. Retrieved 24 October 2019.
  5. Présentation de la région de Diffa: des potentialités naturelles considérables. Abdou Saïdou, Le Sahel (Niamey). 17 December 2009
  6. "Languages of Niger". Ethnologue . Retrieved 24 October 2019.
  7. Niger: Administrative Division population statistics
  8. Damon, Arwa (2014-06-11). "Where are Nigeria's missing girls? On the hunt for Boko Haram". CNN.com. Retrieved 2014-06-12.
  9. "Boko Haram fighters kill two Niger soldiers, wound four in ambush". Reuters. 2 October 2015. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
  10. "ACAPS Briefing Note: Niger - Displacement in Diffa region (5 April 2019)". Relief Web. 5 April 2019. Retrieved 24 October 2019.