European People's Party Group

Last updated

European People's Party Group
European Parliament group
EPP EP group logo 2015.svg
NameEuropean People's Party Group
English abbr.EPP
(22 June 2009 to present)
Older:
  • EPP-ED [1]
    (20 July 1999 [2] to 22 June 2009)
  • EPP [1]
    (17 July 1979 [3] to 20 July 1999 [2] )
  • CD [2]
    (23 June 1953 [3] to 17 July 1979 [3] )
French abbr.PPE
(22 June 2009 to present)
Older:
  • PPE-DE [4]
    (20 July 1999 [2] to 22 June 2009)
  • PPE [3]
    (17 July 1979 [3] to 20 July 1999 [2] )
  • DC [3]
    (23 June 1953 [3] to 17 July 1979 [3] )
Formal nameGroup of the European People's Party (Christian Democrats)
(22 June 2009 to present)
Older:
  • Group of the European People's Party (Christian Democrats) and European Democrats [4] [5] [6]
    (20 July 1999 [2] to 22 June 2009)
  • Group of the European People's Party (Christian-Democratic Group) [3] [7] [8] [9]
    (17 July 1979 [3] to 20 July 1999 [2] )
  • Christian Democratic Group (Group of the European People's Party) [3] [9]
    (14 March 1978 [3] to 17 July 1979 [3] )
  • Christian Democratic Group [2] [9]
    (23 June 1953 [3] to 14 March 1978 [3] )
Ideology
Political position Centre-right [12] [13]
European parties
From
  • 11 September 1952
    (unofficially) [14]
  • 23 June 1953
    (officially) [14]
Topresent
Chaired by Manfred Weber [15]
MEP(s)
176 / 705
Website www.eppgroup.eu

The European People's Party Group (EPP Group) is a centre-right political group of the European Parliament consisting of deputies (MEPs) from the member parties of the European People's Party (EPP). Sometimes it also includes independent MEPs and/or deputies from unaffiliated national parties. [16] [17] [18] The EPP Group comprises politicians of Christian-democratic, conservative and liberal-conservative orientation. [19] [20] [21]

Contents

The European People's Party was officially founded as a European political party in 1976. However, the European People's Party Group in the European Parliament has existed in one form or another since June 1953, from the Common Assembly of the European Coal and Steel Community, making it one of the oldest European-level political groups. It has been the largest political group in the European Parliament since 1999.

History

The Common Assembly of the European Coal and Steel Community (the predecessor of the present day European Parliament) first met on 10 September 1952 [22] and the first Christian Democratic Group was unofficially formed the next day, with Maan Sassen as president. [14] [23] The group held 38 of the 78 seats, two short of an absolute majority. [14] [24] On 16 June 1953 the Common Assembly passed a resolution [25] enabling the official formation of political groups, and on 23 June 1953 the constituent declaration [26] of the group was published and the group was officially formed. [14] [24]

EPP share of votes in elections to the Eur. Parliament 1999-2019 PollsEPP.png
EPP share of votes in elections to the Eur. Parliament 1999–2019

The Christian Democrat group was the biggest group at formation, but as time wore on, it lost support and was the second-biggest group by the time of the 1979 elections. As the European Community expanded into the European Union, the dominant centre-right parties in the new member states were not necessarily Christian democratic, and the EPP (European People's Party, the pan-continental political party founded in 1976, to which all group members are now affiliated) feared being sidelined. [27] To counter this, the EPP expanded its remit to cover the centre-right regardless of tradition and pursued a policy of integrating liberal-conservative parties. [27]

This policy led to Greek New Democracy and Spanish People's Party MEPs joining the EPP Group. [27] The British Conservative Party and Danish Conservative People's Party tried to maintain a group of their own, named the European Democrats (ED), but lack of support and the problems inherent in maintaining a small group forced ED's collapse in the 1990s, and its members crossed the floor to join the EPP Group. [27] The parties of these MEPs also became full members of the EPP (with the exception of the British Conservative Party, which did not join) and this consolidation process of the European centre-right continued during the 1990s with the acquisition of members from the Italian party Forza Italia. However, the consolidation was not unalloyed and a split emerged with the Eurosceptic MEPs who congregated in a subgroup within the Group, also called the European Democrats (ED).

Nevertheless, the consolidation held through the 1990s, assisted by the group being renamed the European People's Party – European Democrats (EPP-ED) Group, and after the 1999 European elections the EPP-ED reclaimed its position as the largest group in the Parliament from the Party of European Socialists (PES) Group.

Size was not enough, however: the group did not have a majority. It continued therefore to engage in the Grand Coalition (a coalition with the PES Group, or occasionally the Liberals) to generate the majorities required by the cooperation procedure under the Single European Act.

Meanwhile, the parties in the European Democrats subgroup were growing restless, with the establishment in July 2006 of the Movement for European Reform, [28] and finally left following the 2009 elections, when the Czech Civic Democratic Party and British Conservative Party formed their own right-wing European Conservatives and Reformists (ECR) group on 22 June 2009, abolishing the European Democrats subgroup from that date. The EPP-ED Group reverted to its original name – the EPP Group – immediately.

In the 7th European Parliament the EPP Group remains the largest parliamentary group with 275 MEPs. It is currently the only political group in the European parliament to fully represent its corresponding European political party, i.e. the European People's Party. The United Kingdom was the only member state to not be represented in the group; this state of affairs ceased temporarily on 28 February 2018, when two MEPs suspended from the British Conservative Party left the ECR group and joined the EPP. [29] [ non-primary source needed ] The two MEPs later joined a breakaway political party in the UK, The Independent Group. [30]

After twelve member parties in the EPP called for Hungary's Fidesz's expulsion or suspension, Fidesz's membership was suspended with a common agreement on 20 March 2019. [31] [32] The suspension was applied only to the EPP but not to its group in the Parliament. [33] On 3 March 2021, Fidesz decided to leave the EPP group, after the group's new rules, however still kept their membership in the party. [34] [35] On 18 March 2021, Fidesz decided to leave the European People's Party. [36]

Logo of European People's Party Group from 1999 to 2015. EPP-ED logo.svg
Logo of European People's Party Group from 1999 to 2015.

Membership at formation

The 38 members in the group on 11 September 1952 were as follows:

Structure

Organisation

The EPP Group is governed by a collective (referred to as the Presidency) that allocates tasks. The Presidency consists of the Group Chair and a maximum of ten Vice-Chairs, including the Treasurer. The day-to-day running of the EPP Group is performed by its secretariat in the European Parliament, led by its Secretary-General. The Group runs its own think-tank, the European Ideas Network, which brings together opinion-formers from across Europe to discuss issues facing the European Union from a centre-right perspective.

The EPP Group Presidency includes:

NamePositionSources
Manfred WeberChair [38]
Arnaud DanjeanVice-Chair [39]
Frances FitzgeraldVice-Chair [39]
Esteban González PonsVice-Chair [39]
Rasa JuknevičienėVice-Chair [39]
Esther de LangeVice-Chair [39]
Vangelis MeimarakisVice-Chair [39]
Siegfried MureşanVice-Chair [39]
Jan OlbrychtVice-Chair [39]
Paulo RangelVice-Chair [39]
Željana ZovkoVice-Chair [39]

The chairs of the group and its predecessors from 1952 to 2020 are as follows:


From

To

Chair

Member State

National party
19531958 Maan Sassen Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands Catholic People's Party
19581958 Pierre Wigny Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium Christian Social Party
19581966 Alain Poher Flag of France.svg  France Popular Republican Movement
19661969 Joseph Illerhaus Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany Christian Democratic Union
19691975 Hans Lücker Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany Christian Democratic Union
19751977 Alfred Bertrand Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium Christian People's Party
19771982 Egon Klepsch Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany Christian Democratic Union
19821984 Paolo Barbi Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Christian Democracy
19841992 Egon Klepsch Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany/Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Christian Democratic Union
19921994 Leo Tindemans Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium Christian People's Party
19941999 Wilfried Martens Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium Christian People's Party
19992007 Hans-Gert Pöttering Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Christian Democratic Union
20072014 Joseph Daul Flag of France.svg  France Union for a Popular Movement
2014present Manfred Weber Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Christian Social Union in Bavaria

Membership

9th European Parliament

The EPP Group has MEPs from each of the 27 member states. The national parties that have Members of the EPP Group are as follows:

CountryPartyEuropean party MEPs
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria Austrian People's Party
Österreichische Volkspartei (ÖVP)
EPP
7 / 19
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium Christian Democratic and Flemish
Christen-Democratisch & Vlaams (CD&V)
EPP
2 / 21
The Committed Ones
Les Engagés (LE)
EPP
1 / 21
Christian Social Party
Christlich Soziale Partei (CSP)
EPP
1 / 21
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria Citizens for European Development of Bulgaria
Граждани за европейско развитие на България (GERB)
EPP
5 / 17
Union of Democratic Forces
Съюз на демократичните сили (SDS)
EPP
1 / 17
Democrats for a Strong Bulgaria
Демократи за силна България (DSB)
EPP
1 / 17
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia Croatian Democratic Union
Hrvatska demokratska zajednica (HDZ)
EPP
4 / 12
Flag of Cyprus.svg  Cyprus Democratic Rally
Δημοκρατικός Συναγερμός (DISY)
EPP
2 / 6
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party
Křesťanská a demokratická unie – Československá strana lidová (KDU–ČSL)
EPP
2 / 21
TOP 09
(TOP 09)
EPP
2 / 21
Mayors and Independents
Starostové a nezávislí (STAN)
None
1 / 21
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark Conservative People's Party
Konservative Folkeparti (KF)
EPP
1 / 14
Flag of Estonia.svg  Estonia Fatherland
Isamaa
EPP
1 / 7
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland National Coalition Party
Kansallinen Kokoomus (KK)
EPP
3 / 14
Flag of France.svg  France The Republicans
Les Républicains (LR)
EPP
7 / 79
The Centrists
Les Centristes (LC)
None
1 / 79
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Christian Democratic Union
Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands (CDU)
EPP
23 / 96
Christian Social Union of Bavaria
Christlich-Soziale Union in Bayern e.V. (CSU)
EPP
6 / 96
Family Party of Germany
Familienpartei Deutschlands (FAMILIE)
ECPM
1 / 96
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece New Democracy
Νέα Δημοκρατία (ND)
EPP
7 / 21
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary Christian Democratic People's Party
Kereszténydemokrata Néppárt (KDNP)
EPP
1 / 21
Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland Fine Gael
Fine Gael (FG)
EPP
5 / 13
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Forward Italy
Forza Italia (FI)
EPP
10 / 76
South Tyrolean People's Party
Südtiroler Volkspartei (SVP)
EPP
1 / 76
Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia Unity
Vienotība
EPP
2 / 8
Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania Homeland Union
Tėvynės Sąjunga (TS-LKD)
EPP
3 / 11
Aušra Maldeikienė (Independent)Independent
1 / 11
Flag of Luxembourg.svg  Luxembourg Christian Social People's Party
Chrëschtlech Sozial Vollekspartei (CSV)
EPP
2 / 6
Flag of Malta.svg  Malta Nationalist Party
Partit Nazzjonalista (PN)
EPP
2 / 6
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands Christian Democratic Appeal
Christen-Democratisch Appèl (CDA)
EPP
5 / 29
Christian Union
ChristenUnie (CU)
ECPM
1 / 29
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland Civic Platform
Platforma Obywatelska (PO)
EPP
11 / 52
Polish People's Party
Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe (PSL)
EPP
3 / 52
Janina Ochojska, Magdalena Adamowicz (Independent)Independent
2 / 52
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal Social Democratic Party
Partido Social Democrata (PSD)
EPP
6 / 21
Democratic and Social Centre – People's Party
Centro Democrático e Social – Partido Popular (CDS–PP)
EPP
1 / 21
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania National Liberal Party
Partidul Național Liberal (PNL)
EPP
10 / 33
Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania
Romániai Magyar Demokrata Szövetség(RMDSZ)
Uniunea Democrată Maghiară din România (UDMR)
EPP
2 / 33
People's Movement Party
Partidul Mișcarea Populară (PMP)
EPP
2 / 33
Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia Christian Democratic Movement
Kresťanskodemokratické Hnutie (KDH)
EPP
2 / 14
TOGETHER – Civic Democracy
SPOLU – občianska demokracia (SPOLU)
EPP
1 / 14
Ordinary People and Independent Personalities
Obyčajní Ľudia a nezávislé osobnosti (OĽaNO)
None
1 / 14
Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia Slovenian Democratic Party
Slovenska Demokratska Stranka (SDS)
EPP
2 / 8
New Slovenia – Christian Democrats
Nova Slovenija – Krščanski demokrati (NSi)
EPP
1 / 8
Slovenian People's Party
Slovenska ljudska stranka (SLS)
EPP
1 / 8
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain People's Party
Partido Popular (PP)
EPP
13 / 59
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Moderate Party
Moderata Samlingspartiet (M)
EPP
4 / 21
Christian Democrats
Kristdemokraterna (KD)
EPP
2 / 21
Flag of Europe.svg  European Union
Total
176 / 705

Former members

CountryPartyEuropean party MEPs
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary Fidesz None
12 / 21
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 50PLUS (50+)None
0 / 29

7th and 8th European Parliament

CountryNamesNames (English) MEPs 2009–14 MEPs 2014–19
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria Österreichische Volkspartei Austrian People's Party 6Decrease2.svg 5
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium Dutch : Christen-Democratisch & Vlaams Christian Democratic and Flemish 3Decrease2.svg 2
French: Centre Démocrate Humaniste Humanist Democratic Centre 1Steady2.svg 1
German: Christlich Soziale Partei Christian Social Party*1Steady2.svg 1
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria Граждани за европейско развитие на България
(Grazhdani za Evropeysko Razvitie na Balgariya)
Citizens for European Development of Bulgaria 5Increase2.svg 6
Съюз на демократичните сили
(Sayuz na Demokratichnite Sili)
Union of Democratic Forces 1Decrease2.svg 0
Демократи за силна България
(Demokrati za Silna Balgariya)
Democrats for a Strong Bulgaria 1Steady2.svg 1
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia Hrvatska demokratska zajednica Croatian Democratic Union 4Steady2.svg 4
Hrvatska seljačka stranka Croatian Peasant Party 1Steady2.svg 1
Flag of Cyprus.svg  Cyprus Greek : Δημοκρατικός Συναγερμός
(Dimokratikós Sinayermós)
Democratic Rally 2Decrease2.svg 1
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic Křesťanská a demokratická unie – Československá strana lidová Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party 2Increase2.svg 3
TOP 09 TOP 09 Increase2.svg 3
Starostové a nezávislí Mayors and Independents [40] Increase2.svg 1
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark Det Konservative Folkeparti Conservative People's Party 1Steady2.svg 1
Flag of Estonia.svg  Estonia Erakond Isamaa Pro Patria 1Steady2.svg 1
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland Kansallinen Kokoomus National Coalition Party 3Steady2.svg 3
Suomen kristillisdemokraatit Christian Democrats 1Decrease2.svg 0
Flag of France.svg  France Les Républicains The Republicans 27Decrease2.svg 18
Union des Démocrates et Indépendants Union of Democrats and Independents 6Decrease2.svg 0
IndependentIncrease2.svg 2
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands Christian Democratic Union 34Decrease2.svg 29
Christlich-Soziale Union in Bayern e.V. Christian Social Union of Bavaria 8Decrease2.svg 5
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece Νέα Δημοκρατία
(Néa Dimokratiá)
New Democracy 7Decrease2.svg 5
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary Kereszténydemokrata Néppárt Christian Democratic People's Party 1Steady2.svg 1
Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland Fine Gael Fine Gael 4Steady2.svg 4
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Forza Italia Forza Italia 19Decrease2.svg 12
Alternativa Popolare Popular Alternative Increase2.svg 1
Unione di Centro Union of the Centre 6Decrease2.svg 1
German : Südtiroler Volkspartei South Tyrolean People's Party 1Steady2.svg 1
Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia Vienotība Unity 4Steady2.svg 4
Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania Tėvynės Sąjunga – Lietuvos Krikščionys Demokratai Homeland Union – Lithuanian Christian Democrats4Decrease2.svg 2
IndependentIncrease2.svg 1
Flag of Luxembourg.svg  Luxembourg Luxembourgish : Chrëschtlech Sozial Vollekspartei
French: Parti Populaire Chrétien Social
German: Christlich Soziale Volkspartei
Christian Social People's Party 3Steady2.svg 3
Flag of Malta.svg  Malta Partit Nazzjonalista Nationalist Party 2Increase2.svg 3
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands Christen-Democratisch Appèl Christian Democratic Appeal 5Steady2.svg 5
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland Platforma Obywatelska Civic Platform 25Decrease2.svg 18
Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe Polish People's Party 4Steady2.svg 4
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal Partido Social Democrata Social Democratic Party 8Decrease2.svg 6
Centro Democrático e Social – Partido Popular Democratic and Social Centre – People's Party 2Decrease2.svg 1
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania Partidul Național Liberal National Liberal Party 12Decrease2.svg 8
Hungarian : Romániai Magyar Demokrata Szövetség
Romanian : Uniunea Democrată Maghiară din România
Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania 3Decrease2.svg 2
Partidul Mișcarea Populară People's Movement Party
IndependentIncrease2.svg 2
Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia Kresťanskodemokratické Hnutie Christian Democratic Movement 2Increase2.svg 3
Strana Maďarskej Koalície – Magyar Koalício Pártja Party of the Hungarian Community 2Decrease2.svg 1
Most–Híd Most–Híd Increase2.svg 1
IndependentIncrease2.svg 1
Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia Slovenska Demokratska Stranka Slovenian Democratic Party 3Steady2.svg 3
Nova Slovenija – Krščanska Ljudska Stranka New Slovenia – Christian People's Party 1Steady2.svg 1
Slovenska ljudska stranka Slovenian People's Party Increase2.svg 1
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Spanish: Partido Popular People's Party 24Decrease2.svg 16
IndependentIncrease2.svg 1
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Moderata Samlingspartiet Moderate Party 4Decrease2.svg 3
Kristdemokraterna Christian Democrats 1Steady2.svg 1
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Change UK Change UK (defection from Conservative Party/ECR) [41] 0Increase2.svg 1
Renew Party (defection from Conservative Party/ECR) [42] 0Increase2.svg 1
Total274219

Activities

In the news

Activities performed by the group in the period between June 2004 and June 2008 include monitoring elections in Palestine [43] and Ukraine; [44] encouraging transeuropean rail travel, [45] telecoms deregulation, [46] energy security, [47] a common energy policy, [48] the accession of Bulgaria and Romania to the Union, [49] partial reform of the CAP [50] and attempts to tackle illegal immigration; [51] [52] [53] denouncing Russian involvement in South Ossetia; [54] [55] [56] [57] [58] supporting the Constitution Treaty [59] [60] [61] and the Lisbon Treaty; [62] [63] debating globalisation, [48] [64] relations with China, [65] and Taiwan; [66] backing plans to outlaw Holocaust denial; [67] nominating Anna Politkovskaya for the 2007 Sakharov Prize; [68] expelling Daniel Hannan from the Group; [69] the discussion about whether ED MEPs should remain within EPP-ED or form a group of their own; [70] [71] [72] criticisms of the group's approach to tackling low turnout for the 2009 elections; [73] the group's use of the two-President arrangement; [74] and the group's proposal to ban the Islamic Burka dress across the EU.

Parliamentary activity profile

Group parliamentary activity profile, 1 August 2004 to 1 August 2008 (see description for sources).

.mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}
EPP-ED: 659 motions Motions for resolutions put to the vote in plenary in the European Parliament August 1 2004 to August 1 2008.PNG
Group parliamentary activity profile, 1 August 2004 to 1 August 2008 (see description for sources).
  EPP-ED: 659 motions

The debates and votes in the European Parliament are tracked by its website [75] and categorised by the groups that participate in them and the rule of procedure that they fall into. The results give a profile for each group by category and the total indicates the group's level of participation in Parliamentary debates. The activity profile for each group for the period 1 August 2004 to 1 August 2008 in the Sixth Parliament is given on the diagram on the right. The group is denoted in blue.

The website shows the group as participating in 659 motions, making it the third most active group during the period.[ citation needed ]

Publications

The group produces many publications, which can be found on its website. [76] Documents produced in 2008 cover subjects such as dialogue with the Orthodox Church, study days, its strategy for 2008–09, Euro-Mediterranean relations, and the Lisbon Treaty. It also publishes a yearbook and irregularly publishes a presentation, a two-page summary of the group.

Academic analysis

The group has been characterised as a three-quarters-male group that, prior to ED's departure, was only 80% cohesive and split between centre-right Europhiles (the larger EPP subgroup) and right-wing Eurosceptics (the smaller ED subgroup). The group as a whole is described as ambiguous on hypothetical EU taxes, against taxation, Green issues, social liberal issues (LGBT rights, abortion, euthanasia) and full Turkish accession to the European Union, and for a deeper Federal Europe, deregulation, the Common Foreign and Security Policy and controlling migration into the EU.

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">European Parliament</span> Directly elected parliament of the European Union

The European Parliament (EP) is one of the legislative bodies of the European Union and one of its seven institutions. Together with the Council of the European Union, it adopts European legislation, following a proposal of the European Commission. The Parliament is composed of 705 members (MEPs). It represents the second-largest democratic electorate in the world with an electorate of 375 million eligible voters in 2009.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Union for Europe of the Nations</span> Political group of the European Parliament

Union for Europe of the Nations (UEN) was a national–conservative, Eurosceptic political group of the European Parliament active between 1999 and 2009.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Fidesz</span> Political party in Hungary

Fidesz – Hungarian Civic Alliance is a right-wing populist and national-conservative political party in Hungary, led by Viktor Orbán.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">European People's Party</span> European centre-right political party

The European People's Party (EPP) is a European political party with Christian-democratic, conservative, and liberal-conservative member parties. A transnational organisation, it is composed of other political parties. Founded by primarily Christian-democratic parties in 1976, it has since broadened its membership to include liberal-conservative parties and parties with other centre-right political perspectives. On 31 May 2022, the party elected as its President Manfred Weber, who was also EPP's Spitzenkandidat in 2019.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Political groups of the European Parliament</span> Groups of aligned legislators in European Parliament

The political groups of the European Parliament are the officially recognised political groups consisting of legislators of aligned ideologies in the European Parliament.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Manfred Weber</span> German politician

Manfred Weber is a German politician who has served as President of the European People's Party (EPP) since 2022 and as Leader of the EPP Group in the European Parliament since 2014. He has been a Member of the European Parliament (MEP) from Germany since 2004. He is a member of the Christian Social Union in Bavaria (CSU), part of the European People's Party.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Movement for European Reform</span> Political party in the European Union

The Movement for European Reform, abbreviated to MER, was a pan-European alliance of national centre-right political parties with conservative, pro-free market and Eurosceptic inclinations. It consisted of the Conservative Party of the United Kingdom and the Civic Democratic Party of the Czech Republic.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2009 European Parliament election</span> European Parliament election

The 2009 European Parliament election was held in the 27 member states of the European Union (EU) between 4 and 7 June 2009. A total of 736 Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) were elected to represent some 500 million Europeans, making these the biggest trans-national elections in history. An additional 18 observers were pre-elected.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Identity, Tradition, Sovereignty</span> Far-right political group formerly in the European Parliament

Identity, Tradition, Sovereignty was a far-right political group in the European Parliament which was composed of 23 MEPs from European parties during the 6th term. A common political charter for the group was signed on 9 January 2007, and the group was formally recognized by Parliamentary president Josep Borrell at the start of the EP plenary session on 15 January. Following remarks made by ITS member Alessandra Mussolini that Romanian ITS members found insulting, the Greater Romania Party (PRM) withdrew from the group, thus disqualifying it as an official group. Hence, it formally ceased to exist on 14 November 2007.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2009 European Parliament election in the United Kingdom</span> European Parliament elections in the United Kingdom

The 2009 European Parliament election was the United Kingdom's component of the 2009 European Parliament election, the voting for which was held on Thursday 4 June 2009. The election was held concurrently with the 2009 local elections in England. In total, 72 Members of the European Parliament were elected from the United Kingdom using proportional representation.

The European Conservative Group was a conservative political group in the European Parliament between 1973 and 1979.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe group</span> European Parliament political group

The Group of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe was the liberal–centrist political group of the European Parliament from 2004 until 2019. It was made up of MEPs from two European political parties, the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party and the European Democratic Party, which collectively form the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Europe of Freedom and Democracy</span> Eurosceptic group in European Parliament (2009–2014)

Europe of Freedom and Democracy (EFD) was a Eurosceptic political group in the European Parliament. The group was formed following the 2009 European parliamentary election, mostly composed of elements of the Independence/Democracy (IND/DEM) and Union for a Europe of Nations (UEN) groups that had existed during the 6th European Parliament. The group had a loose relationship with Movement for a Europe of Liberties and Democracy (MELD), a European political party founded in 2011.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">European Conservatives and Reformists</span> European Parliament political group

The European Conservatives and Reformists (ECR) is a soft Eurosceptic, anti-federalist political group of the European Parliament. The ECR is the parliamentary group of the European Conservatives and Reformists Party European political party (formerly known as the Alliance of Conservatives and Reformists in Europe or Alliance of European Conservatives and Reformists, but also includes MEPs from four other European parties and thirteen MEPs without European party affiliation.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2014 European Parliament election</span> 2014 elections for the European parliament

The 2014 European Parliament election was held in the European Union, from 22 to 25 May 2014.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Esther de Lange</span> Dutch politician

Esther M. R. de Lange is a Dutch politician serving as a Member of the European Parliament since 2007. A member of the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA), part of the European People's Party (EPP), she was elected as delegation leader in the European Parliament at a party conference on 2 November 2013 in Leeuwarden, a position she assumed the following year. In July 2014 she was elected as Vice President of the EPP Group in the European Parliament and in June 2018 as Vice President of the EPP Party.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats</span> European Parliament political group

The Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats (S&D) is the political group in the European Parliament of the Party of European Socialists (PES). The Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats was officially founded as a Socialist Group on 29 June 1953 which makes it the second oldest political group in the European Parliament after Renew Europe (Renew). It adopted its present-day name on 23 June 2009. Centre-left in orientation, the group mostly comprises social-democratic parties and is affiliated with the Progressive Alliance and Socialist International.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Balázs Hidvéghi</span> Hungarian politician

Balázs Hidvéghi is a Hungarian politician. He is a Member of the European Parliament, former Director of Communications of Fidesz-Hungarian Civic Union, and former MP of the Hungarian Parliament.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Paulo Rangel</span> Portuguese jurist and politician

Paulo Artur dos Santos Castro de Campos Rangel is a Portuguese jurist and politician of the Social Democratic Party (PSD) who has been serving as a Member of the European Parliament since 2009. He also serves as vice-president of the European People's Party under the leadership of its president Manfred Weber.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2019 European Parliament election in Hungary</span> 2019 election of members of the European parliament for Hungary

The 2019 European Parliament election for the election of the delegation from Hungary to the European Parliament was held on 26 May 2019, electing the 21 members of the Hungary delegation to the European Parliament as part of the European elections held across the European Union.

References

  1. 1 2 "Democracy in the European Parliament" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 1 March 2011. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 "Political Groups of the European Parliament". Kas.de. Archived from the original on 17 May 2011. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 "EPP-ED on Europe Politique". Europe-politique.eu. Archived from the original on 23 August 2010. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  4. 1 2 "Political Groups Annual Accounts 2001–2006". European Parliament. Archived from the original on 20 May 2011. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  5. European Parliament archive entry for Hans-Gert Pöttering (incl. Membership)
  6. European Parliament archive entry for Joseph Daul (incl. Membership)
  7. "1979 Constitutive session | 2019 European election results | European Parliament".
  8. "Group names 1999". European Parliament. Archived from the original on 22 August 2011. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  9. 1 2 3 European Parliament archive entry for Egon Klepsch (incl. Membership)
  10. 1 2 Nordsieck, Wolfram (2019). "European Union". Parties and Elections in Europe. Archived from the original on 8 June 2017. Retrieved 30 May 2019.
  11. 1 2 Slomp, Hans (26 September 2011). Europe, A Political Profile: An American Companion to European Politics. ABC-CLIO. p. 245. ISBN   978-0-313-39182-8 . Retrieved 20 September 2018.
  12. "Hungary's Orban faces exclusion from EU centre-right group". BBC News. 5 March 2019. Retrieved 27 October 2019.
  13. de Carbonnel, Alissa (29 March 2019). "Centre-right to top European Parliament vote, edging out nationalists: poll". Reuters . Retrieved 27 October 2019.
  14. 1 2 3 4 5 "EPPED Chronology 02". Epp-ed.eu. Archived from the original on 15 August 2009. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  15. "Weber elected new EPP leader". Archived from the original on 6 June 2014.
  16. Staab, Andreas (2011). The European Union Explained, Second Edition: Institutions, Actors, Global Impact. Indiana University Press. p. 67. ISBN   978-0-253-00164-1 . Retrieved 5 August 2013.
  17. Robert Thomson (2011). Resolving Controversy in the European Union: Legislative Decision-Making Before and After Enlargement. Cambridge University Press. p. 103. ISBN   978-1-139-50517-8 . Retrieved 9 August 2013.
  18. Senem Aydin-Düzgit (2012). Constructions of European Identity: Debates and Discourses on Turkey and the EU. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 16. ISBN   978-1-137-28351-1.
  19. Tapio Raunio (2012). "Political Interests: the European Parliament's Party Groups". In John Peterson; Michael Shackleton (eds.). The Institutions of the European Union. Oxford University Press. p. 340. ISBN   978-0-19-957498-8 . Retrieved 7 August 2013.
  20. Lluís Maria de Puig (2008). International Parliaments. Council of Europe. p. 61. ISBN   978-92-871-6450-6 . Retrieved 9 August 2013.
  21. Lori Thorlakson (2013). "Federalism and the European party system". In Alexander H. Trechsel (ed.). Towards a Federal Europe. Taylor & Francis. p. 72. ISBN   978-1-317-99818-1.
  22. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 "Composition of the Common Assembly (10–13 September 1952)". Archived from the original on 8 January 2014.
  23. "Sassen, Emanuel Marie Joseph Anthony (1911–1995)" . Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  24. 1 2 "Microsoft Word – 2006EN-3-DEF-CH.doc" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  25. Common Assembly Resolution (16 June 1953) in Journal officiel de la CECA, 21 July 1953, S. 155 Archived 4 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  26. "Statement of formation of the Christian-Democratic Group (Strasbourg, 23 June 1953)". Archived from the original on 18 March 2014.
  27. 1 2 3 4 ""Shaping Europe – 25 years of the European People's Party" by Wilfried Martens, President of the European People's Party". Epp-ed.europarl.eu.int. Archived from the original on 12 December 2012. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  28. Mulvey, Stephen (11 July 2006). "article 5169268". BBC News. Archived from the original on 18 July 2006. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  29. "Manfred Weber on Twitter". Twitter. Archived from the original on 28 April 2018. Retrieved 28 April 2018.
  30. "Change UK party approved for European elections". BBC News. 16 April 2019. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
  31. Őry, Mariann (2 March 2021). "Orbán emelte a tétet a Néppárt vitájában". magyarhirlap.hu. Magyar Hírlap Kiadói Kft. Archived from the original on 2 March 2021. Retrieved 20 March 2021.
  32. "Politics this week". The Economist. 23 March 2019. p. 7. Retrieved 24 March 2019. The European People's Party, a grouping of centre-right parties at the European Parliament, voted to suspend Fidesz, Hungary's ruling party, as a protest against what many in the parliament believe are repeated attempts by the government to undermine the rule of law
  33. Fidesz MEPs remain in the EPP for now Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  34. "Hungary's Fidesz party to leave European parliament centre-right group | Hungary". The Guardian.
  35. "Orbán's Fidesz quits EPP group in European Parliament – POLITICO".
  36. Welle (www.dw.com), Deutsche. "Hungary: Viktor Orban's ruling Fidesz party quits European People's Party | DW | 18.03.2021". DW.COM. Retrieved 18 March 2021.
  37. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 "EPPED Member List". Epp-ed.eu. Archived from the original on 1 May 2009. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  38. "Chairman's page". Eppgroup.eu. 12 May 2017. Archived from the original on 28 May 2017. Retrieved 12 May 2017.
  39. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 "Our Presidency". Eppgroup.eu. Archived from the original on 6 June 2017. Retrieved 21 January 2022.
  40. Hověžák, Zdeněk. "Programovou konference poslaneckého klubu ELS". Starostové a nezávislí. Archived from the original on 1 July 2015. Retrieved 29 June 2015.
  41. "Two MEPs elected as Tories defect to join Jean-Claude Juncker's parliamentary group". The Independent. 28 February 2018. Archived from the original on 8 April 2018. Retrieved 28 April 2018.
  42. Kevin Schofield [@PolhomeEditor] (10 May 2019). "Change UK say she's never been a member or one of their MEPs, as she confirmed to Adam" (Tweet) via Twitter.
  43. "European Parliament website document 20041208". European Parliament. Archived from the original on 20 May 2011. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  44. "The Parliament Magazine article "eu-parliament-group-demands-ukraine-election-observers"". Theparliament.com. 24 February 2009. Archived from the original on 1 May 2009. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  45. "The Parliament Magazine article "epp-ed-group-backs-eu-rail-shake-up"". Theparliament.com. Archived from the original on 1 May 2009. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  46. "The Parliament Magazine article "epp-ed-backs-eu-telecoms-shake-up"". Theparliament.com. 25 August 2009. Archived from the original on 1 May 2009. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  47. "Economy". Archived from the original on 11 June 2007.
  48. 1 2 "Scoop article S00580". Scoop.co.nz. 15 November 2007. Archived from the original on 1 May 2009. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  49. "European Commission article 290906 EN". European Commission. Archived from the original on 1 May 2009. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  50. "EurActiv article 112860". Euractiv.com. Archived from the original on 9 June 2011. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  51. "MaltaMedia Online Network article 2582". Maltamedia.com. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  52. "MaltaMedia Online Network article 2912". Maltamedia.com. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  53. "MaltaMedia Online Network article 2257". Maltamedia.com. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  54. "The Parliament Magazine article "epp-ed-chief-slams-russian-recognition-of-georgian-regions"". Theparliament.com. 24 February 2009. Archived from the original on 1 May 2009. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  55. "The Parliament Magazine article "meps-brok-and-karas-sent-to-georgia-to-report-on-developments"". Theparliament.com. 19 August 2008. Archived from the original on 1 May 2009. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  56. "The Parliament Magazine article "top-mep-brands-moscow-brutal-over-georgia"". Theparliament.com. 24 February 2009. Archived from the original on 1 May 2009. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  57. "The Parliament Magazine article "eu-aid-to-georgia-too-slow-says-mep"". Theparliament.com. 24 February 2009. Archived from the original on 1 May 2009. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  58. "The Parliament Magazine article "meps-call-on-eu-leaders-to-condemn-russian-intimidation"". Theparliament.com. 30 March 2005. Archived from the original on 1 May 2009. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  59. "The Parliament Magazine article "meps-call-for-eu-constitution-re-run-in-france"". Theparliament.com. 31 August 2005. Archived from the original on 1 May 2009. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  60. "EurActiv article 140105". Euractiv.com. Archived from the original on 9 June 2011. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  61. "Forbes article 2081969". Forbes.com. 6 August 2005. Retrieved 17 June 2010.[ dead link ]
  62. "The Parliament Magazine article "meps-appeal-to-irish-to-back-eu-reform-treaty"". Theparliament.com. 25 August 2009. Archived from the original on 1 May 2009. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  63. "The Parliament Magazine article "meps-kosovo-and-lisbon-treaty-should-top-eu-agenda"". Theparliament.com. 24 February 2009. Archived from the original on 1 May 2009. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  64. "The Parliament Magazine article "eu-debates-21st-century-globalisation"". Theparliament.com. 25 August 2009. Archived from the original on 1 May 2009. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  65. "People's Daily article 6401313". People's Daily. 29 April 2008. Archived from the original on 6 June 2011. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  66. "The Parliament Magazine article "more-meps-call-for-taiwans-membership-of-un-agencies"". Theparliament.com. 24 February 2009. Archived from the original on 1 May 2009. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  67. "The Parliament Magazine article "eu-plans-to-outlaw-holocaust-denial"". Theparliament.com. Archived from the original on 1 May 2009. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  68. "European Parliament website document 20070906FCS10161". European Parliament. Archived from the original on 20 May 2011. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  69. EurActiv article 170049 Archived 20 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  70. Castle, Stephen; Grice, Andrew (13 July 2006). "Independent on Sunday article 407730". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on 2 May 2009. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  71. "article 5053682". BBC News. 6 June 2006. Archived from the original on 22 December 2006. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  72. Times article 766719 [ dead link ]
  73. EurActiv article 171155 Archived 9 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  74. Bernd Riegert (dsl) (20 July 2004). "Deutsche Welle article 1272316". Dw-world.de. Archived from the original on 1 May 2009. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  75. Plenary sitting – Home Archived 17 May 2008 at the Wayback Machine . European Parliament. Retrieved 24 August 2013.
  76. "EPP Group: Publications". Epp-ed.eu. Archived from the original on 27 May 2009. Retrieved 17 June 2010.