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Fatehpur Thakiala, also known as Nakyal, is one of the three tehsils of the Kotli District in Azad Kashmir, Pakistan.
A tehsil is an administrative division in some countries of South Asia. It is an area of land within a city or town that serves as its administrative centre, with possible additional towns, and usually a number of villages. The terms in India have replaced earlier geographical terms, such as pargana, pergunnah and thannah.
Kotli District is one of ten districts of Azad Kashmir, Pakistan. Kotli is the chief town of the district.
Azad Jammu and Kashmir, abbreviated as AJK and commonly known as Azad Kashmir, is a nominally self-governing jurisdiction administered by Pakistan. The territory lies west of the Indian-administered state of Jammu and Kashmir, and was part of the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir.
Fatehpur Thakiala was part of the Mendhar subdivision of Poonch before the partition of Kashmir in 1947. Fatehpur Thakiala is bounded by the Line of Control—the boundary between Indian and Pakistan administered Kashmir—on its north and east sides. The 1947–48 war between India and Pakistan divided it into two parts; one part went to Pakistan and the other became part of India. After the separation from Mendhar, it became a tehsil of the Kotli District.
Kashmir is the northernmost geographical region of the Indian subcontinent. Until the mid-19th century, the term "Kashmir" denoted only the Kashmir Valley between the Great Himalayas and the Pir Panjal Range. Today, it denotes a larger area that includes the Indian-administered territory of Jammu and Kashmir, the Pakistani-administered territories of Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan, and Chinese-administered territories of Aksai Chin and the Trans-Karakoram Tract.
The original name of the area was Thakiala, named after the native Thakial Rajputs. It was renamed Fatehpur Thakiala to honour the late Sardar Fateh Muhammad Khan Karelvi. It is also the birthplace of the former president and prime minister of Azad Kashmir, Sardar Sikandar Hayat Khan.
The town of Nakyal is 1524 m above sea level, and is 40 km from Kotli city.
Nakyal is in a valley nearly 3 kilometres from the Line of Control. Nearby Tatapani is one of the five crossing points at the Line of Control that were opened for the exchange of relief goods between Pakistani and Indian Administered parts of Kashmir after the devastating October 8[ when? ] earthquake.
The Gujjar are one of the major ethnic groups in Fatehpur. The Gujjar clans are the Kallas, Bagri, Bajar, Bhumbla, Bjarh, Chandpuri, Chauhan, Chechi, Hans, Khatana, Laley, Khepar, Meelu, and Sangoo. The Rajput are second most numerous of the major ethnic groups. The subclans of Rajputs are the Thakyals, Ghakhars, and Dhumals. The Kashmiri tribe's main clans in Nakyal include the Butt and Lone. They are the descendants of Kashmiri workmen who migrated to the plains of Punjab from the Kashmir Valley in the 16th and 17th centuries. The fourth major tribe is the Malik.
Poonch is one of the 10 districts of Azad Kashmir in Pakistan. Poonch district borders Indian-administered Kashmir's Poonch district and is part of the greater dispute between India and Pakistan. The capital of the district is Rawalakot.
Mirpur district is a district in Azad Kashmir. The district is named after the main city, Mirpur. The district of Mirpur has a population of 456,200 and covers an area of 1,010 km2 (390 sq mi). The district is mainly mountainous with some plains. Its hot, dry climate and other geographical conditions closely resemble those of Jhelum and Gujrat, the adjoining districts of Punjab.
District Poonch or Punch is one of the most remote districts of Jammu and Kashmir. It is bounded by the Line of Control on three sides. The 1947-48 war between India and Pakistan divided the earlier district into two parts. One went to Pakistan and the other became part of the Indian state of Jammu & Kashmir.
Sehnsa is a large town in Pakistan Administered Azad Kashmir which lies on the west of Gulpur on the Kotli-Rawaplindi road. Sehnsa is a sub-divisional (Tehsil) headquarters of Kotli district in the center of Sehnsa valley.
Sardar Muhammad Ibrahim Khan, also known as Bani-e-Kashmir and Ghazi-e-Millat, was the founder and first President of Azad Kashmir. In British India of 1946, he won the Jammu and Kashmir State Assembly election as a member of the Muslim Conference party and became a member of the Praja Sabha. In 1947, he instigated and organised the Poonch rebellion, with the help of Pakistan Army and the Muslim League, fighting against the state of Jammu and Kashmir. He belonged to Sudhan tribe, which traced its ancestry to the high-class Sadozai tribe of Pashtun people, settled in the Sudhanoti, Poonch districts and Sudhan Gali in Bagh district of Kashmir region.
Sudhans is one of the major tribes from the districts of Poonch, Sudhanoti, Bagh and Kotli in Azad Kashmir, allegedly originating from Pashtun areas.
Khuiratta or Khoi ratta, as known in Britain, is the chief town of Kotli District, in the Azad Jammu and Kashmir. Khuiratta is linked with Kotli & Nakyal by a circular road and to Mirpur (80 km) with two links one via Dhongi-Charhoi and the other via Darghoti-Charhoi. Khuiratta is also linked with Seri, Battal, Ghaian and khor gumbi bhera, Khuiratta is also linked with Rajori in Indian-administered Kashmir via Seri but this road is now closed at the point Janjoot Bhadar and is separated by the Line of Control.
Karela Majhan is a union council in Tehsil fatehpur, Kotli District, Azad Kashmir comprising the two villages Kareal and Majhan. It located 10 kilometres from Nakyal city and offers views along the Poonch River as well as the snow-capped Pir Panjal mountain range in backdrop.
Sardar Sikandar Hayat Khan was twice a former Prime Minister and President of Azad Jammu and Kashmir. He has been the longest serving Prime Minister of Azad Jammu and Kashmir.
Sardar Fateh Muhammad Khan Karelvi was a Kashmiri politician. He was born into a Domaal Rajputs tribe in Karela Majhan, Mendhar tehsil, Poonch, son of Sardar Feroze Khan. He joined the Poonch police service as a sergeant but resigned to play an active political role in the Muslim Conference of Jammu and Kashmir. Later (1935) he was elected as a member of the Jammu and Kashmir Praja Sabha from the Mendhar tehsil in Poonch.
The demographics of Rawalpindi District, a district of Punjab in Pakistan, has undergone significant changes over the years. It has been affected by turmoil in the surrounding districts.
Jatlan is a town situated in the Mirpur District of Azad Kashmir, Pakistan.
Bhawpal or sometime pronounced Bhopal, are a Rajput clan that form part of group of tribes that form the Chibhali community. They are found mainly in a region known as Chibhal, that lies on the southern slopes of the Shivalik hills between the Chenab and Jhelum rivers, in the Jammu and Kashmir State.
Hajira is a small town in Poonch District of Azad Kashmir, Pakistan. It is the headquarters of Tehsil Hajira also known as 'Cheara' in local accents. Hajira is a transport hub, being the center point of different districts. In front (North) of Hajira there is district 'Sudhnoti' and Trarkhal. On the left side (East) of Hajira there is district Kotli and Tata-Pani. On the back side (South) of Hajira there is district 'Haveli' and Abbas-Pur. District Bagh is in the right side (West) of Hajira. Khai Gala and Rawalakot are the other nearest cities of Hajira and located in the right side (West) of Hajira. While summers can be very hot the winters are mild in Hajira, with snowfall very rare due to the low altitude.
Dhund is a tribe found in Rawalpindi District, Hazara Division, Abbottabad, Mansehra, Haripur and Bagh and Muzaffarabad districts of Azad Kashmir in Pakistan. They mainly speak Punjabi or Pahari dialects, as well as Hindko. The word Dhund was an honorary name given to one of their forefathers.