The Government of Mauritius (French : Gouvernement de Maurice) is the main authority of the executive power in the Republic of Mauritius. The head of the Government is the Prime Minister of Mauritius, who manages the main agenda of the Government and direct the ministers.
The 2015 Ibrahim Index of African Governance ranked Mauritius first in good governance.According to the 2015 Democracy Index compiled by the Economist Intelligence Unit that measures the state of democracy in 167 countries, Mauritius ranks 18th worldwide followed by Uruguay and United States and is the only African country with Full Democracy.
The National Assembly is the legislative branch of the government of Mauritius. The Assembly is made up of 70 Members elected in 21 constituencies, of which Rodrigues Island is one.
| Prime Minister |
Minister of Defence, Home Affairs and External Communications (Mauritius)
Minister for Rodrigues, Outer Islands and Territorial Integrity
|Hon Pravind Kumar JUGNAUTH||MSM||2019-|
| Deputy Prime Minister |
Minister of Housing and Land Use Planning
Minister of Tourism
|Hon Louis Steven OBEEGADOO||ex-MMM||2020-|
| Vice Prime Minister |
Minister of Education, Tertiary Education, Science and Technology
|Hon Mrs Leela Devi DOOKUN-LUCHOOMUN||MSM||2019-|
| Vice Prime Minister |
Minister of Local Government, Disaster and Risk Management
|Dr Hon Mohammad Anwar HUSNOO||MSM||2019-|
|Minister of Land Transport and Light Rail||Hon Alan GANOO||ex-MMM||2019-|
|Minister of Finance, Economic Planning and Development||Dr Hon Renganaden PADAYACHY||MSM||2019-|
|Minister of Foreign Affairs, Regional Integration and International Trade||Hon Nandcoomar BODHA, GCSK||MSM||2019-|
|Minister of Energy and Public Utilities||Hon Georges Pierre LESJONGARD||MSM||2020-|
|Minister of Social Integration, Social Security and National Solidarity||Hon Mrs Fazila JEEWA-DAUREEAWOO, GCSK||MSM||2019-|
|Minister of Industrial Development, SMEs and Cooperatives||Hon Soomilduth BHOLAH||MSM||2019-|
|Minister of Environment, Solid Waste Management and Climate Change||Hon Kavydass RAMANO||ex-MMM||2019-|
|Minister of Financial Services and Good Governance||Hon Mahen Kumar SEERUTTUN||MSM||2019-|
| Attorney General |
Minister of Agro-Industry and Food Security
|Hon Maneesh GOBIN||MSM||2019-|
|Minister of Commerce and Consumer Protection||Hon Yogida SAWMYNADEN||MSM||2019-|
|Minister of Youth Empowerment, Sports and Recreation||Hon Jean Christophe Stephan TOUSSAINT||MSM||2019-|
|Minister of National Infrastructure and Community Development||Hon Mahendranuth Sharma HURREERAM||MSM||2019-|
|Minister of Technology, Communication and Innovation||Hon Darsanand BALGOBIN||MSM||2019-|
|Minister of Labour, Industrial Relations, Employment and Training||Hon Soodesh Satkam CALLICHURN||MSM||2019-|
|Minister of Health and Wellness||Hon Kailesh Kumar Singh JAGUTPAL||MSM||2019-|
|Minister of Blue Economy, Marine Resources, Fisheries and Shipping||Hon Sudheer MAUDHOO||MSM||2019-|
|Minister of Gender Equality and Family Welfare||Hon Mrs Kalpana Devi KOONJOO-SHAH||MSM||2019-|
|Minister of Arts and Cultural Heritage||Hon Avinash TEELUCK||MSM||2019-|
|Minister of Public Service, Administrative and Institutional Reforms||Hon Teeruthraj HURDOYAL||MSM||2019-|
Mauritius' Courts include the Supreme Court, the Court of Rodrigues, the Intermediate Court, the Industrial Court, the District Courts, the Bail and Remand Court, the Criminal and Mediation Court and the Commercial Court. The Chief Justice is head of the judiciary.
Each city, town, village and district of Mauritius are administered, for the purposes of local government, by the local authorities; the municipal city councils, municipal councils, the district councils and the village councils.
The Union of the Comoros consists of the three islands Njazidja, Mwali (Moheli) and Nzwani (Anjouan) while the island of Mayotte remains under French administration. The Politics of the Union of the Comoros take place in a framework of a federal presidential republic, whereby the President of the Comoros is both head of state and head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Federal legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament. The precolonial legacies of the sultanates linger while the political situation in Comoros has been extremely fluid since the country's independence in 1975, subject to the volatility of coups and political insurrection.
Until the military coup of March 22, 2012 and a second military coup in December 2012 the politics of Mali took place in a framework of a semi-presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President of Mali is head of state with a Presidentially appointed Prime Minister as the head of government, and of a multi-party system.
Mauritius, officially the Republic of Mauritius, is an island nation in the Indian Ocean about 2,000 kilometres (1,200 mi) off the southeast coast of the African continent, east of Madagascar. It includes the main island, as well as Rodrigues, Agaléga and St. Brandon. The islands of Mauritius and Rodrigues, along with nearby Réunion, are part of the Mascarene Islands. The capital and largest city, Port Louis, is located on Mauritius, where most of the population is concentrated. The country spans 2,040 square kilometres (790 sq mi) and has an exclusive economic zone covering 2.3 million square kilometres.
Politics of Mauritius takes place in a framework of a parliamentary democracy. The separation of powers is among the three branches of the Government of Mauritius, namely the legislative, the executive and the Judiciary, is embedded in the Constitution of Mauritius.
Sri Lanka is a semi-presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President of Sri Lanka is both head of state and head of government, and it relies on a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister and the Cabinet of Ministers. Legislative power is vested in the Parliament. For decades, the party system was dominated by the socialist Sri Lanka Freedom Party and the conservative United National Party. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. The politics of Sri Lanka reflect the historical and political differences between the three main ethnic groups, the Sinhala majority and the Tamil and Muslim minorities, who are concentrated in the north and east of the island.
The politics of Tanzania takes place in a framework of a unitary presidential democratic republic, whereby the President of Tanzania is both head of state and head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament. The party system is dominated by the Chama Cha Mapinduzi. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.
Local government is a generic term for the lowest tiers of public administration within a particular sovereign state. This particular usage of the word government refers specifically to a level of administration that is both geographically-localised and has limited powers. While in some countries, "government" is normally reserved purely for a national administration (government), the term local government is always used specifically in contrast to national government – as well as, in many cases, the activities of sub-national, first-level administrative divisions. Local governments generally act only within powers specifically delegated to them by law and/or directives of a higher level of government. In federal states, local government generally comprises a third or fourth tier of government, whereas in unitary states, local government usually occupies the second or third tier of government.
Albania is a unitary parliamentary constitutional republic, where the President of Albania is the head of state and the Prime Minister of Albania the head of government in a multi-party system. The executive power is exercised by the Government and the Prime Minister with its Cabinet. Legislative power is vested in the Parliament of Albania. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. The political system of Albania is laid out in the 1998 constitution. The Parliament adopted the current constitution on 28 November 1998. Due to political instability, the country has had many constitutions during its history. Albania was initially constituted as a monarchy in 1913, briefly a republic in 1925, then it returned to a democratic monarchy in 1928. It later became a socialist republic until the restoration of capitalism and democracy in 1992.
A district is a type of administrative division that, in some countries, is managed by the local government. Across the world, areas known as "districts" vary greatly in size, spanning regions or counties, several municipalities, subdivisions of municipalities, school district, or political district.
Rodrigues is a 108-square-kilometre (42 sq mi) autonomous outer island of the Republic of Mauritius in the Indian Ocean, about 560 kilometres (350 mi) east of Mauritius. It is part of the Mascarene Islands which include Mauritius and Réunion. It is of volcanic origin and is surrounded by coral reef, and just off its coast lie some tiny uninhabited islands. The island used to be the tenth District of Mauritius; it gained autonomous status on 10 December 2002, and it is governed by the Rodrigues Regional Assembly. The capital of the island is Port Mathurin.
Outer Islands of Mauritius is the single first-order administrative division of the country and consists of the islands of Mauritius and several outlying islands. It is under the responsibility of the Ministry of Local Government and Outer Islands. The Constitution of Mauritius provides that the country includes the islands of Mauritius, Rodrigues, Agaléga, Saint Brandon, Tromelin and the Chagos Archipelago, including Diego Garcia and any other island comprised in the State of Mauritius. The Government of Mauritius claims sovereignty over the Chagos Archipelago, which the United Kingdom split from its territories to create the British Indian Ocean Territory before its independence in 1968. Additionally, France shares a sovereignty claim over Tromelin, an uninhabited islet between Madagascar and Mauritius' main island.
The Republic of South Africa is a parliamentary republic with three-tier system of government and an independent judiciary, operating in a parliamentary system. Legislative authority is held by the Parliament of South Africa.
The Districts of the Republic of Mauritius are the second-order administrative divisions after the Outer islands of the country.
The prime minister of Mauritius is the head of government of Mauritius. He presides over the Cabinet of Ministers which advises the President of the Country and is collectively responsible to the National Assembly for any advice given and for all action done by or under the authority of any Minister in the execution of his office.
The National Assembly is Mauritius's unicameral legislature, which was called the Legislative Assembly until 1992, when the country became a republic. The Constitution of Mauritius provides for the parliament of Mauritius to consist of the President and the National Assembly. The parliament of Mauritius is modelled after the Westminster system of parliamentary democracy, where members of parliament are voted in at regular general elections, on the basis of a first past the post system.
The Government of Tamil Nadu is the governing authority for the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is seated at Fort St George, Chennai. The legislature of Tamil Nadu was bicameral until 1986, when it was replaced by a unicameral legislature, like most other states in India.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Mauritius:
The government of Niger is the apparatus through which authority functions and is exercised: the governing apparatus of Nigerien state. The current system of governance, since the Constitution 18 July 1999, is termed the Fifth Republic of Niger. It is a semi-presidential republic, whereby the President of Niger is head of state and the Prime Minister of Niger head of government. The officials holding these posts are chosen through a representative democratic process of national and local elections, in the context of a competing multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the National Assembly. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature: its Constitutional Court has jurisdiction over constitutional and electoral matters.
The Judiciary of Mauritius is responsible for the administration of justice in Mauritius and has as mission to maintain an independent and competent judicial system which upholds the rule of law, safeguards the rights and freedom of the individual and commands domestic and international confidence. The Constitution provides for the institution of an independent judiciary which is based on the concept of separation of powers. Mauritius has a single-structured judicial system consisting of two parts, the Supreme Court and the Subordinate Courts. The Subordinate Courts consist of the Court of Rodrigues, the Intermediate Court, the Industrial Court, the District Courts, the Bail and Remand Court, the Criminal and Mediation Court and the Commercial Court. The Chief Justice is head of the judiciary. The Constitution of Mauritius is the supreme legal document of the country. The final appeal from decisions of the Court of Appeal of Mauritius to the Judicial Committee of the Privy council in London as provided for under the Constitution of Mauritius.
This local electoral calendar for 2016 lists the subnational elections held in 2016. Referendums, retention elections, and national by-elections are also included.
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