|• Hangul||길 주 군|
|• Hanja||吉 州 郡|
|• Revised Romanization||Gilju-gun|
Map of North Hamgyong showing the location of Kilju
|Province||North Hamgyong Province|
|Administrative divisions||1 ŭp, 5 worker's districts, 22 ri|
Kilju, sometimes romanized as Kilchu, is a county in North Hamgyong province, North Korea. The county seat is Kilju Town.
The area around Kilju was part of the ancient Goguryeo kingdom and was long inhabited by various Jurchen tribes. In 1107 it was annexed by Goryeo, who gave it its current name (meaning "province of good fortune"). After the ascension of Joseon Dynasty, Kilju was promoted to county in 1398, and in 1509 the county was included in the newly formed Hamgyong Province In 1895, during a reorganization of regional governments, Hamgyong was dissolved and replaced with several small departments; Kilju county was then annexed to the newly formed Kyongsong Department. In 1896 however, the new organization was abandoned, with the departments re-organized into North and South Hamgyong provinces; Kilju was then placed into North Hamgyong, where it remains to this day. During the Japanese occupation, the county was used for manufacturing telecommunications equipment and electric insulation.
Kilju is located in the southern part of North Hamgyong. It borders Myŏngch'ŏn on the east, Kimch'aek and Hwadae to the south, Myŏnggan (Hwasŏng) and Ŏrang to the north. To the west it borders Tanch'ŏn in South Hamgyŏng and Paegam in Ryanggang.
Kilju stands at the junction of the Hamgyŏng Mountains and the Maryŏng Mountains, and its northwestern region is mountainous.
The average annual temperature is 7.5 °C (-7.6 °C in January and 22.2 °C in August).
Tourist sites in Kilju include the former Kilju Magistrate's Hall, built in 1888 to house the office, and the Kilju Hyanggyo, one of the provincial schools founded during the Yi dynasty to teach the children of the rural Yangban (scholar-aristocrats) who lived in the area.) The Pukkwan Victory Monument, located in this county before the 1950s redistricting, is now located just across the border in what is now Kimchaek city.
In addition to its airport, the county is served by the Pyongra Line railway, which stops at Kilju Chongnyon Station and connects it to Pyongyang and Rason. The city is also linked by road to Hamhung and Chongjin.
A number of military facilities are known or believed to be located in Kilju. These include the Hwadae-ri atomic weapons training facility. This was first built with Soviet assistance in 1958, and rose to international prominence when the 2006 North Korean nuclear test, 2009 North Korean nuclear test, 2013 North Korean nuclear test, and 2017 North Korean nuclear test were reported to have been held at Punggye-ri Nuclear Test Site in the area of Mantapsan mountain, in the northernmost part of the county. The Musudan-ri missile facility is located in nearby Hwadae county, and a separate Scud facility has been reported in the area.
Reports from defectors who lived in the area indicate that residents are suffering from radiation exposure, with high rates of cancers and birth defects being experienced by those living near the Punggye-ri Test Site.
The county is divided into one town (ŭp), five worker's districts (rodongjagu), and 22 villages (ri).
|Kilju-ŭp||길주읍||吉 州 邑|
|Chunam-rodongjagu||주남로동자구||洲 南 勞動者區|
|Ilsin-lodongjagu||일신로동자구||日 新 勞動者區|
|Ryongdam-rodongjagu||룡담로동자구||龍 潭 勞動者區|
|Yŏngbung-rodongjagu||영북로동자구||營 北 勞動者區|
|Yŏngnam-rodongjagu||영남로동자구||營 南 勞動者區|
|Ch'ŏngam-ri||청암리||靑 岩 里|
|Ch'unhŭng-ri||춘흥리||春 興 里|
|Happ'o-ri||합포리||合 浦 里|
|Hongsu-ri||홍수리||紅 繡 里|
|Kŭmch'ŏl-li||금천리||錦 川 里|
|Kŭmsong-ri||금송리||金 松 里|
|Moksŏng-ri||목성리||木 城 里|
|Munam-ri||문암리||門 岩 里|
|Namyang-ri||남양리||南 陽 里|
|Pongam-ri||봉암리||鳳 岩 里|
|P'unggye-ri||풍계리||豊 溪 里|
|P'yŏngryung-ri||평륙리||坪 六 里|
|Rimdong-ri||림동리||林 洞 里|
|Ryongsŏng-ri||룡성리||龍 城 里|
|Ryuch'ŏl-li||류천리||柳 川 里|
|Sindong-ri||신동리||新 洞 里|
|Ssangryong-ri||쌍룡리||雙 龍 里|
|T'apyang-ri||탑양리||塔 陽 里|
|Tŏksil-li||덕신리||德 新 里|
North Hamgyong Province is the northernmost province of North Korea. The province was formed in 1896 from the northern half of the former Hamgyong Province.
The Tonghae Satellite Launching Ground, also known as Musudan-ri, is a rocket launching site in North Korea.
Hwadae County is a county in southern North Hamgyong province, North Korea, with an area of about 460 km2 and a population of approximately 70,000. It adjoins the Sea of Japan on the east and south. By land, it adjoins Kimchaek and Kilchu to the west, and Myŏngch'ŏn to the north. The county was formed from parts of Kilchu and Myŏngch'ŏn in the 1950s, as part of a general reorganization of local government. Administratively, Hwadae is divided into one ŭp and 20 ri.
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Myŏngch'ŏn County is a kun, or county, in North Hamgyong province, North Korea. An intermediate-range ballistic missile base is located here. In addition, the county is home to numerous hot springs.
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Sinhŭng County is a mountainous county in South Hamgyŏng province, North Korea.
Hongwŏn County is a county in South Hamgyŏng province, North Korea. It is flanked by the Sea of Japan to the south, and by the Hamgyŏng Mountains to the north.
Hŏch'ŏn County is a county in South Hamgyŏng province, North Korea. It was created after the division of Korea, from portions of Tanch'ŏn and P'ungsan.
Riwŏn or Iwon County is a county in South Hamgyŏng province, North Korea. It is located at the province's northeastern tip and borders the Sea of Japan to the southeast.
Anbyŏn is a kun, or county, in Kangwŏn province, North Korea. Originally included in South Hamgyŏng province, it was transferred to Kangwŏn province in a September 1946 reshuffling of local government.
Kimhyŏnggwŏn County is a kun, or county, in southeastern Ryanggang province, North Korea. It borders South Hamgyŏng to the south. Previously known as Pungsan, it was renamed by Kim Il Sung in 1990. He named it after his uncle, Kim Hyŏng-gwŏn. It is known for its striking scenery and for the Pungsan Dog, a large breed of hunting dog.
Pakch'ŏn County is a kun, or county, in southern North P'yŏngan province, North Korea. It is bordered to the north by T'aech'ŏn, to the east and southeast by Nyŏngbyŏn, and to the west by Unjŏn counties. To the south, it looks across the Ch'ŏngch'ŏn River at Anju city and Mundŏk county in South P'yŏngan province. In 1952, 4 myŏn of Pakch'ŏn were split off to join Unjŏn county; since then, the county's administrative divisions have been revised in 1954, 1956, 1958, 1978, 1980, and 1982.
T'aechŏn County is a kun, or county, in central North P'yŏngan province, North Korea. It borders Taegwan and Tongch'ang to the north, Unsan and Nyŏngbyŏn to the east, Pakch'ŏn and Unjŏn to the south, and Kusŏng to the west.
Mantapsan is a mountain in the south of North Hamgyong Province in North Korea. The granite peak, which reaches an elevation of 2,205 m (7,234 ft), is part of the Hamgyong Mountains. It is located on the border between Kilju County, Myŏnggan County and Orang County.
Punggye-ri Nuclear Test Site was the only known nuclear test site of North Korea. Nuclear tests were conducted at the site in October 2006, May 2009, February 2013, January 2016, September 2016, and September 2017.
P'unggye-ri is a village located in Kilju County, North Hamgyong Province, North Korea. The Punggye Station serves the village. The Punggye-ri Nuclear Test Site is located nearby.