Krasnogorsk, Moscow Oblast

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Krasnogorsk
Красногорск
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Crocus City
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Location of Krasnogorsk
Krasnogorsk, Moscow Oblast
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Krasnogorsk
Location of Krasnogorsk
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Krasnogorsk
Krasnogorsk (European Russia)
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Krasnogorsk
Krasnogorsk (Europe)
Coordinates: 55°49′18″N37°20′19″E / 55.82167°N 37.33861°E / 55.82167; 37.33861
Country Russia
Federal subject Moscow Oblast [1]
Administrative district Krasnogorsky District [1]
City Krasnogorsk [1]
Founded1932
City status since1940
Elevation
150 m (490 ft)
Population
  Total116,896
  Rank 139th in 2010
   Capital ofKrasnogorsky District, [1] City of Krasnogorsk [1]
   Municipal district Krasnogorsky Municipal District [3]
  Urban settlementKrasnogorsk Urban Settlement [3]
   Capital ofKrasnogorsky Municipal District, [3] Krasnogorsk Urban Settlement [3]
Time zone UTC+3 (MSK   OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg [4] )
Postal code(s) [5]
143401–143409, 143416, 143448, 143449, 994001
OKTMO ID46744000001
Website krasnogorsk-adm.ru
Moscow Oblast Government building House of Moscow Oblast Government (night).jpg
Moscow Oblast Government building

Krasnogorsk (Russian : Красногорск, IPA: [krəsnɐˈgorsk] ) is a city and the administrative center of Krasnogorsky District in Moscow Oblast, Russia, located on the Moskva River, adjacent to the northwestern boundary of Moscow. It has a population of 187,634(2021 Census); [6]

Contents

History

An urban-type settlement was established here in 1932, to which town status was granted in 1940.[ citation needed ]

In the 1940s, the Antifascist Central School, in which many foreign Communists studied and lectured, was located at Krasnogorsk.[ citation needed ] After the Battle of Stalingrad in 1943, Krasnogrsk became the birthplace of The National Committee for a Free Germany (NKFD), an organization of German exiles living in the Soviet Union. Many members of this organization would play a role in the establishment of the German Democratic Republic and its military. [7] [8]

After the war, the German V2 rocket scientists whom the Soviet Army had captured were taken here with their families for sharashka work.[ citation needed ]

2024 terror attack

On 22 March 2024, terrorists opened fire and detonated explosives in a coordinated attack at the Crocus City Hall music venue in Krasnogorsk, killing over 133 people and injuring a hundred more. The Islamic State – Khorasan Province (IS-KP or ISIS–K), a South-Central Asia-based regional affiliate of the Islamic State, claimed responsibility. [9] [10] [11]

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Krasnogorsk serves as the administrative center of Krasnogorsky District. [1] As an administrative division, it is, together with two rural localities, incorporated within Krasnogorsky District as the Town of Krasnogorsk. [1] As a municipal division, the Town of Krasnogorsk is incorporated within Krasnogorsky Municipal District as Krasnogorsk Urban Settlement. [3]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
193918,385    
195935,183+91.4%
197062,690+78.2%
197977,370+23.4%
198990,477+16.9%
200292,545+2.3%
2010116,896+26.3%
2021187,634+60.5%
Source: Census data

Economy

The city is known for the Krasnogorsky Zavod company, which produced the Zorki, Zenit, and Krasnogorsk cameras there until the[ citation needed ] early 1990s. The coat of arms acknowledges this by featuring a prism and light rays.

Krasnogorsk is one of the few oblast cities that is connected to Moscow via Moscow Metro. It is served by Metro station Myakinino (named after a nearby village).

Crocus Expo, Russia's largest exhibition center, is located in Krasnogorsk.[ citation needed ]

Education and culture

Education is represented by 18 government and four private schools.

In Krasnogorsk there is The Moscow Region Palace of Culture, the Scarlet Sails Concert Hall with an organ function (the Krasnogorsk Philharmonic Society operates on the basis of the hall). Krasnogorsk has the only museum of German anti-fascists in the country.[ citation needed ]

Sports

The city is home to Zorky Krasnogorsk bandy team, who are former national champions for men (three titles, one each for Soviet Union, Commonwealth of Independent States (the only season that title was played for) and Russia). After getting in financial problems, the team did not play in the 2016–17 Russian Bandy Super League, but will return to the highest division for the 2017–18 season. [12] The club has also become national champions for women. Their home arena, Zorky Stadium, has a capacity of 8,000. [13] 7th-9 December 2017, it will host a four nations tournament. [14]

Notable people

Krasnogorsk is the birthplace of Russian former hockey player Vladimir Petrov.[ citation needed ]

American MMA fighter Jeff Monson was elected to the local council in 2018. He said "I was invited by United Russia party to run but I am independent. Unfortunately I learned there are no communists in Communist party in Russia." [15]

Twin towns – sister cities

Krasnogorsk is twinned with: [16]

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References

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Resolution #123-PG
  2. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 Law #70/2005-OZ
  4. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  5. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  6. Russian Federal State Statistics Service. Всероссийская перепись населения 2020 года. Том 1 [2020 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1](XLS) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  7. deutschlandfunk.de. "Vorgeschichte der DDR - Die Ankunft der Gruppe Ulbricht im Nachkriegs-Berlin". Deutschlandfunk (in German). Retrieved March 28, 2024.
  8. The Free Germany movement: a case of patriotism or treason?, by Kai P. Schoenhals, Greenwood Press, 1989
  9. Knight, Mariya; Chernova, Anna; Tarasova, Darya (March 22, 2024). "ISIS claims responsibility for attack in busy Moscow-area concert venue that left at least 40 dead". CNN . Archived from the original on March 22, 2024. Retrieved March 22, 2024.
  10. Schmitt, Eric (March 22, 2024). "What We Know About ISIS-K, the Group That Claimed Responsibility for the Moscow Attack". The New York Times . Archived from the original on March 23, 2024. Retrieved March 23, 2024.
  11. "تنظيم "الدولة" يقدم روايته عن هجوم موسكو" [The organization of the [Islamic] "State" presents its version about the Moscow attack]. Enab Baladi (in Arabic). Archived from the original on March 23, 2024. Retrieved March 23, 2024.
  12. "Google Translate".
  13. Rusbandy.ru. Information about the stadium Archived December 11, 2012, at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  14. "Google Translate".
  15. "U.S. MMA fighter Jeff Monson elected to local council in Russia". Reuters . Archived from the original on April 13, 2019. Retrieved February 26, 2019.
  16. "Города побратимы". krasnogorsk-adm.ru (in Russian). Krasnogorsk. Archived from the original on February 5, 2020. Retrieved February 5, 2020.

Sources