Town of district significance

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Town of district significance is an administrative division of a district in a federal subject of Russia. It is equal in status to a selsoviet or an urban-type settlement of district significance, but is organized around a town (as opposed to a rural locality or an urban-type settlement); often with surrounding rural territories.

Contents

Background

Prior to the adoption of the 1993 Constitution of Russia, this type of administrative division was defined on the whole territory of the Russian SFSR as an inhabited locality which serves as a cultural and an industrial center of a district and has a population of at least 12,000, of which at least 80% are workers, public servants, and the members of their families. [1] After the adoption of the 1993 Constitution, the administrative-territorial structure of the federal subjects is no longer identified as the responsibility of the federal government or as the joint responsibility of the federal government and the federal subjects. [2] This state of the matters is traditionally interpreted by the governments of the federal subjects as a sign that the matters of the administrative-territorial divisions are the sole responsibility of the federal subjects themselves. [2] As a result, the modern administrative-territorial structures of the federal subjects vary significantly from one federal subject to another; that includes the manner in which the towns of district significance are organized and the choice of a term to refer to such entities.

As an administrative division

As of 2013, the following types of such entities are recognized:

As an inhabited locality

Some federal subjects of Russia, for example the Sakha Republic, [3] also use the term "town of district significance" to refer to a type of an urban locality instead of an administrative division. Confusingly, the Sakha Republic uses the term "town" to refer to a type of an administrative division. [3]

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References

  1. Иванец Г.И., Калинский И.В., Червонюк В.И. Конституционное право России: энциклопедический словарь / Под общей ред. В.И. Червонюка. — М.: Юрид. лит., 2002. — 432 с. Статья "Город районного значения"
  2. 1 2 "Энциклопедический словарь конституционного права". Статья "Административно-территориальное устройство". Сост. А. А. Избранов. — Мн.: Изд. В.М. Суров, 2001.
  3. 1 2 Law #77-I

Sources