National Library of Uzbekistan

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National Library of Uzbekistan

The National Library of Uzbekistan is the legal deposit and copyright library for Uzbekistan. [1]

Legal deposit is a legal requirement that a person or group submit copies of their publications to a repository, usually a library. The requirement is mostly limited to books and periodicals. The number of copies varies and can range from one to 19. Typically, the national library is one of the repositories of these copies. In some countries there is also a legal deposit requirement placed on the government, and it is required to send copies of documents to publicly accessible libraries.

Uzbekistan Landlocked Republic in Central Asia

Uzbekistan, officially the Republic of Uzbekistan, is a landlocked country in Central Asia. The sovereign state is a secular, unitary constitutional republic, comprising 12 provinces, one autonomous republic, and a capital city. Uzbekistan is bordered by five landlocked countries: Kazakhstan to the north; Kyrgyzstan to the northeast; Tajikistan to the southeast; Afghanistan to the south; and Turkmenistan to the southwest. Along with Liechtenstein, it is one of the world's only two doubly landlocked countries.

Contents

History

The State Library of the Republic of Uzbekistan was founded in 1870 as the Tashkent Public Library. In 1920 this became the State Public Library of Uzbekistan, and became the legal deposit for Turkestan publications. In 1947 was named after the Uzbek poet Ali-Shir Nava'i. On April 12, 2002 it was renamed the National Library of the Republic of Uzbekistan, receiving the status of "national" under the Decree of the President of the Republic [2] and the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers. [3]

Turkestan region; land of the Turks

Turkestan, also spelt Turkistan, refers to an area in Central Asia between Siberia to the north and Iran, Afghanistan, and Tibet to the south, the Caspian Sea to the west and the Gobi Desert to the east.

The Uzbeks are a Turkic ethnic group native to Uzbekistan and wider Central Asia, being the largest Turkic ethnic group in the area. They comprise the majority population of Uzbekistan but are also found as a minority group in Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Russia and China. Uzbek diaspora communities also exist in Turkey, Saudi Arabia, and Pakistan.

Ali-Shir Navai Turkic poet and politician

Mīr 'Alisher Navaiy, also known as Nizām-al-Din ʿAlisher Herawī was a Chagatai Turkic poet, writer, politician, linguist, mystic, and painter. He was the greatest representative of Chagatai literature.

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Uzbek language Turkic language

Uzbek is a Turkic language that is the first official and only declared national language of Uzbekistan. The language of Uzbeks, it is spoken by some 33 million native speakers in Uzbekistan and elsewhere in Central Asia.

Chagatai language Extinct Turkic language

Chagatai is an extinct Turkic language that was once widely spoken in Central Asia and remained the shared literary language there until the early 20th century. Chagatai is the common predecessor of Uzbek and Uyghur. Ali-Shir Nava'i was the greatest representative of Chagatai literature.

National library Library specifically established by the government

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Sherali Joʻrayev is an Uzbek singer, songwriter, poet, and actor. He has been an influential figure in Uzbek cultural life for almost four decades. Much of his most celebrated work dates from the 1980s and 1990s.

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Mohammad ibn Khwāndshāh ibn Mahmud, more commonly known as Mir-Khwānd was a Persian-language historian of the fifteenth century.

Navoi International Airport airport

Navoi International Airport is an airport of entry in Navoi, Uzbekistan. It is named after Ali-Shir Nava'i.

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National University of Uzbekistan (NUUz) is an educational and public University located in Tashkent, Uzbekistan. The NUUz is the oldest and largest university of Uzbekistan.

Alisher Navoiy Secondary School (Isfana)

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The Uzbekistan State Museum of Nature is the oldest museum operating in Uzbekistan. The museum's main purpose is to show the natural beauty of Uzbekistan and to help protect its environment. The museum features chronologically-ordered exhibits and seeks to educate visitors about Uzbekistan's geography through time.

Tashkent Planetarium is one of the newest constructions in Uzbekistan, which is visited by local people and by tourists. Tashkent Planetarium provides visitors with the opportunity to look at outer space, even in the morning, and enlarge their knowledge about the cosmos and the whole universe.

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References

  1. About Library
  2. "On improvement of the organization of research activity", February 20, 2002, UP-3029
  3. "On establishment of the National library of Uzbekistan named Alisher Navoi", April 12, 2002, resolution #123

Coordinates: 41°19′02″N69°16′29″E / 41.31722°N 69.27472°E / 41.31722; 69.27472

Geographic coordinate system Coordinate system

A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation. To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.