National Library of Kazakhstan

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National Library of the Republic of Kazakhstan
Национальная Библиотека Республики Казахстан
Established1931(87 years ago) (1931)
Location Almaty, Kazakhstan
Coordinates 43°14′29″N76°56′35″E / 43.2414°N 76.9431°E / 43.2414; 76.9431 Coordinates: 43°14′29″N76°56′35″E / 43.2414°N 76.9431°E / 43.2414; 76.9431
Other information
DirectorGulissa Balabekova

The National Library of the Republic of Kazakhstan (NLRK) is the national library of Kazakhstan. The National Library of the Republic of Kazakhstan acquires free legal copies of books, Republic and regional information, district journals, newspapers and other printed productions issued in Kazakhstan. In 2009, architect Bjarke Ingels designed the new National Library of Kazakhstan, located to the south of the State Auditorium in Astana, which is said to resemble a "giant metallic doughnut". [1]

National library Library specifically established by the government

A national library is a library established by a government as a country's preeminent repository of information. Unlike public libraries, these rarely allow citizens to borrow books. Often, they include numerous rare, valuable, or significant works. A National Library is that library which has the duty of collecting and preserving the literature of the nation within and outside the country. Thus, National Libraries are those libraries whose community is the nation at large. Examples include the British Library, and the Bibliothèque nationale de France in Paris.

Kazakhstan transcontinental republic in Asia and Europe

Kazakhstan, officially the Republic of Kazakhstan, is the world's largest landlocked country, and the ninth largest in the world, with an area of 2,724,900 square kilometres (1,052,100 sq mi). It is a transcontinental country largely located in Asia; the most western parts are in Europe. Kazakhstan is the dominant nation of Central Asia economically, generating 60% of the region's GDP, primarily through its oil and gas industry. It also has vast mineral resources.

Bjarke Ingels Danish architect (b.1974)

Bjarke Bundgaard Ingels is a Danish architect, founder and creative partner of Bjarke Ingels Group (BIG), widely known for buildings that defy convention while incorporating sustainable development principles and bold sociological concepts.



December 31, 1910, is considered to be the NLRK's birthday. On this day the Verny Municipal Duma decided to open the municipal library with the help of ardent supporters in Verny city. Verny was later renamed to Alma-Ata province. In 1931 it was renamed into State Public Library of Kazakhstan SSR. Since that time the library functions as the state national book storage in the republic. The first director was Uraz Djandosov. He considered the storage of 'all printed output in Kazakh and all literature about Kazakhstan' to be the most important task among the library activities. In 1937 the library was named after A.S. Pushkin.

In 1991 the library changed its name into the National Library of the Republic of Kazakhstan (the NLRK), and was given special state and public significance as a particularly valuable cultural object of the Republic. The NLRK collections include 5.5 million publications in 100 languages of the world. Researchers are attracted by the collection of rare books and manuscripts. These number about 25 thousand volumes in the Kazak, Russian, Oriental and Western European languages from the eleventh to the eighteenth and the first half of the nineteenth centuries.


The library work is defined by its long-term programs: 'Memory of the People,' 'The Preservation and Conservation of Book and Manuscript Monuments,' 'The Republican Automated Library and Information System'. Annually the library acquires more than 36 thousand books, periodicals and machine- read documents. Constant supplements to collections with editions in Kazak is a main trend of the National Library work.

The NLRK pays great attention to the development of new links and support of traditional cultural connections with foreign countries. For many years the NLRK has maintained book exchanges with 200 CIS libraries and 80 cultural organizations from 40 countries. In this respect the Library of Congress, the Harvard University Library, countries such as India, Spain, Egypt, France, Great Britain, Norway, Austria, Germany, Iran, Turkey, China, Korea are our permanent partners. The NLRK is a member of the IFLA – International Federation of Library Associations.

As a result of the transfer of the capital from Almaty to Astana, the NLRK has created a branch based on the S. Seifullin Regional Universal Scientific Library. Within the library is located the headquarters of the Library Association of the Republic of Kazakhstan (LARK), created on the initiative of the NLRK.

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  1. Mayhew, Bradley; Bloom, Greg; Clammer, Paul (1 November 2010). Central Asia. Lonely Planet. p. 177. ISBN   978-1-74179-148-8 . Retrieved 10 October 2012.