Nolina

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Beargrass
Nolina bigelovii.jpg
Nolina bigelovii
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Nolinoideae
Genus: Nolina
Michx. [1]
Synonyms [2]

RouliniaBrongn.

Nolina is a genus of tropical xerophytic flowering plants, with the principal distribution being in Mexico and extending into the southern United States. [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]

A genus is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms, as well as viruses, in biology. In the hierarchy of biological classification, genus comes above species and below family. In binomial nomenclature, the genus name forms the first part of the binomial species name for each species within the genus.

Flowering plant clade of flowering plants (in APG I-III)

The flowering plants, also known as angiosperms, Angiospermae or Magnoliophyta, are the most diverse group of land plants, with 64 orders, 416 families, approximately 13,164 known genera and c. 369,000 known species. Like gymnosperms, angiosperms are seed-producing plants. However, they are distinguished from gymnosperms by characteristics including flowers, endosperm within the seeds, and the production of fruits that contain the seeds. Etymologically, angiosperm means a plant that produces seeds within an enclosure; in other words, a fruiting plant. The term comes from the Greek words angeion and sperma ("seed").

Mexico Country in the southern portion of North America

Mexico, officially the United Mexican States, is a country in the southern portion of North America. It is bordered to the north by the United States; to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; to the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico. Covering almost 2,000,000 square kilometres (770,000 sq mi), the nation is the fifth largest country in the Americas by total area and the 13th largest independent state in the world. With an estimated population of over 120 million people, the country is the eleventh most populous state and the most populous Spanish-speaking state in the world, while being the second most populous nation in Latin America after Brazil. Mexico is a federation comprising 31 states and Mexico City, a special federal entity that is also the capital city and its most populous city. Other metropolises in the state include Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Toluca, Tijuana and León.

Contents

Some botanists have included the genus Beaucarnea in Nolina. In the APG III classification system, it is placed in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Nolinoideae (formerly the family Ruscaceae). [7] Former alternative placements include Nolinaceae and Agavaceae. The genus is named for 18th century French arboriculturist Abbé C. P. Nolin. [3] Members of the genus are known as beargrasses, [8] some of which are cultivated as ornamental plants.

<i>Beaucarnea</i> genus of plants

Beaucarnea is a genus of flowering plants native to Mexico and Central America. In the APG III classification system, it is placed in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Nolinoideae. Beaucarnea is sometimes treated as a synonym of the genus Nolina, with the species being then transferred to that genus. However, recent research shows that Beaucarnea should treated as an independent genus.

The APG III system of flowering plant classification is the third version of a modern, mostly molecular-based, system of plant taxonomy being developed by the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (APG). Published in 2009, it was superseded in 2016 by a further revision, the APG IV system.

Family is one of the eight major hierarchical taxonomic ranks in Linnaean taxonomy; it is classified between order and genus. A family may be divided into subfamilies, which are intermediate ranks between the ranks of family and genus. The official family names are Latin in origin; however, popular names are often used: for example, walnut trees and hickory trees belong to the family Juglandaceae, but that family is commonly referred to as being the "walnut family".

Species

Nolina longifolia Nolina longifolia-1.jpg
Nolina longifolia

Accepted species: [2] [8] [9]

  1. Nolina arenicola Correll Trans-Pecos beargrass - western Texas
  2. Nolina atopocarpa Bartlett Florida beargrass - Florida
  3. Nolina azureogladiata D.Donati - Oaxaca
  4. Nolina beldingi Brandegee - Baja California Sur
  5. Nolina bigelovii (Torr.) S.Watson Bigelow's nolina - Sonora, Arizona, southern Nevada, southern California
  6. Nolina brittoniana Nash Britton's beargrass - Florida
  7. Nolina cespitifera Trel. - Coahuila, Zacatecas, Nuevo León
  8. Nolina cismontana Dice Peninsular beargrass - southern California
  9. Nolina durangensis Trel. - Chihuahua, Durango
  10. Nolina erumpens (Torr.) S.Watson Foothill beargrass - Chihuahua, western Texas
  11. Nolina excelsa García-Mend. & E.Solano - Oaxaca
  12. Nolina georgiana Michx. Georgia beargrass - Georgia, South Carolina
  13. Nolina greenei S.Watson ex Trel. Woodland beargrass - New Mexico, southern Colorado, northwestern Texas, panhandle of Oklahoma
  14. Nolina hibernica Hochstaetter & D.Donati - Tamaulipas, Nuevo León
  15. Nolina humilis S.Watson - Guanajuato, San Luis Potosí
  16. Nolina interrata Gentry Dehesa beargrass - San Diego County, northern Baja California
  17. Nolina juncea (Zucc.) J.F.Macbr. - northern Mexico
  18. Nolina lindheimeriana (Scheele) S.Watson Devil's shoestring, Lindheimer nolina - central Texas
  19. Nolina matapensis Wiggins - Sonora, Chihuahua
  20. Nolina micrantha I.M.Johnst. Chaparral beargrass - Coahuila, Chihuahua, western Texas, southern New Mexico
  21. Nolina microcarpa S.Watson Palmilla Sacahuista - Chihuahua, Sonora, Arizona, New Mexico, southwestern Utah
  22. Nolina nelsonii Rose - Tamaulipas
  23. Nolina palmeri S.Watson - Baja California
  24. Nolina parryi S.Watson Parry's beargrass - Arizona, southern California, Baja California, Sonora
  25. Nolina parviflora (Kunth) Hemsl. - central and southern Mexico
  26. Nolina pumila Rose - northern and central Mexico
  27. Nolina rigida Trel. - Mexico; apparently extinct
  28. Nolina texana S.Watson Texas sacahuista - Texas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Chihuahua, Coahuila

Formerly placed here

<i>Beaucarnea gracilis</i> species of plant

Beaucarnea gracilis is an attractive member of the subfamily Nolinaceae of the family Asparagaceae native to partial-desert areas in Mexico. Its name "gracilis", meaning "slender", is misleading, as its trunk is especially bulbous. It was formerly known as Nolina gracilis.

<i>Beaucarnea recurvata</i> species of plant

Beaucarnea recurvata is a species of plant in the family Asparagaceae, native to the states of Tamaulipas, Veracruz and San Luis Potosí in eastern Mexico. Despite its common name, it is not closely related to the true palms (Arecaceae). It has become popular in Europe and worldwide as an ornamental plant. There are 350-year-old Beaucarneas registered in Mexico.

Related Research Articles

<i>Yucca</i> A genus of flowering plants belonging to the agave and Joshua tree subfamily

Yucca is a genus of perennial shrubs and trees in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Agavoideae. Its 40–50 species are notable for their rosettes of evergreen, tough, sword-shaped leaves and large terminal panicles of white or whitish flowers. They are native to the hot and dry (arid) parts of the Americas and the Caribbean.

<i>Palafoxia</i> genus of plants

Palafoxia, palafox, is a genus of North American flowering plants in the Bahia tribe within the.

<i>Baileya</i> (plant) genus of plants

Baileya is a genus of plants in the aster family Asteraceae. All are native to the southwestern United States and to Mexico.

<i>Bouteloua</i> genus of plants

Bouteloua is a genus of plants in the grass family. Members of the genus are commonly known as grama grass.

<i>Hesperaloe</i> A genus of flowering plants belonging to the agave, yucca, and Joshua tree subfamily

Hesperaloe is a genus of flowering plants in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Agavoideae. It contains perennial yucca-like plants with long, narrow leaves produced in a basal rosette and flowers borne on long panicles or racemes. The species are native to the arid parts of Texas in the United States and Mexico and are sometimes cultivated as xerophytic ornamental plants.

<i>Stephanomeria</i> genus of plants

Stephanomeria is a genus of North American plants also known as wirelettuce, belonging to the dandelion tribe within the sunflower family.

Federal Highway 2 is a free part of the federal highway corridors that runs along the Mexico–United States border. The highway is in two separate improved segments, starting in the west at Tijuana, Baja California, on the Pacific coast and ending in the east in Matamoros, Tamaulipas, on the Gulf of Mexico. Fed. 2 passes through the border states of Baja California, Sonora, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon and Tamaulipas. It has a total length of 1,963 kilometres (1,220 mi); 1,319 kilometres (820 mi) in the west and 644 kilometres (400 mi) in the east.

<i>Isocoma</i> genus of plants

Isocoma commonly called Jimmyweed or goldenweed, is a genus of North American semi-woody shrubs in the sunflower family. It is found in the semi-arid areas of Southwestern United States and Mexico.

<i>Hedeoma</i> genus of plants

Hedeoma is a genus of flowering plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae. It is native to North and South America. They are commonly known as false pennyroyals.

<i>Muhlenbergia</i> genus of plants

Muhlenbergia is a genus of plants in the grass family.

<i>Forestiera</i> genus of plants

Forestiera is a genus of flowering plants in the olive family, Oleaceae. Members of the genus are often called swampprivets. Most are shrubs.

Isocoma pluriflora, commonly called southern jimmyweed or southern goldenbush, is a North American species of flowering perennial herbs in the sunflower family. It grows in northern Mexico and in the southwestern and south-central United States.

<i>Machaeranthera</i> genus of plants

Machaeranthera is a genus of North American flowering plants in the daisy family which are known by the common name tansyaster.

<i>Hilaria</i> (plant) genus of plants

Hilaria is a genus of North American plants in the grass family. Members of the genus are commonly known as curly mesquite. They are found in the Southwestern United States, Mexico, and Guatemala.

<i>Tridens</i> (plant) genus of plants

Tridens is a genus of perennial grasses in the Poaceae family native to the Americas.

  1. Tridens albescens(Vasey) Wooton & Standl. - southwest + south-central USA, Mexico
  2. Tridens ambiguus(Elliott) Schult. – pine barren fluffgrass - southeastern USA
  3. Tridens brasiliensis(Nees ex Steud.) Parodi - Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, Argentina
  4. Tridens buckleyanus(Vasey ex L.H.Dewey) Nash - Texas
  5. Tridens carolinianus(Steud.) Henrard - southeastern USA
  6. Tridens congestus(L.H.Dewey) Nash – pink fluffgrass USA
  7. Tridens eragrostoides(Vasey & Scribn.) Nash – lovegrass tridens - southern USA, Mexico, Cuba, Venezuela
  8. Tridens flaccidus(Döll) Parodi - Brazil, Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia
  9. Tridens flavus(L.) Hitchc. – purpletop - Ontario, eastern + central USA, Nuevo León
  10. Tridens hackelii(Arechav.) Parodi - Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina
  11. Tridens muticus(Torr.) Nash – slim tridens - southwestern + south-central USA, Mexico
  12. Tridens nicoraeAnton - northern Argentina
  13. Tridens × oklahomensis(Feath.) Feath. - Oklahoma
  14. Tridens riograndensisAcedo & Llamas - Rio Grande do Sul in Brazil
  15. Tridens strictus(Nutt.) Nash – longspike tridens - southeastern + south-central USA
  16. Tridens texanus(S. Watson) Nash - USA, Mexico

Baccharis salicina is a species of North American plants in the sunflower family. Common names include willow baccharis, and Great Plains false willow.

<i>Nolina erumpens</i> species of plant

Nolina erumpens, the foothill beargrass, mesa sacahuista, or sand beargrass, is a member of the Asparagaceae family subfamily Nolinaceae native to New Mexico, Texas and adjacent regions of north Mexico.

Chondrosum is a genus of North American and South American plants in the grass family.

References

  1. "Genus: Nolina Michx". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2010-01-19. Retrieved 2010-03-31.
  2. 1 2 3 Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. 1 2 Hess, William J. "Nolina Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 207. 1803". Flora of North America. eFloras.org. Retrieved 2011-08-06.
  4. Hochstätter, F. (2010). The genus Nolina (Nolinaceae). Piante Grasse 2010(1, Suppl.): 1-48.
  5. Biota of North America Program, 2013 county distribution maps
  6. Trelease, William. 1911. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 50(200)
  7. Chase, M.W.; Reveal, J.L. & Fay, M.F. (2009), "A subfamilial classification for the expanded asparagalean families Amaryllidaceae, Asparagaceae and Xanthorrhoeaceae", Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 161 (2): 132–136, doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00999.x
  8. 1 2 "Nolina". Integrated Taxonomic Information System . Retrieved 2011-08-06.
  9. 1 2 "GRIN Species Records of Nolina". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2011-03-31.