Port-Louis, Morbihan

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Port-Louis

Porzh-Loeiz
La citadelle de Port-Louis.jpg
Citadel of Port-Louis
Blason ville fr Port-Louis (Morbihan).svg
Coat of arms
Location of Port-Louis
Port-Louis, Morbihan
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
Red pog.svg
Port-Louis
Bretagne region location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Port-Louis
Coordinates: 47°42′26″N3°21′07″W / 47.7072°N 3.3519°W / 47.7072; -3.3519 Coordinates: 47°42′26″N3°21′07″W / 47.7072°N 3.3519°W / 47.7072; -3.3519
Country France
Region Brittany
Department Morbihan
Arrondissement Lorient
Canton Hennebont
Intercommunality Lorient Agglomération
Government
  Mayor (20202026) Daniel Martin [1]
Area
1
1.07 km2 (0.41 sq mi)
Population
 (2017-01-01) [2]
2,618
  Density2,400/km2 (6,300/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
56181 /56290
Elevation0–14 m (0–46 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
The Citadel of Port-Louis, viewed from the water. Citadel port louis.jpg
The Citadel of Port-Louis, viewed from the water.

Port-Louis (French pronunciation:  [pɔʁlwi] ; Breton : Porzh-Loeiz) is a commune in the Morbihan department of Brittany in north-western France. Inhabitants of Port-Louis are called in French Port-Louisiens.

Contents

History

At the beginning of the 17th century, merchants who were trading with India established warehouses in Port-Louis. They later built additional warehouses across the bay in 1628, at the location which became known as "L'Orient" (the Orient in French). In 1664, during the reign of King Louis XIV, the French East India Company was established at Port-Louis. The company established a shipyard at Lorient. The Company was not able to maintain itself financially, and it was abolished in 1769. In 1770, King Louis XVI issued an edict that required the Company to transfer to the state all its properties, in return for which the King agreed to pay all of the Company’s debts and obligations. The French government then took over the shipyards as a naval port and arsenal.

Citadel

The Spanish engineer Cristobal de Rojas built the Fuerte de Aguila in 1590 at what was then known as Port Plavet during the War of the Catholic League. At the time, the governor of Brittany, Philippe Emmanuel, Duke of Mercœur, a Catholic, was in revolt against King Henry IV, a Protestant, and the Spaniards came to provide support to their coreligionists. The King converted to Catholicism in 1593, and eventually defeated de Mercour in 1598, gaining control of the fort. The fort was extended in 1616-1636, during the reign of King Louis XIII. In 1836 Louis Napoleon, the future Emperor Napoleon III, was a prisoner in the citadel. Later prisoners included 1836, Communards and members of the French Resistance, among others.

Today, the citadel houses four museums:

Citadel Citadelle de Port-Louis (1) - Entree 2.jpg
Citadel

See also

Citations and references

Citations

  1. "Maires du Morbihan" (PDF). Préfecture du Morbihan. 7 July 2020.
  2. "Populations légales 2017". INSEE . Retrieved 6 January 2020.

References

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