Queen's Royal Hussars

Last updated
The Queen's Royal Hussars
(The Queen's Own and Royal Irish)
QRH cap badge.gif
Cap Badge of The Queen's Royal Hussars
Active2 September 1993-
AllegianceFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom
BranchFlag of the British Army.svg  British Army
TypeLine Cavalry
Role Armoured
SizeOne regiment
Part of Royal Armoured Corps
Garrison/HQRHQ - London
Regiment - Tidworth
Nickname(s)'Churchill's Own'
Motto(s)Mente et Manu, translated as "mind and hand"
MarchQuick - Regimental Quick March of The Queen's Royal Hussars
Slow - 3rd Hussars Slow March/ Litany of Loretto/The Garb of Old Gaul/March of the Scottish Archers
Mascot(s)Drum Horse (Alamein)
Commanders
Colonel-in-Chief The Duke of Edinburgh, KG, KT, GBE
Colonel of
the Regiment
Lt Gen Sir Tom Beckett KCB CBE
Insignia
Tactical Recognition Flash QRH TRF.svg
Arm Badge Maid of Warsaw
from 7th Hussars
Tartan Saffron (Pipers' kilts)
AbbreviationQRH

The Queen's Royal Hussars (The Queen's Own and Royal Irish) (QRH) is the senior United Kingdom armoured regiment. It was formed on 1 September 1993 from the amalgamation of The Queen's Own Hussars and the Queen's Royal Irish Hussars. The regiment and its antecedents have been awarded 172 Battle Honours and eight Victoria Crosses. The regiment is currently based in Sennelager, Germany, where it is the armoured regiment for 20th Armoured Brigade, part of British Forces Germany.

Contents

History

The Queen's Royal Hussars was formed in Fallingbostel on 1 September 1993 from the amalgamation of the The Queen's Own Hussars and the Queen's Royal Irish Hussars. [1]

The Queen's Own Hussars, normally referred to by the abbreviation QOH, was a cavalry regiment of the British Army, formed from the amalgamation of 3rd The King's Own Hussars and the 7th Queen's Own Hussars at Candahar Barracks, Tidworth in 1958. [2]

The Queen's Royal Irish Hussars, abbreviated as QRIH, was a cavalry regiment of the British Army formed from the amalgamation of the 4th Queen's Own Hussars and the 8th King's Royal Irish Hussars in Hohne, West Germany in 1958. [3]

The regiment, in January 1996, became the first to be deployed in Challenger 1 tanks to Bosnia with NATO's British-led Implementation Force IFOR. [4] In August 1996 the regiment deployed to Northern Ireland on Operation Banner and then moved to Athlone Barracks at Sennelager as armoured regiment for 20th Armoured Brigade in January 1998. [4] An independent tank squadron deployed to Kosovo in 2001, with the rest of the regiment deploying later that year in the dismounted role. [5]

December 2003 saw the regiment deploy once again, this time to Iraq on Operation Telic 3. [4] The regiment saw its first Military Cross awarded to Lance corporal Christopher Balmforth of B Squadron for his actions during an ambush in Basra. [6]

April 2006 saw the regiment deploy once again to Iraq on Operation Telic 8 [4] and December 2008 saw the regiment deployed to Iraq on Operation Telic 13. [4] As the final Operation Telic The Queen's Royal Hussars were intimately involved in the drawdown from the main British base and spent many hours escorting convoys to and from Kuwait. [7]

In 2011 the regiment deployed on Operation Herrick 15 as a ground holding Battle Group to Afghanistan in the infantry role: they worked with the Afghan National Police handing over control of checkpoints. [5]

On return from Afghanistan in 2012 the regiment was called on to support the security for the London Olympic Games. The remainder of the year was used to return to the armoured role. 2013 saw C Squadron training with 5 Rifles on Exercise Bavarian Charger, mounted on Challenger 2. [8] The Queen's Royal Hussars Battlegroup, comprising sub-units from 5 Rifles and 1 PWRR deployed on Exercise Prairie Thunder 2 between July and August 2013. [9]

In June 2014, the regiment deployed C Squadron to Operation Herrick 20 in Afghanistan, as the Warthog Group. This role involved crewing Warthog armoured tracked vehicles and operating with dismounted infantry from 5 RIFLES to disrupt insurgents in Helmand during the draw down of British troops from Camp Bastion. They were the last British combat units on the ground in Helmand. [10]

The regiment moved to Tidworth with 20 Armoured Infantry Brigade, forming the senior of three Type 56 heavy armoured regiments of British Army's Reactive Force, in 2019. [11]

Organisation

The regiment is equipped with 56 Challenger 2 tanks. [12] In addition the Regiment also fields a squadron with a close reconnaissance troop mounted in eight FV107 Scimitars. [13]

Victoria Cross

Queen's Royal Hussars memorial, National Memorial Arboretum, Staffordshire Queen's Royal Hussars memorial, National Memorial Arboretum (1).JPG
Queen's Royal Hussars memorial, National Memorial Arboretum, Staffordshire

Holders of the Victoria Cross included:

Colonels-in-Chief

Regimental Colonels

Colonels of the regiment have been: [14]

Museums

The regiment has two museums: [15]

The Regimental Crest & Cap Badge

The crest and cap badge are as follows: [15]

Privileges & traditions

The regiment has gained a number of unique privileges and traditions:

The Loyal Toast: After the Jacobite rebellion in 1745, all officers of the army were required to drink the health of the sovereign in their mess after dinner as a token of loyalty to the king. The king, however, absolved the regiment from this duty, saying that their loyalty had always been beyond question, and gave the officers the privilege of never drinking the Loyal Toast in the officers' mess and of ignoring the national anthem (they remain seated) when it is played by the band after dinner. This privilege was reaffirmed by the Sovereign prior to the formation of the regiment in 1993. [15]

Badges and Symbols

The White Horse of Hanover: Ranking second, after the Crown, among the regiment's military badges, it was bestowed by the first three Georges to certain regiments for their part in suppressing the Jacobites. It was first granted, as a special head-dress badge, by King George I to The 3rd The King's Own Regiment of Dragoons in 1715 for their part in defeating James Francis Edward Stuart (The Old Pretender). [16]

Crossbelts: At the Battle of Almenar in 1710 the 8th Dragoons pursued the Spanish Cavalry Corps and, equipping themselves with the crossbelts of the enemy, cut down the Spaniards with their own swords. The crossbelts were worn with distinction for many years, and the nickname 'St Georges Crossbelts' was given to the regiment. Although the crossbelt worn today is based on the original 4th Hussar pattern, the continuing tradition of titling the regimental journal The Crossbelts is in recognition of this famous action. [15]

The Maid of Warsaw Grand CoA Warsaw.png
The Maid of Warsaw

The Maid of Warsaw: Every member of the regiment wears the Maid of Warsaw, the crest of the City of Warsaw, on the left sleeve of his No. 2 (Service) Dress. This honour was awarded to the 7th Hussars by the Commander of the Second Polish Corps in recognition of their valour in support of the Polish forces during the Italian campaign in World War II. Traditionally the original crest presented to the regiment is placed in front of the commanding officer on Dinner Nights. [15]

The Fern Leaf: All vehicles in the regiment display the emblem of New Zealand, the fern leaf, to commemorate the association of The 3rd Hussars with the 2nd New Zealand Division at the Battle of El Alamein where the regiment lost all but five tanks breaching the German line. This honour was granted by General Lord Freyberg VC. [15]

Kettle Drums: By command of King George II the silver kettle drums captured by The King's Own Regiment of Dragoons, later The 3rd Hussars, at Dettingen are borne by a drum horse ridden by a sergeant kettledrummer - both being additional to the regimental establishment. The drums are always carried at the head of the regiment on ceremonial parades and are, uniquely amongst cavalry regiments, never covered by drum banners, the battle honours being engraved directly onto the sides of the drums. In 1772 when Lord Southampton commanded the regiment, his wife gave a silver collar to be worn by the kettledrummer, which is still worn today when parading in full dress with the drums. The present drum horse is named Alamein and its nickname is Dudley. [15]

Other traditions
Winston Churchill 1895 Winston Churchill 1874 - 1965 ZZZ5426F.jpg
Winston Churchill 1895

Winston Churchill: Winston Churchill, who has been described as 'the greatest Hussar of them all', was commissioned into the 4th Hussars in 1895, and later became the colonel of the regiment from 1941, until the 4th Queen's Own Hussars was amalgamated with the 8th Hussars in 1958, after which he became colonel of the new regiment, Queen's Royal Irish Hussars, remaining so until his death in 1965. In recognition of this, the Churchill Cup is awarded to the top-scoring troop in the regiment's annual gunnery competition. The commanding officer's tank is also named 'Churchill'. [15]

Regimental Colours

The colours are as follows: [15]

Regimental song

The lyrics of the song go: [5]
I'm a soldier in the Queen's Army.
I'm a galloping Queen's Hussar.
I've sailed the ocean wide and blue.
I'm a chap who knows a thing or two.
Been in many a tight corner.
Shown the enemy who we are.
I can ride a horse.
Go on a spree, or sing a comic song.
And that denotes a Queen's Hussar.

Tpr Paul J Ashfield, 1999 Royal Tournament Tpr Paul J Ashfield.jpg
Tpr Paul J Ashfield, 1999 Royal Tournament
The Eastbourne Redoubt South Seaward facade Redoubt2.jpg
The Eastbourne Redoubt South Seaward facade

The Regimental Pipes and Drums

The Pipes and Drums were inherited from the Queen's Royal Irish Hussars. There has been no formal adoption of pipe music by the regiment, but the pipe tunes have become very much a part of regimental parades, the following tunes have become part of the regiment's music. [17]

Regimental days

The following are celebrated as battle honour days: [15]

St Patrick's Day is also celebrated.

Lineage

1881 Childers Reforms 1957 Defence White Paper 1990 Options for Change - today
3rd (The King's Own) Hussars The Queen's Own Hussars The Queen's Royal Hussars
7th (Queen's Own) Hussars
4th (Queen's Own) Hussars Queen's Royal Irish Hussars
8th (The King's Royal Irish) Hussars

Alliances

Commonwealth

Non-Commonwealth

Affiliated Yeomanry

Order of precedence

Preceded by
Royal Dragoon Guards
Cavalry Order of Precedence Succeeded by
The Royal Lancers (Queen Elizabeth's Own)

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Queens Own Hussars

The Queen's Own Hussars, normally referred to by the abbreviation QOH, was a cavalry regiment of the British Army, formed from the amalgamation of the 3rd The King's Own Hussars and the 7th Queen's Own Hussars at Candahar Barracks, Tidworth in 1958. The regiment served in Aden and Northern Ireland and as part of the British Army of the Rhine. The regiment was amalgamated with the Queen's Royal Irish Hussars to form the Queen's Royal Hussars on 1 September 1993.

Queens Royal Irish Hussars

The Queen's Royal Irish Hussars, abbreviated as QRIH, was a cavalry regiment of the British Army formed from the amalgamation of the 4th Queen's Own Hussars and the 8th King's Royal Irish Hussars in 1958. The regiment saw active service against insurgents in Aden; during the Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation and during the Gulf War, as well as regular service in West Germany as part of the British Army of the Rhine. The regiment was amalgamated with the Queen's Own Hussars to form the Queen's Royal Hussars on 1 September 1993.

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There are 13 Cavalry Regiments of the British Army each with its own unique cap badge, regimental traditions, and history. Of the currently 9 regular cavalry regiments; 2 serve as armoured regiments, 3 as armoured cavalry regiments, 3 as light cavalry and 1 as a mounted ceremonial regiment. There are also four yeomanry regiments of the Army Reserve, of these, 3 serve as light cavalry and 1 as an armoured regiment. Each yeomanry light cavalry unit has been paired with a regular unit of the same role, the armoured yeomanry unit is paired with the 2 regular armoured units. All except the Household Cavalry are part of the British Army's Royal Armoured Corps.

4th Queens Own Hussars

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8th Kings Royal Irish Hussars unit of the British Army

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Regimental depot

The regimental depot of a regiment is its home base for recruiting and training. It is also where soldiers and officers awaiting discharge or postings are based and where injured soldiers return to full fitness after discharge from hospital before returning to full duty. Normally, a variety of regimental stores will also be kept at the depot. The regimental depot is not the same as the regimental headquarters, though in practice the two will often be co-located in the same place.

During the First World War the British Armed Forces was enlarged to many times its peacetime strength. This was done mainly by adding new battalions to existing regiments. Although sometimes identified by shoulder titles, generally the new battalions could not be identified from appearance. Consequently, the units in this list have been assembled considering only those as having a uniquely different cap badge.

References

  1. "Queen's Royal Hussars: History". Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
  2. "Regimental History". The Queen's Own Hussars. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
  3. "Queen's Royal Irish Hussars". National Army Museum. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 "The Queen's Royal Hussars". British Army units1945 on. Retrieved 29 July 2016.
  5. 1 2 3 "The Queen's Royal Hussars". British Empire. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
  6. "No. 57588". The London Gazette (Supplement). 18 March 2005. p. 3373.
  7. "British campaign in Iraq comes to official end". Daily Telegraph . 29 April 2009. Retrieved 11 May 2011.
  8. Ministry of Defence (2013-03-13). "Riflemen train for post-Afghanistan deployments - News stories". GOV.UK. Retrieved 2014-05-03.
  9. "Canada hosts Exercise Prairie Thunder". Archived from the original on August 17, 2013.
  10. "Soldiers set to march through Worcester city centre to mark Armed Forces Day". The Shuttle. 26 May 2015. Retrieved 29 July 2016.
  11. "Regular army basing plan" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-05-03.
  12. "Armour". Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 29 July 2016.
  13. "The Queen's Royal Hussars". Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 29 July 2016.
  14. "The Queen's Royal Hussars (The Queen's Own and Royal Irish) at". regiments.org. Archived from the original on 18 February 2008.
  15. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 "Regimental traditions". Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
  16. "The White Horse of Hanover". The Queen's Own Hussars Museum. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
  17. "The Pipes and Drums". Crossbelts. Retrieved 3 May 2014.