Songs of Love and Hate

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Songs of Love and Hate
Songs of love and hate.jpg
Studio album by
ReleasedMarch 19, 1971
RecordedSeptember 22–26, 1970
StudioColumbia Studio A, Nashville (Second mix)
August 31, 1970 at Isle of Wight, Trident Studios, London (First mix)
Genre Contemporary folk
Length44:21
Label Columbia
Producer Bob Johnston
Leonard Cohen chronology
Songs from a Room
(1969)
Songs of Love and Hate
(1971)
Live Songs
(1973)

Songs of Love and Hate is the third studio album by Canadian singer-songwriter Leonard Cohen. Produced by Bob Johnston, the album was released on March 19, 1971, through Columbia Records.

Canadians citizens of Canada

Canadians are people identified with the country of Canada. This connection may be residential, legal, historical or cultural. For most Canadians, several of these connections exist and are collectively the source of their being Canadian.

Leonard Cohen Canadian poet and singer-songwriter

Leonard Norman Cohen was a Canadian singer-songwriter, poet and novelist. His work explored religion, politics, isolation, sexuality and romantic relationships. Cohen was inducted into the Canadian Music Hall of Fame, the Canadian Songwriters Hall of Fame, and the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. He was invested as a Companion of the Order of Canada, the nation's highest civilian honour. In 2011, Cohen received one of the Prince of Asturias Awards for literature and the ninth Glenn Gould Prize.

Bob Johnston American record producer and musician

Donald William 'Bob' Johnston was an American record producer, best known for his work with Bob Dylan, Johnny Cash, Leonard Cohen, and Simon & Garfunkel.

Contents

Recording and composition

Cohen reunited with producer Bob Johnston, who was at the helm for the singer's previous album Songs From a Room, and also brought back guitarist Ron Cornelius, who acted as leader of Cohen's new crew of backing musicians, christened The Army. The album was mainly recorded in Columbia Studio A in Nashville September 22–26, 1970. "Sing Another Song, Boys" was recorded at the Isle of Wight Festival on August 30, 1970. Further recording took place at Trident Studios in London. The album title is descriptive, outlining its main themes, and it features several of Cohen's most famous compositions, including "Joan of Arc," "Avalanche," and "Famous Blue Raincoat." In the 1996 book Various Positions, Cohen biographer Ira Nadel confirms that many of the songs were from an earlier period, with "Joan of Arc" having been written at the Chelsea in New York; "Avalanche" and "Dress Rehearsal Rag" dated from earlier years; and "Love Calls You by Your Name" was a minor rewrite of an unpublished 1967 song called "Love Tries to Call You by Your Name." In 1991, Cohen revealed to Throat Culture magazine that the recording of his third album had been a difficult time for him because "absolutely everything was beginning to fall apart around me: my spirit, my intentions, my will. So I went into a deep and long depression."

Ron Cornelius is a session musician and producer who has played on albums by Leonard Cohen, Bob Dylan, Al Kooper and Loudon Wainwright III. He is also the president of Gateway Entertainment which was established in 1986. As a producer he has produced Miko Marks's Freeway Bound album in 2007. He is also the co-writer of "Chelsea Hotel No. 2" which has been covered by many artists including Rufus Wainwright.

Isle of Wight Festival British music festival which takes place annually on the Isle of Wight in Newport, England

The Isle of Wight Festival is a British music festival which takes place annually in Newport on the Isle of Wight, England. It was originally a counterculture event held from 1968 to 1970.

Trident Studios recording studio

Trident Studios was a British recording facility, located at 17 St. Anne's Court in London's Soho district between 1968 and 1981. It was constructed in 1967 by Norman Sheffield, a drummer of former 1960s group the Hunters, and his brother Barry.

"Joan of Arc" is constructed mainly as a dialogue between Joan of Arc and the fire which is consuming her as she burns at the stake, after having been found guilty of heresy (in 1431). In the song, Joan says that she is "tired of the war" and tells how she would rather be wearing a white wedding dress (one of the charges against her was that she dressed as a man). Joan's surrender to the fire, as its bride, may also be seen as a symbol of her religious fervor and commitment. In a 1988 interview with John McKenna of RTE Ireland, Cohen said of "Joan of Arc," "I was thinking more of this sense of a destiny that human beings have and how they meet and marry their destiny...I don't want to suggest in that song that what she really wanted to be was a housewife. What I mean to say is that as lonely and as solitudinous as she was she had to meet and be embraced by her destiny...seen from the point of view of the woman's movement she really does stand for something stunningly original and courageous." In his 2010 book Leonard Cohen: A Remarkable Life, biographer Anthony Reynolds quotes Cohen explaining that "Famous Blue Raincoat" is about "A man writing a letter to a man who has had an affair with his wife," but, on a more prosaic level, Cohen is also quoted saying that the tune is related to his own attire: "I had a blue raincoat. It was Burberry. It had lots of various fixtures on it...It always resided in my memory as some glamorous possibility that I never realized..." In the book Songwriters on Songwriting, Cohen confessed to being unsatisfied with the composition:

Dialogue is a written or spoken conversational exchange between two or more people, and a literary and theatrical form that depicts such an exchange. As a narrative, philosophical or didactic device, it is chiefly associated in the West with the Socratic dialogue as developed by Plato, but antecedents are also found in other traditions including Indian literature.

Joan of Arc French folk heroine and Roman Catholic saint

Joan of Arc, nicknamed "The Maid of Orléans", is considered a heroine of France for her role during the Lancastrian phase of the Hundred Years' War, and was canonized as a Roman Catholic saint. She was born to Jacques d'Arc and Isabelle Romée, a peasant family, at Domrémy in north-east France. Joan claimed to have received visions of the Archangel Michael, Saint Margaret, and Saint Catherine of Alexandria instructing her to support Charles VII and recover France from English domination late in the Hundred Years' War. The uncrowned King Charles VII sent Joan to the siege of Orléans as part of a relief army. She gained prominence after the siege was lifted only nine days later. Several additional swift victories led to Charles VII's coronation at Reims. This long-awaited event boosted French morale and paved the way for the final French victory.

Heresy belief or theory that is strongly at variance with established beliefs or customs

Heresy is any belief or theory that is strongly at variance with established beliefs or customs, in particular the accepted beliefs of a church or religious organization. A heretic is a proponent of such claims or beliefs. Heresy is distinct from both apostasy, which is the explicit renunciation of one's religion, principles or cause, and blasphemy, which is an impious utterance or action concerning God or sacred things.

That was one I thought was never finished. And I thought that Jennifer Warnes’ version in a sense was better because I worked on a different version for her, and I thought it was somewhat more coherent. But I always thought that that was a song you could see the carpentry in a bit. Although there are some images in it that I am very pleased with. And the tune is real good. But I’m willing to defend it, saying it was impressionistic. It’s stylistically coherent. And I can defend it if I have to. But secretly I always felt that there was a certain incoherence that prevented it from being a great song.

In the same interview, Cohen revealed that his "chop", his unique pattern of playing syncopated classical guitar, is especially evident on "Avalanche," and also asserted, "There are songs like 'Dress Rehearsal Rag' that I recorded once and I will never sing. Judy Collins did a very beautiful version of it, better than mine. I would never do that song in concert; I can’t get behind it." In the liner notes to the 1975 album The Best of Leonard Cohen , Cohen wrote of "Last Year's Man, "I don't know why but I like this song. I used to play it on a Mexican twelve-string until I destroyed the instrument by jumping on it in a fit of impotent fury in 1967. The song had too many verses and it took about five years to sort out the right ones."

Judy Collins American singer and songwriter

Judith Marjorie Collins is an American singer and songwriter known for her eclectic tastes in the material she records and for her social activism.

<i>The Best of Leonard Cohen</i> album by Leonard Cohen

The Best of Leonard Cohen is a greatest hits album by Leonard Cohen, released in 1975. In some European countries, it was released under the title Greatest Hits. This alternative title was used for the original vinyl release and for CD reissues from the 1980s onwards.

In an interview with Alastair Pirrie of the New Musical Express in March 1973 - just two years after the album was released - Cohen disparaged the LP: "I suppose you could call it gimmicky if you were feeling uncharitable towards me. I have certainly felt uncharitable towards me from time to time over that record, and regretted many things. It was over-produced and over elaborated...an experiment that failed." Several of the songs from Songs of Love and Hate would be featured on Cohen's 1972 European tour, a trek that would be documented in Tony Palmer's 1974 documentary Bird on the Wire. With the exception of "Last Year's Man", Cohen has performed every song live (he had played "Dress Rehearsal Rag" in concert two years before Songs of Love and Hate was released).

Europe Continent in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere

Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.

Tony Palmer English film director and author

Tony Palmer is a British film director and author. His work includes over 100 films, ranging from early works with The Beatles, Cream, Jimi Hendrix, Rory Gallagher and Frank Zappa, to his classical portraits which include profiles of Maria Callas, Margot Fonteyn, John Osborne, Igor Stravinsky, Richard Wagner, Yehudi Menuhin, Carl Orff, Benjamin Britten and Ralph Vaughan Williams. He is also a stage director of theatre and opera.

Artwork

The front of the album is a sparsely detailed black and white photo of Cohen with a several days' beard growth, and he is smiling. The back cover of the album has no track listing and quotes Cohen's short poem "They Locked Up A Man":

They locked up a man
Who wanted to rule the world
The fools
They locked up the wrong man

Reception

Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic Star full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar half.svg [1]
BBC Favorable [2]
Christgau's Record Guide A– [3]
Pitchfork 8.2/10 [4]
Rolling Stone Star full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar half.svgStar empty.svg [5]
Sputnik Music Star full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svg [6]
Q Star full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar empty.svg [7]
Uncut Star full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar empty.svg [8]

The album reached no. 145 on the US Billboard 200, but was his most commercially successful album in many other parts of the world, reaching no. 4 in the UK and no. 8 in Australia. [9] Writing in 2011, Cohen biographer Anthony Reynolds noted, "In some quarters it was the album that seemed to seal Cohen's reputation as being something of a downer, to say the least." In his review of the 2007 reissue release, Tim Nelson of BBC Music stated that Cohen's third LP "is perhaps less varied than the first two albums, but the focus is more intense and the sequencing superb. Be warned though: this is one of the scariest albums of the last forty years..." Mark Deming of AllMusic calls Songs of Love and Hate "one of Leonard Cohen's most emotionally intense albums - which, given the nature of Cohen's body of work, is no small statement." In 2012, Rolling Stone ranked the album no. 295 on its list of the 500 Greatest Albums of all Time, [10] the only Cohen album to make the list. It was ranked no. 74 on Pitchfork Media's 2004 list of the 100 best albums of the 1970s. [11] "Famous Blue Raincoat" was voted #3 by in a Rolling Stone readers poll of the top ten greatest Leonard Cohen songs.

The Billboard 200 is a record chart ranking the 200 most popular music albums and EPs in the United States. It is published weekly by Billboard magazine. It is frequently used to convey the popularity of an artist or groups of artists. Often, a recording act will be remembered by its "number ones", those of their albums that outperformed all others during at least one week. The chart grew from a weekly top 10 list in 1956 to become a top 200 in May 1967, and acquired its present title in March 1992. Its previous names include the Billboard Top LPs (1961–72), Billboard Top LPs & Tape (1972–84), Billboard Top 200 Albums (1984–85) and Billboard Top Pop Albums.

The Official Albums Chart is a list of albums ranked by physical and digital sales and audio streaming in the United Kingdom. It was published for the first time on 22 July 1956 and is compiled every week by the Official Charts Company (OCC) on Fridays. It is broadcast on BBC Radio 1 and published in Music Week magazine, and on the OCC website.

Australia Country in Oceania

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country by total area. The neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east. The population of 25 million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, and its largest city is Sydney. The country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide.

A remastered CD was released in 1995. Simply Vinyl issued a short-lived remastered edition on vinyl in 2002, making it the last Cohen album (aside from Ten New Songs , which was pressed in limited quantities) to go out of print on vinyl. In 2007, Columbia/Legacy released a newly remastered CD with a new book style packaging and a bonus track: a 1968 recording of "Dress Rehearsal Rag". In 2009, the album (including its bonus track) was included in the 8-CD box set Hallelujah—The Essential Leonard Cohen Album Collection, issued by Sony Music in the Netherlands.

Cover versions

Judy Collins recorded "Dress Rehearsal Rag" in 1966 on the album In My Life, years before it would appear on Songs of Love and Hate. The Art Of Time Ensemble featuring Sarah Slean recorded "Dress Rehearsal Rag" for their 2009 album Black Flowers . Nick Cave & the Bad Seeds recorded a version of "Avalanche" for their 1984 album From Her to Eternity as did Ghost for the deluxe edition of their 2018 album Prequelle [12] . "Famous Blue Raincoat" has been covered numerous times, notably by Jennifer Warnes, who once toured as a back-up singer for Cohen, on her 1987 tribute album to him, Famous Blue Raincoat . It has also been covered by Tori Amos on the Leonard Cohen tribute album Tower of Song . Warnes also covered "Joan of Arc" on Famous Blue Raincoat as a duet with Cohen. Allison Crowe recorded "Joan of Arc" for release on her 2004 album Secrets and this version also appears on the Mojo 2008 tribute compilation CD Cohen Covered. Anna Calvi has also covered "Joan of Arc" live and in the studio, available as a B-side to her single "Desire".

Track listing

All songs written by Leonard Cohen.

Side one

  1. "Avalanche" – 5:07
  2. "Last Year's Man" – 6:02
  3. "Dress Rehearsal Rag" – 6:12
  4. "Diamonds in the Mine" – 3:52

Side two

  1. "Love Calls You by Your Name" – 5:44
  2. "Famous Blue Raincoat" – 5:15
  3. "Sing Another Song, Boys" (Live at the Isle of Wight Festival, August 31, 1970) – 6:17
  4. "Joan of Arc" – 6:29

Bonus track on 2007 remastered edition

  1. "Dress Rehearsal Rag" (Bonus track, early version, an outtake recorded during the Songs From a Room sessions, 1968) – 5:37

Personnel

Charts

Chart (1971)Peak
position
Australian Albums (Kent Music Report) [13] 8
Canada Top Albums/CDs ( RPM ) [14] 63
Dutch Albums (Album Top 100) [15] 2
German Albums (Offizielle Top 100) [16] 24
Norwegian Albums (VG-lista) [17] 11
UK Albums (OCC) [18] 4
US Billboard 200 [19] 145

Certifications and sales

RegionCertification Certified units/Sales
Canada (Music Canada) [20] Gold50,000^
Worldwide (IFPI)N/A750,000+ [21]

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone

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References

  1. Songs of Love and Hate at AllMusic
  2. Nelson, Tim (2007). "Songs of Love and Hate less diverse, but more intense and sequentially outstanding". BBC . Retrieved October 2, 2016.
  3. Christgau, Robert (1981). "Consumer Guide '70s: C". Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies . Ticknor & Fields. ISBN   089919026X . Retrieved February 23, 2019 via robertchristgau.com.
  4. http://pitchfork.com/reviews/albums/11901-songs-of-leonard-cohensongs-from-a-roomsongs-of-love-and-hate
  5. http://www.robertchristgau.com/xg/rs/cohen-07.php
  6. "Leonard Cohen is arguably greatest lyricist of all time". Sputnik Music . 2007. Retrieved October 2, 2016.
  7. Dave Everley Q, May 2007, Issue 250.
  8. David Cavanagh Uncut, May 2007, Issue 120
  9. Kent, David; The Australian Chart Book, 1970–1992. ISBN   0-646-11917-6
  10. "500 Greatest Albums of All Time," Rolling Stone . Accessed March 10, 2015.
  11. "Top 100 Albums of the 1970s," Pitchfork Media, June 23, 2004.
  12. "Ghost Covers Leonard Cohen's Avalanche". Cohencentric. 2018-06-21. Retrieved 2018-07-05.
  13. Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 19701992. St Ives, N.S.W.: Australian Chart Book. p. 68. ISBN   0-646-11917-6.
  14. "Top RPM Albums: Issue 5358". RPM . Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved 24 November 2016.
  15. "Dutchcharts.nl – Leonard Cohen – Songs of Love and Hate" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved 24 November 2016.
  16. "Offiziellecharts.de – Leonard Cohen – Songs of Love and Hate" (in German). GfK Entertainment Charts. Retrieved 24 November 2016.
  17. "Norwegiancharts.com – Leonard Cohen – Songs of Love and Hate". Hung Medien. Retrieved 24 November 2016.
  18. "Leonard Cohen | Artist | Official Charts". UK Albums Chart. Retrieved 24 November 2016.
  19. "Leonard Cohen Chart History (Billboard 200)". Billboard. Retrieved 24 November 2016.
  20. "Canadian album certifications – Leonard Cohen – Songs of Love and hate". Music Canada.
  21. https://www.leonardcohenfiles.com/cover1.html