Speaker of the House of Representatives (Netherlands)

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Speaker of the House of Representatives
Voorzitter van de Tweede Kamer der Staten-Generaal
Coat of arms of the Tweede Kamer.svg
Coat of arms of the House of Representatives
Khadija Arib 2015.jpg
Incumbent
Khadija Arib

since 13 January 2016
Style His or Her Excellency
Mister or Madame Speaker
Member of Presidium of the House of Representatives
Term length Four years
No term limit
Constituting instrument Constitution of the Netherlands
Formation21 September 1815;203 years ago (1815-09-21)
First holderJan Elias Nicolaas van Lynden van Hoevelaken
DeputyDeputy Speakers
Salary€126,975.48 (including €7,887.24 expenses)
Website www.houseofrepresentatives.nl/members-parliament/president-house
State coat of arms of the Netherlands.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Netherlands
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlandsportal

The Speaker of the House of Representatives (Dutch : Voorzitter van de Tweede Kamer der Staten-Generaal) is one of the 150 members of the House of Representatives of the Netherlands, elected to lead the meetings of the House. They are also chairing the Presidium and the Procedure Committee (Commissie van de Werkwijze). Prior to the 1982 constitutional revision, the Speaker was appointed by the Crown.

Dutch language West Germanic language

Dutch(Nederlands ) is a West Germanic language spoken by around 24 million people as a first language and 5 million people as a second language, constituting the majority of people in the Netherlands and Belgium. It is the third-most-widely spoken Germanic language, after its close relatives English and German.

House of Representatives (Netherlands) lower house of the Netherlands

The House of Representatives is the lower house of the bicameral parliament of the Netherlands, the States General, the other one being the Senate. It has 150 seats which are filled through elections using a party-list proportional representation. It sits in the Binnenhof in The Hague.

Contents

The office is currently held by Khadija Arib of the Labour Party (PvdA). [1] She was elected on 13 January 2016 in an interim election, after Speaker Anouchka van Miltenburg of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD) resigned on 12 December 2015. [2] She was First Deputy and Acting Speaker until her election. [3]

Khadija Arib Dutch politician, civil servant, educator and social worker

Khadija Arib is a Dutch politician of the Labour Party serving as Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Netherlands since 12 December 2015. She was formally elected on 13 January 2016 but had already served as Acting Speaker since the resignation of Anouchka van Miltenburg on 12 December 2015. Arib became a member of the House of Representatives following the Dutch general election, 1998 and has been reelected since, with a brief interruption between 2006 and 2007.

The Labour Party is a social-democratic political party in the Netherlands.

2016 Speaker of the House of Representatives (Netherlands) election

The 2016 Speaker of the House of Representatives election was called to elect the new Speaker of the House of Representatives after incumbent Anouchka van Miltenburg of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD) had resigned on 12 December 2015. Van Miltenburg who had been the Speaker since 25 September 2012 resigned after increasing criticism on her performance as Speaker. Khadija Arib of the Labour Party (PvdA) who had been a Member of the House of Representatives from 19 May 1998 until 30 November 2006 and again since 1 March 2007 beat Ton Elias of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD) who has been a Member of the House of Representatives since 18 December 2008.

Duties

As a member of the House of Representatives, the Speaker has the same rights and obligations as other members. The Speaker leads the meetings of the House. The officeholder opens and closes the meetings and determines who speaks. The members of the House, as well as Ministers and State Secretaries are not supposed to address each other directly, but always address the Speaker instead, as a method to encourage civility. While the Speaker also takes part in the voting (as a regular member of the House of Representatives), the officeholder typically does not participate in debates.

Besides leading the meetings, the Speaker represents the House of Representatives as a whole, such as in ceremonies and with visits by foreign heads of state. The Speaker is also the chair of the Presidium, which is responsible for determining the budget of the House, setting its agenda and appointing its staff.

The Speaker is supported by Deputy Speakers, ranked by number in order of precedence, which also are members of the House. In the event that the Speaker is unable to fulfill their duties or the position becomes vacant, the meeting is chaired by the First Deputy Speaker. The Speaker has a seat with a backrest that is higher than the other seats in the House.

Election

The Speaker is elected by the members of the House of Representatives. Such an election takes place shortly after a general election or after the position became vacant. The House adopts a profile that outlines the desired qualities that potential candidates should have, such as prior experience and personal traits. The profile is not binding, however. Members can submit their candidacy, but this is not required. [4]

During general election all or most members of a given political body are chosen. These are usually held for a nation's primary legislative body, as distinguished from by-elections and local elections.

The election itself requires the participation of at least 76 members. To win the election, a Member needs to obtain an absolute majority of the votes cast (more than 50%). The voting takes place by open and secret ballot, which means that Members have to write down the name of the preferred Member themselves and that the vote is not disclosed. Members can choose between writing down the name of one of the candidates, the name of any other Member (whether they are standing or not), something invalid or nothing at all. [4]

Secret ballot voting style that makes each vote anonymous

The secret ballot, also known as Australian ballot, is a voting method in which a voter's choices in an election or a referendum are anonymous, forestalling attempts to influence the voter by intimidation, blackmailing, and potential vote buying. The system is one means of achieving the goal of political privacy.

An election requires multiple voting rounds when no member wins an absolute majority. If there is no winner after two rounds, the rules of voting are different. In the third round, the list of members who were voted for in the second round is definitive. In addition, the number of eligible members is limited, depending on the number of members who received votes in the second round. If fewer than five members received votes then all members except the two frontrunners are eliminated from the election, otherwise only four frontrunners remain. In the fourth round, only the two frontrunners are eligible, any other votes are deemed invalid. If both members have the same number of votes, the election is decided by lot. [4]

Members of the Presidium

PortraitNamePositionPartyService in the PresidiumService as a member of
the House of Representatives
30. Khadija Arib.jpg Khadija Arib
(born 1960)
Speaker PvdA 13 January 2016
(3 years, 160 days)
1 March 2007
(12 years, 113 days)
19 May 1998 – 30 November 2006
(8 years, 195 days)
Ockje Tellegen - 2018.jpg Ockje Tellegen
(born 1974)
First Deputy Speaker VVD 31 October 2017
(1 year, 234 days)
20 September 2012
(6 years, 275 days)
MartinBosma2017 (cropped).jpg Martin Bosma
(born 1964)
Second Deputy Speaker PVV 30 June 2010
(9 years, 84 days)
30 November 2006
(12 years, 204 days)
Madeleine van Toorenburg (2017) (cropped).jpg Dr.
Madeleine van Toorenburg
(born 1968)
Third Deputy Speaker CDA 31 October 2017
(1 year, 234 days)
1 March 2007
(12 years, 113 days)
Vera-Bergkamp (cropped).jpg Vera Bergkamp
(born 1971)
Fourth Deputy Speaker D66 31 October 2017
(1 year, 234 days)
20 September 2012
(6 years, 275 days)
KathelijneBuitenwegMaastricht.jpg Dr.
Kathalijne Buitenweg
(born 1970)
Fifth Deputy Speaker GL 8 June 2018
(1 year, 14 days)
23 March 2017
(2 years, 91 days)
Ronald van Raak1.jpg Dr.
Ronald van Raak
(born 1969)
Sixth Deputy Speaker SP 23 June 2010
(9 years, 91 days)
30 November 2006
(12 years, 204 days)
Joel Voordewind (cropped).jpg Joël Voordewind
(born 1965)
Seventh Deputy Speaker CU 20 September 2012
(6 years, 275 days)
30 November 2006
(12 years, 204 days)
Attje Kuiken (26093154620).jpg Attje Kuiken
(born 1977)
Eighth Deputy Speaker PvdA 1 June 2018
(1 year, 21 days)
11 May 2010
(8 years, 42 days)
30 November 2006 – 19 January 2010
(3 years, 50 days)

See also

President of the Senate (Netherlands) elected member leading the meetings of the Senate of the Netherlands

The President of the Senate is one of the 75 members of the Senate of the Netherlands and is elected to lead its meetings and be its representative. The officeholder also chairs the Internal Committee, the Committee of Senior Members as well as the joint sessions of both houses of the States General, the so-called Verenigde Vergadering.

Related Research Articles

1917 Dutch general election

General elections were held in the Netherlands on 5 and 15 June 1917 to elect members of the House of Representatives of the Dutch Parliament. The elections were held following an agreement between the seven political parties with seats in parliament to allow a change in the constitution to introduce universal male suffrage and proportional representation. Polling was held for 50 constituencies with only one candidate on 5 June, in which 50 MPs were elected. In the other 50 constituencies with opposition candidates, voting was held on 15 July. A second round was required in Amsterdam, where Social Democratic Workers' Party candidate Adriaan Gerhard was re-elected.

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Anouchka van Miltenburg Dutch politician

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References

  1. "Khadija Arib elected Speaker of the House". House of Representatives . 13 January 2016. Retrieved 14 January 2016.
  2. "Ms Anouchka van Miltenburg, Speaker of the House resigns". House of Representatives. 12 December 2015. Retrieved 18 December 2015.
  3. Van den Dool, Pim (15 December 2015). "Kamer kiest op 13 januari een nieuwe voorzitter" [House elects a new Speaker on 13 January]. NRC Handelsblad (in Dutch). Retrieved 18 December 2015.
  4. 1 2 3 "Voorzitter Tweede Kamer - verkiezingen" [Speaker House of Representatives - elections]. Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 13 February 2016.