The foreign policy of the Netherlands is based on four basic commitments: to the Atlantic cooperation, to European integration, to international development and to international law. While historically the Kingdom of the Netherlands was a neutral state, since 1945 it has become a member of NATO, the United Nations, the European Union and many other international organizations. The Dutch economy is very open and relies on international trade. During and after the 17th century—its Golden Age--the Dutch built up a commercial and colonial empire. It was a leading shipping and naval power and was often at war with England, its main rival. Its main colonial holding was Indonesia, which fought for and achieved independence after 1945. The historical ties inherited from its colonial past still influence the foreign relations of the Netherlands. Foreign trade policy is handled by the European Union. The Dutch have been active in international peacekeeping roles.
In the Dutch Golden Age, which had its zenith around 1667, there was a flowering of trade, industry, the arts and the sciences. A rich worldwide Dutch empire developed and the Dutch East India Company became one of the earliest and most important of national mercantile companies based on entrepreneurship and trade.
During the 18th century, the power and wealth of the Netherlands declined. A series of wars with the more powerful British and French neighbors weakened it. Britain seized the North American colony of New Amsterdam, turning it into New York. There was growing unrest and conflict between the Orangists and the Patriots. The French Revolution spilled over after 1789, and a pro-French Batavian Republic was established in 1795–1806. Napoleon made it a satellite state, the Kingdom of Holland (1806–1810), and later simply a French imperial province.
In 1815–1940 it was neutral and played a minor role in world diplomacy, apart from a failed effort to control Belgium before giving up in 1839.It was invaded and cruelly treated by Germany in 1940–45, with starvation and killing the Jews the main Nazi policies.
The Dutch Government conducted a review of foreign policy main themes, organization, and funding in 1995. The document "The Foreign Policy of the Netherlands: A Review" outlined the new direction of Dutch foreign policy. The Netherlands prioritizes enhancing European integration, maintaining relations with neighboring states, ensuring European security and stability (mainly through the mechanism of NATO and emphasizing the important role the United States plays in the security of Europe), and participating in conflict management and peacekeeping missions. The foreign policy review also resulted in the reorganization of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Through the creation of regional departments, the Ministry coordinates tasks previously divided among the international cooperation, foreign affairs, and economic affairs sections.
Dutch security policy is based primarily on membership in NATO, which the Netherlands co-founded in 1949. Because of Dutch participation in NATO, nuclear weapons are stationed in the Netherlands, see Volkel Air Base.
The Dutch also pursue defense cooperation within Europe, both multilaterally – in the context of the Western European Union and the European Security and Defence Policy of the EU – and bilaterally, as in the German-Netherlands Corps. In recent years, the Dutch have become significant contributors to UN peacekeeping efforts around the world as well as to the Stabilization Force in Bosnia and Herzegovina (SFOR) in Bosnia.
The Dutch have been strong advocates of European integration, and most aspects of their foreign, economic, and trade policies are coordinated through the European Union (EU). The Dutch postwar customs union with Belgium and Luxembourg (the Benelux group) paved the way for the formation of the European Community (precursor to the EU), of which the Netherlands was a founding member. Likewise, the Benelux abolition of internal border controls was a model for the wider Schengen Accord, which today has 29 European signatories (including the Netherlands) pledged to common visa policies and free movement of people across common borders.
The Dutch stood at the cradle of the 1992 Maastricht Treaty and have been the architects of the Treaty of Amsterdam concluded in 1998. The Dutch have thus played an important role in European political and monetary integration; indeed, until the year 2003, Dutchman Wim Duisenberg headed the European Central Bank. In addition, Dutch financial minister Gerrit Zalm was the main critic of the violation of the Stability and Growth Pact by France and Germany in 2004 and 2005.
The Netherlands is among the world's leading aid donors, giving almost $8 billion, about 0.8% of its gross national income (GNI) in official development assistance (ODA). It is one of five countries worldwide that meets the longstanding UN ODA target of 0.7% ODA/GNI. The country consistently contributes large amounts of aid through multilateral channels, especially the United Nations Development Programme, the international financial institutions, and EU programs. A large portion of Dutch aid funds also is channeled through private ("co-financing") organizations that have almost total autonomy in choice of projects.
The Netherlands is a member of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, which recently initiated economic reforms in central Europe. The Dutch strongly support the Middle East peace process and in 1998 earmarked $29 million in contributions to international donor-coordinated activities for the occupied territories and also for projects in which they worked directly with Palestinian authorities. These projects included improving environmental conditions and support for multilateral programs in cooperation with local non-governmental organizations. In 1998, the Dutch provided significant amounts of aid to the former Yugoslavia and Africa. The Dutch consistently provide significant amounts of humanitarian relief aid to the victims of the worst natural disasters, such as the Hurricane Mitch in Central America in 1998, 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami in South and Southeast Asia, the Hurricane Katrina in the United States in 2005, 2010 Haiti earthquake, and more recent catastrophes in Pakistan and Burma including the Typhoon Haiyan in the Philippines in 2013, and 2015 Nepal earthquake.
"Developing countries aspiring to purchase foreign goods and services to invest in, inter alia, port facilities, roads, public transport, health care, or drinking water facilities may be eligible for a special Dutch grant facility. The grant facility, known as ORET (a Dutch acronym for Ontwikkelingsrelevante Exporttransacties, or Development-Related Export) serves to award grants to governments of developing countries for making payments to foreign suppliers."
A centuries-old tradition of legal scholarship has made the Netherlands the home of the International Court of Justice; the Iran-United States Claims Tribunal; the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia; the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda; and the International Criminal Court (ICC). In addition it hosts the European police organization, Europol; and the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons.
As a relatively small country, the Netherlands generally pursues its foreign policy interests within the framework of multilateral organizations. The Netherlands is an active and responsible participant in the United Nations system as well as other multilateral organizations such as the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), World Trade Organization (WTO), and International Monetary Fund.
The Netherlands is one of the founding members of what today is the European Union. It was one of the first countries to start European integration, through the Benelux in 1944 and the European Coal and Steel Community in 1952. Being a small country with a history of neutrality it was the host country for the important Maastricht Treaty and Amsterdam Treaty and is the seat of the International Court of Justice.
The country is one of the major producers of illicit amphetamines and other synthetic drugs. It also functions as an important gateway for cocaine, heroin, and hashish entering Europe. A large portion of the world's XTC consumption is supplied by illegal laboratories from the Netherlands.[ citation needed ]
The Dutch also work with the U.S. and other countries on international programs against drug trafficking and organized crime. The Dutch-U.S. cooperation focuses on joint anti-drug operations in the Caribbean, including an agreement establishing Forward Operating Locations on the Dutch Kingdom islands of Curaçao and Aruba. The Netherlands is a signatory to international counter-narcotics agreements, a member of the United Nations International Drug Control Program, the UN Commission on Narcotic Drugs, and is a contributor to international counter-narcotics.
From June 26 until December 22, 2006, two children, Ammar (12–13) and Sara (10–11), lived in the Dutch embassy in Damascus because of a child custody dispute between the Dutch mother, supported by Dutch law and the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction, and the Syrian father, supported by Syrian law (Syria is no participant of this convention). The children had been living in Syria since 2004, after an alleged international child abduction by the father from the Netherlands to Syria, during a family contact in which he supposedly would visit Paris with them. The children fled to the embassy because they would like to live with their mother in the Netherlands. Minister of Foreign Affairs Ben Bot traveled to Damascus, negotiated and on December 22 the children finally could return to the Netherlands.
The father claims that the Dutch government has promised not to prosecute him for the abduction. However, a Dutch prosecutor claims that he is free to prosecute the father and may well do that and that the Dutch have only retracted the international request to arrest him outside the Netherlands.
Mark Rutte's government provided materials to the Levant Front rebel group in Syria.In September 2018, the Dutch public prosecution department declared the Levant Front to be a "criminal organisation of terrorist intent", describing it as a "salafist and jihadistic" group that "strives for the setting up of the caliphate".
In July 2019, the UN ambassadors from 22 nations, including the Netherlands, signed a joint letter to the UNHRC condemning China's mistreatment of the Uyghurs as well as its mistreatment of other minority groups, urging the Chinese government to close the Xinjiang re-education camps.
The Caribbean islands of Aruba, Curaçao, Sint Maarten, Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba are dependencies of the Netherlands. The latter three are part of the Netherlands proper and are collectively known as the Caribbean Netherlands. Suriname and Indonesia became independent of the Netherlands in the period of decolonization: Suriname in 1975 and Indonesia in 1945 (it was not until August 16, 2005, that the Dutch government recognized 1945 and not 1949 as the latter's year of independence).
|Country||Formal Relations Began||Notes|
|Algeria||See Foreign relations of Algeria |
|Angola||See Foreign relations of Angola|
|Benin||See Foreign relations of Benin|
|Burundi||See Burundi–Netherlands relations |
|Egypt||See Egypt–Netherlands relations |
|Ethiopia||See Ethiopia–Netherlands relations|
|Ghana||See Ghana–Netherlands relations |
|Ivory Coast||See Ivory Coast–Netherlands relations |
|Kenya||See Kenya–Netherlands relations |
|Morocco||See Morocco–Netherlands relations|
|Mozambique||See Foreign relations of Mozambique |
|Nigeria||See Netherlands–Nigeria relations |
|Rwanda||See Netherlands–Rwanda relations |
|Senegal||See Foreign relations of Senegal |
|South Africa||See Netherlands–South Africa relations|
|Sudan||See Netherlands–Sudan relations |
|Tanzania||See Netherlands–Tanzania relations |
|Tunisia||See Netherlands–Tunisia relations |
|Uganda||See Foreign relations of Uganda |
|Zimbabwe||See Foreign relations of Zimbabwe |
|Country||Formal Relations Began||Notes|
|Argentina||See Argentina–Netherlands relations|
|Bolivia||See Bolivia–Netherlands relations |
|Brazil||See Brazil–Netherlands relations|
|Canada||1939-01||See Canada–Netherlands relations |
Canada has an embassy in The Hague and the Netherlands has one in Ottawa, and three Consulates-General in Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver. Canada and the Netherlands have worked closely together on many foreign issues and enjoy an especially close relationship. To fostering business and commercial relations between the Netherlands and Canada the Dutch business community set up the Netherlands-Canadian Chamber of Commerce. They are both members of the United Nations (and its Specialized Agencies) the World Trade Organization, Interpol, they are both founding members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council (EAPC) the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), and the Stability Pact for South Eastern Europe. Canada and the Netherlands also work together on such issues as the prohibition and elimination of anti-personnel mines, the control of the proliferation of small arms and light weapons, eradicating the worst forms of child labour, the provision of rapid reaction peacekeeping forces to the United Nations (SHIRBRIG) and regional security issues such as Bosnia (SFOR) and Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE).
|Chile||See Chile–Netherlands relations |
|Colombia||1829||See Colombia–Netherlands relations |
Relations between Colombia and the Netherlands were established in 1829.
|Cuba||See Cuba–Netherlands relations |
Both countries established diplomatic relations on 15 May 1970. Guyana was made up of three former Dutch colonies: (Berbice, Demerara and Essequibo (colony)) which were brought together by the British and renamed collectively British Guiana.
|Honduras||See Honduras–Netherlands relations|
|Mexico||1827||See Mexico–Netherlands relations |
On September 27, 1993 the Netherlands Ministry of Finance announced The Netherlands – Mexico Tax Treaty and Protocol. The regulations detail the formalities residents of the Netherlands must observe "in order to be exempt from, or obtain a refund of, the Mexican withholding taxes on dividends, interest and royalties." In 2008 Mexico and the Netherlands modified their existing tax treaty, initially signed in 1993 to strength cooperation to curb tax evasion.
|Peru||See Netherlands–Peru relations |
|Suriname||1975-25-11||See Netherlands–Suriname relations|
|United States||1781||See Netherlands–United States relations |
The bilateral relations between the two nations are based on historical and cultural ties as well as a common dedication to individual freedom and human rights. The Netherlands shares with the United States a liberal economic outlook and is committed to free trade. The Netherlands is the third-largest direct foreign investor in the United States, and Dutch holding companies employ more than 650,000 Americans. The United States is the third-largest direct foreign investor in the Netherlands.
The United States and the Netherlands often have similar positions on issues and work together both bilaterally and multilaterally in such institutions as the United Nations and NATO. The Dutch have worked with the United States at the World Trade Organization, in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, as well as within the European Union to advance the shared U.S. goal of a more open and market-led global economy.
The United States and the Netherlands joined NATO as charter members in 1949. The Dutch were allies with the United States in the Korean War and the first Gulf War and have been active in global peacekeeping efforts in the former Yugoslavia, Afghanistan and Iraq. Netherlands also support and participate in NATO and EU training efforts in Iraq. They are active participants in the International Security Assistance Force and Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan.
|Uruguay||See Netherlands–Uruguay relations|
|Venezuela||See Netherlands–Venezuela relations|
|Country||Formal Relations Began||Notes|
|Armenia||1992-01-30||See Armenia–Netherlands relations |
|Azerbaijan||See Azerbaijan–Netherlands relations|
|Bangladesh||1971-01-04||See Bangladesh–Netherlands relations |
|Bhutan||See Foreign relations of Bhutan |
|Brunei||See Foreign relations of Brunei |
|Cambodia||See Cambodia–Netherlands relations |
|China||See China–Netherlands relations|
|Georgia||See Georgia–Netherlands relations|
|India||1947-15-8||See India–Netherlands relations|
|Indonesia||See Indonesia–Netherlands relations |
|Iran||See Iran–Netherlands relations |
|Israel||1949||See Israel–Netherlands relations |
In 1947, the Netherlands voted in favor of the United Nations Resolution 181. Both countries established diplomatic relations in 1949.
|Japan||1609||See Japan–Netherlands relations |
Relations between Japan and the Netherlands date back to 1609, when the first formal trade relations were established. The relations between Japan and the Netherlands after 1945 have been a triangular relationship. The invasion and occupation of the Netherlands East Indies during World War II, brought about the destruction of the colonial state in Indonesia, as the Japanese removed as much of the Dutch government as they could, weakening the post war grip the Netherlands had over the territory. Under pressure from the United States, the Netherlands recognised Indonesian sovereignty in 1949 (see United States of Indonesia).
|Jordan||See Jordan–Netherlands relations |
|Kazakhstan||1992||See Kazakhstan–Netherlands relations |
|Kuwait||See Kuwait–Netherlands relations |
|Laos||See Foreign relations of Laos |
|Malaysia||1957-31-08||See Malaysia–Netherlands relations |
The Dutch involvement in the Malay Peninsula used to be much more extensive than it is now. The Dutch established relations with the Sultanate of Johor in the early 17th century, and in 1641 they captured the Portuguese colony of Malacca (on the south-eastern coast of today's Peninsular Malaysia). With a long interruption during the Napoleonic Wars, the Dutch Malacca era lasted until 1824. In the 20th century, the Netherlands established diplomatic relations with Malaysia soon after the Asian state became independent. The erudite Dutch Sinologist and author Robert van Gulik (who was raised in the former Dutch East Indies himself) served as the ambassador of the Netherlands in Kuala Lumpur in the early 1960s. During his diplomatic service there he became closely acquainted with Malaysia's gibbons (he kept a few in his ambassadorial residence) and became sufficiently interested in this ape species to start the study of its role in ancient Chinese culture, the results of which he later published in his last book (Gibbon in China).
|Mongolia||1972-06-03||See Foreign relations of Mongolia |
|Myanmar||See Myanmar–Netherlands relations |
|Nepal||See Foreign relations of Nepal |
|Oman||See Foreign relations of Oman |
|Pakistan||1947-15-8||See Netherlands–Pakistan relations|
|Philippines||See Netherlands–Philippines relations |
|Qatar||See Netherlands–Qatar relations |
|Saudi Arabia||See Netherlands–Saudi Arabia relations |
|Singapore||1965-09-08||See Netherlands–Singapore relations |
|South Korea||1961-01-04||See Netherlands–South Korea relations |
The establishment of diplomatic relations between the Republic of Korea and the Kingdom of the Netherlands began on April 1, 1961.
|Sri Lanka||1948||See Netherlands–Sri Lanka relations |
|Thailand||See Netherlands–Thailand relations |
|Turkey||1612||See Netherlands–Turkey relations |
|United Arab Emirates||See Netherlands–United Arab Emirates relations|
|Vietnam||See Netherlands–Vietnam relations|
|Country||Formal Relations Began||Notes|
|Albania||1970||See Albania–Netherlands relations |
|Austria||See Austria–Netherlands relations |
|Belarus||1994||See Belarus–Netherlands relations |
|Belgium||See Belgium–Netherlands relations |
Relations were established after the independence of Belgium. Both nations are allies and have cultural similarities.
|Bosnia & Herzegovina|
|Bulgaria||See Bulgaria–Netherlands relations |
|Croatia||See Croatia–Netherlands relations |
|Cyprus||See Cyprus–Netherlands relations |
|Czech Republic||See Czech Republic–Netherlands relations |
|Denmark||1645||See Denmark – Netherlands relations |
|Finland||See Finland–Netherlands relations |
|France||See France–Netherlands relations |
|Germany||1871||See Germany–Netherlands relations|
|Greece||See Greece–Netherlands relations|
|Hungary||See Foreign relations of Hungary |
|Iceland||See Iceland–Netherlands relations|
|Ireland||See Foreign relations of Ireland|
|Italy||See Foreign relations of Italy|
|Malta||See Foreign relations of Malta|
|Montenegro||See Montenegro–Netherlands relations|
|Norway||See Foreign relations of Norway|
|Poland||See Netherlands–Poland relations|
|Portugal||See Netherlands–Portugal relations|
|Romania||1880-02-13||See Netherlands–Romania relations|
|Russia||1991||See Netherlands–Russia relations |
Both countries were establishment of diplomatic relations in 1991 after the fall of the Soviet Union. Peter the Great studied in Holland. During the Cold War, all the Dutch consecutive governments perceived the Warsaw pact including the Soviet Union and Russia as a threat to its safety.
|Serbia||1899-04-26||See Netherlands–Serbia relations |
|Slovakia||1993-01-01||See Netherlands–Slovakia relations |
|Slovenia||1991-06-25||See Netherlands–Slovenia relations |
|Spain||See Netherlands–Spain relations |
|Sweden||See Netherlands–Sweden relations |
|Switzerland||See Foreign relations of Switzerland |
|Turkey||1612||See Turkey in Asia Above|
|Ukraine||1992||See Netherlands–Ukraine relations |
|United Kingdom||See Netherlands–United Kingdom relations|
|Country||Formal Relations Began||Notes|
|Australia||See Australia–Netherlands relations|
|New Zealand||See Netherlands–New Zealand relations |
Vanuatu has an honorary consulate in The Hague.
In a press release dated 14 March 1997, the Netherlands Ministry of Finance announced the Netherlands and Mexican regulations under the Netherlands – Mexico tax treaty and protocol, both of 27 September 1993. The Mexican regulations deal with the formalities to be observed by residents of the Netherlands in order to be exempt from, or obtain a refund of, the Mexican withholding taxes on dividends, interest and royalties.
Mexico and the Netherlands modified a tax treaty signed in 1993 in a bid to strength cooperation to curb tax evasion, Mexican Treasury and Public Credit Ministry said on Friday.
The Mexican ministry of finance and the Dutch ambassador to Mexico signed a new protocol to the Mexico-Netherlands tax treaty, which includes the following relevant modifications ...
Foreign relations of the Italian Republic are the Italian government's external relations with the outside world. Located in Europe, Italy has been considered a major Western power since its unification in 1861. Its main allies are the NATO countries and the EU states, two entities of which Italy is a founding member.
The General Intelligence and Security Service is the intelligence and security agency of the Netherlands, tasked with domestic, foreign and signals intelligence and protecting national security.
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) rights in the Netherlands have been some of the most progressive in the world. Same-sex sexual activity was legalized in 1811 after France invaded the country and installed the Napoleonic Code, erasing any remaining sodomy laws and no more were enacted after the country received independence. An age of consent equal with that of heterosexual activity was put in place in 1971. During the late 20th century, awareness surrounding homosexuality grew and society became more tolerant of gay and bisexual people, eventually leading to its declassification as a mental illness in 1973 and a ban on discrimination based on sexual orientation in the military. The Equal Treatment Act 1994 bans discrimination on account of sexual orientation in employment, housing, public accommodations, and other areas. This was extended in 2019 to include discrimination based on gender identity, gender expression and sex characteristics. After the country began granting same-sex couples domestic partnerships benefits in 1998, the Netherlands became the first country in the world to legalize same-sex marriage in 2001. Same-sex joint and stepchild adoption are also permitted, and lesbian couples can access IVF as well.
The foreign relations of the Islamic Republic of Mauritania have, since 1960, been dominated by the issues of the Spanish Sahara and the recognition of its independence by its neighbours, particularly Morocco. Mauritania's foreign relations are handled by the Minister for Foreign Affairs and Cooperation, who is currently Ismail Ould Cheikh Ahmed.
The Ministry of Justice and Security is the Dutch Ministry responsible for justice, imprisonment and public security. The Ministry was created in 1798 as the Department of Justice, before it became in 1876 the Ministry of Justice. In 2010, it took over the public safety duties from the Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations and became Ministry of Security and Justice. In 2017 the Ministry was renamed to Ministry of Justice and Security. The Ministry is headed by the Minister of Justice and Security, Ferdinand Grapperhaus (CDA) since 26 October 2017.
The Netherlands Institute of International Relations Clingendael or Clingendael Institute is an independent think tank and academy on international affairs which aims to contribute to a secure, sustainable and just world.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs is the Netherlands' ministry responsible for foreign relations, foreign policy, international development, international trade, diaspora and matters dealing with the European Union, NATO and the Benelux Union.
The Ministry of Finance is the Dutch Ministry responsible for economic policy, monetary policy, fiscal policy, tax policy, incomes policy, financial regulation, the government budget and the financial market. The Ministry was created in 1798 as the Department of Finance of the Batavian Republic. It became the Ministry of Finance in 1876. The Minister of Finance is the head of the Ministry and a member of the Cabinet of the Netherlands. The current Minister is Wopke Hoekstra.
Dutch passports are issued to citizens of the Kingdom of the Netherlands for the purpose of international travel. As the Netherlands only distinguish one category of citizen, for all countries in the Kingdom, passports are the same for all four countries. The passport also serves as a means of identification as required by the Dutch law since 1 January 2005 for all persons over the age of fourteen. Dutch passports are valid for a period of ten years from issuing date. The passport complies with the rules for European Union passports. Since 26 August 2006 all passports are issued as a biometric passport with an embedded contactless smartcard RFID chip for storing biometric data. Every Dutch citizen is also a citizen of the European Union. The nationality allows for free rights of movement and residence in any of the states of the European Union, European Economic Area, and Switzerland.
Belarus–Netherlands relations are foreign relations between Belarus and the Netherlands. Both countries established diplomatic relations in 1994. Belarus has an embassy and an honorary consulate in The Hague. The Netherlands is represented in Belarus through its embassy in Warsaw (Poland) and through an honorary consulate in Minsk. Both countries are full members of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe.
The Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate Policy is the Dutch Ministry responsible for Commercial policy, International trade, Industrial policy, Investment policy, Technology policy, Energy policy, Nuclear energy policy, Renewable energy policy, Environmental policy, Climate change policy, Natural resources, Mining, Space policy and Tourism Affairs.
Simon J. H. Smits is the former Dutch ambassador to the United Kingdom. He completed a Harting Fellowship at the University of Oxford after which he entered the diplomatic service and received postings to Bangladesh, Geneva, Zagreb, The Hague, South Africa and Brussels as the permanent representative to the European Union. In 2006 he began to work for Royal Dutch Shell, and from 2011 at the Dutch Ministry of Agriculture, Innovation and Economic Affairs. He was subsequently Director General for Foreign Economic Relations at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Azerbaijan–Netherlands relations refers to the diplomatic relations between Azerbaijan and the Netherlands.
The Ministry of Justice, Security and Integration of Aruba is responsible for "law enforcement, public order and security, border control, immigration and integration policy, fire brigade, legislation of all ministries, advice on administrative and legal matters of all ministries, representation of the Land in legal proceedings, games of chance and orthopedagogical treatment of persons." Per an ordinance passed in 2002, the ministry is organized as follows:
Marcin Piotr Czepelak is a Polish jurist who serves an ambassador of Poland to the Netherlands since 13 September 2017.
The Fanfare Band of the Royal Marechaussee is a 60-member fanfare band which serves as the official ensemble of the Dutch Royal Marechaussee. It is currently led by Captain Peter Kleine Schaars. It is currently based in Apeldoorn. Being a professional military band representing a service branch of the Dutch Armed Forces, it consists of many different ensembles, including a saxophone quartet, and a percussion section. Also, it maintains a drum and bugle corps component.
Her Excellency Monique T. G. Van Daalen is a Dutch diplomat. She is the Ambassador and Permanent Representative of The Netherlands to the United Nations.
André Haspels is a Dutch diplomat currently serving as the Dutch Ambassador to the United States since September 16, 2019. He previously served as ambassador in Vietnam and South Africa and most recently as Director general of political affairs in The Hague.