Taylor & Francis

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Taylor & Francis
Taylor & Francis logo.svg
Parent company Informa
Founded1852;170 years ago (1852)
FounderWilliam Francis
Richard Taylor
Country of originUnited Kingdom
Headquarters location Milton Park, Abingdon-on-Thames, Oxfordshire United Kingdom
Distribution Bookpoint (Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia)
self-distributed (the Americas) [1]
Key peopleAnnie Callanan (CEO); [2] Jeremy North (MD, Books); Christoph Chesher (Group Sales Director). [3]
Publication types Peer-reviewed books & journals
Nonfiction topics Humanities, Social Science, Behavioural Science, Education, Law, Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics, Medicine
Fiction genres Non-Fiction. Academic & Scholarly.
Imprints Routledge (Humanities, Social science, Education & Law); Taylor & Francis, CRC Press & Garland Science (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics)
Revenue£556M in 2020 with adjusted operating margin of 38.8% [4]
£559.6M in 2019 [4]
No. of employees1,800 [5]
Official website taylorandfrancis.com
Previous Taylor & Francis logo from a 1900 publication Taylor and Francis logo, (The Ibis, 1900).jpg
Previous Taylor & Francis logo from a 1900 publication
Routledge/Taylor & Francis at an American academic conference, 2008 ASA conference 2008 - 17.JPG
Routledge/Taylor & Francis at an American academic conference, 2008
Taylor & Francis at the University of London School of Advanced Study History Day, 2017 Taylor & Francis at the School of Advanced Study History Day Oct. 2017 03.jpg
Taylor & Francis at the University of London School of Advanced Study History Day, 2017

Taylor & Francis Group is an international company originating in England that publishes books and academic journals. It is a division of Informa plc, a United Kingdom–based publisher and conference company. [6]



The company was founded in 1852 when William Francis joined Richard Taylor in his publishing business. Taylor had founded his company in 1798. Their subjects covered agriculture, chemistry, education, engineering, geography, law, mathematics, medicine, and social sciences. [7]

Francis's son, Richard Taunton Francis (1883–1930), was sole partner in the firm from 1917 to 1930. [8]

In 1965, Taylor & Francis launched Wykeham Publications and began book publishing. T&F acquired Hemisphere Publishing in 1988, and the company was renamed Taylor & Francis Group to reflect the growing number of imprints. Taylor & Francis left the printing business in 1990, to concentrate on publishing. In 1998 it went public on the London Stock Exchange and in the same year bought its academic publishing rival Routledge for £90 million. [9] Acquisition of other publishers has remained a core part of the group's business strategy. [9] It merged with Informa in 2004 to create a new company called T&F Informa, since renamed back to Informa. [9] Following the merger, T&F closed the historic Routledge office at New Fetter Lane in London, and moved to its current headquarters in Milton Park, Oxfordshire. [10] Taylor & Francis Group is now the academic publishing arm of Informa, and accounted for 30.2% of Group Revenue and 38.1% of Adjusted Profit in 2017. [11]

Taylor & Francis publishes more than 2,700 journals, and about 7,000 new books each year, with a backlist of over 140,000 titles available in print and digital formats. [11] It uses the Routledge imprint for its publishing in humanities, social sciences, behavioural sciences, law and education, and the CRC Press imprint for its publishing in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. In 2017, T&F sold assets from its Garland Science imprint to W. W. Norton & Company and then ceased to use that brand. [12] [11]

Although generally considered the smallest of the 'Big Four' STEM publishers (Reed-Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Springer, and Taylor & Francis), [13] its Routledge imprint is claimed to be the largest global academic publisher within humanities and social sciences. [14] [15] The company's journals have been delivered through the Taylor & Francis Online website since June 2011. Prior to that they were provided through the Informaworld website. [16] Taylor & Francis ebooks are now available via the TaylorFrancis website. [17] Taylor & Francis operates a number of Web services for its digital content including Routledge Handbooks Online, [18] the Routledge Performance Archive, [19] Secret Intelligence Files [20] and Routledge Encyclopedia of Modernism. [21] Taylor & Francis offers Open Access publishing options in both its books [22] and journals [23] divisions and through its Cogent Open Access journals imprint. [11]

Taylor & Francis is a member of several professional publishing bodies including the Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association, [24] the International Association of Scientific, Technical, and Medical Publishers, [25] the Association of Learned & Professional Society Publishers [26] and The Publishers Association. [27] In 2017, after collaborating for several years, T&F bought specialist digital resources company Colwiz. [28] [29] In January 2020, T&F bought open research publishing platform F1000. [30]

The old Taylor and Francis logo depicts a hand pouring oil into a lit lamp, along with the Latin phrase alere flammam – "to feed the flame [of knowledge]". The modern logo is a stylised oil lamp in a circle. [31]

Company figures

The group has about 1,800 employees [5] in at least 18 offices worldwide. Its head office is in Milton Park, Abingdon in the United Kingdom, with other offices in Stockholm, Leiden, New York, Boca Raton, Philadelphia, Kentucky, Singapore, Kuala Lumpur, Hong Kong, Beijing, Shanghai, Taipei, Melbourne, Sydney, Cape Town, Tokyo and New Delhi. [5] [32]

Taylor & Francis reported a mean 2017 gender pay gap of 24.2% for its UK workforce, while the median was 8%. The fact that the average pay for women is significantly worse than the median pay (compared to men's) shows that women are underrepresented in the positions with the highest pay. [33]


Journal protests

In 2013, the entire board of the Journal of Library Administration resigned in a dispute over author licensing agreements. [34]

Academic practices

In 2016, Critical Reviews in Toxicology was accused by the Center for Public Integrity of being a "broker of junk science". [35] Monsanto was found to have worked with an outside consulting firm to induce the journal to publish a biased review of the health effects of its product "Roundup". [36]

In 2017, Taylor & Francis was strongly criticized for removing the editor-in-chief of International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health , who accepted articles critical of corporate interests. The company replaced the editor with a corporate consultant without consulting the editorial board. [37]

The journal Cogent Social Sciences accepted a hoax article, "The conceptual penis as a social construct", that had been rejected by another Taylor & Francis journal, Norma: International Journal for Masculinity Studies. [38] [39] When the authors announced the hoax, the article was retracted. [40]

In December 2018, the journal Dynamical Systems accepted the paper Saturation of Generalized Partially Hyperbolic Attractors only to have it retracted after publication due to the Iranian nationality of the authors. The European Mathematical Society condemned the retraction and later announced that Taylor & Francis had agreed to reverse the decision. [41] Previous instances of Taylor & Francis journals discriminating against Iranian authors were reported in 2013. [42] [43]

Manipulation of bibliometrics

According to Goodhart's law and concerned academics like the signatories of the San Francisco Declaration on Research Assessment, commercial academic publishers benefit from manipulation of bibliometrics and scientometrics like the journal impact factor, which is often used as proxy of prestige and can influence revenues, including public subsidies in the form of subscriptions and free work from academics. [44]

Six T&F journals, which exhibited unusual levels of self-citation, had their journal impact factor of 2019 suspended from Journal Citation Reports in 2020, a sanction which hit 34 journals in total. [45]

Acquired companies and discontinued imprints

See also

Related Research Articles

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Routledge British multinational academic publisher founded in 1836

Routledge is a British multinational publisher. It was founded in 1836 by George Routledge, and specialises in providing academic books, journals and online resources in the fields of humanities, behavioural science, education, law, and social science. The company publishes approximately 1,800 journals and 5,000 new books each year and their backlist encompasses over 70,000 titles. Routledge is claimed to be the largest global academic publisher within humanities and social sciences.

The CRC Press, LLC is an American publishing group that specializes in producing technical books. Many of their books relate to engineering, science and mathematics. Their scope also includes books on business, forensics and information technology. CRC Press is now a division of Taylor & Francis, itself a subsidiary of Informa.

SAGE Publishing American publishing company founded in 1965

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Maney Publishing was an independent academic publishing company that was taken over by Taylor & Francis in 2015. Maney Publishing specialised in peer-reviewed academic journals in materials science and engineering, the humanities, and health science. Maney published extensively for learned societies, universities, and professional bodies.

Hachette Book Group (HBG) is a publishing company owned by Hachette Livre, the largest publishing company in France, and the third largest trade and educational publisher in the world. Hachette Livre is a wholly owned subsidiary of Lagardère Group. HBG was formed when Hachette Livre purchased the Time Warner Book Group from Time Warner on March 31, 2006. Its headquarters are located at 1290 Avenue of the Americas, Midtown Manhattan, New York City. Hachette is considered one of the big-five publishing companies, along with Holtzbrinck/Macmillan, Penguin Random House, HarperCollins, Scholastic, and Simon & Schuster. In one year, HBG publishes approximately 1400+ adult books, 300 books for young readers, and 450 audio book titles. In 2017, the company had 167 books on the New York Times bestseller list, 34 of which reached No. 1.

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Haworth Press was a publisher of scholarly, academic and trade books, and approximately 200 peer-reviewed academic journals. It was founded in 1978 by the publishing industry executives Bill Cohen and Patrick Mcloughlin. The name was taken from the township of Haworth in England, the home of the Brontë sisters. Many of the Haworth publications cover very specialized material, ranging from mental health, occupational therapy, psychology, psychiatry, addiction studies, social work, interdisciplinary social sciences, library & information science, LGBT studies, agriculture, pharmaceutical science, health care, medicine, and other fields.

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Earthscan is an English-language publisher of books and journals on climate change, sustainable development and environmental technology for academic, professional and general readers.

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Transaction Publishers 1962–2016 American publishing house

Transaction Publishers was a New Jersey–based publishing house that specialized in social science books. It was located on the Livingston Campus of Rutgers University. Transaction was sold to Taylor & Francis in 2016 and merged with its Routledge imprint.

Ashgate Publishing was an academic book and journal publisher based in Farnham. It was established in 1967 and specialised in the social sciences, arts, humanities and professional practice. It had an American office in Burlington, Vermont, and another British office in London. It is now a subsidiary of Informa.

Perseus Books Group

Perseus Books Group was an American publishing company founded in 1996 by investor Frank Pearl. It was named Publisher of the Year in 2007 by Publishers Weekly magazine for its role in taking on publishers formerly distributed by Publishers Group West and acquiring Avalon Publishing Group. After the death of Frank Pearl, Perseus was sold to Centre Lane Partners in 2015, a private equity firm. In April 2016, its name and publishing business was acquired by Hachette Book Group and its distribution business by Ingram Content Group.

Fitzroy Dearborn was an American publisher of academic library reference titles with offices in London and Chicago. It was acquired by Taylor & Francis as an imprint of Routledge Reference in 2002, before Taylor & Francis merged with Informa.

The International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion is a peer-reviewed scientific journal covering research in ergonomics, product safety, and the prevention and care of injuries. It is published by Taylor & Francis and is an official journal of the European Association for Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion (EuroSafe), formerly the European Consumer Safety Association (ECOSA). JCR: According to the Journal Citation Reports, the journal has a 2016 impact factor of 0.875.

Frank Cass was a British publisher. He was the founder of Frank Cass & Co., an imprint of books and journals of history and the social sciences acquired by Taylor & Francis in 2003.

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Pickering & Chatto is an imprint of Routledge which publishes in the humanities and social sciences, specializing in monographs, critical editions and thematic source collections. Pickering & Chatto's academic monographs have an international reputation and its critical editions and source collections are critically acclaimed. Pickering & Chatto is regarded as "the pre-eminent publisher of critical editions in the humanities and social sciences".

Greenleaf Publishing

Greenleaf Publishing is a UK-based publishing imprint specializing in corporate responsibility, business ethics, environmental policy and management, future business strategy and practice, and sustainable development. Founded in 1992 as an independent publisher, the company became part of GSE Research Limited, an online scholarly publisher specializing in governance, sustainability and the environment, in 2012. In 2017, the company was sold to Taylor & Francis and became part of its Routledge imprint.


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Further reading