The Manhattan Transfer

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The Manhattan Transfer
Manhattan Transfer.jpg
Manhattan Transfer from left to right: Janis Siegel, Cheryl Bentyne, Alan Paul, and Tim Hauser
Background information
OriginNew York City
Genres Vocal jazz, a cappella, vocalese, swing, pop
Years active1969–present
Labels Capitol, Columbia, Atlantic, Telarc, Rhino
Website manhattantransfer.net
Members
Past members

The Manhattan Transfer is a Grammy award-winning jazz vocal group founded in 1969 that has explored a cappella , vocalese, swing, standards, Brazilian jazz, rhythm and blues, and pop music.

Contents

There have been two editions of the Manhattan Transfer, with Tim Hauser the only person to be part of both. The first group consisted of Hauser, Erin Dickins, Marty Nelson, Pat Rosalia, and Gene Pistilli. The second version of the group, formed in 1972, consisted of Hauser, Alan Paul, Janis Siegel, and Laurel Massé. In 1979, Massé left the group after being badly injured in a car accident and was replaced by Cheryl Bentyne. The group's long-time pianist, Yaron Gershovsky, accompanied the group on tour and served as music director. Trist Curless from the Los Angeles a cappella group m-pact became a permanent member in October 2014 following Hauser's death. [1]

Early years

In 1969, Tim Hauser formed a vocal group in New York City called The Manhattan Transfer after the novel by John Dos Passos. [2] The group consisted of Erin Dickins, Marty Nelson, Pat Rosalia, and Gene Pistilli. This group made one album, Jukin' (Capitol, 1971), which looked at the jazz music of the past as well as rock and country genres unlike the later incarnations of the group. [3] They were not picked up by Capitol Records for a second album, and the group broke up in 1973.

Shortly thereafter, Hauser met Laurel Massé while he was a cab driver and she was his passenger. Soon after, he met Janis Siegel. During this time, session drummer Roy Markowitz, who had played with Janis Joplin, and recorded with Don McLean, attended a performance of the group and convinced Tim to change the group's direction. Roy was in the Broadway band of Grease and introduced one of its cast members, Alan Paul (who played the dual role of bandleader Johnny Casino and the Teen Angel), to Tim. Thus began another version of The Manhattan Transfer. [2] [3] After performing in clubs in New York City, the quartet asked Roy to produce a demo to present to Ahmet Ertegun at Atlantic Records. The demo was a success and Atlantic released its debut album with guest appearances by bona fide jazz musicians Randy Brecker, Jon Faddis, and Zoot Sims. The Manhattan Transfer (Atlantic, 1975) lacked the condescension of the previous album, presenting instead serious vocalese renditions of "Java Jive" and "Tuxedo Junction" and scoring a Hot 100 top 25 hit with the gospel-tinged "Operator". [3] During the month of August 1975, the group hosted a four-week variety series on CBS-TV. The hour-long show was simply called The Manhattan Transfer, aired on Sunday evenings, and for the most part concentrated on showcasing the talents of the group. [4] Their next album, Coming Out (1976), produced Chanson d'Amour , which was a number one hit in The U.K. and Ireland. [3]

Bentyne and "Birdland"

In 1978, Laurel Massé was in a car accident and dropped out of the group. She was replaced by Cheryl Bentyne. [2] [3] The group's next album, Extensions (Atlantic, 1979), produced the hit "Twilight Zone/Twilight Tone", in which "Twilight Zone" is a tribute to the same-named TV series. [5]

Extensions featured a cover version of "Birdland", an instrumental by the jazz fusion group Weather Report, with lyrics by Jon Hendricks of Lambert, Hendricks, and Ross. One of the most popular jazz recordings of 1980, "Birdland" won the Grammy Award for Best Jazz Fusion Performance, while Janis Siegel won the Grammy Award for Best Vocal Arrangement.

In 1981, the Manhattan Transfer made music history by becoming the first group to win Grammy awards for both popular and jazz categories in the same year. "The Boy from New York City", a cover of the 1965 success by The Ad Libs, reached the Top 10 on the Hot 100 and won them the award for Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal, and "Until I Met You (Corner Pocket)" earned them a Grammy Award for Best Jazz Vocal Performance, Duo or Group. Both of these songs appeared on the group's fifth album, Mecca for Moderns (Atlantic, 1981). In 1982, the group won another Grammy, for Best Jazz Vocal Performance, Duo or Group, for its rendition of "Route 66". The song was featured on the soundtrack to the Burt Reynolds film Sharky's Machine .

Stretching out

In September 1983, the group released the album Bodies and Souls, with an urban-contemporary style which resulted in two R&B chart singles. The first was the No. 2 hit "Spice of Life", which was co-written by former Heatwave member Rod Temperton who had penned several hits for Michael Jackson. The single also reached No. 40 on the US pop chart and No. 19 in the UK. The other single, the ballad "Mystery" (#80 R&B, No. 102 Pop), was later covered by Anita Baker on her 1986 album Rapture.

In 1985, the group released two albums; the first was Bop Doo-Wopp , which included both live and studio recordings, and the second was Vocalese , which received twelve Grammy nominations—at the time making it second only to Michael Jackson's Thriller as the most nominated single album ever. The group won in two categories: Best Jazz Vocal Performance, Duo or Group, and Best Arrangement for Voices. This was followed by a live recording of many of these songs titled Live . This concert, recorded in Japan, was also released on VHS and DVD, later titled Vocalese Live.

For their next album, Brasil (1987), the group headed south to work with Brazilian songwriters and musicians Ivan Lins, Milton Nascimento, Djavan and Gilberto Gil. Brasil won a Grammy for Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal.

The group did not release any studio albums again until 1991, when they signed with the Sony Music label and released The Offbeat of Avenues , featuring original material written or co-written by members of the quartet. Their efforts brought them their 10th Grammy award, for the song "Sassy". This was followed by the release of their first holiday album entitled The Christmas Album in 1992.

Switching back to Atlantic Records as their distributor, they released Tonin' (a collection of R&B and popular successes from the 1960s), The Manhattan Transfer Meets Tubby the Tuba (a children's album), and their 1997 album Swing which covered 1930s-era swing music. Their final album for Atlantic was The Spirit of St. Louis in 2000, dedicated to the music of Louis Armstrong. The group was inducted into the Vocal Group Hall of Fame in 1998.

Since 2000

The group signed to the Telarc label in 2003 to release Couldn't Be Hotter , a live performance capturing many of the songs from The Spirit of St. Louis . In 2004, the group released Vibrate , another one of their "pastiche" albums, blending original tunes with older ones, pop, jazz and funk. Vibrate featured notable musicians such as bassist Will Lee and Steve Hass on drums. They also released, first in Japan, their second holiday album, An Acapella Christmas , in 2005. The album was released in the U.S. in 2006.

During 2006, the group released The Symphony Sessions , a collection of some of their best known songs re-recorded with an orchestra, and also The Definitive Pop Collection, a two-disc collection of the group's material from their time with Atlantic Records. They also recorded their first original title song for a movie, "Trail of the Screaming Forehead"; and, in late 2006, the group released a new concert DVD, The Christmas Concert, and was broadcast by PBS.

The Chick Corea Songbook , a tribute to the works of American jazz musician Chick Corea, was released in September 2009. The album features an appearance by Corea himself on the track "Free Samba". Other prominent musicians on this recording are Airto Moreira, Scott Kinsey, Steve Hass, Alex Acuña, Jimmy Earl, John Benitez, and Christian McBride.

In 2011, The Manhattan Transfer worked on an album of previously recorded, but never finished, songs to honor their 40th anniversary. "We are working on a project now that is called The Vaults. Over the years, there are a lot of different songs that we recorded but never finished. We pull out from the archives a lot of these songs and are finishing them," said Alan Paul in an interview for Jazz FM radio in Bulgaria. [6] One of the highlights of the album was a vocalese version of George and Ira Gershwin's The Man I Love , based on an Artie Shaw and his orchestra performance of the composition, which had been slated for the Swing album.

Substitutes and fourth line-up

In 2011, while receiving treatment for Hodgkin's lymphoma, Cheryl Bentyne was replaced on stage for eight months by the soprano Margaret Dorn; Dorn replaced her again December 2013 (followed by Katie Campbell in early 2014) while Bentyne underwent further treatment. [7] Tim Hauser was absent from the stage in 2013 and early 2014 as he recovered from spinal surgery; he was replaced on stage by bass/baritone Trist Curless of the a cappella group m-pact.

In September 2013, one of the original members of the group, Erin Dickins, started a Kickstarter campaign to re-record "Java Jive" with the surviving original members. It featured Tim Hauser's scat musings, as well as a vocal arrangement by Marty Nelson - sung by Dickins, Nelson, Hauser and Gene Pistilli. The project was successfully funded on October 9, 2013 and released on the CD "Java Jive" on Dot Time Records. [8] Original member Pat Rosalia died from cancer in July 2011. Tim Hauser died of cardiac arrest on October 16, 2014. Gene Pistilli died on December 26, 2017.

Following Hauser's death, the group announced Curless would replace him. [1]

Awards and honors

Discography

Albums

AlbumDate releasedCharts
Jukin' 1971US No. 202
The Manhattan Transfer 1975US No. 33, UK No. 49 (1977 release)
Coming Out 1976US No. 48, UK No. 12, AU No. 29
Pastiche 1978US No. 66, UK No. 10, AU No. 39
The Manhattan Transfer Live UK No. 4, AU No. 71
Extensions 1979US No. 55, UK No. 63, AU No. 91
Mecca for Moderns 1981US No. 22, AU No. 65
The Best of The Manhattan Transfer US No. 103, AU No. 27
Bodies and Souls 1983US No. 57, UK No. 53, AU No. 75
Bop Doo-Wopp 1984US No. 127
Vocalese 1985US No. 74
Live 1987US No. 187
Brasil US No. 98
The Offbeat of Avenues 1991US No. 179
The Christmas Album 1992US No. 120
Anthology: Down in Birdland
The Very Best of The Manhattan Transfer 1994US No. 157
The Manhattan Transfer Meets Tubby the Tuba
Tonin' 1995US No. 123
Man-Tora! Live in Tokyo 1996
Swing 1997
Boy from New York City and Other Hits
The Spirit of St. Louis 2000
Couldn't Be Hotter 2003
Vibrate 2004
An Acapella Christmas 2005
The Symphony Sessions 2006
The Chick Corea Songbook 2009
The Junction 2018

[9]

Singles

YearSong US Hot 100 U.S. AC UK Singles Chart [9] AUS [10] Canada NZ
1975"Operator"2234-6026-
1976"Tuxedo Junction"--24---
1977"Chanson D'Amour"-1619-14
"Don't Let Go"--32---
1978"Walk In Love"--12--
"On a Little Street in Singapore"--20---
"Where Did Our Love Go/Je Voulais Te Dire (Que Je T'Attends)"--4027--
1979"Who What Where When Why"--49---
"I Kiss Your Hand Madam"---54--
1980"Twilight Zone/Twilight Tone"30-2528-15
"Trickle Trickle"73--25--
1981"The Boy from New York City"74-3682
"Smile Again"-41----
1982"Spies in the Night"103-----
"Route 66"7822----
1983"Spice of Life"40519---
1984"Mystery"1026----
"Baby Come Back to Me (The Morse Code of Love)"8314----
1987"Soul Food to Go (Sina)"-25----
1995"Too Busy Thinking About My Baby" (with Phil Collins)-27--58-

Guest/soundtrack appearances

In Other Media

"Chanson d'Amour" was featured in Are You Being Served, performed by all the staff of Grace Brothers department store in the final episode of the long running sit com.

Related Research Articles

The 28th Annual Grammy Awards were held on February 25, 1986, at Shrine Auditorium, Los Angeles. They recognized accomplishments by musicians from the previous year, 1985.

The 23rd Annual Grammy Awards were held on February 25, 1981, at Radio City Music Hall in New York City and were broadcast live on American television. They recognized accomplishments by musicians from the year 1980.

Tim Hauser

Timothy DuPron Hauser was a singer and founding member of the vocal group The Manhattan Transfer. He won 10 Grammy Awards as a member of The Manhattan Transfer.

Jon Hendricks

John Carl Hendricks, known professionally as Jon Hendricks, was an American jazz lyricist and singer. He is one of the originators of vocalese, which adds lyrics to existing instrumental songs and replaces many instruments with vocalists, such as the big-band arrangements of Duke Ellington and Count Basie. He is considered one of the best practitioners of scat singing, which involves vocal jazz soloing. Jazz critic and historian Leonard Feather called him the "Poet Laureate of Jazz", while Time dubbed him the "James Joyce of Jive". Al Jarreau called him "pound-for-pound the best jazz singer on the planet—maybe that's ever been".

<i>Jukin</i> 1971 studio album by The Manhattan Transfer

Jukin' is the debut album by The Manhattan Transfer. Released on Capitol Records in 1971, it was also the only album by the first version of the group, which consisted of Tim Hauser, Erin Dickins, Marty Nelson, Gene Pistilli, and Pat Rosalia.

<i>The Manhattan Transfer</i> (album) 1975 studio album by The Manhattan Transfer

The Manhattan Transfer is the second album by The Manhattan Transfer. However, it is the first of four albums to be released by the lineup of Tim Hauser, Laurel Massé, Alan Paul, and Janis Siegel, and the first to establish the sound and style for which the group would become known. It was released on April 2, 1975 by Atlantic Records and was produced by Ahmet Ertegün and Tim Hauser.

<i>Extensions</i> (The Manhattan Transfer album) 1979 studio album by The Manhattan Transfer

Extensions is the fifth studio album by The Manhattan Transfer, released on October 31, 1979, by Atlantic Records.

<i>Mecca for Moderns</i> 1981 studio album by The Manhattan Transfer

Mecca for Moderns is the sixth studio album by The Manhattan Transfer. It was released in 1981 by Atlantic Records.

<i>Bodies and Souls</i> 1983 studio album by The Manhattan Transfer

Bodies and Souls was released in September 1983 by The Manhattan Transfer on the Atlantic Records label.

<i>Bop Doo-Wopp</i> 1984 studio album by The Manhattan Transfer

Bop Doo-Wopp is the eighth studio album by The Manhattan Transfer, released in 1984 on the Atlantic Records label. Six of the ten tracks on Bop Doo-Wopp are live performances.

<i>Vocalese</i> (album) 1985 studio album by The Manhattan Transfer

Vocalese is the ninth studio album by Jazz band The Manhattan Transfer, released in 1985 on the Atlantic Records. Recording sessions took place during 1985. Production came from Tim Hauser and Martin Fischer. This album is considered to be The Manhattan Transfer's most critically acclaimed album. It received 12 Grammy nominations, making it second only to Michael Jackson's Thriller as the most nominated individual album. It also received extremely high ratings from music critics, including a 4.5 out of 5 stars rating from Allmusic. The album peaked at number 2 on the Top Jazz Albums and number 74 on the Billboard 200. The album's title Vocalese refers to a style of music that sets lyrics to previously recorded jazz instrumental pieces. The vocals then reproduce the sound and feel of the original instrumentation. Jon Hendricks, proficient in this art, composed all of the lyrics for this album.

<i>Brasil</i> (The Manhattan Transfer album) 1987 studio album by The Manhattan Transfer

Brasil was The Manhattan Transfer's tenth studio album. It was released in 1987 on Atlantic Records.

<i>The Offbeat of Avenues</i> 1991 studio album by The Manhattan Transfer

The Offbeat Of Avenues was the thirteenth album released by The Manhattan Transfer on August 13, 1991 by Columbia Records.

<i>Couldnt Be Hotter</i> 2003 live album by The Manhattan Transfer

Couldn't Be Hotter is the forth live album released by The Manhattan Transfer in 2003 on the Telarc label. This is their third live album with Cheryl Bentyne. It was recorded during a tour of Japan over two nights at Orchestra Hall in Tokyo.

Cheryl Bentyne

Cheryl Bentyne is a jazz singer who spent much of her career with The Manhattan Transfer.

Janis Siegel American singer

Janis Siegel is an American jazz singer, best known as a member of the vocal group The Manhattan Transfer.

<i>Spontaneous Inventions</i> 1986 live album by Bobby McFerrin

Spontaneous Inventions is a 1986 live album by American vocalist Bobby McFerrin, released by Blue Note Records.

<i>Live</i> (1987 Manhattan Transfer album) 1987 live album by The Manhattan Transfer

Live is the eleventh album released by The Manhattan Transfer. It was recorded live at the Nakano Sun Plaza Hall in Japan on 20 & 21 February 1986. It was released in 1987.

"Corner Pocket" is a 1955 jazz standard. Versions with lyrics are titled "Until I Met You", or "Until I Met You ".

The Junction is an album by The Manhattan Transfer, released on March 30, 2018. This is their first album in nine years since their last album; The Chick Corea Songbook.

References

  1. 1 2 Manhattan Transfer, November 1, 2013. "Ladies and Gentlemen ... Trist Curless!". Manhattan Transfer Official Site. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
  2. 1 2 3 Weber, Bruce (17 October 2014). "Tim Hauser, the Founder of the Manhattan Transfer, Dies at 72". The New York Times . Retrieved 13 March 2017.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 Bush, John. "The Manhattan Transfer". AllMusic. Retrieved 11 March 2017.
  4. McNeil, Alex (1984). Total Television: A Comprehensive Guide to Programming from 1948 to the Present. Penguin Books. p. 403. ISBN   0-14-00-7377-9.
  5. The introduction of the song is incorrectly attributed in the liner notes to Bernard Herrmann, who wrote the theme for Season 1 of The Twilight Zone only. The more famous Twilight Zone theme that is used in the Manhattan Transfer song was composed by Marius Constant.
  6. Archived April 2, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  7. Manhattan Transfer, November 28, 2013. "Ladies and Gentlemen ... Margaret Dorn!". Manhattan Transfer Official Site. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
  8. Dickins Geyelin, Erin. ""Java Jive" Jazz for Foodies". Kickstarter. Retrieved 1 December 2013.
  9. 1 2 Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 346. ISBN   1-904994-10-5.
  10. Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992 (illustrated ed.). St Ives, N.S.W.: Australian Chart Book. p. 190. ISBN   0-646-11917-6.