Thomas Wakefeld (or Wakefield) (died 1575) was an English academic, the first Regius Professor of Hebrew at Cambridge University.
The Regius Professorship of Hebrew in the University of Cambridge is an ancient academic chair at the University of Cambridge founded by King Henry VIII in 1540.
He was born at Pontefract, Yorkshire. He was educated at the University of Cambridge, graduating B.A. in 1523.On 9 November 1540, by then M.A., he was appointed by King Henry VIII to the newly established professorship of Hebrew at Cambridge. This carried with it membership of Trinity College.
Pontefract is a historic market town in West Yorkshire, England, near the A1 and the M62 motorway. Historically part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, it is one of the five towns in the metropolitan borough of the City of Wakefield and has a population of 28,250, increasing to 30,881 at the 2011 Census. Pontefract's motto is Post mortem patris pro filio, Latin for "After the death of the father, support the son", a reference to the English Civil War Royalist sympathies.
Yorkshire, formally known as the County of York, is a historic county of Northern England and the largest in the United Kingdom. Due to its great size in comparison to other English counties, functions have been undertaken over time by its subdivisions, which have also been subject to periodic reform. Throughout these changes, Yorkshire has continued to be recognised as a geographical territory and cultural region. The name is familiar and well understood across the United Kingdom and is in common use in the media and the military, and also features in the titles of current areas of civil administration such as North Yorkshire, South Yorkshire, West Yorkshire and East Riding of Yorkshire.
Henry VIII was King of England from 1509 until his death in 1547. He was the second Tudor monarch, succeeding his father Henry VII. Henry is best known for his six marriages, in particular his efforts to have his first marriage annulled. His disagreement with the Pope on the question of such an annulment led Henry to initiate the English Reformation, separating the Church of England from papal authority. He appointed himself the Supreme Head of the Church of England and dissolved convents and monasteries, for which he was excommunicated. Henry is also known as "the father of the Royal Navy"; he invested heavily in the Navy, increasing its size greatly from a few to more than 50 ships.
Between 1549 and 1553, and again between 1569 and 1575, the office of reading the Hebrew lecture was discharged by others. It is likely that Wakefeld was disqualified due to alleged Roman Catholic sympathies.
He died in 1575, and was buried on 24 April at Chesterton, near Cambridge.
Chesterton is a suburb in the northeast corner of Cambridge, England, 2.4 kilometres (1.5 mi) north of Cambridge station, on the north bank of the River Cam.
His Locutiones seu Phrases in Novo Testamento, quae videntur secundum proprietates linguae Hebraeae remained in manuscript.
Wakefield's brother Robert Wakefeld was also a scholar of language, and it has been suggested that John Wakefeld, gentleman, controller of the household of Archbishop Thomas Cranmer was his brother as well. Another 'Thomas Wakefeld' was servant to Cranmer in 1537. Wakefeld was twice married: first at the age of forty. He had nine children, three sons and six daughters.
Thomas Cranmer was a leader of the English Reformation and Archbishop of Canterbury during the reigns of Henry VIII, Edward VI and, for a short time, Mary I. He helped build the case for the annulment of Henry's marriage to Catherine of Aragon, which was one of the causes of the separation of the English Church from union with the Holy See. Along with Thomas Cromwell, he supported the principle of Royal Supremacy, in which the king was considered sovereign over the Church within his realm.
Nicholas Ridley was an English Bishop of London. Ridley was burned at the stake as one of the Oxford Martyrs during the Marian Persecutions for his teachings and his support of Lady Jane Grey. He is remembered with a commemoration in the calendar of saints in some parts of the Anglican Communion on 16 October.
Stephen Gardiner was an English bishop and politician during the English Reformation period who served as Lord Chancellor during the reign of Queen Mary I and King Philip.
Thomas Norton was an English lawyer, politician, writer of verse, and playwright.
William Wavell Wakefield, 1st Baron Wakefield of Kendal, known as Sir Wavell Wakefield between 1944 and 1963, was an English rugby union player for Harlequins, Leicester Tigers and England, President of the Rugby Football Union and Conservative politician.
John Clerk was an English bishop. He was educated at Cambridge University, and went on to serve under Cardinal Wolsey in a variety of capacities. He was also useful in a diplomatic capacity to both Wolsey and Henry VIII of England.
Sir Thomas Goodrich was an English ecclesiastic and statesman.
Paul Fagius was a Renaissance scholar of Biblical Hebrew and Protestant reformer.
George Day was the Bishop of Chichester.
Immanuel Tremellius was an Italian Jewish convert to Christianity. He was known as a leading Hebraist and Bible translator.
John Capon, aliasJohn Salcot was a Benedictine monk who became bishop of Bangor, then bishop of Salisbury under Henry VIII. He is often referred to as John Salcot alias Capon.
William Rugg was an English Benedictine theologian, and bishop of Norwich from 1536 to 1549.
Robert Wakefield was an English linguist and scholar.
Nicholas Harpsfield (1519–1575) was an English historian and a Roman Catholic apologist and priest under Henry VIII, whose policies he opposed.
Peter Symonds was a wealthy English merchant and benefactor, most notable for founding a number of almshouses for charitable endeavors in Southeast England. His most prominent achievement was the foundation of an almshouse in Winchester which later was recommissioned into Peter Symonds College.
John Young (1514–1580) was an English Catholic clergyman and academic. He was Master of Pembroke Hall, Cambridge, and was later imprisoned by Elizabeth I. He is not John Young (1534?-1605), Master of Pembroke Hall later in the century, and afterwards Bishop of Rochester.
Antoine Rodolphe Chevallier (1523–1572) was a French Protestant Hebraist and a holder of teaching positions in England. He acted as tutor in French and Hebrew to the future Elizabeth I of England.
Sir Richard Gargrave (1575–1638) was an English landowner and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1597 and 1609.
Simon Haynes or Heynes was Dean of Exeter between 1537 and 1552.
Thomas Swinnerton was an evangelical preacher and author during the English Reformation.
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The Dictionary of National Biography (DNB) is a standard work of reference on notable figures from British history, published since 1885. The updated Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (ODNB) was published on 23 September 2004 in 60 volumes and online, with 50,113 biographical articles covering 54,922 lives.