|University of Cambridge|
|Location||Trumpington Street (map)|
|Full name||The College or Hall of Valence Mary (commonly called Pembroke College) in the University of Cambridge|
|Founder||Marie de St Pol, Countess of Pembroke|
|Named after||Aymer de Valence, 2nd Earl of Pembroke|
|Sister college||The Queen's College, Oxford|
|Master||The Lord Smith of Finsbury|
|Boat club|| www|
Pembroke College (officially "The Master, Fellows and Scholars of the College or Hall of Valence-Mary") is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge, England. The college is the third-oldest college of the university and has over 700 students and fellows. It is one of the university's larger colleges, with buildings from almost every century since its founding, as well as extensive gardens. Its members are termed "Valencians".The college's current master is Chris Smith, Baron Smith of Finsbury.
Pembroke has a level of academic performance among the highest of all the Cambridge colleges; in 2013, 2014, 2016, and 2018 Pembroke was placed second in the Tompkins Table. Pembroke contains the first chapel designed by Sir Christopher Wren and is one of only six Cambridge colleges to have educated a British prime minister, in Pembroke's case William Pitt the Younger. The college library, with a Victorian neo-gothic clock tower, has an original copy of the first encyclopaedia to contain printed diagrams.
Marie de St Pol, Countess of Pembroke (1303–1377), a member of the de Châtillon family of France, founded Pembroke College, Cambridge. On Christmas Eve 1347, Edward III granted Marie de St Pol, widow of the Earl of Pembroke, the licence for the foundation of a new educational establishment in the young university at Cambridge. The Hall of Valence Mary ("Custos & Scolares Aule Valence Marie in Cantebrigg'"), as it was originally known, was thus founded to house a body of students and fellows.The statutes were notable in that they both gave preference to students born in France who had already studied elsewhere in England, and that they required students to report fellow students if they indulged in excessive drinking or visited disreputable houses.
The college was later renamed Pembroke Hall, and finally became Pembroke College in 1856.
Marie was closely involved with College affairs in the 30 years until her death in 1377. She seems to have been something of a disciplinarian: the original Foundation documents had strict penalties for drunkenness and lechery, required that all students' debts were settled within two weeks of the end of term, and gave strict limits on numbers at graduation parties.
In 2015, the college received a bequest of £34 million from the estate of American inventor and Pembroke alumnus Ray Dolby, thought to be the largest single donation to a college in the history of Cambridge University.
The first buildings comprised a single court (now called Old Court) containing all the component parts of a college – chapel, hall, kitchen and buttery, master's lodgings, students' rooms – and the statutes provided for a manciple, a cook, a barber and a laundress. Both the founding of the college and the building of the city's first college Chapel (1355) required the grant of a papal bull.
The original court was the university's smallest at only 95 feet (29 m) by 55 feet (17 m), but was enlarged to its current size in the nineteenth century by demolishing the south range.
The college's gatehouse is the oldest in Cambridge.
The original Chapel now forms the Old Library and has a striking seventeenth-century plaster ceiling, designed by Henry Doogood, showing birds flying overhead. Around the Civil War, one of Pembroke's fellows and Chaplain to the future Charles I, Matthew Wren, was imprisoned by Oliver Cromwell. On his release after eighteen years, he fulfilled a promise by hiring his nephew Christopher Wren to build a great Chapel in his former college. The resulting Chapel was consecrated on St Matthew's Day, 1665, and the eastern end was extended by George Gilbert Scott in 1880, when it was consecrated on the Feast of the Annunciation.
An increase in membership over the last 150 years saw a corresponding increase in building activity. The Hall was rebuilt in 1875–1876 to designs by Alfred Waterhouse after he had declared the medieval Hall unsafe. As well as the Hall, Waterhouse designed a new range of rooms, Red Buildings (1871–1872), in French Renaissance style, designed a new Master's Lodge on the site of Paschal Yard (1873, later to become N staircase), pulled down the old Lodge and the south range of Old Court to open a vista to the chapel, and finally designed a new Library (1877–1878) in the continental Gothic style. The construction of the new library was undertaken by Rattee and Kett.
Waterhouse was dismissed as architect in 1878 and succeeded by George Gilbert Scott, who, after extending the chapel, provided additional accommodation with the construction of New Court in 1881, with letters on a series of shields along the string course above the first floor spelling out the text from Psalm 127:1, "Nisi Dominus aedificat domum…" ("Except the Lord build the house, their labour is but vain that build it").
Building work continued into the 20th century with W. D. Caröe as architect. He added Pitt Building (M staircase) between Ivy Court and Waterhouse's Lodge, and extended New Court with the construction of O staircase on the other side of the Lodge. He linked his two buildings with an arched stone screen, Caröe Bridge, along Pembroke Street in a late Baroque style, the principal function of which was to act as a bridge by which undergraduates might cross the Master's forecourt at first-floor level from Pitt Building to New Court without leaving the college or trespassing in what was then the Fellows' Garden.
In 1926, as the Fellows had become increasingly disenchanted with Waterhouse's Hall, Maurice Webb was brought in to remove the open roof, put in a flat ceiling and add two storeys of sets above. The wall between the Hall and the Fellows' Parlour was taken down, and the latter made into a High Table dais. A new Senior Parlour was then created on the ground floor of Hitcham Building. The remodelling work was completed in 1949 when Murray Easton replaced the Gothic tracery of the windows with a simpler design in the style of the medieval Hall.
In 1933 Maurice Webb built a new Master's Lodge in the south-east corner of the College gardens, on land acquired from Peterhouse in 1861. Following the war, further accommodation was created with the construction in 1957 of Orchard Building, so called because it stands on part of the Foundress's orchard. Finally, in a move to accommodate the majority of junior members on the College site rather than in hostels in the town, in the 1990s Eric Parry designed a new range of buildings on the site of the Master's Lodge, with a new Lodge at the west end. "Foundress Court" was opened in 1997 in celebration of the college's 650th Anniversary. In 2001 the Library was extended to the east and modified internally.
In 2017, Pembroke College launched a new campaign of extension called the "Time and the place" (or the Mill Lane project), on the other side of Trumpington Street. The project is to enlarge the size of the college by a third, with new social spaces, rooms and offices.
Pembroke's enclosed grounds include garden areas. Highlights include "The Orchard" (a patch of semi-wild ground in the centre of the college), an impressive row of Plane Trees and a bowling green, re-turfed in 1996, which is reputed to be among the oldest in continual use in Europe.
The arms of Pembroke College were officially recorded in 1684. The formal blazon combines the arms of De Valence (bars), dimidiated with the arms of St. Pol (vair). It is described as :
Pembroke holds Formal Hall on every evening. Students of the college must wear gowns and arrive on time for Latin Grace, which starts the dinner. Like many Cambridge colleges, Pembroke also has its annual May Ball.
According to popular legends, Pembroke is inhabited by ghosts occupying the Ivy Court.
Pembroke College has both graduate and undergraduate students, termed Valencians,after the college's original name, and its recreational rooms named as "parlours" rather than the more standard "combination room". The undergraduate student body is represented by the Junior Parlour Committee (JPC). The graduate community is represented by the Graduate Parlour Committee (GPC). In March 2016, the Junior Parlour Committee was featured in national newspapers after it cancelled the theme of an "Around The World in 80 Days" dance party.
There are many clubs and societies organised by the students of the college, such as the boat club Pembroke College Boat Club and the college's dramatic society the Pembroke Players, which has been made famous by alumni including Peter Cook, Eric Idle, Tim Brooke-Taylor, Clive James and Bill Oddie and is now in its 60th year.
Pembroke is the only Cambridge college to have an International Programmes Department, providing opportunities for international students to spend a semester (mid-January to mid-June), or part of the summer, in Cambridge. The Spring Semester Programme is a competitive programme for academically outstanding students who wish to follow a regular Cambridge degree course as fully matriculated members of the University. There are around thirty places each year.
In the summer the college offers the eight-week Pembroke-King's Programme (PKP). As well as the academic content, trips are made to locales such as London, and the programme has a series of formal halls, which are described as "three-course candlelit meals" serving "interesting" fare in Pembroke's historic dining hall.The Pembroke-King's Programme is also the programme for which the prestigious Thouron Prize is awarded, fully supporting nine American undergraduates from Harvard, Yale, and UPenn.
|Trevor Allan||1955||Noted legal philosopher|
|Lancelot Andrewes||1555||1626||Master; Dean of Westminster; Bishop of Chichester, Ely, Winchester; leading member of the translation committee which produced the King James Bible|
|C.F. Andrews||1871||1940||Priest and activist for the Indian independence movement|
|David Armitage Bannerman||1886||1979||Ornithologist|
|Richard Beard (author)||1967||Novelist and non-fiction writer|
|Clive Betts||1950||British politician|
|John Bradford||1510||1550||Fellow, prebendary of St. Paul's, Martyr|
|Peter Bradshaw||1962||Author and film critic|
|Tim Brooke-Taylor||1940||2020||Comedian, member of The Goodies|
|Marcus Buckingham||1966||Award-winning author and motivational speaker|
|William Burkitt||1650||1703||New Testament commentator, vicar and lecturer of Dedham, Essex|
|Roger Bushell||1910||1944||Leader of "The Great Escape"|
|Rab Butler||1902||1982||British politician|
|Christopher Clark||1960||Regius Professor of History, University of Cambridge.|
|Jo Cox||1974||2016||British aid worker and politician.|
|Richard Crashaw||c.1613||1649||Anglican cleric and later Catholic convert, poet associated with Metaphysical poets and religious poetry, Fellow of Peterhouse, Cambridge|
|William Crashaw||1572||1626||Appointed preacher at the Inner Temple, Anglican divine and poet, author of anti-Catholic tracts and pamphlets|
|Seamus Deane||1940||2021||Novelist, poet and literary critic|
|Simon Donaldson||1957||Mathematician; Fields Medallist (1986)|
|Ray Dolby||1933||2013||Inventor who bequeathed US$52.6 million to Pembroke|
|C. H. Douglas||1879||1952||Engineer; pioneer of the Social Credit movement|
|Timothy Dudley-Smith||1926||Hymn writer and clergyman of the Church of England|
|Abba Eban||1915||2002||Statesman; President of the Weizmann Institute of Science|
|Rick Edwards||1979||Television presenter|
|Edward James Eliot||1758||1797||British politician|
|William Eliot, 2nd Earl of St Germans||1767||1845||British politician|
|Archibald Fargus||1878||1963||Cricketer, scholar, clergyman|
|Femi Fani-Kayode||1960||Former Nigerian Minister of Culture and Tourism|
|Ian Fleming||1935||Organic chemist, emeritus professor of the University of Cambridge and emeritus fellow|
|William Fowler||1911||1995||Nobel prize winner for Physics|
|Arthur Gilligan||1894||1976||England cricket captain|
|Alexander Grantham||1899||1978||Governor of Fiji, later Governor of Hong Kong|
|Stephen Greenblatt||1943||Literary critic, pioneer of New Historicism|
|Bendor Grosvenor||1977||Art historian|
|Malcolm Guite||1957||Poet and author (Sounding the Seasons, The Singing Bowl), priest, singer-songwriter, currently Bye-Fellow and Chaplain of Girton College, Cambridge; BA, MA, 1980.|
|Rupert Gwynne||1871||1924||Member of Parliament (MP) for Eastbourne 1910–1924.|
|Tom Harrisson||1911||1976||Ornithologist, anthropologist, soldier, co-founder of Mass-Observation|
|Samuel Harsnett||1561||1631||Master, Vice-Chancellor of the University of Cambridge, later Archbishop of York and theological writer|
|Oliver Heald||1954||British politician|
|Philip Hinchcliffe||1944||Television producer|
|Eric Idle||1943||Comedian, member of Monty Python|
|Clive James||1939||2019||Critic, journalist and broadcaster|
|Atma Jayaram||1915||1990||Former Director of the Indian Intelligence Bureau|
|Bryan Keith-Lucas||1912||1996||Political scientist|
|Leslie Peter Johnson||1930||2016||Germanist|
|Anna Lapwood||1995||Organist, conductor and broadcaster|
|David MacMyn||1903||1978||Rugby union international (Scotland and Lions) player and administrator|
|Sir Henry James Sumner Maine||1822||1888||Jurist and Historian|
|Simon McDonald||1961||Diplomat, Head of the British Diplomatic Service|
|D. H. Mellor||1938||2020||Philosopher|
|Tom Morris||1964||Theatre director and producer|
|Sir Allan Mossop||1887||1965||Chief Judge of the British Supreme Court for China|
|David Munrow||1942||1976||Musician, composer, music historian|
|Richard Murdoch||1907||1990||Actor, comedian|
|Bill Oddie||1941||Comedian, member of The Goodies, ornithologist|
|William Pitt||1759||1806||British politician; Prime Minister 1783–1801, 1804–06|
|Rodney Porter||1917||1985||Nobel prize winning Biochemist|
|George Maxwell Richards||1931||2018||President of Trinidad and Tobago|
|Nicholas Ridley||c. 1502||1555||Bishop of London, Martyr|
|Quintin Riley||1905||1980||Arctic explorer|
|Edmund Grindal||c. 1519||1571||Archbishop of Canterbury, Archbishop of York, Bishop of London|
|Michael Rowan-Robinson||1942||Astronomer and astrophysicist|
|Christopher Smart||1722||1771||Poet, hymnist, journalist, actor|
|Chris Smith, Baron Smith of Finsbury||1951||British politician; current Master|
|George Gabriel Stokes||1819||1903||Mathematician, physicist|
|John Sulston||1942||Chemist, Nobel prize winner|
|Peter Taylor, Baron Taylor of Gosforth||1930||1997||Lord Chief Justice|
|Peter Taylor||1942||Author and journalist|
|Karan Thapar||1955||Writer, journalist, broadcaster, editor|
|P. K. van der Byl||1923||1999||Rhodesian politician|
|Lawrence Wager||1904||1965||Geologist, explorer and mountaineer|
|Wavell Wakefield, 1st Baron Wakefield of Kendal||1898||1983||Rugby player|
|Leonard Whibley||1864||1941||Greek scholar|
|Yorick Wilks||1939||Computer scientist, professor of artificial intelligence|
|Roger Williams||1603||1683||Statesman, theologian, founder of Rhode Island|
|George Crichton Wells||1914||1999||Dermatologist, first described Well's syndrome|
Pembroke College, the former women's college at Brown University in the United States, was named for the principal building on the women's campus, Pembroke Hall, which was itself named in honour of the Pembroke College (Cambridge) alumnus Roger Williams, a co-founder of Rhode Island.
In 1865 Pembroke College donated land for the formation of the Suffolk memorial to Prince Albert. The land at Framlingham in the county of Suffolk was used to build a school, The Albert Memorial College. The school today is known as Framlingham College and one of its seven houses is named Pembroke House in recognition of the contribution Pembroke College has made to the School.
In 1981, a decade after the merger of Pembroke College into Brown University, the Pembroke Center for Teaching and Research on Women was named in honour of Pembroke College and the history of women's efforts to gain access to higher education.
Trinity College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in England. The college was founded in 1546 by King Henry VIII. Trinity is one of the oldest and largest colleges in Cambridge, with the largest financial endowment of any college at either Cambridge or Oxford. Trinity is renowned for having some of the most distinctive architecture within Cambridge, with its Great Court reputed to be the largest enclosed courtyard in Europe. Academically, Trinity performs exceptionally as measured by the Tompkins Table, coming in first from 2011 to 2017, with 42.5% of undergraduates obtaining a first class result in 2019.
Christ's College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge. The college includes the Master, the Fellows of the College, and about 450 undergraduate and 170 graduate students. The college was founded by William Byngham in 1437 as God's House. In 1505, the college was granted a new royal charter, was given a substantial endowment by Lady Margaret Beaufort, and changed its name to Christ's College, becoming the twelfth of the Cambridge colleges to be founded in its current form. The college is renowned for educating some of Cambridge's most famous alumni, including Charles Darwin and John Milton.
Peterhouse is the oldest constituent college of the University of Cambridge in England, founded in 1284 by Hugh de Balsham, Bishop of Ely. Today, Peterhouse has 254 undergraduates, 116 full-time graduate students and 54 fellows. It is quite often erroneously referred to as Peterhouse College, although the correct name is simply Peterhouse.
St John's College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge founded by the Tudor matriarch Lady Margaret Beaufort. In constitutional terms, the college is a charitable corporation established by a charter dated 9 April 1511. The aims of the college, as specified by its statutes, are the promotion of education, religion, learning and research. It is one of the larger Oxbridge colleges in terms of student numbers. For 2018, St. John's was ranked 9th of 29 colleges in the Tompkins Table with over 30 per cent of its students earning first-class honours.
Sir Christopher Wren PRS FRS was one of the most highly acclaimed English architects in history, as well as an anatomist, astronomer, geometer, and mathematician-physicist. He was accorded responsibility for rebuilding 52 churches in the City of London after the Great Fire in 1666, including what is regarded as his masterpiece, St Paul's Cathedral, on Ludgate Hill, completed in 1710.
Pembroke College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in England, located in Pembroke Square. The college was founded in 1624 by King James I of England, using in part the endowment of merchant Thomas Tesdale, and was named after William Herbert, 3rd Earl of Pembroke, Lord Chamberlain and then-Chancellor of the University.
Selwyn College, Cambridge is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in the United Kingdom. The college was founded in 1882 by the Selwyn Memorial Committee in memory of George Augustus Selwyn (1809–1878), the first Bishop of New Zealand (1841–1868), and subsequently Bishop of Lichfield (1868–1878). It consists of three main courts built of stone and brick along with several secondary buildings, including adjacent townhouses and lodges serving as student hostels on Grange Road, West Road and Sidgwick Avenue. The college has some 60 Fellows and 110 non-academic staff.
Fitzwilliam College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge, England.
Magdalene College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge. The college was founded in 1428 as a Benedictine hostel, in time coming to be known as Buckingham College, before being refounded in 1542 as the College of St Mary Magdalene. Magdalene counted some of the greatest men in the realm among its benefactors, including Britain's premier noble the Duke of Norfolk, the Duke of Buckingham and Lord Chief Justice Christopher Wray. Thomas Audley, Lord Chancellor under Henry VIII, was responsible for the refoundation of the college and also established its motto—garde ta foy. Audley's successors in the Mastership and as benefactors of the College were, however, prone to dire ends; several benefactors were arraigned at various stages on charges of high treason and executed.
Emmanuel College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge. The college was founded in 1584 by Sir Walter Mildmay, Chancellor of the Exchequer to Elizabeth I.
Corpus Christi College, known from the late 14th century through to the 19th century as St Benet's College, is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge. It is notable as the only college founded by Cambridge townspeople: it was established in 1352 by the Guild of Corpus Christi and the Guild of the Blessed Virgin Mary, making it the sixth-oldest college in Cambridge. With around 250 undergraduates and 200 postgraduates, it also has the second smallest student body of the traditional colleges of the University.
Queens' College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge, England. Queens' is one of the oldest colleges of the university, founded in 1448 by Margaret of Anjou, and has some of the most recognisable buildings in Cambridge. The college spans the river Cam, colloquially referred to as the "light side" and the "dark side", with the Mathematical Bridge connecting the two.
Girton College is one of the 31 constituent colleges of the University of Cambridge. The college was established in 1869 by Emily Davies and Barbara Bodichon as the first women's college in Cambridge. In 1948, it was granted full college status by the university, marking the official admittance of women to the university. In 1976, it was the first Cambridge women's college to become coeducational.
St Edmund's College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in England. Founded in 1896, it is the second-oldest of the four Cambridge colleges oriented to mature students, which only accept students reading for either masters or doctorate degrees, or undergraduate degrees if they are a 'mature student', defined as aged 21 or older.
Marie de St Pol, Countess of Pembroke was the wife of Franco-English nobleman Aymer de Valence, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, and is best known as the foundress of Pembroke College, Cambridge.
Pembroke Street is a street in central Cambridge, England. It runs between Downing Street and Tennis Court Road at the eastern end and a junction with Trumpington Street at the western end. It continues west on the other side of Trumpington Street as Mill Lane.
Gonville & Caius College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in Cambridge, England. The college is the fourth-oldest college at the University of Cambridge and one of the wealthiest. The college has been attended by many students who have gone on to significant accomplishment, including fifteen Nobel Prize winners, the second-most of any Oxbridge college.
Jesus College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge, England. The college's full name is The College of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Saint John the Evangelist and the glorious Virgin Saint Radegund, near Cambridge. Its common name comes from the name of its chapel, Jesus Chapel.
Gilbert Ainslie was an English academic and clergyman.
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