Thornburg, Iowa

Last updated
Thornburg, Iowa
Keokuk County Iowa Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Thornburg Highlighted.svg
Location of Thornburg, Iowa
Coordinates: 41°27′18″N92°20′2″W / 41.45500°N 92.33389°W / 41.45500; -92.33389 Coordinates: 41°27′18″N92°20′2″W / 41.45500°N 92.33389°W / 41.45500; -92.33389
Country Flag of the United States.svg  United States
State Flag of Iowa.svg  Iowa
County Keokuk
Area
[1]
  Total0.20 sq mi (0.52 km2)
  Land0.20 sq mi (0.52 km2)
  Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation
879 ft (268 m)
Population
 (2010) [2]
  Total67
  Estimate 
(2016) [3]
61
  Density335/sq mi (129.3/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
50255
Area code(s) 641
FIPS code 19-77835
GNIS feature ID0462226

Thornburg is a village in Keokuk County, Iowa, United States. The population was 67 at the 2010 census. Its sole enterprise is the Tri-County Community School, a public school serving grades K-9.

Keokuk County, Iowa U.S. county in Iowa

Keokuk County is a county located in the U.S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 10,511. The county seat is Sigourney.

Iowa U.S. state in the United States

Iowa is a state in the Midwestern United States, bordered by the Mississippi River to the east and the Missouri River and Big Sioux River to the west. It is bordered by six states: Wisconsin to the northeast, Illinois to the east, Missouri to the south, Nebraska to the west, South Dakota to the northwest, and Minnesota to the north.

2010 United States Census 23rd national census of the United States, taken in 2010

The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010. The census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired. The population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million people as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000.

Contents

History

The Burlington, Cedar Rapids and Northern Railway built a 66-mile branch to What Cheer via Thornburg in 1879 [4] The town was founded by the railroad and named in memory of Major Thomas T. Thornburgh, who died in the Meeker Massacre. [5] [6] By 1881, Thornburg was at the junction of the line to What Cheer and a branch to Montezuma [7]

Burlington, Cedar Rapids and Northern Railway

The Burlington, Cedar Rapids and Northern Railway (BCR&N) was a railroad that operated in the United States from 1876 to 1903. It was formed to take over the operations of the bankrupt Burlington, Cedar Rapids and Minnesota Railway, which was, in turn, the result of merging several predecessor lines, the construction of which began in 1869. The corporate headquarters were in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, and it had operations in Iowa and in Minnesota. It was succeeded by the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railway.

What Cheer, Iowa City in Iowa, United States

What Cheer is a city in Keokuk County, Iowa, United States. It is a former coal town, and from the 1870s to the early 1900s was one of the major coal-producing centers of Iowa. Its greatest recorded population was 3,246, in the 1890 census. Since the 1910s, the population has fallen to 646 in the 2010 census.

Meeker Massacre

Meeker Massacre and the White River War, Ute War, or the Ute Campaign, were conflicts that began when the Utes attacked an Indian agency on September 29, 1879, killing the Indian agent Nathan Meeker and his 10 male employees, and taking women and children as hostages. United States Army were called in from Fort Steele in Wyoming. Following the massacre of Meeker and others, there was an attack at Milk Creek on U.S. troops, led by Major Thomas T. Thornburgh, killing the major and 13 troops within minutes. Relief troops were called in, which resulted in a further conflict.

Geography

Thornburg is located at 41°27′18″N92°20′2″W / 41.45500°N 92.33389°W / 41.45500; -92.33389 (41.454978, -92.333929). [8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.20 square miles (0.52 km2), all of it land. [1]

United States Census Bureau Bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

Demographics

Historical populations
YearPop.±%
1900 267    
1910 233−12.7%
1920 197−15.5%
1930 171−13.2%
1940 184+7.6%
1950 138−25.0%
1960 101−26.8%
1970 98−3.0%
1980 103+5.1%
1990 91−11.7%
2000 84−7.7%
2010 67−20.2%
1880 65−3.0%
201661−6.2%
Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. and Iowa Data Center
Source:
U.S. Decennial Census [9]

2010 census

As of the census [2] of 2010, there were 67 people, 27 households, and 20 families residing in the city. The population density was 335.0 inhabitants per square mile (129.3/km2). There were 29 housing units at an average density of 145.0 per square mile (56.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 100.0% White. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.5% of the population.

Census Acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population

A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. This term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common censuses include traditional culture, business, supplies, and traffic censuses. The United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory, simultaneity and defined periodicity", and recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations also cover census topics to be collected, official definitions, classifications and other useful information to co-ordinate international practices.

Population density A measurement of population numbers per unit area or volume

Population density is a measurement of population per unit area, or exceptionally unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and most of the time to humans. It is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square.

There were 27 households of which 25.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.6% were married couples living together, 14.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 25.9% were non-families. 22.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.80.

Marriage Social union or legal contract between people called spouses that creates kinship

Marriage, also called matrimony or wedlock, is a culturally recognised union between people, called spouses, that establishes rights and obligations between them, as well as between them and their children, and between them and their in-laws. The definition of marriage varies around the world, not only between cultures and between religions, but also throughout the history of any given culture and religion. Over time, it has expanded and also constricted who and what is encompassed. Typically, it is an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually sexual, are acknowledged or sanctioned. In some cultures, marriage is recommended or considered to be compulsory before pursuing any sexual activity. When defined broadly, marriage is considered a cultural universal. Article 16 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights declares that "Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to found a family. They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution. Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses."

The median age in the city was 42.5 years. 22.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21% were from 25 to 44; 34.3% were from 45 to 64; and 14.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.3% male and 53.7% female.

2000 census

As of the census [10] of 2000, there were 84 people, 33 households, and 22 families residing in the city. The population density was 426.9 people per square mile (162.2/km²). There were 36 housing units at an average density of 183.0 per square mile (69.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 100.00% White.

There were 33 households out of which 30.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.6% were married couples living together, 3.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.3% were non-families. 27.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the city, the population was spread out with 19.0% under the age of 18, 16.7% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 115.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 119.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $45,313, and the median income for a family was $42,500. Males had a median income of $26,250 versus $20,536 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,954. There were 9.1% of families and 4.9% of the population living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and 50.0% of those over 64.

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References

  1. 1 2 "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-05-11.
  2. 1 2 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2012-05-11.
  3. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  4. Report of the Burlington, Cedar Rapids & Northern Railway Company for the year ending June 30, 1880, Third Annual Report of the Board of Railroad Commissioners for the Year Ending June 30, 1880, Mills, Des Moines, 1880; page 133.
  5. Tom Savage, A Dictionary of Iowa Place Names, University of Iowa Press, 2007; page 218.
  6. Thomas Tipton Thornburgh, Arlington National Cemetery unofficial website.
  7. Travelers' Official Guide of the Railway and Steam Navigation Lines in the United States and Canada, National Railway Publication Co., New York, July 1881; pages 250-251.
  8. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  9. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  10. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.