Threadfin butterflyfish

Last updated

Threadfin butterflyfish
Bep chaetodon auriga pemba.jpg
C. a. setifer (Pemba, Tanzania)
Bep chaetodon auriga sharm.jpg
C. a. auriga (Sharm el-Sheikh, Red Sea)
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Chaetodontidae
Genus: Chaetodon
Subgenus: Chaetodon (Rabdophorus)
Species:
C. auriga
Binomial name
Chaetodon auriga
Forsskål, 1775
Synonyms [2]
  • Pomacanthus filamentosus Lacepède, 1802
  • Anisochaetodon auriga(Forsskål, 1775)
  • Linophora auriga(Forsskål, 1775)
  • Rabdophorus linophora auriga(Forsskål, 1775)
  • Sarothrodus auriga(Forsskål, 1775)
  • Tetragonoptrus auriga(Forsskål, 1775)
  • Chaetodon setifer Bloch, 1795
  • Chaetodon auriga setifier(Bloch, 1795)
  • Pomacentrus setifer(Bloch, 1795)
  • Tetragonoptrus setifer(Bloch, 1795)
  • Chaetodon sebanus Cuvier, 1831
  • Chaetodon lunaris Gronow, 1854

The threadfin butterflyfish (Chaetodon auriga) is a species of marine ray-finned fish, a butterflyfish belonging to the family Chaetodontidae. It has a wide Indo-Pacific distribution.

Contents

Distribution

Chaetodon auriga is found in the Indo-Pacific region, from the Red Sea and eastern Africa (south to Mossel Bay, South Africa) to the Hawaiian, Marquesas and Ducie islands, north to southern Japan, south to Lord Howe Island and Rapa Iti, at depths of 1–35 metres (3–115 ft). [2]

Description

Chaetodon auriga is up to 23 centimetres (9 in) long. Its body is white with `chevron' markings on the side. Tear edge of the dorsal fin has a prominent black spot, and a prominent black vertical band runs through the eye. The rear of soft-dorsal fin has a trailing filament, and it has a belly patch of descending oblique dark lines as well as bright yellow fins. [3] Two subspecies are sometimes recognised: Chaetodon auriga auriga occurs in the Red Sea population and lacks the dorsal eyespot; Chaetodon auriga setifer is the spotted population occurring outside the Red Sea. [2]

Taxonomy

It belongs to the large subgenus Rabdophorus which might warrant recognition as a distinct genus. Within this group, it is almost certainly a rather close relative of the vagabond butterflyfish (C. vagabundus) and the Indian vagabond butterflyfish (C. decussatus). The C. auriga species group shares the characteristic pattern of two areas of ascending and descending oblique lines; species differ conspicuously in hindpart coloration. [4] [5]

Related Research Articles

<i>Chaetodon</i>

Chaetodon is a tropical fish genus in the family Chaetodontidae. Like their relatives, they are known as "butterflyfish". This genus is by far the largest among the Chaetodontidae, with about 90 living species included here, though most might warrant recognition as distinct genera.

Raccoon butterflyfish

The raccoon butterflyfish, also known as the crescent-masked butterflyfish, lunule butterflyfish, halfmoon butterflyfish, moon butterflyfish, raccoon butterfly, raccoon, raccoon coralfish, and redstriped butterflyfish, is a species of butterflyfish.

Teardrop butterflyfish

The teardrop butterflyfish is a species of marine ray-finned fish, a butterflyfish belonging to the (family Chaetodontidae. It is found in the Indo-Pacific region.

Sunburst butterflyfish

The sunburst butterflyfish, also known as the black-lipped butterflyfish, "blacklip butterflyfish" or Klein's butterflyfish, is a species of marine ray-finned fish, a butterflyfish belonging to the family Chaetodontidae. This is an Indo-Pacific species of reef habitats.

Lined butterflyfish

The lined butterflyfish is a butterflyfish, one of the largest species in the genus Chaetodon. It has a wide range from the Red Sea to South Africa and as far east as southern Japan and Hawaii.

Eritrean butterflyfish

The Eritrean butterflyfish or crown butterflyfish is a species of marine ray-finned fish, abutterflyfish belonging to the family Chaetodontidae. It is essentially just known from the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden, but has been reported from East Africa.

Chevron butterflyfish

The chevron butterflyfish, also known as chevroned butterflyfish, triangulate butterflyfish or V-lined butterflyfish, is a species of marine ray-finned fish, a butterflyfish belonging to the family Chaetodontidae. It has a wide Indo-Pacific distribution.

Melon butterflyfish

The melon butterflyfish, or Indian redfin butterflyfish, is a species of marine ray-finned fish, a butterflyfish belonging to the family Chaetodontidae. It is found in the Indian Ocean from East Africa to Western Java. This is one species of a closely related group which includes the blacktail butterflyfish of the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden and the oval butterflyfish which is found in the western Pacific, from eastern coasts of the Indonesian islands to Australia.

Vagabond butterflyfish

The vagabond butterflyfish is a species of butterflyfish. It is found in the Indo-Pacific region from the Red Sea and off East Africa as far east as the Tuamotu Islands, north to southern Japan and south to the Austral Islands.

Indian vagabond butterflyfish

The Indian Vagabond Butterflyfish, Chaetodon decussatus, is a species of butterflyfish. It is found in the Indo-West Pacific, from the Maldives via India, Sri Lanka and the Andaman Sea to the westernmost portion of the Indonesian archipelago.

Saddle butterflyfish

The Saddle Butterflyfish, Chaetodon ephippium, is a species of butterflyfish. It is found in the Indian and Pacific Oceans from Sri Lanka and the Cocos-Keeling Islands to the Hawaiian, Marquesan and Tuamoto islands, north to southern Japan, south to Rowley Shoals and New South Wales in Australia.

Mirror butterflyfish

The mirror butterflyfish or oval-spot butterflyfish is a species of butterflyfish. It is found in the Indo-Pacific region from Indonesia to Japan and south to the Great Barrier Reef and Papua New Guinea. The species has also been reported from Madagascar, Mauritius and Réunion.

Philippine butterflyfish

The Philippine butterflyfish, the Bantayan butterflyfish or panda butterflyfish,, is a species of marine ray-finned fish, a butterflyfish belonging to the family Chaetodontidae. It is found in the western Pacific, from the Ryukyu Islands and Taiwan to Java and northwestern Australia.

Bluelashed butterflyfish

The bluelashed butterflyfish, also known as the eclipse butterflyfish, archer butterflyfish or Bennett's butterflyfish, is a species of marine ray-finned fish, a butterflyfish belonging to the (family Chaetodontidae. It is found in the Indo-Pacific.

Spot-nape butterflyfish

The Spot-naped Butterflyfish is a species of butterflyfish. It is found in the Indo- West Pacific region from Sri Lanka to Queensland, north to Indonesia and the Philippines.

<i>Chaetodon falcula</i>

Chaetodon falcula, the blackwedged butterflyfish or falcula butterflyfish, is a species of butterflyfish. It is found in the Indian Ocean, from eastern Africa south to 27°S and east to Indonesia.

Mailed butterflyfish

The mailed butterflyfish, also known as the reticulated butterflyfish or black butterflyfish, is a species of marine ray-finned fish, a butterflyfish belonging to the family Chaetodontidae, This species is found on reefs in the central and western Pacific Ocean. It can be found in the aquarium trade.

<i>Chaetodon plebeius</i> Species of fish

Chaetodon plebeius, the blueblotch butterflyfish, bluespot butterflyfish, bluedash butterflyfish or grey-blotched butterflyfish, is a species of marine ray-finned fish, a butterflyfish belonging to the family Chaetodontidae. It is native to the Indian and Pacific Oceans.

<i>Chaetodon larvatus</i>

Chaetodon larvatus, commonly known as the hooded butterflyfish or orangeface butterflyfish, is a species of marine ray-finned fish, a butterflyfish belonging to the family Chaetodontidae. It is found in the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden, and as of 2011 has been recorded as a Lessepsian migrant in the southeast Mediterranean.

<i>Chaetodon melapterus</i>

Chaetodon melapterus, the Arabian butterflyfish, blackfin butterflyfish, or black-finned melon butterflyfish, is a species of marine ray-finned fish, a butterflyfish belonging to the family Chaetodontidae. It is found in the north western Indian Ocean.

References

  1. R. Myers & M. Pratchett (2010). "Chaetodon auriga". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species . 2010: e.T165631A6073721. doi: 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-4.RLTS.T165631A6073721.en .
  2. 1 2 3 Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2019). "Chaetodon auriga" in FishBase. December 2019 version.
  3. Dianne J. Bray. "Chaetodon auriga". Fishes of Australia. Meseums Victoria. Retrieved 13 December 2020.
  4. Jennifer L. Fessler & Mark W. Westneat (2007). "Molecular phylogenetics of the butterflyfishes (Chaetodontidae): taxonomy and biogeography of a global coral reef fish family". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution . 45 (1): 50–68. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2007.05.018. PMID   17625921.
  5. Kui-Ching Hsu; Jeng-Ping Chen & Kwang-Tsao Shao (2007). "Molecular phylogeny of Chaetodon (Teleostei: Chaetodontidae) in the Indo-West Pacific: evolution in geminate species pairs and species groups" (PDF). Raffles Bulletin of Zoology . Suppl. 14: 77–86.