|• Total||258.7 km2 (99.9 sq mi)|
|• Land||211.1 km2 (81.5 sq mi)|
|• Water||47.6 km2 (18.4 sq mi)|
|Elevation||505 m (1,624 ft)|
|• Density||11.1/km2 (28.7/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|Area code(s)||715 & 534|
|GNIS feature ID||1584277|
Three Lakes is a town in Oneida County, Wisconsin, United States. The population was 2,131 at the 2010 census. The census-designated place of Three Lakes is located in the town. The unincorporated community of Clearwater Lake is also located in the town.
Three Lakes, Wisconsin was named for the three primary lakes in the area: Maple, Townline, and Range Line lakes. It formally became a town in 1881.
The early industry in the town was logging and forestry. Three Lakes and the rest of the Northwoods supplied wood to build Chicago after the Great Chicago Fire of 1871. During that time, most of the area's virgin forests were cleared and it was only in the 1930s that the Civilian Conservation Corps began replanting them. As a result of these replanting efforts, logging and forestry continue to be an important industry in Three Lakes.
As the logging industry moved out of the area, many of the cleared areas were converted to potato farms and agriculture became the community's primary industry through the early 1900s. However, over time these family potato farms were replaced by larger corporate commercial enterprises, which are no longer in production.
Three Lakes began growing as a tourist and summer vacation destination in the late 1930s. The increasing availability of automobiles, combined with the roads that existed from the logging industry, made the lakes and forests of the Three Lakes area an attractive vacation destination. Tourism was the primary industry in Three Lakes beginning in the 1970s and continues to be today.
The town also has light manufacturing, a winery, an arts center and numerous retail businesses that have diversified its economy. The town has made substantial investments in developing high speed Internet and broadband capabilities.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 99.9 square miles (258.7 km²), of which 81.5 square miles (211.1 km²) is land and 18.4 square miles (47.6 km²) (18.40%) is water. The Eagle River flows through the town in a series of lakes.
The climate is described as Humid Continental by the Köppen Climate System, abbreviated as Dfb.
|Climate data for Three Lakes, Wisconsin|
|Average high °C (°F)||−6|
|Average low °C (°F)||−18|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||30|
As of the Census 2000, there were 2,339 people, 1,031 households, and 691 families residing in the town. The population density was 28.7 people per square mile (11.1/km²). There were 2,908 housing units at an average density of 35.7 per square mile (13.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.16% White, 0.17% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.43% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, and 1.03% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.86% of the population.
There were 1,031 households out of which 22.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.3% were married couples living together, 5.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.9% were non-families. 27.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.74.
In the town, the population was spread out with 21.5% under the age of 18, 4.1% from 18 to 24, 22.0% from 25 to 44, 27.4% from 45 to 64, and 25.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females, there were 105.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.1 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $32,798, and the median income for a family was $38,098. Males had a median income of $31,638 versus $19,773 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,758. About 5.4% of families and 6.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.6% of those under age 18 and 6.8% of those age 65 or over.
Three Lakes Municipal Airport is located in the town and provides general aviation service. Commercial airline service for the town is provided by Rhinelander-Oneida County Airport.
Three Lakes is home to the Three Lakes Center for the Arts, which was built by the Seabees during World War II as a Quonset hut theater. It is one of fewer than five Quonset hut theaters in the country.[ citation needed ] The building came to Three Lakes in 1946 and was completely renovated starting in 2009.
The Center houses an art gallery and a theater. The art gallery presents work from a rotating group of local and national artists, while the 100-seat theater presents first-run movies and live musical events. The center sponsors summer adult art classes taught by local and visiting artists. It works cooperatively with local schools, presenting performances for school students and offering free summer arts classes at Maple Lake Pavilion. The Three Lakes Center for the Arts also runs annual events such as Art on Main, Affair of the Arts, Pumpkin Fest, and Oktoberfest.
As part of the Chequamegon-Nicolet National Forest, Three Lakes, Wisconsin has access to hunting, snowmobiling, biking, birdwatching, camping, and hiking trails.
Three Lakes is part of the Eagle River-Three Lakes chain of lakes. The Three Lakes part of the chain starts with the Burnt Rollways Reservoir and includes 20 lakes ranging in size from 123 acres to 1012 acres. Water skiing, boating and wakeboarding are popular activities on the lakes. They are also known for their muskie and walleye fishing.
Locations in Three Lakes listed on the National Register of Historic Places include:
Maquon is a village in Knox County, Illinois, United States. The population was 284 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Galesburg Micropolitan Statistical Area.
Mapleton is a town in Aroostook County, Maine, United States. The population was 1,948 at the 2010 census.
Chester is a town in Warren County, New York, United States. It is part of the Glens Falls metropolitan area. The population was 3,614 at the 2000 census. The town is made up by communities of Chestertown and Pottersville.
Cedar Lake is a town in Barron County in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. The population was 948 at the 2010 census. The unincorporated communities of Angus and Mikana are located in the town.
Sumner is a town in Jefferson County, Wisconsin, United States. The population was 832 at the 2010 census. The census-designated place of Lake Koshkonong is located in the town. The unincorporated communities of Busseyville, Carcajou, Glenn Oaks Beach, Koshkonong Manor, and North Shore are also located within the town. The community of Blackhawk Island is located partially in the town.
Algoma is a city in Kewaunee County in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. The population was 3,167 at the 2010 census. Algoma is part of the Green Bay Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Dunbar is a town in Marinette County, Wisconsin, United States. The population was 1,303 at the 2000 census. The census-designated place of Dunbar is located in the town.
Lakewood is a town in Oconto County, Wisconsin, United States. As of the 2000 census, the town population was 875. The census-designated place of Lakewood is located in the town.
Conover is a town in Vilas County, Wisconsin, United States. The population was 1,235 at the 2010 census. The unincorporated community of Conover is located in the town.
Shell Lake is a city in Washburn County, Wisconsin, United States. The population was 1,347 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Washburn County.
Crandon is a city in Forest County, Wisconsin, United States; it is in the northeastern part of the state, about 100 miles (160 km) north of Green Bay. The population was 1,920 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Forest County and is the only incorporated community in the county. The city is located adjacent to the Town of Crandon.
Lake Mills is a town in Jefferson County, Wisconsin, United States. The population was 2,070 at the 2010 census. The city of Lake Mills is located partially within the town. The unincorporated communities of Kroghville and London are also located in the town.
Onalaska is a city in La Crosse County, Wisconsin, United States. The population was 17,736 at the 2010 census. It borders the larger La Crosse, Wisconsin, and is a part of the La Crosse-Onalaska, WI-MN Metropolitan Area.
Balsam Lake is a village in, and the county seat of, Polk County, Wisconsin, United States. The population was 1,009 at the 2010 census. The village is located within the Town of Balsam Lake.
Clayton is a town in Polk County, Wisconsin, United States. The population was 571 at the 2000 census. The Village of Clayton is located within the town. The unincorporated communities of Joel and Richardson are also located in the town.
Hayward is a city in Sawyer County, Wisconsin, United States, next to the Namekagon River. The population was 2,318 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Sawyer County. The city is surrounded by the Town of Hayward.
Rib Lake is a town in Taylor County, Wisconsin, United States. The population was 768 at the 2000 census. The village of Rib Lake is completely surrounded by the town.
Oakland is a town in Kennebec County in the U.S. state of Maine. The population was 6,240 at the 2010 census. Gateway to the Belgrade Lakes region, Oakland is 4 miles (6 km) west of Waterville and approximately 18 miles (29 km) north of Augusta, the state capital.
Bayfield is a city in Bayfield County, Wisconsin, United States. The population was 487 at the 2010 census.
Rangeley is a town in Franklin County, Maine, United States. The population was 1,168 at the 2010 census. Rangeley is the center of the Rangeley Lakes Region, a resort area. The town includes the villages of Oquossoc, Haines Landing and South Rangeley.
12."Great Lakes and Wisconsin Water Facts" Retrieved January 10, 2019