Throop, Dorset

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Throop is a village in Dorset situated on the outskirts of Bournemouth. It is renowned for its expansive fishing industry.

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Throop
Vine Cottage, Throop - geograph.org.uk - 64786.jpg
Vine Cottage, Throop Road
Dorset UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Throop
Location within Dorset
OS grid reference SZ10749589
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BOURNEMOUTH
Postcode district BH8
Dialling code 01202
Police Dorset
Fire Dorset and Wiltshire
Ambulance South Western
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Dorset
50°45′47″N1°50′49″W / 50.763°N 1.847°W / 50.763; -1.847 Coordinates: 50°45′47″N1°50′49″W / 50.763°N 1.847°W / 50.763; -1.847

Geography and administration

Although within the historic county boundaries of Hampshire, at the time of the 1974 local government re-organization it was considered desirable that the whole of what is now called the South East Dorset conurbation, which includes Bournemouth and Poole, should be part of the same county. Throop is currently part of the Throop and Muscliff Ward within the Bournemouth borough council [1] and is close to the River Stour featuring countryside views over the Stour Valley. The population of this ward at the 2011 census was 8,882. [2] Also in the area is Muccleshell. [3]

History

Throop village has existed for many years and is described in various historical texts relating to the Bournemouth area – in 1842 it is referred to as a "Pleasant and secluded village". [4]

Notable areas in Throop

Throop Mill

One of the main characteristics of modern-day Throop is the Grade II listed flour mill, first listed on 19 May 1975. [5] [6] The building gained it’s ‘listed’ status thanks to its sluice gates, [7] with Historic England stating "despite the mid-C20 date of the machinery, the structure is remarkably complete and an increasingly rare survival of its type". [8] The mill and nearby surrounding areas are a popular location for walking and fishing, with several walking routes alongside the River Stour towards Muscliff and Holdenhurst.

The mill in Throop village has been present in some regard from the 12th century passing through various ownerships including monks from Quarr Abbey. The mill was recorded in William the Conqueror's Domesday Book in 1086, although it is unclear whether it was in its current location or nearby. The foundations of an earlier building have been discovered in the existing mill. The current building is from the late 19th Century.

The most recent owners of the mill when it was still in operation were Parsons and Sons. They used the mill until selling it in 1957. Their name still remains on the outside of the mill. The mill has been closed since 1974, when it stopped operating due water drying up with the creation of a flood relief scheme further up the river. Although not in use, the early 20th Century milling machinery still remains. Examples of this can still be seen, notably the 50" turbine drove water for mill. This is located on the grass outside the mill and was made by local Ringwood firm, Armfields. [9] [10] [11] [12]

Throop House

Throop House is a Grade II listed building, first listed on 5 May 1952. [13] With river frontage and 3 acres (12,000 m2) of gardens, the house was built in 1804 of the distinctively cream Bournemouth brick. It was built by Lord Malmesbury as the dower house for Hurn Court a mile away across the River Stour. Several cedar trees are the highlight of the gardens. In 1959 Dr James Fisher (after whom the James Fisher Medical Centre in Shillingstone Drive is named) and his wife Rosemary and family came to Throop House where they lived until 1978. In 1975 their eldest son Adrian, the internationally renowned maze designer, created his first maze in the garden of Throop House; this maze planted in holly unfortunately no longer exists.

Throop Ford and the Pig Shoot

There has been a ford across the River Stour for many centuries, some 400 metres downstream of Throop Mill. Tradition holds that it was the place where Sir Walter Tyrrell crossed the River Stour in August 1100 on his way to Poole and exile, having killed King William Rufus in the New Forest a few hours earlier. Over the centuries, a substantial structure of posts was created, holding back a broad strip of gravel some 50 metres long. In Victorian times, crossing the ford was a popular highlight for horse-and-carriage trips by visitors to Bournemouth. In the Second World War, to deny advantage to a possible German invasion, the retaining posts were removed, and the ford was washed away. At this point, the river is now deep and makes a sharp turn, and all that remains of the ford is the sloping track down to the river known as the Pig Shoot, and the gravel track to which it is aligned on the opposite bank.

The track on the opposite bank leads on to a second ford, still intact, across the Leaden Stour. This is known locally as Pansy's Bathing Place, named after the golden retriever of Dr and Mrs James Fisher, who have lived in Throop (in Throop House and latterly in Throop Mill Cottage) since 1959. Pansy loved swimming in this ford.

Politics

Local Government

Throop is part of the Muscliff and Strouden Park ward for elections to Bournemouth, Christchurch and Poole Council which elect three councillors. [14] As of 2021, the three elected councillors are Derek Borthwick (Conservative), Kieron Wilson (Independent) and Lisa Northover (Independent). [15]

Throop is part of the Bournemouth East parliamentary constituency, for elections to the House of Commons of the United Kingdom. As of 2021, the current Member of Parliament (MP) for Bournemouth East is Tobias Ellwood. [16]

Parish Council

On 1 April 2019, campaigners submitted a petition with close to 300 signatures, asking for the creation of a parish council. This would allow locals to have more of a say with issues in their area.

On 1 April 2021, two years after the petition was submitted, Throop and Holdenhurst Village Council was formed. [17]

News

2004: Murderer followed by police

Danilo Restivo, a convicted murderer, [18] was under round the clock surveillance by Dorset Police detectives, after being suspected in the murder of his neighbour, Heather Barnett, in 2002. [19] On 11 May 2004, Restivo was filmed getting changed and then watching lone woman from the bushes around Throop. [20] On this occasion, Restivo seemed to get spooked and went home. However, on returning to the area, a decision was made that police would intervene under the pretext that there had been thefts in the area. Officers asked to see what was in his bag and car and chillingly, they found a large filleting knife, two pairs of scissors, gloves, a balaclava, wipes and tissues; effectively his 'murder bag'. Restivo was found guilty of murdering Barnett, and later found guilty in his absence for murdering Elisa Claps in 1993, in his home town of Potenza, in Basilicata Southern Italy, by an Italian court. Restivo is serving a life sentence with a 40-year tariff. [21]

2011: Red Arrow crash

Following a display at the Bournemouth Air Festival 2011, one of the Red Arrows Hawk aircraft crashed into a field near Throop Mill, one mile from Bournemouth Airport. Flt Lt Jon Egging, pilot of Red 4 (XX179), died in the accident. [22] The investigation into the incident determined that Flt Lt Egging was incapacitated due to the effects of g-LOC until very shortly before impact. [23]

2019-2021: Hicks Farm 'Sang' Plans

In order for planned large-scale developments in Bournemouth to go ahead, BCP Council were required to find and develop a 'Sang' (Suitable natural alternative green space). An area proposed by the council was 12 hectares of green belt land, known as Hicks Farm in Throop. [24]

In November 2019, a planning application was submitted for the Sang to the council. [25] However, on 17 October 2020, the Hicks Farm plan was refused by the council. [26] The plans had received over 200 letters of objection.

On 27 February 2021, it was reported that revised plans had been submitted, in a bid to win approval. [27] On 7 June 2021, it was reported that the second application had received 399 objections. As of June 2021, a decision has yet to be made by the council.

Related Research Articles

Bournemouth Town in Dorset, England

Bournemouth is a coastal resort town on the south coast of England. At the 2011 census, the town had a population of 183,491. With Poole to the west and Christchurch in the east, Bournemouth is part of the South East Dorset conurbation, which has a population of 465,000.

Christchurch, Dorset Town in England

Christchurch is a town and civil parish in Dorset on the south coast of England. The town covers an area of 19.5 square miles (51 km2) and had a population of 48,368 in 2013. It adjoins Bournemouth to the west, with the New Forest to the east. Part of the historic county of Hampshire, Christchurch was a borough within the administrative county of Dorset from 1974 until 2019, when it became part of the new Bournemouth, Christchurch and Poole unitary authority.

River Stour, Dorset River in Dorset, England

The River Stour is a 61 mi (98 km) river which flows through Wiltshire and Dorset in southern England, and drains into the English Channel. The catchment area for the river and its tributaries is listed as being 480 square miles (1,240 km2).

Moors River River in east Dorset, England

The Moors River is a river in east Dorset, England, which starts at the point where the River Crane and the Ebblake Stream meet, at Ebblake, south of Verwood.

Holdenhurst Human settlement in England

Holdenhurst is a small isolated village situated in the green belt land of the north-east suburbs of Bournemouth, England. The village comprises fewer than 30 dwellings, two farms and the parish church. There are no shops and few local facilities in the village.

Westover, Hampshire, is the ancient manor, now in Dorset, over which much of modern Bournemouth has developed. This area of land marked a historic boundary between Celtic and Saxon civilisations, which found expression as the county boundary between Hampshire to the east and Dorset to the west. Geographically detached parts of the manor may have resulted from the post-Civil War breakup of estates formerly belonging to the Lords Arundell of Wardour.

Bournemouth Borough Council

Bournemouth Borough Council was the local authority of Bournemouth in Dorset, England and ceased to exist on 1 April 2019. It was a unitary authority, although between 1974 and 1997 it was an administrative district council with Dorset. Previously most of the borough was part of Hampshire.

History of Bournemouth

The History of Bournemouth and human settlement in the surrounding area goes back for thousands of years.

Littledown Human settlement in England

Littledown is a suburb of Bournemouth, in Dorset, England. Originally it was a small settlement to the south of the much more important Holdenhurst Village, and for centuries it existed as a huddle of farm buildings on the edge of heathland. As the town of Bournemouth expanded, Littledown remained as a farming community with areas of open fields on the town's northern edge, with the Cooper-Dean family residing in Littledown House. Eventually however the only Cooper-Dean descendants were two spinster sisters who sold Littledown House, with the surrounding farmland, to Bournemouth Council in the early 1980s. After public discussion on what the Council would do with the area, eventually much of the land was sold off for housing, although a large section was set by for a park and a sports centre.

Bournemouth, Christchurch and Poole Unitary authority area in England

Bournemouth, Christchurch and Poole (BCP) is a unitary authority area in the ceremonial county of Dorset, England. It was created on 1 April 2019 by the merger of the areas that were previously administered by the unitary authorities of Bournemouth and Poole, and the non-metropolitan district of Christchurch. The authority covers much of the area of the South Dorset conurbation.

Bournemouth, Christchurch and Poole Council Unitary local authority for the district of Bournemouth, Christchurch and Poole

Bournemouth, Christchurch and Poole Council is a unitary local authority for the district of Bournemouth, Christchurch and Poole in England that came into being on 1 April 2019. It was created from the areas that were previously administered by the unitary authorities of Bournemouth and Poole and the non-metropolitan district of Christchurch.

The following were mayors of Poole, Dorset, England:

Northbourne, Bournemouth

Northbourne is a suburb of Bournemouth, Dorset in England. It is in the north of the town and borders Ensbury Park.

Strouden Park

Strouden Park is an area of Bournemouth, Dorset, England.

Muscliff, Bournemouth Suburb of Bournemouth

Muscliff is a suburb of Bournemouth, Dorset.

Boscombe East and Pokesdown (ward)

Boscombe East and Pokesdown is a ward in Bournemouth, Dorset. Since 2019, the ward has elected 2 councillors to Bournemouth, Christchurch and Poole Council.

Muscliff and Strouden Park (ward)

Muscliff and Strouden Park is a ward in Bournemouth, Dorset. Since 2019, the ward has elected 3 councillors to Bournemouth, Christchurch and Poole Council.

References

  1. Bournemouth.gov.uk – Bournemouth Council Online
  2. "Throop and Muscliff ward 2011" . Retrieved 7 April 2015.
  3. "Journal Of Jane Hicks - Gallery Page". www.south-coast-central.co.uk. Retrieved 4 October 2020.
  4. The visitor's guide to Bournemouth and its neighbourhood By Thomas Johnstone Aitkin
  5. "Student Blog | On your doorstep: Throop Mill | Bournemouth University". microsites.bournemouth.ac.uk. Retrieved 24 June 2021.
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  7. "Throop Mill: Bournemouth, Dorset". Housebound Histories. 4 June 2020. Retrieved 24 June 2021.
  8. "THROOP MILL SLUICE GATES, Hurn - 1392608 | Historic England". historicengland.org.uk. Retrieved 24 June 2021.
  9. "THROOP MILL SLUICE GATES, Hurn - 1392608 | Historic England". historicengland.org.uk. Retrieved 24 June 2021.
  10. Watts, M (2008). Throop Mill, Bournemouth, Dorset. Unpublished.
  11. "The Stour Valley Way: Throop Mill". www.stourvalleyway.co.uk. Retrieved 24 June 2021.
  12. "Heritage". www.visitstourvalley.co.uk. Retrieved 24 June 2021.
  13. Stuff, Good. "Throop House, Throop and Muscliff, Bournemouth". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 24 June 2021.
  14. "Muscliff and Strouden Park". www.bcpcouncil.gov.uk. Retrieved 9 May 2021.
  15. "Muscliff and Strouden Park". www.bcpcouncil.gov.uk. Retrieved 24 June 2021.
  16. "Tobias Ellwood", Wikipedia, 26 May 2021, retrieved 24 June 2021
  17. "Parish council - Throop and Holdenhurst Village Council". democracy.bcpcouncil.gov.uk. 24 June 2021. Retrieved 24 June 2021.
  18. "Case 114: Elisa Claps & Heather Barnett". Casefile: True Crime Podcast. 15 June 2019. Retrieved 24 June 2021.
  19. Crimewatch - How they caught: Danilo Restivo, archived from the original on 21 December 2021, retrieved 24 June 2021
  20. "Film shows killer watching women". BBC News. 29 June 2011. Retrieved 24 June 2021.
  21. "Murderer's whole life tariff cut". BBC News. Retrieved 24 June 2021.
  22. "Red Arrows pilot dies in Bournemouth Air Festival crash". BBC News Online. BBC. 20 August 2011. Archived from the original on 20 August 2011. Retrieved 20 August 2011.
  23. "Service inquiry: accident involving Red Arrows Hawk T Mk1 XX179 near Bournemouth". GOV.UK. Retrieved 7 June 2019.
  24. "Hundreds oppose plans to turn land into public park". Bournemouth Echo. Retrieved 24 June 2021.
  25. "Hicks Farm Proposal (SANG)". BCP Council . November 2019.|first= missing |last= (help)
  26. "Why the council ended up refusing their own plans for public park on green belt". Bournemouth Echo. Retrieved 24 June 2021.
  27. "Fresh bid to convert greenbelt land into public park at Throop". Bournemouth Echo. Retrieved 24 June 2021.