Thursby

Last updated

Thursby
Thursby church.jpg
St Andrew's Church, Thursby
Cumbria UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Thursby
Location within Cumbria
Population1,216 (2011 Census)
OS grid reference NY3250
Civil parish
  • Thursby
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Carlisle
Postcode district CA5
Dialling code 01228
Police Cumbria
Fire Cumbria
Ambulance North West
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Cumbria
54°50′31″N3°03′00″W / 54.842°N 3.050°W / 54.842; -3.050 Coordinates: 54°50′31″N3°03′00″W / 54.842°N 3.050°W / 54.842; -3.050

Thursby is a village near Carlisle in North West England, historically, part of Cumberland.

Contents

History

Thursby, a small commuter village [1] lies on an old Roman road, 6 miles south of Carlisle. [2] Thursby takes its old name 'Thor's by' from Thor, the Thunder God of the Saxons, whose temple was reputedly nearby at Kirksteads. The village is predominantly centred on the church, a Victorian building built in 1846 and funded by the Brisco family of Crofton Hall. A bit of heritage comes to Thursby with the church reportedly have been built by King David I of Scotland. Thursby has always been known as a commuter village for travellers to pass through. [3] The Romans once passed through Thursby on their way to Carlisle. However today the village is predominately a bedroom community for the city nearby – the village is closely linked. [4] Thursby continues to thrive and grow with active community groups and regular events occurring at the parish halls as well as sports and sporting facilities (plat area at the Jubilee Field next to Thursby Primary School). The Ship Inn provides an open fire and great pub food. [5] [6]

Sir Thomas Bouch ( 1822 –1880) was a British railway engineer, born and educated in Thursby. His father was a retired sea captain who kept the Ship Inn in Thursby. Designer of the first Tay Bridge. [7] Plaque on wall at the inn.

Governance

Thursby lies within the Workington constituency. Labour MP Tony Cunningham (elected in the 2010 general election) was elected to represent the constituency at the Houses of Parliament with 45.5% of total votes. In terms of involvement with the European Parliament residents of Thursby vote to elect MEPs for the North West England constituency.

Education

Thursby has one primary school, "Thursby Primary School" located on School Road, post code – Cumbria CA5 6PN. [8] The school acts a very traditional primary school on the basis that it accepts children of ages 4–11 and any ability. Governors of Thursby Primary School have described it as a "happy, vibrant village school, which is situated 6 miles west of Carlisle". [9]

Landmarks

While Thursby still largely remains a commuters' village there are still many attractions. There are many interesting buildings in or around the village centre (a useful map can be found at the noticeboard near the green). Traditional clay – walled buildings are a feature of Thursby, named examples include Greenwood Cottage on the green and Rosedene Cottage opposite the church on Matty Lonning. Examples of the larger Georgian farms still exist at Holly Lodge and West House in the village centre. The more dated 17th century farmhouse at Evening Hill has elements of clay structures with outward buildings and a cart entrance found when entering south out of the village towards Curthwaite. A little further on is the Tudor – styled Evening Hill House built in 1833, with twisted candlestick chimneystacks. [10]

Church

St Andrews Church at the west end of Church Lane, built in 1846 is Thursby's main church and is responsible for many organised activities from the parish council. Funded by the Brisco family, on the site of the previous church, it has been said to have been built by David I, King of Scotland. [11] The present church has a number of monuments dating back to its time from bells located in the tower, marble monuments to ancient font encrypted in the walls. [12]

Transport

There are two major roads that run through Thursby, one being the A595 and the other being the A596. These two roads link Thursby to Carlisle. Curthwaite railway station was situated nearby, closing in 1950.

Since being located in a very rural area the bus service is the only form of transport in Thursby there is limited bus services, the most prominent bus service would be the 38 run by Stagecoach. [13] The 38 bus completes a run from Eden Street, Silloth to Carlisle Bus Station. The nearest railway stations to Thursby are Dalston (2.49 miles) and Wigton (4.59 miles). [14]

Demographics

Thursby has a population of 1,185, increasing to 1,216 measured at the 2011 census. [15]

Over the last 150 years, Thursby's population has clearly aged. However, mortality decline in the late 19th century was mainly due to the reduction of very high infant mortality rates. [16] During the 20th century, declining fertility and improved life expectancy in later life significantly changed age structures. [17] The presence or absence of large numbers of infants dying before their first birthday had little effect on overall age structures. [18]

Population growth in Thursby since 1801
YearPop.±%
1801409    
1811440+7.6%
1821515+17.0%
1841574+11.5%
YearPop.±%
1851591+3.0%
1881533−9.8%
1891541+1.5%
1901496−8.3%
YearPop.±%
1911507+2.2%
1921495−2.4%
1931480−3.0%
1951917+91.0%
YearPop.±%
1961882−3.8%

Social statistics

Thursby social status graph Thursby social status graph.jpg
Thursby social status graph

This shows the social status, based on 1831 occupations. We can see that as expected, there are a large proportion of servant and manual labourers (as shown in green). At 1831, the employers would have largely been on agricultural land. [19] However, for a rural village in the 19th century, Thursby does have a large number of middle and upper social classes compared to others. The 1831 census provides information, down to parish level but only shows occupations of males over 20. [20]


Weather

Climate data for Thursby, Cumbria, England
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)6
(43)
7
(45)
9
(48)
11
(52)
15
(59)
17
(63)
19
(66)
19
(66)
16
(61)
13
(55)
9
(48)
7
(45)
12
(54)
Average low °C (°F)2
(36)
2
(36)
3
(37)
4
(39)
6
(43)
9
(48)
12
(54)
11
(52)
9
(48)
7
(45)
4
(39)
2
(36)
6
(43)
Average precipitation cm (inches)9.39
(3.70)
8.09
(3.19)
7.33
(2.89)
5.41
(2.13)
5.62
(2.21)
6.38
(2.51)
6.14
(2.42)
7.15
(2.81)
8.32
(3.28)
11.09
(4.37)
9.85
(3.88)
10.47
(4.12)
95.24
(37.51)
Source: www.bing.com, [21] Met Office [22]

See also

Related Research Articles

Carlisle Cathedral city in Cumbria, England

Carlisle is a cathedral city and the county town of Cumbria as well as the administrative centre of the City of Carlisle district in North West England. Carlisle is located at the confluence of the rivers Eden, Caldew and Petteril, 10 miles (16 km) south of the Scottish border. Originally in the historic county of Cumberland, it is now the largest settlement in the county of Cumbria, and serves as the administrative centre for both Carlisle City Council and Cumbria County Council. At the time of the 2001 census, the population of Carlisle was 71,773, with 100,734 living in the wider city. Ten years later, at the 2011 census, the city's population had risen to 75,306, with 107,524 in the wider city.

A595 road

The A595 is a primary route in Cumbria, in Northern England that starts in Carlisle, passes through Whitehaven and goes close to Workington, Cockermouth and Wigton. It passes Sellafield and Ravenglass before ending at the Dalton-in-Furness by-pass, in southern Cumbria, where it joins the A590 trunk road. The road is mostly single carriageway, apart from in central Carlisle, where it passes the castle as a busy dual carriageway road named Castle Way, and prior to that as Bridge Street and Church Street, where it passes close to the McVitie's or Carr's biscuit factory. The Lillyhall bypass is also dual carriageway.

Wigton Human settlement in England

Wigton is a market town in Cumbria, England. Historically in Cumberland, it lies just outside the Lake District in the borough of Allerdale. Wigton is at the centre of the Solway Plain, between the Caldbeck Fells and the Solway coast. It is served by Wigton railway station on the Cumbrian Coast Line, and the A596 road to Workington. The town of Silloth-on-Solway lies 12 miles (19 km) to the west, beyond Abbeytown.

Aikton Human settlement in England

Aikton is a small village in the north of the English county of Cumbria. The nearest town is Wigton 3 miles away, and the nearest city is Carlisle at 8 miles. Aikton is located 5 12 miles (8.9 km) south of the Scottish border, in the centre of the Channel of the River Eden. It is in the historic county of Cumberland.

Bothel and Threapland Human settlement in England

Bothel and Threapland is a civil parish in the Allerdale district of Cumbria, England, just outside the Lake District National Park. According to the 2001 census, it had a population of 438. The parish includes the villages of Bothel and Threapland. The village of Bothel is south-east of the parish of Aspatria and Threapland is south of Aspatria and Carlisle is eighteen miles (29 km) North-east of the parish. It had a population of 483 in the 2011 census figures.

Bromfield, Cumbria Human settlement in England

Bromfield is a village and civil parish in the Allerdale district of Cumbria, in the north of England.

Burgh by Sands Human settlement in England

Burgh by Sands ( "Brough") is a village and civil parish in the City of Carlisle district of Cumbria, England, situated near the Solway Firth. The parish includes the village of Burgh by Sands along with Longburgh, Dykesfield, Boustead Hill, Moorhouse and Thurstonfield. It is notable as the site of the first recorded African (Moorish) community in Britain, guarding the Roman fort of Aballava in the 3rd century A.D.. It is also where Edward I of England died in 1307.

St Cuthbert Without, or simply St Cuthbert, is a civil parish within the City of Carlisle in Cumbria, England.

Wreay Human settlement in England

Wreay is a small English village that lies on the River Petteril. The M6 motorway, A6 trunk road and West Coast Main Line railway all skirt the village.

Cumrew Human settlement in England

Cumrew is a small village and civil parish in north-east Cumbria, England. About 7 miles (11 km) south of Brampton and 13 miles (21 km) east of Carlisle. The population of the civil parish taken at the 2001 census was 85, increasing to 131 at the 2011 Census.

Waverton, Cumbria Human settlement in England

Waverton is a linear village and civil parish in Cumbria, northwest England. Waverton lies on the main A596 road east of a bridge over the River Waver, 2.2 miles south west from Wigton and 14.2 miles from the nearest city, Carlisle. The river is the reason for Waverton's name as well as it coming from the old English word tuǹ, this meaning "An enclosure; a farmstead; a village; an estate".

Hesket Newmarket Human settlement in England

Hesket Newmarket is a small village in Cumbria, historically within Cumberland, It's on the opposite side of Skiddaw to Keswick within the Lake District National Park.

Kirkbride, Cumbria Human settlement in England

Kirkbride is a village and civil parish in Cumbria in the north west of England. The civil parish population at the 2011 census was 489.

Gilcrux Human settlement in England

Gilcrux is a small village and civil parish in the Ceremonial County of Cumbria, England, historically part of Cumberland, it is situated just outside the Lake District National Park.

Great Orton Human settlement in England

Great Orton is a village in the parish of Orton, in the City of Carlisle district of the English county of Cumbria. The population of the civil parish taken at the 2011 census was 453. Historically, the village is part of Cumberland.

Holme St Cuthbert A civil parish in Cumbria, England

Holme St. Cuthbert is a small village and civil parish in the borough of Allerdale, in the county of Cumbria, United Kingdom. The village is located approximately 23 miles to the south-west of Carlisle, Cumbria's county town, and was historically in the county of Cumberland.

Hayton, Allerdale Human settlement in England

Hayton is a village in Allerdale district, Cumbria, England. It is the main settlement in the civil parish of Hayton and Mealo. Located in Cumberland on a minor road between the B5300 and the A596, it is approximately 2 miles from the coast. Nearby settlements include the town of Aspatria and the villages of Oughterside and Prospect. A small tributary called Patten Beck runs across the village, through the grounds of the castle.

Castle Carrock Human settlement in England

Castle Carrock is a village and civil parish on the B6413 road, in the City of Carlisle District, in the English county of Cumbria about 3 miles (4.8 km) south of Brampton. The population of the Civil Parish was 303 in 2001 and rose to 328 by 2011. It has a pub, a and many walks. More recently Castle Carrock is known for 'Cumbria's Most Friendly Music Festival' - Music on the Marr which takes place each year at the end of July. It attracts a diverse crop of music, entertainers, artists and poets from around the world and celebrates great music and excellent entertainment for all.

B5302 road A road in Cumbria, England

The B5302 is a B road which runs for approximately twelve-and-a-quarter miles between the towns of Silloth-on-Solway and Wigton in Cumbria, United Kingdom. From west to east, it passes through the villages of Causewayhead, Calvo, Abbeytown, Wheyrigg, and Waverbridge, and also passes near to Blackdyke and Blencogo. At its eastern end, it comes very close to the Solway Coast Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, and passes by Silloth Airfield, left over from the Second World War. Several of the villages that the road passes through were formerly served by trains on the single-track Carlisle and Silloth Bay Railway, which closed with the Beeching axe in the 1960s. It is the main road connecting Silloth-on-Solway and surrounding settlements with the A596, and by extension, the city of Carlisle.

Woodside, Cumbria civil parish in Allerdale, Cumbria, England

Woodside is a civil parish in Allerdale district, Cumbria, England. At the 2011 census it had a population of 516.

References

  1. "aboutbritain" Retrieved 28 April 2012
  2. "vision of britain" Vision of Britain. Retrieved 27 April 2012
  3. "Vision of Britain" Vision of Britain. Retrieved 27 April 2012
  4. "genuki" genuki. Retrieved 29 April 2012
  5. "The Ship Inn" Archived 17 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine The Ship Inn. Retrieved 2 May 2012
  6. "Cumberland and West Moorland". Cumberland and the West Moorland. The Buildings of England. Nikolaus Pensner.1995
  7. en.m.wikisource.org/wiki/Bouch,_Thomas_(DNB00)
  8. "Education.gov.uk" [ permanent dead link ] Education.gov.uk. Retrieved 2 May 2012
  9. "thursby.cumbria.sch" [ permanent dead link ] Thursby.Cumbria.sch. Retrieved 2 May 2012
  10. "aboutbritain" Retrieved 28 April 2012
  11. "thursbyonline" Thursbyonline. Retrieved 27 April 2012
  12. "Cumberlandnews" [ permanent dead link ] Cumberland News. Retrieved 28 April 2012
  13. "eyezandearz" Archived 21 July 2012 at Archive.today Eyezandearz. Retrieved 2 May 2012
  14. "stagecoach" [ permanent dead link ] Stagecoach, 38. Retrieved 2 May 2012
  15. "Parish population 2011" . Retrieved 19 June 2015.
  16. "rootsweb" rootsweb. Retrieved 27 April 2012
  17. Roy Millward and Adrian Robinson."Landscapes of Britain"] Cumbria, Macmillan Education Ltd. 1972
  18. "Vision of Britain" Vision of Britain. Retrieved 27 April 2012
  19. "vision of britain" Vision of Britain.Retrieved 27 April 2012
  20. "vision of britain" Vision of Britain. Retrieved 27 April 2012
  21. "Weather in Thursby, wigton" . Retrieved 25 April 2012.[ permanent dead link ]
  22. "Met office" Metoffice- NW England. Retrieved 30 April 2012