Timeline of Chinese music

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This is a timeline that show the development of Chinese music by genre and region. It covers the historic China as well as the geographic areas of Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macau.


Dynastic periods

Zhou Dynasty

Qin to Han Dynasty

Lively musicians playing a bamboo flute and a plucked instrument, Chinese ceramic statues from the Eastern Han period (25-220 AD), Shanghai Museum Shanghai Museum 2006 17-15.jpg
Lively musicians playing a bamboo flute and a plucked instrument, Chinese ceramic statues from the Eastern Han period (25-220 AD), Shanghai Museum
Buddhist art from the Yungang Grottoes, Datong, c. 465 AD (Northern Wei Dynasty), showing musicians playing the pipa and sheng Datong 146.jpg
Buddhist art from the Yungang Grottoes, Datong, c. 465 AD (Northern Wei Dynasty), showing musicians playing the pipa and sheng

Sui to Tang Dynasty

The Great Music Bureau (大樂署) responsible for yayue and yanyue (燕樂, entertainment music and dance for banquet)
The Royal Academy founded by Emperor Gaozu
"Pear Garden", an acting and music academy founded by Emperor Xuanzong.
The Drum and Pipes Bureau (鼓吹署) responsible for ceremonial music.

Song to Yuan Dynasty

Ming Dynasty

Qing Dynasty


Hong Kong:


Republic of China:


Republic of China:


Republic of China:



People's Republic of China:


People's Republic of China:

Hong Kong:

Republic of China / Taiwan:


Hong Kong:


ROC Taiwan:

Hong Kong:


People's Republic of China:


People's Republic of China:

Hong Kong SAR:

ROC Taiwan


People's Republic of China:

Hong Kong SAR and ROC Taiwan


See also

Related Research Articles

Cantopop Genre of popular music in the Cantonese language

Cantopop or HK-pop is a genre of pop music written in standard Chinese and sung in Cantonese. Cantopop is also used to refer to the cultural context of its production and consumption. The genre began in the 1970s and became associated with Hong Kong popular music from the middle of the decade. Cantopop then reached its height of popularity in the 1980s and 1990s before slowly declining in the 2000s and experiencing a slight revival in the 2010s. The term "Cantopop" itself was coined in 1978 after "Cantorock", a term first used in 1974. In the eighties Cantopop has reached its highest glory with fanbase and concerts from allover the world, especially from Mainland China, Taiwan, Singapore, Malaysia, South Korea, and Japan. This is even more obvious with the influx of songs from Hong Kong movies during the time.

Music of China Cultural musical history

Music of China refers to the music of the Chinese people, which may be the music of the Han Chinese as well as other ethnic minorities within mainland China. It also includes music produced by people of Chinese origin in some territories outside mainland China using traditional Chinese instruments or in the Chinese language. It covers a highly diverse range of music from the traditional to the modern.

Music of Taiwan

The music of Taiwan reflects the diverse culture of Taiwanese people. Taiwan has undergone several economic, social, and political changes through its cultural history, and Taiwanese music reflects those issues in its way. The music of the country has adopted a mixed style. As a country rich in Chinese folk culture and with many indigenous tribes with their own distinct artistic identity, various folk music styles are appreciated in Taiwan. In addition, people in Taiwan highly appreciate various style of Western classical music and pop music. Taiwan is an important Mandopop hub.

Jacky Cheung Hong Kong singer and actor (born 1961)

Jacky Cheung Hok-yau is a Hong Kong singer, songwriter and actor. Dubbed the "God of Songs", he is considered by the media as one of the "Four Heavenly Kings" of Hong Kong pop music. Cheung is known for his technically skilled vocals, lengthy tours, multimillion-selling album The Goodbye Kiss and his personal Private Corner album project, for which he coined the phrase 'Canto-jazz’. His successful music and acting career has made Cheung one of Hong Kong's icons. He was elected by Time Magazine as one of the "25 most influential people in the New Hong Kong".

Chinese rock Music genre

Chinese rock is a wide variety of rock and roll music made by rock bands and solo artists from Mainland China. Typically, Chinese rock is a fusion of forms accompanying the grand presentation of traditional Chinese music.

C-pop Music genre by artists originating from mainland China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan

C-pop is an abbreviation for Chinese popular music, a loosely defined musical genre by artists originating from the Greater China region. This includes countries where Chinese languages are used by parts of the population, such as Taiwan, Singapore and Malaysia. C-pop is used as an umbrella term covering not only Chinese pop but also R&B, ballads, Chinese rock, Chinese hip hop and Chinese ambient music, although Chinese rock diverged during the early 1990s.

Music of Hong Kong Music

The Music of Hong Kong is an eclectic mixture of traditional and popular genres. Cantopop is one of the more prominent genres of music produced in Hong Kong. The Hong Kong Philharmonic Orchestra and the Hong Kong Sinfonietta regularly perform western classical music in the city. There is also a long tradition of Cantonese opera within Hong Kong.

Mandopop or Mandapop refers to Mandarin popular music. The genre has its origin in the jazz-influenced popular music of 1930s Shanghai known as Shidaiqu; with later influences coming from Japanese enka, Hong Kong's Cantopop, Taiwan's Hokkien pop, and in particular the Campus Song folk movement of the 1970s. 'Mandopop' may be used as a general term to describe popular songs performed in Mandarin. Though Mandopop predates Cantopop, the English term was coined around 1980 after "Cantopop" became a popular term for describing popular songs in Cantonese. "Mandopop" was used to describe Mandarin-language popular songs of that time, some of which were versions of Cantopop songs sung by the same singers with different lyrics to suit the different rhyme and tonal patterns of Mandarin.

Sandy Lam Musical artist

Sandy Lam, is a Hong Kong singer, actress and album producer. She rose to fame in the 1980s as a Cantopop diva, before expanding her fan base significantly in Asia, releasing more than 30 stylistically diverse albums in Cantonese, Mandarin, English and Japanese.

Denise Ho Musical artist

Denise Ho Wan-see is a Hong Kong-based Cantopop singer and actress. She is also a pro-democracy and Hong Kong human rights activist. In 2012, Ho declared herself as a lesbian, being the first mainstream Cantonese singer to do so. In 2014, Ho was blacklisted by the Chinese government and by the luxury brand Lancome for her participation in the Umbrella Movement in Hong Kong. Ho is a Canadian citizen.

Hokkien pop, also known as Taiwanese popular music, T-pop, Tai-pop, Minnan Pop and Taiwanese song, is a popular music genre sung in Taiwanese Hokkien and produced mainly in Taiwan. Hokkien pop is most popular amongst Hoklo people in Taiwan, Mainland China, and the Overseas Chinese in Southeast Asia.

Yellow Music is a genre of popular music. The term has been used in China and Vietnam to describe types of music that have separate origins.

Gangtai are the C-pop artists and musical style from Hong Kong or Taiwan. The term is synonymous with post-1960 Cantopop or post-1970 Mandopop, a sweet, love type melody found distinctly in C-pop and not any other genre of Chinese folk, rock or traditional music.

Northwest Wind

Northwest Wind is a style of music which emerged on the popular music scene in mainland China from the northwestern or xibei portion of China specifically from the Shanxi, Shaanxi and Gansu provinces. The style is a western-style fast tempo, strong beat and extremely aggressive bass lines that is distinctly different from cantopop or mandopop from Hong Kong and Taiwan respectively. It later evolved into Chinese Rock in the late 1980s.

Asia Song Festival, a.k.a.A-Song-Fe or ASF, is an annual Asian pop music festival held in South Korea, since 2004. It is hosted by Korea Foundation for International Culture Exchange (KOFICE) and features artists from Asian countries. Participating artists are awarded a plaque of appreciation by the Korean Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism and Best Asian Artist by the chairman of Korea Foundation for International Culture and Exchange (KOFICE). South Korean boy band TVXQ is the only act to have participated for five consecutive years, since the 1st festival in 2004.

This is the discography of Hong Kong singer Prudence Liew. Liew has released 13 cantopop albums and two mandopop albums since her debut in 1986. Her albums have been certified multi-platinum by the Hong Kong IFPI, with her eponymous debut album, Prudence Liew selling over 500,000 copies, certifying 10x platinum.

Song Bird (天涯歌女) is a historical drama television series produced by TVB and broadcast in Hong Kong in 1989. The story is based on the life of shidaiqu singer Zhou Xuan. The Chinese name of the TV series comes from the name of one of the songs used in the 1937 film Street Angel.

The Global Chinese Pop Chart is a Chinese language pop music chart compiled by 7 Chinese language radio stations across Asia. It was founded in 2001 by Beijing Music Radio, Shanghai Eastern Broadcasting, Radio Guangdong, Radio Television Hong Kong, Hit Fm Taiwan, subsequently replaced by Taipei Pop Radio, and Malaysia's 988 FM.


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