Timeline of Hong Kong history

Last updated

The following is a timeline of the history of Hong Kong .

Contents

Imperial China

DateRuling entityEventsOther people/events
221 BC Qin Dynasty First records of the territory in Chinese history
206 BC Han Dynasty Inhabitants in Ma Wan Island
25 ADBuilding of Lei Cheng Uk Han Tomb (est.)
901 AD Punti settlement
1075 Song Dynasty Founding of Li Ying College
1163Salt fields in Hong Kong first officially managed
1277China's Imperial court found refuge in Silvermine Bay on Lantau Island during the Battle of Yamen
1513 Ming Dynasty Jorge Álvares arrives in Tuen Mun
1661 Qing Dynasty Kangxi Emperor orders the Great Clearance, which requires the evacuation of the coastal areas of Guangdong. What is now the territory of Hong Kong became largely wasteland during the ban. [1]
1669The coastal ban is lifted
1685 Kangxi Emperor opens limited trade on a regular basis starting with Canton
1757 British East India Company pursued a monopoly on opium production beginning with India in the far east
1793 Anglo-Chinese relations
1839 First Opium War (1839–42)

Colonial Hong Kong

British Crown colony

DateGovernorEventsOther people/events
1841 Charles Elliot Convention of Chuenpi
Commodore James Bremer at Possession Point
1842 Henry Pottinger Treaty of Nanjing
1843Formation of the Legislative Council and Executive Council Ying Wa College, world's first Anglo-Chinese school relocated to Hong Kong
1844
1847 John Francis Davis Building of Kowloon Walled city
1848
1851 George Bonham Taiping Rebellion
1853 Chinese serial
1854
1855 John Bowring First proposal of Praya Reclamation Scheme
1856 Second Opium War
1859 Hercules Robinson
1860 Convention of Peking,
British rules Kowloon south of Boundary Street,
Establishment of Diocesan Girls' School
1861British acquired Kowloon Peninsula Frederick Stewart modernise HK education
1865Establishment of HK Shanghai Bank
1866 Richard Graves
MacDonnell
Four big families of Hong Kong (est.)
1868The Viceroy of Guangdong and Guangxi, ordered four customs stations to be established in waterways surrounding Hong Kong and Kowloon at Fat Tong Chau, Ma Wan, Cheung Chau and Kowloon Walled City. It was so-called "blockade of Hong Kong" by the Hong Kong Government. [2] These stations ceased to operate in 1899 after the lease of the New Territories to Britain. [3]
1872 Tung Wah Hospital established
1874 Arthur Kennedy 1874 Hong Kong Typhoon Founding of the Universal Circulating Herald
1877 Arthur Kennedy
1882 John Pope Hennessy
1883 George Bowen
1887 William Des Vœux Western medical science reaches Hong Kong College of Medicine for Chinese
1888Founding of Peak Tram
1891 William Robinson
1894 Third Pandemic of Bubonic Plague
1898 Second Convention of Peking,
British rules New Territories and New Kowloon
1899 Six-Day War
1904 Henry Arthur Blake Peak Reservation Ordinance
1906 1906 Hong Kong typhoon
1907 Matthew Nathan
1908 1908 Hong Kong Typhoon
1912 Frederick Lugard Establishment of the Republic of China,
Qing Dynasty overthrown
1915Establishment of St. Paul's Co-educational College
1918 Happy Valley Racecourse fire
Gresson Street shootout
1919 Francis Henry May
1921 Praya East Reclamation Scheme
1922 Seamen's strike of 1922
1923 Reginald Edward Stubbs Sun Yat-sen proclaimed his anti-corruption revolutionary ideas came from Hong Kong during HK university speech
1924Land allocation for Kai Tak Airport
1925 Canton-Hong Kong strike
1926 Cecil Clementi First Chinese member appointed to Executive Council
1928First pre-RTHK radio broadcast
1930 William Peel
1933Founding of Kowloon Motor Bus
1935 Andrew Caldecott
1937 Great Hong Kong Typhoon of 1937

British Crown colony

DateGovernorEventsOther people/events
1947First government count of Hong Kong Taxi
1948 Alexander Grantham HK Social Welfare Department formed
1949Establishment of People's Republic of China
1953 Shek Kip Mei Fire
1955 Kashmir Princess assassination attempt
1956 Hong Kong 1956 riots
1957 RTV a first terrestrial television station Asian Flu
1958 Robert Brown Black
1960 Four Asian Tigers (est.)
Typhoon Mary
1962 Typhoon Wanda
1964 David Clive Crosbie Trench
1966 Hong Kong 1966 riots
Visit of Princess Margaret in March [4]
Cultural Revolution in China
1967 Hong Kong 1967 riots
TVB a second terrestrial television station
1968 Hong Kong flu
1971 Murray MacLehose 6-year free Primary education funded Typhoon Rose
1972 Small House Policy
1972 Hong Kong landslides
PRC request HK and Macau off United Nations list
1974 Independent Commission Against Corruption established
Home Ownership Scheme introduced
1976 Home Ownership Scheme introduced
1978 Chinese Economic Reform begins in China
1979Establishment of Mass Transit Railway
1980 PRC United Front strategy (est.)
1982 Edward Youde ATV replacing RTV
1983 Black Saturday
1984 Sino-British Joint Declaration and the proposal of One country, two systems
1985 Braemar Hill murders
1987 David Wilson Black Monday
1989More than 1 million people marched for three consecutive Sundays in Hong Kong, including 1.5 million on May 28. 1989 Tiananmen Square protests and massacre
1990 Basic Law proclaimed
1991 STAR TV a first satellite television station
1992 Chris Patten United States-Hong Kong Policy Act
1993 Cable TV Hong Kong a first pay television station
Lan Kwai Fong stampede
1996 Garley Building fire
Phoenix Satellite Television a first satellite television station based in Hong Kong
1997 Tsing Ma Bridge opened.
Hong Kong transferred to the People's Republic of China.

HKSAR

DateChief ExecutiveEventsOther people/events
1997 Tung Chee Hwa First Special Administrative Region government formed.
Beginning of mass poultry disposal as part of Bird Flu crisis.
Asian Financial Crisis
1998 Kai Tak International Airport replaced by Hong Kong International Airport

First post-handover elections

1999 Right of Abode debate
Hello Kitty murder
Flight 642 crash
PRC bans Falun Gong cult
2001 Director of Immigration v Chong Fung Yuen
2003 SARS outbreak, 1:99 Concert
Leslie Cheung suicide
CEPA
Demonstration against Article 23
Harbour Fest
Murder of Robert Kissel
Death of Anita Mui
2005 Donald Tsang Resignation of Tung Chee-hwa
Opening of Hong Kong Disneyland
2005 Hong Kong electoral reform
2005 protest for democracy
WTO Hong Kong Ministerial Conference
2006 Opening of Ngong Ping 360
Demolition of Star Ferry Pier
The Bus Uncle
2007 MTR–KCR merger
2007 HK Island by-election
2008 Edison Chen photo scandal
Leung Chin-man appointment controversy
HK holds 2008 Olympics Equestrian event
HK holds 2008 Paralympics Equestrian event
ATV management debacle
Citizens' Radio raided
Mong Kok acid attacks
Demolition of Queen's Pier
Beijing Olympics
Bankruptcy of Lehman Brothers
Sichuan earthquake
Artistes 512 Fund Raising Campaign
2009 2009 East Asian Games
20th anniversary of the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests and massacre
2009 Hong Kong Broadcasting Authority forum
2009 flu pandemic in Hong Kong
Hong Kong Macau cultural exchange
July 2009 Ürümqi riots
Global financial crisis
Xinjiang journalist attack
Artistes 88 Fund Raising Campaign
2010 2010 Hong Kong new year march
Five Constituencies referendum
TVB monopoly case
21st anniversary of the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests and massacre
CE and LegCo selection document
Opposition to the Guangzhou-Hong Kong Express Rail Link
Artistes 414 Fund Raising Campaign
Manila hostage crisis
2011 Hong Kong 818 incident
Vallejos v. Commissioner of Registration
2011 Fa Yuen street fire
Free Ai Weiwei street art campaign
2012 Dolce & Gabbana photo incident
Early 2012 Hong Kong protests
Moral and National Education controversy
Hong Kong plastic disaster
Lamma Island ferry collision
Hong Kong mainland China driving scheme
2013 CY Leung Comilang v. Commissioner of Registration
Vallejos v. Commissioner of Registration
2013 Hong Kong dock strike
2014 Knife attack on Kevin Lau
2014 electoral reform
2014 Hong Kong Protests (Umbrella Revolution)
2015 Causeway Bay Books disappearances
Heavy metal in drinking water incidents
HKU pro-vice-chancellor selection controversy
2016 January 2016 East Asia cold wave
Mong Kok civil unrest
Hong Kong Legislative Council oath-taking controversy
Hong Kong LegCo candidates' disqualification controversy
2017 Carrie Lam Imprisonment of Hong Kong democracy activists
2018 Opening of Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong Express Rail Link Hong Kong section
Tai Po Road bus accident
Opening of the Hong Kong–Zhuhai–Macau Bridge
Victor Mallet visa controversy
Typhoon Mangkhut
2019 Extradition law controversy (protests)
2020 COVID-19 pandemic
National Anthem Ordinance passed
National Security Law passed

See also

Related Research Articles

Hong Kong City and special administrative region of China

Hong Kong, officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (HKSAR), is a city and special administrative region of China on the eastern Pearl River Delta in South China. With 7.5 million residents of various nationalities in a 1,104-square-kilometre (426 sq mi) territory, Hong Kong is one of the most densely populated places in the world. Hong Kong is also one of the three global financial centres and one of the most developed cities in the world.

Charles K. Kao Chinese scientist and Nobel Prize Laureate (1933–2018)

Sir Charles Kao Kuen was an electrical engineer and physicist who pioneered the development and use of fiber optics in telecommunications. In the 1960s, Kao created various methods to combine glass fibers with lasers in order to transmit digital data, which laid the groundwork for the evolution of the Internet.

Chief Executive of Hong Kong Head of the government of Hong Kong

The Chief Executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China is the representative of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and head of the Government of Hong Kong. The position was created to replace the office of governor of Hong Kong, the representative of the monarch of the United Kingdom during British rule. The office, stipulated by the Hong Kong Basic Law, formally came into being on 1 July 1997 when the sovereignty of Hong Kong was transferred from the United Kingdom to the People's Republic of China.

Xinhui District District in Guangdong, Peoples Republic of China

Xinhui, alternately romanized as Sunwui and also known as Kuixiang, is an urban district of Jiangmen in Guangdong, China. It grew from a separate city founded at the confluence of the Tan and West Rivers. It has a population of about 735,500, 98% of whom are Han Chinese but many of whom speak a dialect of Cantonese as their first language. Xinhui is best known in China for its chenpi, a kind of dried Mandarin orange peel.

Election Committee (Hong Kong) Hong Kong electoral college

The Election Committee is a Hong Kong electoral college, the function of which is to select the Chief Executive (CE) and, since 2021, to elect 40 of the 90 members of the Legislative Council. Established by Annex I of the Basic Law of Hong Kong which states that "the Chief Executive shall be elected by a broadly representative Election Committee in accordance with this Law and appointed by the Central People's Government ." It is formed and performs its selection function once every five years, even in the event of a CE not completing their term. The membership of the Election Committee was expanded to 1,500 under the massive overhaul of the electoral system in 2021. The Election Committee has been criticised for its "small-circle" electoral basis and its composition favouring pro-Beijing and business interests.

Electric Road

Electric Road is a street in the north of Hong Kong Island in the Eastern District of Hong Kong. It spans from the Tin Hau area of Causeway Bay, across Fortress Hill of North Point and connects east onto Java Road in North Point.

Fanling Lodge

Fanling Lodge is an official residence of the Chief Executive of Hong Kong, which serves as a country house and occasionally hosts official functions. Built in 1934 as a summer residence for the then Governor of Hong Kong, Fanling Lodge was granted a Grade I historic building status in 2014, amid concerns about its inclusion within a new town development plan.

City Gallery (Hong Kong)

City Gallery is an exhibition centre about the planning and development of urban areas in Hong Kong. It is located at Edinburgh Place in Central, Victoria City. It is a public relations effort of the Planning Department of the Hong Kong government.

Transport Department Hong Kong government department

The Transport Department of the Government of Hong Kong is a department of the civil service responsible for transportation-related policy in Hong Kong. The department is under the Transport and Housing Bureau.

Timeline of Chinese music

This is a timeline that show the development of Chinese music by genre and region. It covers the historic China as well as the geographic areas of Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macau.

Gregory So

Gregory So Kam-leung is the former Secretary for Commerce and Economic Development of Hong Kong.

The Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office of the State Council is an administrative agency of the State Council of the People's Republic of China responsible for promoting cooperation and coordination of political, economic and cultural ties between Mainland China and the Chinese Special Administrative Regions of Hong Kong and Macau.

Wang Chau (Yuen Long)

Wang Chau is an area of Yuen Long District, located in the northwestern part of Hong Kong, west of the Shan Pui River.

The Hong Kong Institution of Engineers Professional organization

The Hong Kong Institution of Engineers is a professional body of engineers in Hong Kong. It was founded in 1947 as the Engineering Society of Hong Kong and was incorporated by the Legislative Council of Hong Kong as The Hong Kong Institution of Engineers in 1975. The institution aims to facilitate the exchange of knowledge and ideas, train the members in new technology and practices, and to raise the standing and visibility of engineers. It has a membership of more than 24,000, as of February 2010, under 19 different engineering disciplines.

Murray MacLehose, Baron MacLehose of Beoch British politician

Crawford Murray MacLehose, Baron MacLehose of Beoch,, was a British politician, diplomat and the 25th Governor of Hong Kong, from 1971 to 1982. He was the longest-serving governor of the colony, with four successive terms in office.

Lung Tsun Stone Bridge

The Lung Tsun Stone Bridge was a bridge in British Hong Kong which was buried during the construction of Kai Tak Airport and which connected the Kowloon Walled City to a pier leading into Kowloon Bay.

Tsuen Wan Transport Complex Building in Tsuen Wan, Hong Kong

Tsuen Wan Transport Complex was a large transport hub in Tsuen Wan, Hong Kong. There was a bus terminus and taxi stand on the ground floor; on top sat a multi-storey car park.

Hong Kong–United Kingdom relations Bilateral relations

Hong Kong–United Kingdom relations refers to international relations between the post-colonial Hong Kong and the United Kingdom. Hong Kong was a British colony from 1841 to 1941 and again from 1945 to 1997 when sovereignty was handed over to China. UK policy towards Hong Kong is underpinned by its substantial commercial interests, and fulfilling obligation as the other signatory of Sino–British Joint Declaration on the future of Hong Kong, in addition to support Hong Kong's mini-constitution, the Basic Law, and in accordance with China's policy of observing "one country, two systems".

Hong Kong–Indonesia relations Bilateral relations

Hong Kong–Indonesia relations are bilateral relations between Hong Kong and Indonesia.

References

  1. Hong Kong Museum of History: "The Hong Kong Story" Exhibition Materials Archived 2009-04-18 at the Wayback Machine
  2. Civil Engineering and Development Department, Kowloon Development Office, "Agreement No. CE 35/2006(CE). Kai Tak Development Engineering Study. Further archaeological excavation report", p. 8, August 2009
  3. Antiquities and Monuments Office: Site of Chinese Customs Station
  4. Yanne, Andrew; Heller, Gillis (2009). Signs of a Colonial Era. Hong Kong University Press. p. 22. ISBN   978-962-209-944-9.