Timeline of Japanese history

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This is a timeline of Japanese history, comprising important legal, territorial and cultural changes and political events in Japan and its predecessor states. To read about the background to these events, see History of Japan.


Centuries: 1st  · 2nd  · 3rd  · 4th  · 5th  · 6th  · 7th  · 8th  · 9th  · 10th  · 11th  · 12th  · 13th  · 14th  · 15th  · 16th  · 17th  · 18th  · 19th  · 20th  · 21st


14000 BC First settlers arrived on the Japanese archipelago, called the Jōmon. They had a diverse hunter-gatherer and early agriculturalist population.

3rd century BC

300 BC Mass migration from the Asian continent to the Japanese archipelago ushered in the Yayoi period. Japan transitioned from a hunter-gatherer to a settled agricultural society. There was a mixture between the Yayoi immigrants and the indigenous population, and between new cultural influences and existing practices.

1st century

57The King of Na gold seal is issued by Emperor Guangwu of Han to the coalition of Japanese states in northern Kyushu led by Nakoku state.

2nd century

180The Civil war of Wa ends, bringing Shaman queen Himiko to power in Yamatai clan somewhere in either Northern Kyushu or Central Honshu.

3rd century

201The Nagata Shrine, Hirota Shrine and Ikuta Shrine, the oldest surviving Shinto shrines in Japan, are founded by legendary Empress Jingū.
238First embassy of Himiko to Cao Wei
248 Himiko dies and is succeeded by 13 y.o. Queen Iyo after a brief civil war. Some rebels, preferring a male successor, fled Yamatai and founded the Miwa court in Nara.
250The Kofun period and Yamato period starts. Traditional date to mark the founding of Yamato entity in Nara associated with the Sujin line of kings.
266Iyo embassy to Emperor Wu of Jin
283The Hata clan led by Yuzuki no Kimi settles in Japan, introducing sericulture (silk farming).

4th century

346Makimuku site abandoned, possibly due to invaders including Baekje and Gaya confederacy men, indicating large changes of Miwa court
350Unification of Yamato Province
362King Chūai of Miwa court replaced by king Ōjin of Kawachi court (Saki Court), marking expansion of Yamato Province to entire Kinai

5th century

Very little is known about the 5th century in Japan. The period was definitely marked by volatile inter-state warfare, complex alliances, submissions and betrayals. Some of the more constant Yamato polity partners were Baekje and Gaya confederacy, while enemies included Goguryeo, Silla and various Chinese groups. All of the records of the era either did not survive or are contentious.

404 Goguryeo–Wa conflicts between Wa, Baekje, and Gaya against Goguryeo and Silla
413 King of Wa sends 1st recorded tribute to the Jin.
430Yamato polity become a regional power after subjugating several states in West Japan. Details are subject to Mimana controversy.
461Chronology of the Japanese historical records become consistent. All dates before this entry are reconstructed with foreign or archaeological data.
Baekje sends an embassy to Japan, as confirmed by both Japanese and Korean records.

6th century

500Iron tools become widespread in archeological record, marking the advent of Iron Age in Japan.
507Kawachi court is succeeded by King Ohoto of Koshi (Keitai line of kings) in Asuka court.
527With the suppression of the Iwai Rebellion, the Yamato polity is firmly entrenched in Tsukushi Province, Kyushu.
538Introduction of Buddhism in Japan by Seong of Baekje.
The Asuka period starts, the Imperial capital was transferred to Asuka. Yamato polity achieve de facto political dominance with full conquest of Shikoku and Kyushu islands.
562The last states of Gaya confederacy are destroyed, marking extinction of Japonic languages outside Japan.
587The religious war (Soga–Mononobe conflict) ends with the victory of the pro-Buddhist Soga clan.
593The Soga clan takes control of Japan with the installation of Empress Suiko on the throne.

7th century

603Introduction of the Twelve Level Cap and Rank System in Japan
607The first embassy under the command of Ono no Imoko is sent to Sui China.
630The first of Japanese missions to Tang China
645The Asuka period ends with the power of the Soga clan broken in the Isshi Incident and Nakatomi clan becoming the dominant power.
64622 JanuaryThe Hakuhō period starts with the Taika Reform.
660Japanese, under command of Abe no Hirafu, massacre the Mishihase people in Hokkaido. The Japanese do not return to Hokkaido until over 700 years later.
662Japanese enter the Baekje–Tang War.
663The Japanese navy is decisively defeated in the Battle of Baekgang, marking the withdrawal of Japan from Korean politics.
665First coastal defences of Kyushu were built at what is now the Ōnojō Castle Ruins.
668The Ōmi Code was adopted starting the Ritsuryō law system.
670First population census.
672Succession conflict results in the Jinshin War.
673With the reign of Emperor Tenmu, Japan becomes an empire.
684 684 Hakuho earthquake, severe tsunami and subsidence at Tosa Province
689 Asuka Kiyomihara Code, incorporating a citizens registration and pestilence reporting system, was adopted
694The Imperial capital transferred to Fujiwara-kyō.

8th century

701The Taihō Code legal system is accepted.
709The Fort Ideha is established near modern Akita, marking the start of submission of the Emishi people in the Tōhoku region to Japanese.
710The Nara period starts after Empress Genmei establishes the capital of Heijō-kyō.
711The law prohibiting nobles from restricting peasant's access to non-agricultural areas is enacted. Stagnation in cultivated land area begins and would continue until 14th century.
712The Kojiki is completed.
713The provinces are ordered to compile cultural and geographical records, known as fudoki .
718 Fujiwara no Fuhito compiles the Yōrō Code (the update of Taihō Code) which is accepted in 757.
720The Nihon Shoki (1st volume of historical chronicles Rikkokushi ) is completed.
NovemberMurder of governor Kamitsukenu no Ason Hirohito and susbsequent punitive expedition to Mutsu province
721The Hayato rebellion ends after a year and half of fighting, marking the complete subjugation of Southern Kyushu.
Severe drought and government attempts to mitigate by clearing farmland in Mutsu Province
724 Emperor Shōmu was enthroned. Also, the site of the Taga Castle, near to modern Sendai, is founded.
731AprilA fleet of 300 Japanese vessels is defeated on the east coast on Silla. [1]
735 Genbō and Kibi no Makibi returned from China.
A major smallpox epidemic spread from Kyushu, resulting in a third of the population perishing, 10 years of social instability and 4 transfers of the Imperial capital through Kuni-kyō, Shigaraki Palace and Naniwa-kyō before returning to Heijō-kyō in 745.
74028 SeptemberThe Fujiwara no Hirotsugu Rebellion erupts on Kyushu.
741 Shōmu established the provincial temples as a part of shift from Confucianism to Buddhism effected by ongoing epidemic and famine.
743The Ritsuryō law system incorporated the right of eternal land ownership by any squatter in attempt to mitigate a rampant vagrancy.
745Establishment of the centralized rice tax system.
749End of first smallpox epidemic.
751The Kaifūsō poetry anthology was completed.
752The Great Buddha of Nara at Tōdai-ji was completed with the assistance of Bodhisena from India.
754Priest Ganjin arrived from China.
757 Fujiwara no Nakamaro defeated an attempt by Tachibana no Naramaro to seize power.
The Yōrō Code completes the evolution of Ritsuryō law system.
763Severe epidemic of unidentified illness began spreading from the Iki Island.
764 Fujiwara and Emperor Junnin launched a plot against the retired Empress Kōken and the monk Dōkyō (which failed)
773The Thirty-Eight Years War for the subjugation of Tōhoku starts.
781 Emperor Kanmu was enthroned.
784The Imperial capital moved to Nagaoka-kyō. This was the capital of Japan from 784 to 794. Its location was in Otokuni District, Kyoto, Yamashiro Province.
788 Saichō built Enryaku-ji.
794The first shōgun, Ōtomo no Otomaro, was appointed by Emperor Kanmu in 794 CE. The shōgun was the military dictator of Japan with near absolute power over territories via the military.
The Heian period starts after Emperor Kanmu moved the capital to Heian-kyō (ancient name of Kyoto). Emperor Kanmu chose to relocate the capital in order to distance it from the clerical establishment in Nara.
790Relavively minor smallpox outbreak resulting in large mortality of men aged 30 or below.
797The Shoku Nihongi (2nd volume of historical chronicles Rikkokushi ) was completed.

9th century

802After the defeat of the Emishi Isawa confederation and execution of Aterui in the final stages of Thirty-Eight Years War  [ ja ], the Japanese control the entire Honshu island.
806The Japanese kana scripts (invention popularly attributed to Kūkai) have evolved as distinct from Chinese characters.
810The Kusuko Incident propels Emperor Saga to the throne, resulting in a 32-years long peaceful period.
814Second major outbreak of smallpox epidemic killing "nearly half" of the Japanese population.
815 Shinsen Shōjiroku , the first compilation of Japanese genealogical data, is complete.
82923 January Kūkai has established the first public school in Japan.
839Last envoy to Tang China sent (some later embassies were cancelled)
840 Nihon Kōki (3rd volume of historical chronicles Rikkokushi ) was completed.
842The Jōwa Incident marks the raising power of the Fujiwara clan.
853FebruaryMinor outbreak of smallpox epidemic. The outbreaks would continue with average interval of 30 years until smallpox become endemic by 1061.
858The Fujiwara clan solidify their rule over Japan with the installation of Emperor Seiwa.
869 Shoku Nihon Kōki (4th volume of historical chronicles Rikkokushi ) was completed.
9 JulyThe devastating 869 Sanriku earthquake and tsunami happened off Tohoku coast.
878MarchThe Akita Castle is overrun during Gangyou disturbance  [ ja ] with the background of heavy drought and famine, resulting in growing independence of the Dewa Province
879 Nihon Montoku Tennō Jitsuroku (5th volume of historical chronicles Rikkokushi ) was completed.
887 Ako Controversy around edict issued by Emperor Uda naming Fujuwara no Mototsune as Kanpaku
894 Sugawara no Michizane advocates for stopping sending embassies to China.

10th century

901 Nihon Sandai Jitsuroku (6th and last of historical chronicles Rikkokushi ) was completed.
907Severe epidemics and extreme weather including floods and drought, popularly attributed to persecution of Sugawara no Michizane
935The Tosa Nikki , the oldest surviving Japanese diary, was written.
939 Tengyō no Ran – the failed rebellion of Taira no Masakado in Hitachi Province and Shimōsa Province, Fujiwara no Sumitomo in Iyo Province and San'yō region, plus opportunistic uprisings in Dewa Province – the first of many rebellions led by professional warriors (samurai), has led to the downfall of the Tachibana clan.
949The 56 warrior monks of Tōdai-ji stage the public protest, marking the formation of sōhei class and militarization of temples.
984The Ishinpō , the oldest surviving Japanese medical manual, is compiled.
995Unprecedented scale epidemic ravages Heian-kyō, killing many nobles on the background of sectarian strife. [2]

11th century

1008 The Tale of Genji is written.
1019 Toi invasion to northern Kyushu
1028 Taira no Tadatsune starts a 3-years long war in now Chiba Prefecture before surrendering.
1051The Former Nine Years War (Zenkunen War) against rebellious Abe clan in now Tohoku have started.
1069The Ritsuryō system has completely failed due to encroachment by private manors. Emperor Go-Sanjō land reform attempt was thwarted by Fujiwara no Yorimichi, signaling the terminal decline of imperial power.
1074The unification of units of volume measurement [3]
1083The fighting in Tohoku flares up again, resulting in the Gosannen War (Later Three-Year War).

12th century

1156The Hōgen Rebellion has marked the rise of the samurai class.
1159The Heiji Rebellion has been defeated, and Taira clan under control of Taira no Kiyomori is dominating the government of Japan – the first example of samurai rule.
1177 Shishigatani incident – an attempted rebellion against Taira clan rule
1180The Genpei War starts. As result, the Imperial capital is briefly moved to Fukuhara-kyō.
1181Severe drought created the Yōwa famine
1185The Kamakura period starts after the Genpei War ends with the defeat of the Taira clan, resulting in establishment of the Kamakura shogunate.
118915 JuneThe Battle of Koromo River have ended de facto independence of the Northern Fujiwara clan in Tōhoku. As result, first Japanese refugees have settled in Kaminokuni, Hokkaido.
1192 Kamakura became the de facto capital of Japan in about 1180 AD, following the victories of the Minamoto over the Taira. It officially became the capital in 1192 when Minamoto Yoritomo was declared shōgun.
Minamoto no Yoritomo seized power from the central government and the aristocracy and established a feudal system based in Kamakura. The samurai gained political power over the aristocratic nobility (kuge) of the Imperial Court in Kyoto. Minamoto no Yoritomo was awarded the title of Sei-i Taishōgun by Emperor Go-Toba. The Emperor became a figurehead. The political system that Yoritomo developed with a succession of shōguns as the head became known as a shogunate. The military class would rule Japan near continuously from 1192 till 1868 CE.

13th century

1221 Jōkyū War – an attempt of Imperial family to regain independence from the Kamakura shogunate
1230-1231 Kanki famine
1232The Goseibai Shikimoku code accepted and used until the Edo period, marking militarization of legal system
1274 1st Mongol invasion in Japan repulsed in the Battle of Bun'ei
1281 2nd Mongol invasion in Japan repulsed in the Battle of Kōan
129327 MayThe deadly 1293 Kamakura earthquake, followed by government in-fighting, struck Japan.

14th century

1331 Emperor Go-Daigo initiates the Genkō War.
13335 JulyThe short-lived Kenmu Restoration starts with the destruction of the Kamakura shogunate in the siege of Kamakura (1333).
1334Imperial court of Japan splits in two until 1392, resulting in the Nanboku-chō period.
1336The Muromachi period starts with the establishment of the Ashikaga shogunate domination over the imperial Northern Court. The Daimyō system is established.
1341The Jinnō Shōtōki is written, formalizing Emperor's of Japan role transition from ruler to the mystical symbol.
13484 FebruaryThe Southern Court loses the Battle of Shijōnawate.
1350 Kannō disturbance weakens the Ashikaga shogunate. Wokou pirates from Japan are becoming rampant in region.
1353The Southern Court wins the Battle of Yawata, enabling the siege of Kyoto in 1354.
1368De facto independence of the Kantō region
1370De facto independence of Kyushu
1392The Nanboku-chō period ends with subjugation of the Southern Court to the Northern Court.

15th century

141919 June Ōei Invasion to Wokou bases on Tsushima Island
1428 Cholera epidemic and extreme impoverishment in now Shiga Prefecture have resulted in the Shocho uprising.
1438Flare-up of Eikyō disturbance  [ ja ] in the Kantō region after 22 years of confrontation between local lords and shogunate
1443The Treaty of Gyehae was signed, resulting in Wokou pirates becoming increasingly non-Japanese.
1454The Kyōtoku Incident starts the 32 years of instability and bloodshed in the semi-independent Kantō region.
1457 Takeda Nobuhiro emerged victorious after repelling an Ainu assault on Kaminokuni, Hokkaido, marking the beginning of Japanese conquest of Hokkaido.
Edo Castle, a nucleus of modern Tokyo, was built.
1459Bad handling of the Kanshō famine in the aftermath of flood and plague in Kyoto has resulted in increasing divisions of society.
1467The Ōnin War starts, marking the beginning of the Sengoku period – during which violence and power struggle has become the norm.
1477 Kyoto has been completely destroyed. Iga Province by this point has successfully rejected the authority of the local shugo.
1485The Yamashiro uprising establishes the Yamashiro ikki
1487Battle of Magari: Rokkaku Takayori, supported by ninja from Iga ikki and Kōka ikki, defeats an expedition from Shogun Ashikaga Yoshihisa.
1488The Kaga Rebellion overthrows Togashi Masachika and establishes a theocratic confederation, the Kaga ikki, in now-Ishikawa Prefecture.
1493The Ashikaga shogunate destroys the Yamashiro ikki
149820 September 1498 Nankai earthquake

16th century

1523Japanese in-fighting results in the Ningbo Incident, bringing trade with China to a halt and resulting in a new wave of Wokou piracy.
1540 Tenbun famine  [ ja ] and plague
154325 AugustThe first Europeans, the Portuguese, arrive at Japan, opening the Nanban trade period.
1560 Battle of Okehazama : Oda Nobunaga emerged victorious.
1570 Oda Nobunaga starts a 10-year long Ishiyama Hongan-ji War to suppress the warrior monk community and the Kaga ikki state.
1573Japanese society begins to stabilize, starting the Azuchi–Momoyama period under the rule of Oda Nobunaga and later Toyotomi Hideyoshi.
1574The Rokkaku clan and Kōka ikki surrender to Nobunaga. The Iga–Kōka alliance is thus terminated.
1579 Azuchi religious debate results in enforced religious tolerance.
1581 Oda Nobunaga forces win the Tenshō Iga War, destroying the Iga ikki
Himeji Castle, the largest in Japan, was built.
1582 Incident at Honnō-ji : Akechi Mitsuhide, an Oda general, betrayed Nobunaga at Honnō-ji and forced him to commit seppuku .
1585 Toyotomi Hideyoshi invaded Shikoku.
1586The 1586 Tenshō earthquake strikes central Honshu, killing thousands.
1587 Toyotomi Hideyoshi has launched the Kyūshū Campaign.
15904 August Toyotomi Hideyoshi has prevailed over the Late Hōjō clan in the siege of Odawara in the Kantō region, completing the re-unification of Japan.
15918 OctoberThe Separation Edict and Population Census Edict froze the social structure of Japan.
159223 May Toyotomi Hideyoshi, acting as kampaku (regent) in lieu of Oda Nobukatsu, invaded Korea.
15975 February Twenty-six Martyrs of Japan were crucified in Nagasaki in the aftermath of the San Felipe incident.
159816 DecemberThe Japanese invasions of Korea (1592–98) have ended with Japanese retreat after the Battle of Noryang.
160021 OctoberThe Battle of Sekigahara is won by forces of Tokugawa Ieyasu.

17th century

160324 MarchThe Edo period starts after Tokugawa Ieyasu received from Emperor Go-Yōzei the title of shōgun .
The town of Edo became the de facto capital of Japan and center of political power. This was after Tokugawa Ieyasu established the bakufu headquarters in Edo. Kyoto remained the formal capital of the country.
November Rokugō rebellion
16053 February 1605 Nankai earthquake and tsunami
Ieyasu abdicated from office in favor of his third son and heir, Tokugawa Hidetada.
16097 March Invasion of Ryukyu
16103 January Nossa Senhora da Graça incident
16112 December 1611 Sanriku earthquake and tsunami
16153 JuneThe siege of Osaka is complete with the Battle of Tennōji: Tokugawa Ieyasu ended Toyotomi opposition.
1623 Hidetada resigned his office to his eldest son and heir, Tokugawa Iemitsu.
1635The Sakoku Edict of 1635 was issued by the Tokugawa Shogunate. This isolationist foreign policy barred Japanese from leaving Japan and barred Europeans from entering, on pain of death. It instituted strict penalties for the practice of Catholicism and severely restricted foreign trade.
The policy of sankin-kōtai was established, which subjected the daimyōs to the will of the shōgun .
163717 December Shimabara Rebellion: A rebellion began against the daimyō Matsukura Katsuie over his persecution of Christianity and onerous tax code.
163815 AprilShimabara Rebellion: The last of the rebels were defeated in their fortress at Shimabara.
1642The Kan'ei Great Famine happens due to a combination of government over-spending, Rinderpest epizootic, volcanic eruptions and extreme weather.
165124 April Iemitsu died, leaving his office to the ten-year-old Tokugawa Ietsuna.
Keian Uprising: A coup d'état attempted by several rōnin and masterminded by Yui Shōsetsu and Marubashi Chūya failed.
16572 March Great Fire of Meireki in Edo
1669 Shakushain's Revolt on Hokkaido
16804 June Ietsuna died and was succeeded by his younger brother, Tokugawa Tsunayoshi.
1686 Jōkyō uprising

18th century

170320 March ChūshinguraForty-seven ronin were ordered to commit seppuku by the shōgun.
31 December 1703 Genroku earthquake and tsunami
170728 October 1707 Hōei earthquake and tsunami, followed by the Hōei eruption of Mount Fuji
170919 February Tsunayoshi died. His nephew Tokugawa Ienobu succeeded him as shōgun .
1712The Wakan Sansai Zue , the first Japanese encyclopaedia, was published.
12 November Ienobu died and was succeeded by his five-year-old son, Tokugawa Ietsugu, under the regency of the shōgun 's adviser Arai Hakuseki.
171619 June Ietsugu died. Tokugawa Yoshimune, a great-grandson of Tokugawa Ieyasu, became shōgun.
JulyThe Kyōhō Reforms aimed for monetization of economy and broader import of European knowledge have started.
1720The foreign books restrictions are reduced, starting a Rangaku practice.
1732The Kyōhō famine happens due to a locust infestation in the Seto Inland Sea region.
1745 Yoshimune retired, leaving his public office to his eldest son Tokugawa Ieshige, although he maintained some influence in the affairs of state.
1754 1754 Horeki River Improvement Incident
1760 Ieshige retired, leaving his office to his eldest son Tokugawa Ieharu.
17719 January Empress Go-Sakuramachi abdicated in favor of her nephew Go-Momozono. She was the last empress regnant of Japan up until now.
177124 April 1771 Great Yaeyama Tsunami
1782 Great Tenmei famine
17835 August Tenmei eruption of Mount Asama
1789May Menashi-Kunashir Rebellion on Hokkaido
1790The Kansei Reforms, including the Kansei Edict, tighten the isolation of Japan.
179221 May 1792 Unzen earthquake and tsunami

19th century

1806 Chwostoff raids on the Japanese-controlled Kuril islands.
1807 Failed military expedition to Sakhalin
1811The Golovnin Incident marks increasing contacts with the Russian Empire.
1825 Edict to Repel Foreign Vessels
1833 Tenpō famine
1837 Morrison incident
1842 Tenpō Reforms lifts the price controls and further reduce contacts with Europeans.
1846 10 March Emperor Ninkō died at the age of 45 and was succeeded by Emperor Kōmei.
1847 8 May 1847 Nagano earthquake
1848 1 JulyThe isolation policy of the Tokugawa shogunate has begun to crumble by the time of landing of Ranald MacDonald on Rishiri Island.
1853 14 July Matthew C. Perry arrives off the coast of Japan in four ships. Perry orders harbor buildings to be shelled to force negotiations for a letter President Millard Fillmore sent to the ruler of Japan. This incident was coined as the "Arrival of the Black Ships" in Japanese history.
1854 FebruarySecond Visit. Matthew C. Perry returns to Japan with eight Black Ships and finds that the shogunate had prepared a treaty accepting virtually all demands from President Millard Fillmore.
March Matthew C. Perry signs the Convention of Kanagawa. Within five years, Japan signs similar treaties with other western countries, thus ending an isolation period of more than 200 years known as sakoku (鎖国), whereby the Dutch and Chinese ships had limited trade exclusivity.
23 DecemberThe Ansei great earthquakes series starts with the 1854 Tōkai earthquake and tsunami.
18557 FebruaryThe Treaty of Shimoda with the Russian Empire was signed.
25 AugustWith the arrival of the modern Dutch paddle steamer Kankō Maru, the Tokugawa shogunate establishes the Nagasaki Naval Training Center as part of its modernization efforts to meet the perceived military threat posed by the western nations and learn Western-style science and naval theory. The cadets who attended the center such as Enomoto Takeaki and Katsu Kaishū would go on to found the Imperial Japanese Navy following the Meiji Restoration in 1868.
11 NovemberThe Ansei great earthquakes series ends with the 1855 Edo earthquake followed by a devastating fire.
1858 26 AugustThe Anglo-Japanese Treaty of Amity and Commerce and other Ansei Treaties were signed, resulting in Ansei Purge.
1860 9 FebruaryAmbassador Shinmi Masaoki sets sail for San Francisco, leading the first Japanese diplomatic mission to the United States.
17 MarchThe Japanese ship Kanrin Maru arrives in San Francisco with the delegation, marking the first official visit to a foreign state following the end of its 214-year isolationist policy, demonstrating the degree to which Japan had mastered Western navigation techniques and ship technologies in the 6 years since opening its borders.
1862 14 September Namamugi Incident : Four British subjects were attacked by guards on the Tōkaidō for failing to pay proper respect to a daimyō . One, a merchant named Charles Lennox Richardson, was killed.
1863 11 March Order to expel barbarians
16 July Battle of Shimonoseki Straits
15 August Bombardment of Kagoshima
29 September Tenchūgumi incident - the year-long rebellion in Yamato Province starts.
1864 MayThe Mito rebellion starts in Mito Domain and continues until January 1865.
20 August Kinmon incident - an attempt to kidnap an Emperor Kōmei, resulting in partial burning of Kyoto. It was retaliated by the abortive First Chōshū expedition.
1866 7 JuneThe Second Chōshū expedition starts, only to be halted after death of shōgun Tokugawa Iemochi in August 1866, critically discrediting the Tokugawa shogunate.
1867 3 February Emperor Kōmei died at the age of 35. It's generally believed due to the smallpox epidemic. This marked the end of the Edo period.
3 February Emperor Meiji ascended the Chrysanthemum throne. This marked the start of the Meiji Period .
1868 1868 - 1869The Boshin War was fought between forces of the ruling Tokugawa shogunate and those seeking to return political power to the Imperial Court.
3 JanuaryThe Meiji Restoration restored practical abilities and the political system under Emperor Meiji. This ended the Tokugawa Shogunate.
1869 Emperor Meiji moved his residence from Kyoto to Tokyo. Edo castle became the Imperial Palace. This made Tokyo the formal capital of Japan.
1 MayThe city of Edo was formally renamed to Tokyo ("eastern capital"). The city of Tokyo was officially established.
1871 Abolition of the han system, being replaced by a system of prefectures
1873 Seikanron : The government debated and rejected the idea of the invasion of Korea.
Land Tax Reform (Japan 1873)
1874 16 February - 9 April Saga Rebellion
6 May - 3 December Mudan Incident
1875 Japan quickly transformed in one generation from an isolated feudal society to a modern industrialized nation state and an emerging great power.
1876 Akizuki Rebellion, Hagi Rebellion and Shinpūren Rebellion
1877 Satsuma Rebellion
1878 23 August Takebashi incident - a riot by underpaid Imperial Guards
1888 Chichibu incident – a peasants rebellion
1890 29 NovemberThe Constitution of the Empire of Japan (Meiji Constitution) was enacted. This turned Japan into a quasi-absolute monarchy with a representative democracy.
1891 28 October 1891 Mino–Owari earthquake – strongest recorded inland earthquake of Japan
1894 1 AugustThe First Sino-Japanese War starts.
1895 17 AprilThe First Sino-Japanese War is won by Japanese, resulting in the Treaty of Shimonoseki. It was the first major conflict between Japan and an overseas military power in modern times. For the first time, regional dominance in East Asia shifted from China to Japan. Korea became a vassal state of Japan.
29 May Japanese invasion of Taiwan (1895)
1896 15 JuneThe 1896 Sanriku earthquake kills 22,066 people.

20th century

1902 30 January Russo-Japanese War : Japan became the first Asian nation to sign a mutual defense pact with a European nation, Britain.
1904 8 February Russo-Japanese War : Japan launched a surprise torpedo attack on the Imperial Russian Navy at Port Arthur.
1905 5 September Russo-Japanese War : Japan became the first modern Asian nation to win a war against a European nation (Russia). The Treaty of Portsmouth was signed, ceding some Russian property and territory to Japan and ending the war. Pro-war activists staged the Hibiya incendiary incident nevertheless. This changed the global world order. Japan became the main Asian power.
1910 22 AugustThe Japan–Korea Treaty of 1910 completes the annexation of the Korean Empire.
DecemberThe Japanese Antarctic Expedition starts.
1912 30 July Emperor Meiji died at the age of 59. Prince Yoshihito became the Emperor of Japan. This marked the start of the Taishō period .
1914 5 September - 6 SeptemberThe Japanese seaplane carrier Wakamiya conducted the world's first successful naval-launched air raids on 5 September 1914 and during the first months of World War I from Jiaozhou Bay off Qingdao. On 6 September 1914 was the very first air-sea battle in history.
31 OctoberThe siege of Qingdao starts as part of World War I.
1918 4 April Japanese intervention in Siberia starts and continues until 1922..
July Rice riots of 1918
1919 1 MarchThe March 1st Movement invigorate the Korean independence movement.
1921 13 November Hōshō, the first Japanese aircraft carrier, is launched.
1923 1 SeptemberThe 1923 Great Kantō earthquake kills 105,385 people.
1926 25 December Emperor Taishō died at the age of 47.
25 DecemberPrince Hirohito became the Emperor of the Empire of Japan after the death of his father Yoshihito. This marked the start of the Shōwa period .
1927 Shōwa financial crisis
30 DecemberThe Tokyo Metro Ginza Line between Ueno and Asakusa was the first subway line built in Japan and East Asia. [4]
1928 3 - 11 May Jinan Incident
28 June Huanggutun Incident
1930 27 October Wushe incident – a rebellion on Taiwan
1931 18 SeptemberJapan invaded Manchuria in the aftermath of the Mukden Incident.
1932 1 March Manchukuo, a puppet state of Japan, is established.
28 January - 3 March January 28 Incident
15 May May 15 incident
1936 26 - 28 February February 26 incident
1937 7 JulyThe Second Sino-Japanese War starts.
1940 22 SeptemberThe Japanese invasion of French Indochina starts.
1941 13 AprilThe Soviet-Japanese Neutrality Pact was signed.
7 DecemberJapan attacked the naval base in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. Japan has declared war to the US, Dutch and British, marking the start of the Pacific War theatre of World War II.
1945 6 August Atomic bombing of Hiroshima
9 August Atomic bombing of Nagasaki, the Soviet invasion of Manchuria starts and continues on as the Kuril Islands dispute
15 August Surrender of Japan
1946 3 MayIn the controversial International Military Tribunal for the Far East, the prosecution began of Japanese military leaders for war crimes.
1947 3 MayThe Constitution of Japan goes into effect. This changed the Empire of Japan into the State of Japan (Nihon Koku, 日本国) with a liberal democracy. Article 9 turned Japan into a pacifist country without a military.
1951 8 SeptemberThe US Occupation of Japan ended after the signing of the Treaty of San Francisco and Security Treaty Between the United States and Japan on September 8, 1951, which became effective on April 28, 1952. It restored the sovereignty of Japan and established the U.S.-Japan alliance.
1954 1 JulyFormation of Japan Ground Self-Defense Force (GSDF), Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF), and Japan Air Self-Defense Force (JASDF).
1955 15 NovemberThe right-wing Liberal Democratic Party, which has ruled Japan almost continuously ever since, is established.
1956 12 DecemberJapan joins the United Nations.
1960 The massive Anpo Protests against revision of the US-Japan Security Treaty are the largest protests in Japan's modern history, and force the resignation of Prime Minister Nobusuke Kishi and the cancellation of a planned visit by US president Dwight D. Eisenhower.
1964 1 OctoberThe largest Japanese land reclamation project thus far was completed in Lake Hachirōgata, creating the village of Ōgata out of 195 km2 of lakebed reclaimed since 1957.
1 OctoberThe first Shinkansen high-speed train railway line was opened.
10 October 1964 Summer Olympics : Tokyo hosted the Olympics, marking the first time the Games were held in Asia.
1968 Japan surpassed West Germany to become the second largest economic power in the world.
The Ogasawara Islands were returned from US occupation to Japanese sovereignty. Japanese citizens were allowed to return.
1969 18 January Student protests against the Vietnam War and American use of bases on Japanese soil culminated in a short-lived takeover of Tokyo University.
1970 11 FebruaryThe first successful launch of the Lambda 4S rocket places the Japanese Ohsumi satellite on orbit.
20 DecemberThe Koza riot was a violent and spontaneous protest against the US military presence in Okinawa.
By the 1970s Japan ascended to great power status again. Japan had record high economic growth during the Japanese economic miracle.
1971 30 September Zengakuren demonstrate and riot in Tokyo against terms for the return of Okinawa from US to Japanese control. They wanted to remove all American military presence.
24 NovemberThe 1971 Okinawa Reversion Agreement is ratified and returned the Okinawa Prefecture to Japanese sovereignty.
1974 Prime Minister Eisaku Satō accepted the Nobel Peace Prize.
1980 Japan became the biggest motor vehicle producing country in the world with 11,042,884 motor vehicles compared to the USA's 8,009,841.
1983 The domestic North American video game market crashes, allowing the Japanese industry to take America's place as the world's largest video game market.
1985 12 August Japan Airlines Flight 123 crashes near Mount Takamagahara, killing 520 people in Japan's worst ever air disaster.
1989 7 January Emperor Hirohito died at the age of 87. His posthumous name is Emperor Shōwa. He was the both longest-lived and longest-reigning historical Japanese emperor, as well as the longest-reigning monarch in the world at that time. However, Prince Akihito succeeded to the Chrysanthemum Throne upon the death of his father Emperor Shōwa. He thereby became the Emperor of Japan. This marked the start of the Heisei period .
29 DecemberDuring Japanese asset price bubble, Tokyo Stock Market index, Nikkei 225, hits its peak at 38,957 before closing at 38,916 for the day.
1991 1 January Japanese asset price bubble has been popped, ending Japanese economic miracle and triggering the prolonged period of economic decline known as the "Lost Decades".
1993 12 July Hokkaido earthquake kills 230 people, but no injuries.
18 JulyIn the wake of Japanese economic crisis, the ruling Liberal Democratic Party is defeated in the general elections for the first time since 1955, and the coalition of opposition parties headed by Morihiro Hosokawa takes power.
1995 17 January Great Hanshin earthquake: Kansai region earthquake kills 6,434 people and more than 43,792 injured.
20 March Tokyo subway sarin attack: Members of the Aum Shinrikyo religious sect release sarin gas on the Tokyo subway system, killing 13 and injuring over 1000.
1997 11 December Kyoto Protocol to regulate greenhouse gases emissions was adopted.
2000 5 AprilJapanese Prime Minister Keizō Obuchi resigned due to health reasons, and Yoshiro Mori become 90th Prime Minister of Japan.

21st century

2001 26 AprilJapanese Prime Minister Yoshiro Mori resigned and Junichiro Koizumi become 91st Prime Minister of Japan.
29 JulyJapanese Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi won the House of Councillors election.
2002 31 May-30 June 2002 FIFA World Cup are held in Japan and South Korea.
2003 9 NovemberJapanese Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi won the general elections at the second time.
9 DecemberJapan send troops to Iraq during the Iraq War (2003–11). However, one year and one month later, Japan was established Japanese Iraq Reconstruction and Support Group between 2004 and 2006.
2004 11 JulyJapanese Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi won the House of Councillors election.
23 October Niigata earthquake kills 68 people and more than 4,805 injured.
2005 11 SeptemberJapanese Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi won the general elections at the third time.
November Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)'s robotic spacecraft Hayabusa landed on an asteroid and collected samples in the form of tiny grains of asteroidal material, which were returned to Earth aboard the spacecraft on 13 June 2010. It was the first spacecraft in history designed to deliberately land on an asteroid and then take off again. The Hayabusa mission was the first to return an asteroid sample to Earth for analysis.
2006 26 SeptemberJapanese Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi resigned and Shinzo Abe become 92nd Prime Minister of Japan.
2007 29 JulyJapanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe resigned due to lost his power in the House of Councillors election to Ichirō Ozawa.
26 September Yasuo Fukuda become 93rd Prime Minister of Japan following Shinzo Abe lost the House of Councillors election and his resignation.
2008 January–DecemberJapan has severely hardest-hit by the global financial crisis causes by the Great Recession.
24 SeptemberJapanese Prime Minister Yasuo Fukuda resigned and Taro Aso become 94th Prime Minister of Japan.
2009 30 AugustJapanese Prime Minister Yasuo Fukuda lost his election to Democratic Party leader Yukio Hatoyama.
16 September Yukio Hatoyama was elected 95th Prime Minister of Japan.
2010 8 JuneJapanese Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama resigned and Naoto Kan become the 96th Prime Minister of Japan.
11 JulyJapanese Prime Minister Naoto Kan won the House of Councillors election.
2011 January and MarchThe Tokyo Skytree 634.0 metres (2,080 ft) became the third tallest tower in the world, which opened in 2012.
11 MarchJapan has begin to suffered from the 9.0 magnitude earthquake and tsunami, and followed by the subsequent Fukushima nuclear disaster. As of result, more than nearly 16,000 Japanese people have died from the mega-disaster.
July Japan Self-Defense Force Base Djibouti was established.
2012 16 December Shinzo Abe won the general election at the first time.
26 December Shinzo Abe was elected 98th Prime Minister of Japan.
2013 2 January Abenomics and Japanese policies are enacted to handle the consequences of the Lost Decade. Japanese aging population has begin to decreased since the triple disaster hits the country in 2011.
21 JulyJapanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe won the House of Councillors election at the first time.
7 SeptemberJapan won the hosted 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo during the 125th IOC Session in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
2014 14 DecemberJapanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe won the general election at the second time.
2016 10 JulyJapanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe won the House of Councillors election at the second time.
31 July Yuriko Koike won the Tokyo gubernatorial election and was elected 9th Governor of Tokyo Metropolis.
2017 22 OctoberJapanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe won the general election at the third time.
2018 7 AprilJapan activated the Amphibious Rapid Deployment Brigade, its first marine unit since World War II. They're trained to counter invaders from occupying Japanese islands.
11 OctoberThe Toyosu Market opened as the largest wholesale fish market in the world. [5] It replaced the old Tsukiji fish market.
2019 30 April Emperor Akihito abdicated being the first Japanese emperor to do so since 1817. Prince Naruhito succeeded as the Emperor of Japan. This marked the start of the Reiwa period .
2 JulyThe tourist boom in Japan reach unprecedented scale, with a number of yearly visitors counting in millions - 19.73 in 2015, 23.97 in 2016, 28.6 in 2017, and 31.19 million foreign visitors in 2018. [6] [7]
18 July Kyoto Animation arson attack: 36 people were killed in one of the deadliest massacres in post-World War II history of Japan.
21 JulyJapanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe won the House of Councillors election at the third time.
2020 15 JanuaryAccording to the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare official report, Japan has confirmed the first case of novel coronavirus. It was marked the second exported case of COVID-19 pandemic (After Thailand) and the first reported in Japan. The patient was discharged from the hospital and Japanese government scaled up a whole-of-government coordination mechanism.[ citation needed ]
30 March 2020 Tokyo Summer Olympics has been postponed.
7 April-29 MayJapanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe declared the first state of emergency over COVID-19 spreading.[ citation needed ]
29 AugustJapanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe resigned due to his health reasons, such as ulcerative colitis, and he was replaced by his successor Yoshihide Suga at one month later.
2021 7 January-1 OctoberJapanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga declared the second, third, and fourth state of emergencies amid rising COVID-19 infections and deaths.
February COVID-19 vaccination in Japan begins.
23 July to 8 August2020 Summer Olympics are held in Japan.
30 SeptemberJapan lifted 4th and final state of emergency up as infection falls.[ citation needed ]
1 OctoberJapan becoming the first country, who transited to the living with COVID-19 endemic phase in the future.
4 OctoberJapanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga resigned due to poor approval ratings, and he was replaced by Fumio Kishida, who was elected 100th Prime Minister of Japan.
31 OctoberJapanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida wins the 2021 general election about 34.6% of the vote.
30 November 2021 to 5 May 2023Japan has confirmed the first case of COVID-19 Omicron variant, found from South Africa. As of May 2023, Japan reported 56,500 Omicron deaths, a lowest mortality toll, than compared to wealthy countries.[ citation needed ]
2022 January and FebruaryWinter thunderstorm and heavy snow. There were at least 93 human fatalities and 1,580 injuries, according to Japan Fire and Disaster Management Agency.
9 JanuaryAccording to Japanese Minister of Health, Labor, and Welfare report and his family statement, former Japanese Prime Minister Toshiki Kaifu died of pneumonia "unrelated" to Fukushima disaster and COVID-19 infection, at the age of 91.
1 February and 8 MarchFormer Governor of Tokyo and hawkish writer Shintaro Ishihara and his wife, essay writer Noriko Ishihara, who both died at their home in Ota, Tokyo, at the both age of 89, following in their footsteps. According to their family statement and Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare, it was revealed that pancreatic cancer and raptured aortic aneurysm are both now 89-year-old Japanese couple's cause of death was "unrelated" to Fukushima disaster and COVID-19 infection. Both of their bodies were cremated after their private funeral, and both of ashes were scattered to the Pacific Ocean.
4 to 20 FebruaryJapanese athletes compete in the 2022 Winter Olympics in Beijing.
11 FebruaryA rice cracker confectionery manufacturing factory caught fire in Murakami, Niigata Prefecture. At least six factory workers have died from the fire.
27 FebruaryJapanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida proposed that Japan should be stands with Ukraine, although this plan comes in the wake of Russian invasion of Ukraine.
23 AprilAccording to a Japan Coast Guard official confirmed report, a sightseeing ferry, Kazu I, sank nearby Shiretoko Peninsula, Hokkaido. In total, 26 people died.
3 to 5 MayMany traditional Golden Week festivals are resumed including Hakata Dontaku, Hamamatsu Kite Festival, Hiroshima Flower Festival, and among others, and held across the nationwide for the first time (since 2019) after the first 20 months of COVID-19 pandemic in January 2020 and September 2021.
11 MayThe Economic Security Promotion Law was enacted by the House of Councillors. This will be implemented in stages starting from April 2023.
2 to 3 JuneAccording to Japan Meteorological Agency, Japan Weather News Television, and Japan Fire and Disaster Management Agency official confirmed reports, a massive hail fallen in Gunma, Saitama, and Chiba Prefectures, parts of Kanto region. At least 91 people were hurt, but no deaths and no one missing reported.[ citation needed ]
25 JuneAccording to Japan Meteorological Agency official confirmed report, a Celsius 40.2 degrees (Fahrenheit 104.36 degrees) high temperature record hit in Isesaki, Gunma Prefecture, as highest temperature record on June in Japan, since first observation record of JMA, since 1872, as same place another Celsius 40.0 (Fahrenheit 104.0 degrees) recorded observed on June 29.
8 JulyAt 11:30 a.m., former Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe was assassinated by 41-year-old-gunman Tetsuya Yamagami while he giving a speech at the House of Councillors election campaign in Nara. At 5:03 p.m., former Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has died in Nara hospital after he being shot (about at 5 hours and 33 minutes ago).[ citation needed ]
8 July-30 SeptemberJapan declared the national mourning day of former Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, who was assassinated while he giving a speech at the House of Councillors election campaign in Nara.[ citation needed ]
11 JulyFollowing Shinzo Abe's assassination, Japanese government discussed that Unification Church leader Tomihiro Tanaka has confirmed Tetsuya Yamagami's mother was a member of the religious group (Also known as the Unification Church (Shukyo nisei)). Because Shinzo Abe had alleged ties to the Unification Church, which go back generations including his father, Shintaro Abe, his mother Yoko Abe, and his maternal grandparents, Nobusuke and Yoshiko Kishi. At the end of World War II, his maternal grandfather was jailed as a suspected war criminal.[ citation needed ]
12 JulyFormer Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe was cremated at Kirigaya Funeral Hall in Tokyo.[ citation needed ]
14 July to 16 AugustAccording to official confirmed report, a many summer traditional festival and event were resumed including Akita Kantō, Aomori Nebuta, Tokushima Awa Dance Festival, Gion Festival, and Gozan no Okuribi in both Kyoto, Gujo-Hachiman Bon Dance Festival, Hakata Gion Yamakasa, and among others after the first 20 months and 1 year of COVID-19 pandemic. However, Osaka Tenjin Festival, Niigata Festival were scale down held, but Sumida River Firework Festival, Hachiōji Festival, Tanba Dekansho Dance Festival, and Kumamoto Hinokuni Festival were not held for three consecutive years.
25 JulyAccording to Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare official reports, Japan has confirmed the first case of monkeypox outbreak, but Japanese public health experts are said it is unlikely to cause a new surge.[ citation needed ]
10 AugustJapanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida announced the first reshuffled his second cabinet at the first time.[ citation needed ]
22 AugustAccording to Japan National Police Agency official confirmed report, a regular route bus has overturned following the caught fire at Nagoya Expressway in Kita-ku, Nagoya. At least two persons are dead and seven persons were wounded.
16 September to 13 NovemberAccording to official confirmed report, a many autumn traditional festival resume in nationwide, including Kishiwada Danjiri Matsuri, Nada's Fighting Festival of Himeji, Saijō Festival of Ehime Prefecture, Aging Festival of Kyoto, Saga International Balloon Fiesta, Karatsu Kunchi, Chrysanthemum Doll Event, and Tochigi Autumn Festival, all of since 2019. However, Kanuma Autumn Festival and Nagasaki Kunchi Festival were both cancelled for three consecutive years.
17 to 20 September Typhoon Nanmadol, a heavy massive precipitation and landslide hit in southern Kyushu Island and other western parts of Japan. At least four people were killed and 147 people were wounded, according to Japan Fire and Disaster Management Agency official confirmed report.
27 September Funeral service of former Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe begin at Nippon Budokan, Kitanomaru National Garden in Chiyoda, Tokyo.
28 October to 31 DecemberAccording to both Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries and Ministry of Health, Labor, and Welfare official reports, 50 cases of bird flu have been reported in Japan in chickens and ducks raised on poultry farms in nationwide, total 7.63 millions sluggered by Japan Ground Self-Defense Force.
1 November Ghibli Park, owned by Studio Ghibli, officially opens in Nagakute, Aichi Prefecture.[ citation needed ]
22 NovemberJapan begins investigation into the Unification Church, just four months following the assassination of former Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, who allegedly by Tetsuya Yamagami with a longstanding grudge against the religious group.[ citation needed ]
27 DecemberAccording to Tokyo Fire Department official confirmed report, a fire and explosion occurred at a chemical factory and warehouse in Sumida, Tokyo, destroying 10 facilities and buildings. At least one employee has wounded.
29 DecemberFollowing China's recent decision to end its Zero-COVID strategy, Japanese Health, Labor and Welfare Minister Katsunobu Kato says the possibility of imposing travel restrictions on visitors from the Greater China is 'under the review'. The following day, Japanese Health, Labor and Welfare Ministry has confirmed that passengers arriving in Japan from Greater China will have to provide a negative test before they board a flight.[ citation needed ]
31 DecemberJapanese New Year has second returned since December 2021 after the first 20 months of COVID-19 pandemic in January 2020 and September 2021. However, a many Japanese people remain celebrated new year's eve after midnight.
2023 1 January to 28 MarchAccording to Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries and Ministry of Health, Labor, and Welfare official confirmed reports, at least 82 livestock farm place were bird flu, resulting H5N1 type from death bodies positive test on nationwide, and 9.9 million chickens were culling by Japan Ground Self-Defense Force.
13 JanuaryAccording to the Yomiuri Shimbun newspaper reports, Japanese prosecutors indicts 42-year-old gunman Tetsuya Yamagami for the suspect of the assassination of former Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe on murder charges and as well as the gun violating laws after the concluding 6 months of psychiatric evaluation.[ citation needed ]
6 FebruaryAccording to Mitsubishi Aircraft has official announcement, Mitsubishi SpaceJet has complete withdraw from manufacture, sales and development.
9 MarchJapan's first female House of Representatives member Chikage Oogi died of esophageal cancer at the Tokyo hospital at the age of 89, less than three years after the death of her husband Sakata Tōjūrō IV from natural causes on 12 November 2020 at the age of 88.
15 AprilJapanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida assassination attempt in Wakayama following the Saikazaki bombing.
2 JuneAccording to Japan Meteorological Agency official confirmed report, a heavy massive torrential rain, affective Typhoon Mawar hit in Japan, many places occur on flash flood, levee collapse, landslide hit in Tokyo metropolitan area, Kii Peninsula, and Hamamatsu, which killed 7 people and 45 people are wounded.[ citation needed ]
14 JulyAccording to Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) official confiremed report, an explosion occurred during the test of solid fuel Epsilon rocket at JAXA's Noshiro Testing Center in Noshiro, Akita Prefecture, no one injures on this incident.[ citation needed ]
24 AugustAccording to Japanese government official announcement, a despite opposition groups from environmental activist and government official from neighbor countries, from discharge of radioactive water of the Fukushima First Nuclear Power Plant to start into the Pacific Ocean has started. Relative Chinese government and South Korean government both announces that prohibition to all fish import from Japan on same day.[ citation needed ]
4 SeptemberThe Supreme Court of Japan formally orders Okinawa to allow the United States Armed Forces to expand its runways and military infrastructure on the island despite protests from the locals who oppose the American military's presence.
13 SeptemberJapanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida announced the second reshuffled his second cabinet at the second time.[ citation needed ]
2 OctoberAn entertainment giant, Johnny & Associates official announcement, change name to Smile-Up, according to report.[ citation needed ]
7 OctoberAccording to Japan National Police Agency official confirmed report, four climers were their lost to lives, due suddenly change temperature in Mount Asahi, Nasu, Tochigi Prefecture.[ citation needed ]
13 OctoberJapanese government seeking the dissolution of the Unification Church branch in Japan following the assassination of former Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe at one year ago.[ citation needed ]
29 NovemberThe United States Air Force V-22 Osprey crashes off the coast of Japan's Kagoshima Prefecture with eight crew members onboard. A search and rescue operation has been launched, according to Japan Coast Guard.[ citation needed ]
12 DecemberA district court in Fukushima, convicts three former soldiers for sexually assaulting a colleague, Rina Gonoi, during a military exercise in 2021, sentencing them to two years in prison and suspending them from the military for four years.[ citation needed ]
2024 1 JanuaryOn New Year's Day, a 7.5 magnitude earthquake strikes Ishikawa Prefecture, killing at least 241 people.[ citation needed ]
2 January Japan Airlines Airbus A350-900 collides with a Japan Coast Guard DHC-8 aircraft and bursts into flames at Tokyo's Haneda Airport. The Coast guard plane was going to deliver aid to those affected by Ishikawa earthquake, a day before. All 379 occupants aboard Japan Airlines flight are evacuated, while five of six occupants aboard the Coast Guard aircraft are killed.[ citation needed ]
3 JanuaryThree men are stabbed on a train at Akihabara Station, Tokyo. A woman is arrested by Japanese police officer.
18 to 19 JanuaryAmid Japanese slush fund scandal, Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida warned that three factions of Liberal Democratic Party (Seiwa Seisaku Kenkyūkai, Kōchikai, and Shisuikai) all announced their intention to dissolve to form a war cabinet. However, several L.D.P. lawmakers were indicted, including incumbent lawmakers Yasutada Ōno and Yaichi Tanigawa, who both resigned from the party following their indictments.[ citation needed ]
19 JanuaryJapan becomes the fifth country to successfully land on the surface of the moon with the SLIM lunar lander mission.[ citation needed ]
24 JanuaryUkrainian-born Karolina Shiino is announced as the winner of the 2024 Miss Nippon Grand Prix beauty pageant. She is the first naturalised Japanese citizen to win the pageant. Her win sparks debates over "Japaneseness" and the shifting Japanese demographics.
25 JanuaryA court sentences Shinji Aoba to death for a 2019 arson attack on a Kyoto Animation studio in Fishimi, Kyoto, which killed 36 people.
26 JanuaryJapanese police announced that they have arrested Satoshi Kirishima, a member of East Asia Anti-Japan Armed Front, who has been a fugitive from justice for 50 years for his role in a series of bombings of companies.
29 January Satoshi Kirishima died of cancer that had led him to seek hospital treatment. DNA comparison with relatives further confirms his identity as Kirishima.
5 FebruaryUkrainian-born Karolina Shiino won the 2024 Miss Nippon Grand Prix beauty pageant relinquishes her crown after news emerges of her having an affair with a married man.
1 MarchThe Nikkei Stock Exchange reaches 40,000 points for the first time.
12 MarchA court in Fukuoka overturns the death sentence of Yakuza Kudo-kai leader Satoru Nomura imposed for a 1998 murder and sentences him to life in prison. Nomura had originally been sentenced to death for murder in 1998.
13 March KAIROS-1, designed by Space One as Japan's first privately-manufactured rocket, explodes seconds after its maiden launch from Kushimoto, Wakayama Prefecture.
20 March South Korean-flagged tanker Keoyoung Sun capsizes off the coast of Yamaguchi Prefecture during the stormy weather. Nine crew members are found dead, while one person remains missing. Two people are rescued.
26 MarchJapanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida's cabinet allows the sale and export of fighter aircraft to other countries.

See also

Cities in Japan

References and notes

  1. Lee Injae、Owen Miller、Park Jinhoon、Yi Hyun-Hae, "Korean History in Maps", p. 696 (60)
  2. Brown, Delmer M.; Ishida, Ichirō (1979). The Future and the Past: A Translation and Study of the Gukanshō, an Interpretative History of Japan Written in 1219. Berkeley: University of California Press. p. 67. ISBN   978-0520034600.
  3. Brown, Delmer M.; Ishida, Ichirō (1979). The Future and the Past: A Translation and Study of the Gukanshō, an Interpretative History of Japan Written in 1219. Berkeley: University of California Press. p. 78. ISBN   978-0520034600.
  4. Hornyak, Tim (December 16, 2017). "Heart of gold: The Ginza Line celebrates its 90th birthday". Japan Times . Archived from the original on December 9, 2020. Retrieved December 29, 2017.
  5. Daniel Leussink (Sep 4, 2020). "Tokyo's Toyosu fish market, the world's largest, taking outsized hit from pandemic". Reuters. Archived from the original on March 31, 2021.
  6. Sugiura, Eri. "Japan gets more than it bargained for with tourist boom". asia.nikkei.com. Retrieved 2 July 2019.
  7. Mae Vogel, Holly. "What is behind Japan's travel boom". asiancorrespondent.com. Retrieved 2 July 2019.

Further reading

Published in the 19th century
Published in the 20th century
Published in the 21st century

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Emperor Keikō, also known as Ootarashihikooshirowake no Sumeramikoto (大足彦忍代別天皇) and Ōtarashihiko-oshirowake no Mikoto (大帯日子淤斯呂和氣天皇), was the 12th legendary Emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. Both the Kojiki, and the Nihon Shoki record events that took place during Keikō's alleged lifetime. Keikō was recorded as being an exceptionally tall emperor who had a very large family. During his reign he sought to expand territorial control through conquest of local tribes. He had a very important son named "Prince Ōsu", who was in possession of the Kusanagi when he died. This treasure was later moved to Atsuta Shrine, and is now a part of the Imperial Regalia of Japan. There is a possibility that Keikō actually lived or reigned in the 4th century AD rather than the 1st, but more information is needed to confirm this view.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Emperor Ōjin</span> 15th Emperor of Japan

Emperor Ōjin, also known as Hondawake no Mikoto (誉田別尊) or Homuta no Sumeramikoto (譽田天皇), was the 15th Emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. Both the Kojiki, and the Nihon Shoki record events that took place during Ōjin's alleged lifetime. Ōjin is traditionally listed as the first emperor of the Kofun period, and is primarily known for being the controversial son of Empress Jingū. Historians have mixed views on his factual existence, if Ōjin was indeed a historical figure then it's assumed he reigned much later than he is attested.

Yamatohime-no-mikoto is a Japanese figure who is said to have established Ise Shrine, where the Sun Goddess, Amaterasu Omikami is enshrined. Yamatohime-no-mikoto is recorded as being the daughter of Emperor Suinin, Japan's 11th Emperor.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Emperor Itoku</span> 4th Emperor of Japan

Emperor Itoku, also known as Ōyamatohikosukitomo no Mikoto (大倭日子鉏友命) was the fourth legendary Emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. Very little is known about this emperor due to a lack of material available for further verification and study. Itoku is known as a "legendary emperor" among historians as his actual existence is disputed. Nothing exists in the Kojiki other than his name and genealogy. Itoku's reign allegedly began in 510 BC, he had one wife and two sons. After his death in 477 BC, his first son supposedly became the next emperor.

Kibitsu-hiko-no-mikoto (吉備津彦命), also known as Hiko Isuseri-hiko no mikoto, was a legendary Japanese prince.

The Wani clan (和珥氏) was a Sacredotal Japanese clan. According to the Kojiki, the Wani clan was descended from Prince Ameoshitarashi, a son of Emperor Kōshō.

Isuzuyori-hime was the legendary empress consort of Japan as the wife of Emperor Suizei, the second legendary emperor of Japan. She was the mother of Emperor Annei. According to historical records, she is regarded as the ancestor goddess of the Masters of Shiki.

Kuwashi-hime no Mikoto, the empress of Emperor Kōrei. She is believed to be the birth mother of Emperor Kōgen.

Yosotarashi-hime no Mikoto, also known as Yosotarashi Hime or Onakatumi no Hime, is a figure in Japanese mythology who appears in the Kojiki, an ancient chronicle of Japan. She is said to have been the empress of Emperor Kōshō, the fifth emperor of Japan, and the sister of Okitsu Yoso, an ancestor of the Owari clan.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nakatsuhime</span>

Princess Nakatsu, also known as Nakatsu-hime no Mikoto, is a figure in Japanese mythology who was the consort of Emperor Ōjin and the mother of Emperor Nintoku.

Ikagashikome was a concubine of Emperor Kōgen, and later Emperor Kaika and mother of Emperor Sujin.

Mimaki-Hime (御間城姫) was Empress Consort of Japan from 97 BC to 29 BC, and then Empress Dowager from 29 BC to an unknown date.