1919 in Japan

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1919
in
Japan

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See also: Other events of 1919
List of years in Japan

Events in the year 1919 in Japan . It corresponds to Taishō 8 (大正8年) in the Japanese calendar.

Japan Constitutional monarchy in East Asia

Japan is an island country in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Asian continent and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and the Philippine Sea in the south.

Taishō period period of history of Japan, reign of Emperor Taishō

The Taishō period, or Taishō era, is a period in the history of Japan dating from 30 July 1912, to 25 December 1926, coinciding with the reign of the Emperor Taishō. The new emperor was a sickly man, which prompted the shift in political power from the old oligarchic group of elder statesmen to the Imperial Diet of Japan and the democratic parties. Thus, the era is considered the time of the liberal movement known as the "Taishō democracy" in Japan; it is usually distinguished from the preceding chaotic Meiji period and the following militaristic-driven first part of the Shōwa period.

Japanese calendar calendar

Japanese calendar types have included a range of official and unofficial systems. At present, Japan uses the Gregorian calendar together with year designations stating the year of the reign of the current Emperor.

Contents

Incumbents

Events

January 8 is the eighth day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 357 days remaining until the end of the year.

Maeda Corporation

Maeda Corporation is a Japanese corporation which was established in 1919. Its main areas of business are building construction and civil engineering.

January 18 is the 18th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 347 days remaining until the end of the year.

Births

Yoshio Tabata Japanese singer, songwriter and electric guitarist

Yoshio Tabata was a Japanese ryūkōka and enka singer, songwriter, and electric guitarist. His debut song "Shima no Funauta" was released in 1939. Along with enka-shi Haruo Oka's 1939 debut, his debut had a big impact on Japanese popular music because Japanese popular ryūkōka music of that time was mainly sung by classical music singers such as Ichiro Fujiyama and Noriko Awaya. He was born in Matsusaka, Mie prefecture, Japan.

Events in the year 2013 in Japan.

Toshio Ōta Japanese flying ace

Toshio Ōta was a World War II Japanese fighter ace. In early 1942, at the age of 22, he flew a Mitsubishi A6M Zero with the Lae based Tainan Air Group. There the young petty officer, 1st class became one of the so-called "Clean-up Trio" of Japanese aces, along with his squadron mates Saburo Sakai and Hiroyoshi Nishizawa.

Deaths

Sumako Matsui Japanese actor and singer

Sumako Matsui was a Japanese actress and singer. Born as Masako Kobayashi in Matsushiro, Nagano, Nagano Prefecture as the fifth daughter and last of nine children of Tohta Kobayashi, she was adopted by the Hasegawa family in Ueda at the age of six and in 1900 graduated Ueda school. She had to return to her birth family after her adopted father died, however in the year of her return, her natural father also died. At the age of 17 she moved to Tokyo.

Arichi Shinanojō Japanese admiral

BaronArichi Shinanojō was an admiral in the early Imperial Japanese Navy, and served as Chief of the Imperial Japanese Navy General Staff in the late 19th century.

See also

Related Research Articles

Terauchi Masatake Japanese general

Gensui Count Terauchi Masatake, GCB, was a Japanese military officer, proconsul and politician. He was a Gensui in the Imperial Japanese Army and the 9th Prime Minister of Japan from 9 October 1916 to 29 September 1918.

Hara Takashi Japanese politician

Hara Takashi was a Japanese politician and the 10th Prime Minister of Japan from 29 September 1918 until his assassination on 4 November 1921. He was also called Hara Kei informally. He was the first commoner appointed to the office of prime minister of Japan, giving him the informal title of "commoner prime minister". He was also the first Japanese Christian prime minister.

Kiichi Miyazawa The 78th Prime Minister of Japan

Kiichi Miyazawa was a Japanese politician and the 78th Japanese Prime Minister serving from 5 November 1991 to 9 August 1993.

Saionji Kinmochi Japanese politician

Prince Saionji Kinmochi was a Japanese politician, statesman and twice Prime Minister of Japan. His title does not signify the son of an emperor, but the highest rank of Japanese hereditary nobility; he was elevated from marquis to prince in 1920. As the last surviving genrō, he was Japan's most honored statesman of the 1920s and 1930s.

Governor-General of Korea position

The post of Governor-General of Korean Peninsula served as the chief administrator of Korean Peninsula while Japan held the Great Empire of Hahn as its colony from 1910 to 1945. The seat of the colonial government was the General Government Building, completed in 1926.

Emperor of Korea was the title of head of state of the Korean Empire between 1897 and 1910. It was established with the inauguration of Gojong, in November 1897, and ended with the abolition of emperor Sunjong on August 29, 1910. In 1910, the head of the Gyeongsul National Assembly was taken over by the Japanese emperor, and the head of the government was taken over by Japanese Prime Minister Masatake Terauchi as the first governor of Joseon.

Hasegawa Yoshimichi Japanese general

CountHasegawa Yoshimichi was a field marshal in the Imperial Japanese Army and Japanese Governor General of Korea from 1916 to 1919. His Japanese decorations included Order of the Golden Kite and Order of the Chrysanthemum.

Den Kenjirō Japanese politician

Baron Den Kenjirō was a Japanese politician and cabinet minister in the pre-war government of the Empire of Japan. He was also the 8th Japanese Governor-General of Taiwan from October 29, 1919 to September 1923, and the first civilian to hold that position. Den was also a co-founder of Kaishinsha Motorcar Works, a predecessor to present-day Nissan and the original manufacturer of Datsun automobiles.

Makino Nobuaki Japanese politician

Count Makino Nobuaki was a Japanese statesman, active from the Meiji period through the Pacific War.

Ishimoto Shinroku Japanese general

Baron Ishimoto Shinroku was a general in the Imperial Japanese Army, and Minister of War under the second Saionji Kinmochi administration from 1911 to 1912.

The Racial Equality Proposal was an amendment to the treaty under consideration at the 1919 Paris Peace Conference offered by Japan. The racial equality proposal was never intended to have any universal implications. Foreign Minister Uchida stated in June 1919 that the racial equality proposal was not intended to demand universal racial equality of all coloured peoples, but only for members of the League of Nations. Though broadly supported, it did not become part of the Treaty of Versailles, largely because of the opposition of Australia and the United States, two powers with long established de jure and de facto systems of racial discrimination and policies of white supremacy. Its rejection led to the alienation of Japan from the other great powers and increased nationalism leading up to World War II. The principle of racial equality would be revisited after the Second World War and be incorporated into the United Nations Charter in 1945 as the fundamental principle of international justice. Despite that several countries, including the two aforementioned powers would retain officially sanctioned racial laws and policies for decades afterwards.

105-Man Incident

The 105-Man Incident or Seoncheon Incident took place while Korea was under Japanese rule.

Lim Chi-jung Korean independence activist and writer

Lim Chi Jung, , was a Korean independence activist and supporter of the Korean Independence Movement.

Events from the year 1917 in Japan. It corresponds to Taishō 6 (大正6年) in the Japanese calendar.

Events in the year 1918 in Japan.

Yamagata Isaburō Japanese politician

Prince Yamagata Isaburō was a Japanese politician, cabinet minister, and Japanese Inspector-General of Korea. His wife was the daughter of Katō Hiroyuki.

Events in the year 1926 in Japan. In the history of Japan, it marks the final year of the Taishō period, Taishō 15 (大正15年), upon the death of Emperor Taishō on December 25, and the beginning of the Shōwa period, Shōwa 1, (昭和元年), upon the accession of his son Emperor Shōwa (Hirohito). In the Japanese calendar Shōwa 1 was just six days long, prior to January 1 Showa 2.

Events in the year 1912 in Japan. In the history of Japan, it marks the final year of the Meiji period, Meiji 45 (明治45年), upon the death of Emperor Meiji on July 30, and the beginning of the Taishō Period, Taishō 1 (大正元年), upon the accession of his son Emperor Taishō.

Events in the year 1916 in Japan. It corresponds to Taishō 5 (大正5年) in the Japanese calendar.

References

  1. MacMillan, Margaret (2002). Paris 1919: Six Months That Changed the World. Random House.
  2. Gordon Lauren, Paul (1978). "Human Rights in History: Diplomacy and Racial Equality at the Paris Peace Conference". Diplomatic History. 2 (3): 257–278. doi:10.1111/j.1467-7709.1978.tb00435.x.
  3. Cumings, Bruce. Korea’s Place in the Sun: A Modern History. New York: W.N. Norton and Company, 1997.
  4. "Former Japan PM Kiichi Miyazawa dead". UPI. Tokyo. 28 June 2007. Retrieved 11 January 2013.
  5. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Terauchi Masatake" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 964 , p. 964, at Google Books.