Timeline of Igbo history

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The history of the Igbo people starts from the migrations that have brought the Igbo to their present homeland.



c. 3000 BC Neolithic man's existence in Igboland. [1]
c. AD 850 Bronzes found at the town of Igbo-Ukwu are created, among them iron swords, bronze and copper vases and ornaments and terracotta sculptures are made. [1]

Early history

1043 Kingdom of Nri begins with Eze Nri Ìfikuánim.
1434 Portuguese explorers make contact with the Igbo.
1630The Aro-Ibibio Wars start.
1690The Aro Confederacy is established.
1745 Olaudah Equiano is born in Essaka, but later kidnapped and shipped to Barbados and sold as a slave in 1765.
1797Olaudah Equiano dies in England a freed slave.
1807The Slave Trade Act 1807 is passed (on 25 March) stopping the transportation of enslaved Africans, including Igbo people, to the Americas. Atlantic slave trade exports an estimated total of 1.4 million[ citation needed ] Igbo people across the Middle Passage
1830European explorers explore the course of the Lower Niger and meet the Northern Igbo.
1835 Africanus Horton is born to Igbo ex-slaves in Sierra Leone
1855 William Balfour Baikie a Scottish naval physician, reaches Niger Igboland. [1]

Modern history

1880–1905 Southern Nigeria is conquered by the British, including Igboland.
1885–1906 Christian missionary presence in Igboland.
1891 King Ja Ja of Opobo dies in exile, but his corpse is brought back to Nigeria for burial.
1896–1906Around 6,000 Igbo children attend mission schools.
1901–1902The Aro Confederacy declines after the Anglo-Aro war.
1902The Aro-Ibibio Wars end.
1906Igboland becomes part of Southern Nigeria
1914 Northern Nigeria and Southern Nigeria are amalgamated to form Nigeria.
1929November Igbo Women's War (first Nigerian feminist movement) of 1929 in Aba.
1953November Anti Igbo riots (killing over 50 Igbos in Kano) of 1953 in Kano
1960October 1Nigeria gains independence from Britain; Tafawa Balewa becomes Prime Minister, and Nnamdi Azikiwe becomes President.
1966January 16A coup by Igbo military officers takes over government and assassinate the Northern leaders. The Federal Military Government is formed, with General Johnson Aguiyi-Ironsi as the Head of State and Supreme Commander of the Federal Republic.
1966July 29A counter-coup by military officers of northern extraction, deposes the Federal Military Government; General Johnson Aguiyi-Ironsi is assassinated along with Adekunle Fajuyi, Military Governor of Western Region. General Yakubu Gowon becomes Head of State.
1967Ethnoreligious violence between Igbo Christians, and Hausa/Fulani Muslims in Eastern and Northern Nigeria, triggers a migration of the Igbo back to the East.
1967May 30 General Emeka Ojukwu, Military Governor of Eastern Nigeria, declares his province an independent republic called Biafra, and the Nigerian Civil War or Nigerian-Biafran War ensues.
1970January 8General Emeka Ojukwu flees into exile; His deputy Philip Effiong becomes acting President of Biafra.
1970January 15Acting President of Biafra Philip Effiong surrenders to Nigerian forces through future President of Nigeria, Olusegun Obasanjo, and Biafra is reintegrated into Nigeria.

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  1. 1 2 3 Understanding 'Things Fall Apart' by Kalu Ogbaa

Further reading