United States national speedway team

Last updated
USA
Flag of the United States.svg
Team manager Lance King
Team captain Ricky Wells
Nation colorWhite
SWC Wins5 (1982, 1990, 1992, 1993, 1998)
Squad
World Championships
Team (SWC)547
Pairs 323
Individual (SGP)8511

The United States national speedway team are an international speedway team from the United States who compete in the annual major international speedway competition, the Speedway World Cup. They are managed by Lance King, who finished third in the 1984 World Final and the current captain is triple and current (2014) World Champion Greg Hancock. The team is governed by the American Motorcyclist Association.

Contents

After Jack Milne and his brother Cordy had finished first and third at the 1937 World Final (with another American Wilbur Lamoreaux finishing second), the USA went into the speedway wilderness until the early 1970s when international riders such as World Champions Barry Briggs and Ivan Mauger from New Zealand began visiting the Costa Mesa Speedway in Los Angeles. After World War II, Scott Autrey's appearance in the 1976 World Final in Poland was the first American appearance since Ernie Roccio had finished 15th in 1951.

Autrey, who in the mid-1970s had campaigned hard and successfully to have American riders included in the Speedway World Championship, signalled an American resurgence in speedway and was soon followed by others such as 1981 and 1982 World Champion Bruce Penhall, brothers Kelly and Shawn Moran, Bobby "Boogaloo" Schwartz, Dennis Sigalos, Lance King, 1993 World Champion Sam Ermolenko, Rick Miller, 1996 World Champion Billy Hamill, and current World Champion Greg Hancock all going on to be regarded as some of the world's best speedway riders.

Speedway World Cup

The USA national speedway team has won the Speedway World Team Cup on five occasions, including their first win in 1982 which gave the USA the "Triple Crown" of speedway by winning the Individual, World Pairs and World Team Cup in the same year (the WTC was actually the first victory of the three). The USA were a major force in the early 1990s, winning 3 out of 4 tournaments. Key riding members of the title wins include Billy Hamill (4 wins), Sam Ermolenko and Greg Hancock (both 3 wins). The cup has eluded the USA since 1998 and the team has become weaker due to the retirements of Sam Ermolenko and Billy Hamill, and a lack of recognised experienced riders in Europe.

The Finals of both the 1985 and 1988 World Team Cups were held at the Veterans Memorial Stadium in Long Beach, California. In the 41-year history of the WTC, these were the only times that the Finals were held outside of Great Britain or Europe.

YearVenueStandings (Pts)USA Riders and Pts
1982 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
London
White City Stadium
1. Flag of the United States.svg USA (37)
2. Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark (24)
3. Flag of Germany.svg West Germany (18)
4. Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czechoslovakia (17)
Kelly Moran 10
Bruce Penhall 10
Bobby Schwartz 9
Shawn Moran 8
Scott Autrey 0
1990 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg
Pardubice
Svítkov Stadion
1. Flag of the United States.svg USA (37)
2. Flag of England.svg England (34)
3. Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark (30)
4. Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czechoslovakia (19)
Kelly Moran 12
Sam Ermolenko 11
Shawn Moran 10
Billy Hamill 4
Rick Miller 0
1992 Flag of Sweden.svg
Kumla
Kumla Speedway
1. Flag of the United States.svg USA (39)
2. Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark (33)
3. Flag of England.svg England (31)
4. Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden (17)
Greg Hancock 11
Sam Ermolenko 10
Billy Hamill 10
Ronnie Correy 5
Bobby Ott 3
1993 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
Coventry
Brandon Stadium
1. Flag of the United States.svg USA (40)
2. Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark (38)
3. Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden (28)
4. Flag of England.svg England (14)
Sam Ermolenko 11
Bobby Ott 11
Billy Hamill 10
Greg Hancock 10
Josh Larsen -
1998 Flag of Denmark.svg
Vojens
Vojens Speedway Center
1. Flag of the United States.svg USA (28)
2. Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden (24)
3. Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark (23)
4. Flag of Poland.svg Poland (17)
5. Flag of Germany.svg Germany (14)
6. Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czech Republic (14)
7. Flag of Hungary.svg Hungary (6)
Billy Hamill 16+1
Greg Hancock 12+5
Sam Ermolenko -
Key:
+1,2... - bonus points gained by finishing behind teammate
+1j,+2j... - extra points gained in joker ride

Honours

World Championships

CompetitionsTotalGold medalsSilver medalsBronze medals
TotalYearsTotalYearsTotalYears
Team
World Cup
(1960-2000)
(since 2001)
165 1982, 1990, 1992, 1993, 1998 4 1980, 1985, 1986, 1988 7 1983, 1984, 1987, 1991, 1995, 1999, 2000
Team U-21 (since 2005)0000
Pairs (1970-1993)83 1981, 1982, 1992 2 1986, 1993 3 1985, 1987, 1988
Intercontinental (1975-2001)0
Individual
Grand Prix
(1936-1994)
(since 1995)
248 1937, 1981, 1982, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2011, 2014 5 1937, 1938, 1997, 2000, 2006 11 1937, 1938, 1978, 1982, 1984, 1985, 1987, 1995, 1996, 2004, 2012
Individual U-21 (since 1977)42 1979, 1981 02 1980, 1984
Total medals: 52Gold: 18Silver: 11Bronze: 23

* Shawn Moran was stripped of his 1990 Individual World Championship Silver Medal by the FIM after a failed drug test.

Titles

Preceded by
Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark
World Champions
1982 (1st title)
Succeeded by
Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark
Preceded by
Flag of England.svg ENG
World Champions
1990 (2nd title)
Succeeded by
Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark
Preceded by
Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark
World Champions
1992 (3rd title)
1993 (4th title)
Succeeded by
Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden
Preceded by
Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark
World Champions
1998 (5th title)
Succeeded by
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Australia

Notable American riders

John cook

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