Wawina Township, Itasca County, Minnesota

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Wawina Township, Minnesota
Township
USA Minnesota location map.svg
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Wawina Township, Minnesota
Location within the state of Minnesota
Coordinates: 47°3′58″N93°6′51″W / 47.06611°N 93.11417°W / 47.06611; -93.11417 Coordinates: 47°3′58″N93°6′51″W / 47.06611°N 93.11417°W / 47.06611; -93.11417
Country United States
State Minnesota
County Itasca
Area
  Total 36.6 sq mi (94.7 km2)
  Land 36.5 sq mi (94.6 km2)
  Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 1,270 ft (387 m)
Population (2010)
  Total 77
  Density 2.1/sq mi (0.81/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
  Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
FIPS code 27-68800 [1]
GNIS feature ID 0665942 [2]

Wawina Township is a township in Itasca County, Minnesota, United States. The population was 77 at the 2010 census. [3]

Itasca County, Minnesota County in the United States

Itasca County is a county located in the State of Minnesota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 45,058. Its county seat is Grand Rapids. The county is named after Lake Itasca, which is in turn a shortened version of the Latin words veritas caput, meaning 'truth' and 'head', a reference to the source of the Mississippi River. Portions of the Bois Forte and Leech Lake Indian reservations are in the county.

Minnesota State of the United States of America

Minnesota is a state in the Upper Midwest, Great Lakes, and northern regions of the United States. Minnesota was admitted as the 32nd U.S. state on May 11, 1858, created from the eastern half of the Minnesota Territory. The state has a large number of lakes, and is known by the slogan the "Land of 10,000 Lakes". Its official motto is L'Étoile du Nord.

Contents

This township took its name from Wawina, Minnesota. [4]

Wawina, Minnesota Unincorporated community in Minnesota, United States

Wawina is an unincorporated community in Wawina Township, Itasca County, Minnesota, United States.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 36.5 square miles (94.7 km²), of which 36.5 square miles (94.6 km²) is land and 0.03% is water.

United States Census Bureau Bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

Demographics

As of the census [1] of 2000, there were 110 people, 40 households, and 26 families residing in the township. The population density was 3.0 people per square mile (1.2/km²). There were 76 housing units at an average density of 2.1/sq mi (0.8/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 99.09% White, and 0.91% from two or more races.

Census Acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population

A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common censuses include agriculture, business, and traffic censuses. The United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory, simultaneity and defined periodicity", and recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations also cover census topics to be collected, official definitions, classifications and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice.

Population density A measurement of population numbers per unit area or volume

Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and most of the time to humans. It is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square.

There were 40 households out of which 37.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.0% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.0% were non-families. 35.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.62.

Marriage Social union or legal contract between people called spouses that creates kinship

Marriage, also called matrimony or wedlock, is a socially or ritually recognised union between spouses that establishes rights and obligations between those spouses, as well as between them and any resulting biological or adopted children and affinity. The definition of marriage varies around the world not only between cultures and between religions, but also throughout the history of any given culture and religion, evolving to both expand and constrict in who and what is encompassed, but typically it is principally an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually sexual, are acknowledged or sanctioned. In some cultures, marriage is recommended or considered to be compulsory before pursuing any sexual activity. When defined broadly, marriage is considered a cultural universal. A marriage ceremony is known as a wedding.

In the township the population was spread out with 35.5% under the age of 18, 5.5% from 18 to 24, 23.6% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 139.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 115.2 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $19,167, and the median income for a family was $24,583. Males had a median income of $45,625 versus $15,750 for females. The per capita income for the township was $10,860. There were 9.5% of families and 7.4% of the population living below the poverty line, including 7.1% of under eighteens and none of those over 64.

Per capita income mean income of the people in an economic unit such as a country or city

Per capita income (PCI) or average income measures the average income earned per person in a given area in a specified year. It is calculated by dividing the area's total income by its total population.

Culture

Wawina has the distinction of having America's smallest telephone company. Northern Telephone Company of Minnesota (Area Code 218-488) serves fewer than 40 subscribers.

It gained brief fame as the last place in the continental United States to use a trunking system (inter-office circuits) that was called "N2 Carrier", an analog system that utilized Multi-Frequency (MF) tones and the infamous 2600 Hz control tone for answer supervision and idle trunk condition. This system was much loved by phone phreaks as it was the same system which the now infamous John Draper made famous. The era ended in June 2006, when the privately owned exchange switched to a digital trunk. Phone hacking attempts from across the nation had placed a large burden on the extremely small telephone company serving the township. [5]

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References